What kind of oil is poured into the vibrating plate One of the most pressing questions for motorists. Is it worth changing the transmission fluid in the gearbox of your iron horse and when
Gear oil: service life
The life span of gearbox oil varies depending on the type.
The oil in a manual transmission has a longer resource (this is due to the simplicity of the transmission design compared to an automatic transmission): the manufacturer recommends changing it after long runs from 80-100 to 150-200 thousand kilometers, depending on the conditions in which the car was operated. In some manuals for the operation of cars equipped with mechanics, you can find the mark transmission oil for the gearbox does not change throughout the entire service life. If everything is clear with the first ones (as soon as the deadline comes, we go to the service station and change our used transmission oil for a new one), then what should we do with the second ones? Experts advise regularly checking the gearbox oil level and condition. If the transmission oil level drops, add it. With a complete oil change, the amount of transmission fluid to be added depends on the capacity of each individual gearbox, plus a certain amount of the same fluid to displace the old oil (typical for automatic transmissions).
Attention: add only the oil that was poured into the box at the factory (you can find out from the authorized dealers), mixing different types of oils can lead to precipitation of chemicals that can be deposited on the rubbing surfaces of the gearbox mechanism parts and lead to their breakdown
We check the condition of the oil in the gearbox at a service station: if chips are found in the fluid, a significant sediment from the additives used in the transmission oil, then it is better to replace it completely.
The transmission fluid used in automatic transmissions and variators requires replacement at lower mileage than manual transmissions. On average, ATF (Automatic Transmission Fluid) is replaced at the second or third MOT, that is, with a mileage of 60 to 90 thousand kilometers. The reason for such an early replacement of the transmission fluid is that the automatic transmission, in contrast to the mechanics, is a more complex unit, with its own cooling system. Difficult operating conditions of the machine and, accordingly, the automatic gearbox, lead to the fact that the circulation of the transmission fluid is impeded, therefore it less effectively lubricates the rubbing surfaces of the mechanisms, cools them worse, gear changes are slower. If you notice that the box is stupid, then most likely it’s time to change the old ATF to a new one.
One of the most pressing questions for motorists is whether it is worth changing the transmission fluid in the gearbox of your iron horse and when it is better to do it, has become the cause of many disputes. Today we will answer this and related questions.
The gearbox and its internals: why is gear oil needed?
The gearbox is used to transfer torque from the engine to the wheel axles. Each such unit has several stages (in modern gearboxes, regardless of the design, from five and higher), with the help of which the driver can lower or increase gears, and, accordingly, reduce or increase the torque transmitted to the drive wheels, affecting the vehicle speed
Gearboxes are divided into several types:
- Mechanical (when the driver himself switches gears using the selector knob and the gearbox clutch mechanism);
- Automatic (gears are switched by an automated system without the participation of the driver);
- Robotic (a type of mechanical transmission in which the functions of clutch and gear shifting are performed by an automated control system);
- Stepless variators (the transition from stage to stage is carried out smoothly by transferring torque from the engine to the drive wheels through the clutches).
Regardless of the type of gearbox, transmission oil is used for the well-coordinated operation of its mechanisms. Its function is to lubricate the rubbing surfaces of the gearbox mechanisms (gears, rollers, shafts, bearings), protecting the unit from overheating, corrosion of internal surfaces and, thereby, prolonging its service life. But there comes a time when the oil poured into the gearbox on the conveyor is aging and loses its main characteristics, among which its viscosity is the main one. If the oil in the gearbox is not changed in time, then its mechanisms may fail, which is fraught with serious and expensive repairs. Therefore, every motorist should monitor the condition of the transmission oil in the gearbox of his car and change it in accordance with the recommendations of the manufacturer or specialists of the service center where the car is serviced.
What kind of oil is poured into the vibrating plate
The vibratory plate has two mechanisms that require regular lubrication and oil control. It is a motor and vibration mechanism. Before starting work vibrating plates oil must be poured into the vibrator of the vibrating plate and into the engine.
As for the vibration mechanism vibrating plates, then the oil is usually filled at the factory. Since different factories use different types of oil for vibrating mechanisms, and, accordingly, there is no general oil change time for vibrators on vibrating plates, then when changing the oil, use the recommendations of the operating manual for your vibrating plate. It is best to use the services of your service center.
Oil in vibratory plate motor before use, it is filled in by the user. Be sure to check the oil level before starting every start, otherwise your engine may be damaged. For gasoline engines HONDA GX160, GX200, GX270, GX390 use MINERAL OIL FOR PETROL ENGINES (viscosity SAE 10W30 or SAE 10W40). Oil of other viscosities due to the design features of the engine of the vibrating plates may not reach the parts rubbing with each other, which will lead to rapid engine wear. Synthetic and semi-synthetic oils also have viscosities that differ from the recommended ones, therefore, for the durability of the engine, it is worth abandoning unnecessary experiments.
This type of four-stroke petrol engines on vibrating plates does not have special oil filters. Therefore, regular oil changes to remove contaminants that inevitably appear during operation are the key to successful and durable engine operation. The first oil change at the start of the vibratory plate operation is performed after 20 working hours. Then the oil is changed every 100 hours of operation or at the beginning of the working season, depending on the intensity of operation vibrating plates.
The question in the title can be classified as eternal, that is, those about which motorists will argue to the point of hoarseness as long as the power units that need this technical fluid are in use. Of course, to say unequivocally that only mineral, semi-synthetic or synthetic oil should be poured into a car engine, there are not too many factors to be considered when choosing it. Today we will look at all the options that can affect the choice of lubricant for the heart of the machine.
First, let’s remember why, in fact, the engine needs oil. It performs several useful functions: it lubricates the rubbing surfaces of engine parts, protects them from corrosion, removes heat in places of friction of parts of the power unit, reduces shock loads, and, finally, serves as a detergent, washing out all the debris accumulated in the engine housing during its operation Now we will build on what types of oil have been invented by mankind to protect the power plant of the machine from all of the above troubles.
The first motor oil was produced naturally from petroleum feedstocks. It is the most natural lubricating fluid, the composition of which is rich in natural hydrocarbons. Unfortunately, these natural oil components are highly unstable, changing their properties under the influence of external factors, for example, ambient temperature. The first engines that used mineral oil, suffered greatly from the effects of temperatures, as a result of which the technical fluid could not perform its main functions for a long enough time, and needed frequent replacement, which in itself did not please car owners. With the development of chemistry, scientists figured out that it is possible to stabilize the properties of mineral motor oil using special substances, so-called additives. They began to be actively added to the composition of the oil, but although the expected effect was, it also turned out to be short-lived. And all because the additives added to the lubricating fluid under the influence of all the same factors very quickly destroyed, extending the life of the mineral water for a short time.
A real breakthrough in the oil business was the invention synthetic technical fluids for engine lubrication. Obtained by the synthesis of hydrocarbons, these oils were distinguished by greater resistance to unfavorable factors, did not require, due to their stable composition, many additives inherent in mineral water, and, most importantly, significantly extended the life of the engine.
Then came the third type of motor oil semi-synthetic th. It was created by mixing bases of synthetic and mineral oils in a 30/70 proportion (some semi-synthetic oils are based equally on synthetics and mineral water). This oil is the golden mean, as it has absorbed the best properties of the other two lubricants.
Talking about which oil is better to fill in a car engine, you need to remember a few more of its parameters that must be taken into account when choosing this technical fluid. These include viscosity (the ability of an oil to become thinner or thicker under the influence of certain temperatures), the presence of additives, and the approval of an automobile manufacturer.
This is not to say that some oil is better, and some worse for one type of engine, for example, mineral water is suitable, and the other will work like a clock only on synthetics. As a rule, mineral motor oils are filled into older engines (carburetor). Modern injection engines (it does not matter if a gasoline or diesel engine in a car) of new cars is best tolerated by synthetic oil, it is this oil that is poured into the engines of cars on the conveyor belt. But in the same modern engines with an increase in mileage, such a property as increased waste (degree of combustion and oil consumption) appears. To reduce the degree of waste, semi-synthetic oil is used. Thus, we came to the conclusion: mineral water for engines of old cars (they can work on synthetics and semi-synthetics, but what’s the point of paying more?) synthetics for motors of brand new cars, semisynthetics for new units, but already passed a certain mileage (from 60 to 90 thousand km) cars.
But it was we who decided on what types of oils to choose in terms of chemical composition under ideal conditions. In fact, the process of choosing an oil for a particular engine is a little more complicated. First of all, you need to consider which oils the manufacturer recommends. Information about this can be found in the car manual, but if you bought a used car and there is no manual for it, then data on the types, brands and viscosity characteristics of engine oil can be found on the Internet, on the websites of the automaker.
As a last resort, you can call the dealership that sells cars of your brand and check all the parameters with a consultant. Then you need to determine which oil was filled from the factory (if the car is new) or the previous owner of the car. In modern cars, as mentioned above, synthetic oils are used, while used cars in the engine are most likely filled with semi-synthetics or, if the device is rare, mineral water. Having determined what composition and viscosity the oil has already been used in the unit of your car, you can select the brand.
Currently, the automaker does not name specific brands of oils that they pour into the engines of their cars, telling customers that there is branded oil (for example, Mercedes or BMW).
They do this because they want to keep the owner of the car on the service needle for as long as possible, selling him branded oil at a price much higher than the price of the technical fluid spruce plant. Therefore, the task of the motorist is still to find out the specific brand of oil in order to save his money. In addition, it is not at all necessary to pour oil of a certain brand into the engine of your iron horse, for sure there are a lot of analogues on the market that, perhaps, will suit you more on the price-quality scale. Indeed, the main thing in oil is not the brand, but its chemical composition (mineral, synthetic or semi-synthetic) and the degree of viscosity.
Based on all of the above parameters, you can determine which type of oil is suitable for your particular engine.
What kind of oil should be added to the vibratory plate engine?
Before starting work with the vibrating plate, you need to pour oil into its engine. Remember to check the oil level before starting the vibratory plate. Otherwise, your equipment will fail.
For engines running on gasoline brands Honda gx390, gx270, gx200, gx160, mineral motor oil with viscosity sae10w40 or sae10w30 is suitable.
There are also oils of other viscosities, but they may not be suitable due to the peculiarities of vibration technology, which can also lead to engine breakdown. It is best not to carry out any experiments, but to use the oil that is recommended according to the instructions for using the vibrating plate.
What kind of oil to fill in the vibrating plate and how to replace it?
The vibrating mechanism and the motor are 2 mechanisms in the vibrating plate that need constant monitoring of the presence of oil and grease. Before starting to work with the vibrating plate, it is necessary to fill the engine and vibrator of the vibrating plate with oil.
If we talk about the vibration mechanism, then the oil is filled at the manufacturer’s plant. Each plant uses different types of oil, so there is no specific oil change date. Therefore, when changing the oil yourself, you must use the manual for the vibratory plate.
How often do you need to change the oil in the vibrating plate?
If the engine does not have oil filters, then you need to constantly change the oil, since contamination appears during operation. The oil should be changed after the first twenty working hours, and then every time after 100 hours. Also, if the vibrating plate has not been used for a very long time, it is worth changing the oil.
Hydraulic oil. What kind of oil to fill in hydraulics?
- The device and principle of operation of hydraulics MTZ-82
- Possible malfunctions and solutions
- Oil change
- The main refueling volumes of MTZ-82 and MTZ-80
- Grades and filling volume
The hydraulics of MTZ-82 Belarus is an important component in the design of a universal row-crop wheeled tractor of a traction class of 1.4 tf, designed to perform a variety of agricultural operations with mounted, semi-trailed and hydraulic trailed equipment. The hydraulic system allows you to perform labor-intensive work in a unit with bulldozers, excavators, loaders, pit diggers, and is also used to drive stationary agricultural machines.
Engine oil of the following brands is poured into the power steering (power steering) housing of the MTZ-80.82 tractor: M10G2 or M10V2 in summer, M8G2 or M8V2 in winter (GOST 8581-78).
The main refueling volumes of MTZ-82 and MTZ-80
For each type of refueling materials in the tractor design, separate containers are provided, the volume and place of installation of MTZ refueling tanks are calculated taking into account various operating modes, ease of maintenance and a decrease in its labor intensity.
The place of installation and the size of the tanks have been worked out for ease of maintenance and operation of MTZ.
The data on the volume of capacities of the MTZ-80 and MTZ-82 tractors are given in the table and do not differ for both modifications:
|Refueling capacity||Volume, l|
|Dual fuel tank||120|
|Starting engine fuel tank||1.9|
|Engine cooling radiator:||20|