What kind of oil to pour into the saw

Table of Contents:

kind, pour

Energy-efficient engine oil: what you need to know

The main purpose of the so-called energy-saving oils is to save fuel. Less fuel consumption means more environmental friendliness of the engine. The reduction in consumption is achieved by minimizing frictional losses during engine operation. This property of an engine oil is determined by the HT / HS index, which indicates the viscosity of the oil at high temperature and high shear rate.

Standard oil at a temperature of about 150 degrees Celsius retains a sufficient viscosity, which allows full protection of loaded parts of the power unit. Reducing viscosity under similar conditions allows engine parts to interact with less losses, thereby achieving fuel economy. In fact, the thickness of the oil film decreases with an increase in the temperature of the internal combustion engine, the engine turns more easily, but the protection of parts from wear is also weaker.

In such internal combustion engines, the oil channels are narrow, the lubrication system requires a lower viscosity to create the required oil pressure in the diesel engine and efficiently supply it to the loaded rubbing vapors. Also, it is definitely not worth using energy-saving oil in old gasoline and diesel engines.

How to choose the right diesel oil

Diesel engine oil differs from similar products for gasoline internal combustion engines. The diesel engine runs on a lean air-fuel mixture, it is more heat-loaded, the process of mixture formation and fuel combustion in a diesel engine is accelerated. For a diesel engine, it is more difficult to realize complete combustion of fuel in the cylinders, the exhaust gases contain a large amount of soot. Diesel fuel itself is distinguished by an increased m of sulfur.

High pressure in the combustion chamber leads to a more active breakthrough of gases into the crankcase of the internal combustion engine, which the crankcase ventilation system does not always cope with. The result is an accelerated aging process of diesel engine oil, its oxidation and a rapid loss of protective, detergent and other useful properties.

It is quite obvious that the service life of any internal combustion engine depends on the quality and maximum correspondence of engine oil in relation to a particular type of engine. It is imperative for diesel oil to maintain the stability of all optimum performance values ​​for as long as possible.

ACEA standard

ACEA (Association of European Automobile Manufacturers) has put forward an additional set of its own requirements regarding the use of motor oils in engines. The two main ACEA categories for passenger cars are:

  • category A (motor oils for gasoline engines);
  • category B (motor oils for diesel engines);
kind, pour

The third category E is considered to be oils for heavy diesel trucks and powerful diesel engines. The fourth belongs to class C, which combines oils for diesel and gasoline engines, which are compatible with catalysts and particulate filters.

Additionally, ACEA oils are divided into standard and energy saving oils. Energy-saving class: A1 and A5 for gasoline engines, B1 and B5 for diesel engines of passenger cars and light trucks. Other intermediate numerical values ​​refer to standard oils.

API standard

API (American Petroleum Institute) is a standard developed by the US Petroleum Institute. This standard classifies oils based on their performance properties. The API standard divides engine oil into two broad categories:

  • oils for gasoline internal combustion engines belong to category S;
  • diesel engine oil complies with category C;

There is also a further division into classes and subclasses. As for the diesel engine, then according to API diesel oils are often classified as CF. Such a product is suitable for operation in both atmospheric diesel internal combustion engines and turbodiesels.

Universal oil for diesel and gasoline

There are also “multipurpose” oils that can be used simultaneously in both gasoline and diesel engines. These products are fully compliant with API and ACEA standards. Such oils are marked with the same categories S and C, but with a slight caveat.

The SJ / CF inscription on the engine oil canister label indicates that the oil is universal, intended for gasoline and diesel engines, but its use is a priority in gasoline units. The CF / SJ mark indicates that this engine oil is preferable for use in a diesel engine.

This question has prompted automakers to do more research. Specialists of the Ford Motor Company analyzed the properties of oils when driving on Turkish diesel fuel. sulfur in this diesel engine is up to 20 times higher in comparison with fuel from Western Europe. By the way, this experience can be successfully applied to the CIS countries. The study used a variety of oils by grade. ACEA A1 / B1 oil was also tested, which is a universal oil for equivalent use in gasoline and light diesel cars. Such oil is universally recommended for diesel engines in European countries with high-quality fuel.

Analysis of the base number drop when driving on Turkish diesel fuel revealed the moment when the universal oil ceases to protect the diesel engine from the acidic environment, designated TAN. In other words, after how many kilometers the acid number grew to such an extent when the real oxidation process began and, consequently, the wear of the diesel engine.

Based on the data obtained, the researchers came to the conclusion that, subject to the use of universal motor oil and low-grade diesel fuel, the increase in the acid number began to exceed the permissible values ​​after about 5-6 thousand kilometers traveled. The most optimal when driving on a bad diesel fuel turned out to be a special ACEA B3 / E3 diesel oil, which is recommended for high-performance diesel engines and heavy trucks.

It should also be borne in mind that cold start, winter warm-ups and idle downtime were excluded from the “Turkish” test. In our reality, the quality of diesel fuel at domestic gas stations leaves much to be desired. It can be assumed that in the CIS, the universal gasoline / diesel oil on a city car will need to be changed every 4 thousand kilometers.

SAE standard

Today, various brands of diesel oils are widely represented on sale, which differ from each other in types, classes and standards. Immediately, we note that gasoline and diesel engine oil can be mineral, semi-synthetic and synthetic. Oils are classified by viscosity based on the SAE standard (from the English Society of Automotive Engineers). On the label of the canister with engine oil, the main emphasis is on markings such as 5W-40, 10W-40, etc. This data indicates the SAE viscosity grade. The first digit with the letter W (from the English winter. winter) indicates that the oil belongs to the low-temperature class.

This indicator directly affects the ease of pumping oil through the oil channels of the engine lubrication system, the speed of its supply to the rubbing surfaces, the battery charge consumption and the degree of resistance when the crankshaft rotates by the starter during a cold start. For a diesel engine, the most relevant oils are 5W (up to 25 ° C), 10W (up to 20 ° C), 15W (up to 15 ° C). The lower the number, the less viscous the oil will be.

The second digit after the low temperature viscosity designation indicates the high temperature viscosity grade. This class corresponds to the viscosity index of the engine oil after warming up and reaching the engine’s optimum operating temperatures.

Recommendations, standards and approvals from leading manufacturers

Each automaker specifies tolerances for their engines in the operating manual based on SAE, API and ACEA standards for engine oil. For turbo diesel engines from 2004 with a particulate filter:

  • Japanese Mitsubishi and Mazda define B1 standard according to ACEA;
  • Toyota (Lexus), Honda (Acura), Fiat, Citroen, Peugeot brands allow the use of oil that, according to ACEA, corresponds to category B2 and higher;
  • The Renault-Nissan Alliance defines the ACEA requirement for engines as B3-B4;

Korean auto giant Hyundai / Kia recommends ZIC (XQ LS) oil. The manufacturer Ford for the engines of the Zetec line indicated an oil under its own brand with the M2C 913 index. For turbodiesels from 2004 with a particulate filter, Ford defines diesel engine oil M2C913C. Another option for the recommended oil is Ford 934.

The Volkswagen manufacturer even singles out the VW 507 00 Castrol brand of engine oil for its concern’s turbodiesel engines, which were produced before 2004 and have a particulate filter. The units are installed on Volkswagen, as well as subsidiary models of Skoda and Seat.

GM brands (Opel, Chevrolet, etc.), which are part of the corporation, for turbocharged diesel engines from 2004 with a particulate filter are prescribed to use Dexos 2 engine oil. In Opel engines up to 2000, A3 / B3 oil is allowed according to ACEA. Motors after 2000 can run on oil with GM-LL-B-025 approval.

BMW follows the German Volkswagen. The company also recommends the use of approved Castrol oils or BMW’s own Longlife branded engine oil. This requirement especially applies to engines equipped with variable valve timing systems. The channels for supplying lubricant to the “phase shifter” are very narrow, so the use of third-party oil is not recommended due to the risk of coking. For BMW turbodiesel engines manufactured before 2004 and equipped with a particulate filter, the recommended oil is BMW Longlife-04.

The TDI engines that are installed on Audi from the Volkswagen Group have the following oil tolerances:

  • engines up to 2000. index VW505.01;
  • motors 2000-2003. 506.01;
  • units after 2004 have an oil index of 507.00;

The Mercedes-Benz concern for diesel engines after 2004, equipped with a particulate filter, provides engine oil under its own brand with an index of 229.31 and 229.51. One of the highest engine oil tolerances for diesel internal combustion engines is the index from 504.00 to 507.00. In diesel trucks, it is recommended to use engine oil marked CF-4.

An excellent example is the motor oils of Liqui Moly, whose products often not only fully meet all the necessary tolerances, but even exceed them. The only drawback can be considered the rather high cost of such products.

Which oil is best for a turbodiesel

During the operation of a diesel engine, owners, for obvious reasons, try to select the best oil for diesel turbocharged engines or atmospheric versions of different years of release. At the same time, both foreign products and Russian oils for diesel engines are presented on the market today.

A variety of oils allows for optimal solutions for different diesel engines (e.g. diesel engine oil with particulate filter, winter diesel engine oil or summer oils, old diesel engine oil with high mileage, diesel engine oil with air cooling, etc. ). Given that the most common turbodiesel today, let’s start with this type of internal combustion engine.

So, for a turbodiesel, you can select Lukoil oil, Liqui Moly, Mobil, as well as Castrol. Taking into account that the lubricant operates under conditions of active pollution, high heating and rapid oxidation (due to the large volume of incoming air with various particles, the presence of sulfur in diesel fuel, etc.), the oil in a diesel engine must have high stability.

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To choose an oil for a turbodiesel, you need to pay attention to the base base (synthetics or semi-synthetics), as well as the SAE classification. The base of the oil allows you to understand how often such a lubricant will need to be changed, as well as how the oil will manifest itself in high and low temperatures.

Synthetics retain their properties longer, do not “get stuck” in the cold and nurture the declared service life without noticeable loss of properties. However, when heated, this oil can be “liquid”, which can cause leaks on older engines. Semi-synthetics have a shorter resource, in severe cold weather it can be pumped somewhat worse at startup, however, it does not liquefy so much when heated, and also costs less.

We also add that it is better to refuse from universal cheap oils such as gasoline / diesel or diesel / gasoline by purchasing products originally designed only for use in a turbocharged diesel engine. It is also important to pay attention to the tolerances of the engine manufacturer itself.

If we talk about the choice, Lukoil oil for turbodiesel is a widespread and demanded product of domestic production. Liqui Moly diesel oil has also proven itself well. The product is an expensive, but a unique additive package allows such an oil to effectively protect a loaded engine and preserve the resource of the unit in difficult conditions.

Mobil turbodiesel oil and Castrol turbocharged diesel engine oil are considered one of the best options in terms of quality / price ratio. We also add that Castrol for a turbodiesel in the Russian Federation has long been one of the most demanded solutions. Unfortunately, given the great popularity, today the risks of running into a low-grade fake have increased significantly. This also applies to other popular manufacturers.

Criterias of choice

The manufacturer knows for sure which oil is best for pouring into the engine, so when choosing an oil, you need to study the official recommendations. No matter how high-quality the product is, if it does not fit a specific internal combustion engine in terms of technical characteristics, its use will not benefit the car.

Leading oil manufacturers, for example, Gazpromneft, post selection recommendations directly on their websites. The owner of the car can see what types of oils are suitable for his brand and model of “Toyota”.

If we summarize which oil is suitable for Toyota engines, we get the following parameters:

  • For gasoline engines: Requires performance level according to ILSAC GF-5 or GF-4. It is also possible to use engine oils of API SN, SM, SL classes.
  • Viscosity for gasoline internal combustion engines: 0W-20, 0W-30, 5W-20, 5W-30, 5W-40, 10W-30, 10W-40, for diesel engines. up to 5W-30, 10W-30, 5W-40.

Owners of a car with a diesel engine need to additionally clarify the requirements for the class of lubricant in the instructions: for example, a Corolla on a diesel engine requires lubrication of the C2 level according to the ACEA system. another can damage the catalytic converter. For conventional diesel engines, oils of categories A1 / B1, A5 / B5 or ACEA A3 / B4 are suitable.

Chainsaw oil

Oil for chainsaws ROLF Garden 2T

The oil is produced on a synthetic base, which ensures the highest quality. Therefore, ROLF Garden 2T has a low smoke point, burns completely and with extremely low carbon deposits. At the same time, it reliably protects the engine from wear, since it has a balanced additive package. With prolonged engine operation on ROLF Garden 2T, rapid contamination of the muffler with carbon deposits and products of incomplete combustion of oil, which reduce the power of the chainsaw, is eliminated.

The oil was developed specifically for gardening equipment, where the main lubrication method is a ready-made fuel mixture. When creating ROLF Garden 2T, this was taken into account, and the product received excellent stability when mixed with gasoline. The ready-made composition during storage excludes delamination, clogging of the carburetor channels. The oil does not reduce the octane number of gasoline, eliminates the risk of detonation under load.

Due to its low freezing point, ROLF Garden 2T is excellent for winter work, which maintains the efficiency of engine lubrication with the fuel mixture. The oil burns well in the engine, reducing the risk of spark plug failure. Thus, the amount of maintenance required for the chainsaw can be kept to a minimum.

The quality of the oil is confirmed by the approvals of the largest chainsaw manufacturers. In addition, ROLF Lubricants GmbH offers a simple and effective anti-counterfeiting system: all the company’s products are packaged only in tin containers. As practice shows, counterfeit in such conditions practically does not occur on the market: packaging in plastic is more profitable for counterfeiters.

How to determine the ratio of gasoline to oil

The mixing ratio of oil and gasoline is indicated by the manufacturer in the instructions and is usually duplicated on the gas tank cap. However, it should be borne in mind that on old saws, the ratio concerned low quality mineral oils, which is why the lubricant had to be added to gasoline in an increased volume.

Modern synthetic oils for two-stroke engines are able to reliably lubricate the engine already at a ratio of 50: 1, while earlier the norm was 25: 1 and even 20: 1. An increase in the concentration of synthetics in the fuel mixture will not reduce engine wear, but smoke and carbon formation will increase. Finally, operating costs will also rise. oil will have to be purchased more often.

How to choose your chainsaw oil

The main quality indicator, which can be assessed independently, is smoke during combustion. Modern standards for two-stroke oils directly set the ultimate requirements. Therefore, high-quality oil with a normal composition of the fuel mixture should smoke minimally.

Unlike automotive lubricants, where API (American Petroleum Institute) sets the standard, two-stroke oils are mostly based on their own quality grades. The JASO F system, developed in Japan, is now the most widely used system. The largest proportion of lubricants for two-stroke engines are JASO FC and FD. It was the JASO FC class that in due time introduced the concept of “low-smoke oil”. That is, the oil for lubricating the chainsaw must at least correspond to this class, in order not only to protect the engine from wear, but also to make the work more comfortable.

For heavy loads, it makes sense to use JASO FD lubricant. This class defines more stringent requirements for engine carbon deposits. So the motor will need to clean the piston ring grooves less often.

It is also desirable that the oil has confirmed classes according to the European ISO system. It is based on the JASO system, but further enhances the requirements for engine cleanliness. Therefore, an oil with an ISO-L-EGD grade (based on JASO FD) will give the engine the best possible cleanliness.

What parts of a chainsaw need oil

The quality of the lubricant directly determines the engine life. Despite the small working volume, chainsaw motors are used relatively heavily. The inertial loads on the parts of the crank mechanism are proportional to the square of the revolutions. Since most gasoline tools most often run at “full throttle”, chainsaw oil must retain its properties at high shear rates, avoid dry friction in the crankshaft bearings and piston group.

In addition to the engine, the tire also needs lubrication: the sliding chain inevitably wears it out. Forced oil supply from a separate reservoir saves resource both for the tire and for the chain itself. The oil used for lubrication should, if possible, be as viscous and sticky as possible in order to better adhere to the chain and tire, and not fly apart. Additionally, according to the requirements of environmentalists, such oils are usually biodegradable.

  • 1. What parts of a chainsaw need oil
  • 2. How to choose oil for chainsaw
  • 3. Oil for chainsaws ROLF Garden 2T
  • 4. Physical and chemical characteristics
  • 5. How to determine the ratio of gasoline to oil
  • 6. Rules for preparing the fuel mixture
  • 7. Choice of oil for chain lubrication

Chainsaw engine oil must meet a number of requirements. First of all, this is high thermal stability and antiwear properties: when using a chainsaw, especially in summer, the engine can heat up to high temperatures. Since the exhaust goes directly into the work area, minimal smoke is desirable. Taking these points into account, ROLF Lubricants GmbH creates a special oil for gasoline-powered tools and garden equipment with two-stroke engines.

Fuel mixture preparation rules

The fuel mixture for chainsaws must be prepared in a clean container to prevent clogging of the carburetor and damage to the engine by mechanical impurities. The measured volume of oil is poured first. this way you can spend less time mixing until smooth. When filling with gasoline, it combines well with oil.

It is most convenient to prepare the mixture in the same quantity. For example, 1 liter of gasoline will require 20 milliliters of oil. The same measure can be used for any other multiples of volume.

It is advisable to use the prepared composition as quickly as possible. This is due to the inevitable aging of gasoline: a mixture that has been stored for a long time can impair the starting of the chainsaw. The smoke of combustion may also increase; detonation is likely at high loads. At the same time, the risk of mixture stratification, due to which the storage of benzene-oil mixtures was not previously recommended, is irrelevant for modern two-stroke oils.

Chainsaw oil

How to determine the ratio of gasoline to oil

The mixing ratio of oil and gasoline is indicated by the manufacturer in the instructions and is usually duplicated on the gas tank cap. However, it should be borne in mind that on old saws, the ratio concerned low quality mineral oils, which is why the lubricant had to be added to gasoline in an increased volume.

Modern synthetic oils for two-stroke engines are able to reliably lubricate the engine already at a ratio of 50: 1, while earlier the norm was 25: 1 and even 20: 1. An increase in the concentration of synthetics in the fuel mixture will not reduce engine wear, but smoke and carbon formation will increase. Finally, operating costs will also rise. oil will have to be purchased more often.

Physicochemical characteristics

Density at 15 ° С, kg / m 3 876.8
Kinematic viscosity at 100 ° С, mm 2 / s 10.76
Kinematic viscosity at 40 ° С, mm 2 / s 81.36
Viscosity index 118
Flash point in an open crucible, ° С 158
Pour point, ° С -37
Quality classes JASO FD / ISO-L-EGD, JASO FB / API TC
Tolerances Husqvarna HVA 242, HVA 346, Stihl
  • 1. What parts of a chainsaw need oil
  • 2. How to choose oil for chainsaw
  • 3. Oil for chainsaws ROLF Garden 2T
  • 4. Physical and chemical characteristics
  • 5. How to determine the ratio of gasoline to oil
  • 6. Rules for preparing the fuel mixture
  • 7. Choice of oil for chain lubrication

Chainsaw engine oil must meet a number of requirements. First of all, this is high thermal stability and antiwear properties: when using a chainsaw, especially in summer, the engine can heat up to high temperatures. Since the exhaust goes directly into the work area, minimal smoke is desirable. Taking these points into account, ROLF Lubricants GmbH creates a special oil for gasoline-powered tools and garden equipment with two-stroke engines.

Fuel mixture preparation rules

The fuel mixture for chainsaws must be prepared in a clean container to prevent clogging of the carburetor and damage to the engine by mechanical impurities. The measured volume of oil is poured first. this way you can spend less time mixing until smooth. When filling with gasoline, it combines well with oil.

It is most convenient to prepare the mixture in the same quantity. For example, 1 liter of gasoline will require 20 milliliters of oil. The same measure can be used for any other multiples of volume.

It is advisable to use the prepared composition as quickly as possible. This is due to the inevitable aging of gasoline: a mixture that has been stored for a long time can impair the starting of the chainsaw. The smoke of combustion may also increase; detonation is likely at high loads. At the same time, the risk of mixture stratification, due to which the storage of benzene-oil mixtures was not previously recommended, is irrelevant for modern two-stroke oils.

Read more:  DIY circular saw

How to choose your chainsaw oil

The main quality indicator, which can be assessed independently, is smoke during combustion. Modern standards for two-stroke oils directly set the ultimate requirements. Therefore, high-quality oil with a normal composition of the fuel mixture should smoke minimally.

Unlike automotive lubricants, where API (American Petroleum Institute) sets the standard, two-stroke oils are mostly based on their own quality grades. The JASO F system, developed in Japan, is now the most widely used system. The largest proportion of lubricants for two-stroke engines are JASO FC and FD. It was the JASO FC class that in due time introduced the concept of “low-smoke oil”. That is, the oil for lubricating the chainsaw must at least correspond to this class, in order not only to protect the engine from wear, but also to make the work more comfortable.

For heavy loads, it makes sense to use JASO FD lubricant. This class defines more stringent requirements for engine carbon deposits. So the motor will need to clean the piston ring grooves less often.

kind, pour

Use Vegetable Oil to Replace Chainsaw Bar Oil

It is also desirable that the oil has confirmed classes according to the European ISO system. It is based on the JASO system, but further enhances the requirements for engine cleanliness. Therefore, an oil with an ISO-L-EGD grade (based on JASO FD) will give the engine the best possible cleanliness.

What parts of a chainsaw need oil

The quality of the lubricant directly determines the engine life. Despite the small working volume, chainsaw motors are used relatively heavily. The inertial loads on the parts of the crank mechanism are proportional to the square of the revolutions. Since most gasoline tools most often run at “full throttle”, chainsaw oil must retain its properties at high shear rates, avoid dry friction in the crankshaft bearings and piston group.

In addition to the engine, the tire also needs lubrication: the sliding chain inevitably wears it out. Forced oil supply from a separate reservoir saves resource both for the tire and for the chain itself. The oil used for lubrication should, if possible, be as viscous and sticky as possible in order to better adhere to the chain and tire, and not fly apart. Additionally, according to the requirements of environmentalists, such oils are usually biodegradable.

How to determine the ratio of gasoline to oil

The mixing ratio of oil and gasoline is indicated by the manufacturer in the instructions and is usually duplicated on the gas tank cap. However, it should be borne in mind that on old saws, the ratio concerned low quality mineral oils, which is why the lubricant had to be added to gasoline in an increased volume.

Modern synthetic oils for two-stroke engines are able to reliably lubricate the engine already at a ratio of 50: 1, while earlier the norm was 25: 1 and even 20: 1. An increase in the concentration of synthetics in the fuel mixture will not reduce engine wear, but smoke and carbon formation will increase. Finally, operating costs will also rise. oil will have to be purchased more often.

  • 1. What parts of a chainsaw need oil
  • 2. How to choose oil for chainsaw
  • 3. Oil for chainsaws ROLF Garden 2T
  • 4. Physical and chemical characteristics
  • 5. How to determine the ratio of gasoline to oil
  • 6. Rules for preparing the fuel mixture
  • 7. Choice of oil for chain lubrication

Chainsaw engine oil must meet a number of requirements. First of all, this is high thermal stability and antiwear properties: when using a chainsaw, especially in summer, the engine can heat up to high temperatures. Since the exhaust goes directly into the work area, minimal smoke is desirable. Taking these points into account, ROLF Lubricants GmbH creates a special oil for gasoline-powered tools and garden equipment with two-stroke engines.

What parts of a chainsaw need oil

The quality of the lubricant directly determines the engine life. Despite the small working volume, chainsaw motors are used relatively heavily. The inertial loads on the parts of the crank mechanism are proportional to the square of the revolutions. Since most gasoline tools most often run at “full throttle”, chainsaw oil must retain its properties at high shear rates, avoid dry friction in the crankshaft bearings and piston group.

In addition to the engine, the tire also needs lubrication: the sliding chain inevitably wears it out. Forced oil supply from a separate reservoir saves resource both for the tire and for the chain itself. The oil used for lubrication should, if possible, be as viscous and sticky as possible in order to better adhere to the chain and tire, and not fly apart. Additionally, according to the requirements of environmentalists, such oils are usually biodegradable.

How to choose your chainsaw oil

The main quality indicator, which can be assessed independently, is smoke during combustion. Modern standards for two-stroke oils directly set the ultimate requirements. Therefore, high-quality oil with a normal composition of the fuel mixture should smoke minimally.

Unlike automotive lubricants, where API (American Petroleum Institute) sets the standard, two-stroke oils are mostly based on their own quality grades. The JASO F system, developed in Japan, is now the most widely used system. The largest proportion of lubricants for two-stroke engines are JASO FC and FD. It was the JASO FC class that in due time introduced the concept of “low-smoke oil”. That is, the oil for lubricating the chainsaw must at least correspond to this class, in order not only to protect the engine from wear, but also to make the work more comfortable.

For heavy loads, it makes sense to use JASO FD lubricant. This class defines more stringent requirements for engine carbon deposits. So the motor will need to clean the piston ring grooves less often.

It is also desirable that the oil has confirmed classes according to the European ISO system. It is based on the JASO system, but further enhances the requirements for engine cleanliness. Therefore, an oil with an ISO-L-EGD grade (based on JASO FD) will give the engine the best possible cleanliness.

Physicochemical characteristics

Density at 15 ° С, kg / m 3 876.8
Kinematic viscosity at 100 ° С, mm 2 / s 10.76
Kinematic viscosity at 40 ° С, mm 2 / s 81.36
Viscosity index 118
Flash point in an open crucible, ° С 158
Pour point, ° С -37
Quality classes JASO FD / ISO-L-EGD, JASO FB / API TC
Tolerances Husqvarna HVA 242, HVA 346, Stihl

Fuel mixture preparation rules

The fuel mixture for chainsaws must be prepared in a clean container to prevent clogging of the carburetor and damage to the engine by mechanical impurities. The measured volume of oil is poured first. this way you can spend less time mixing until smooth. When filling with gasoline, it combines well with oil.

It is most convenient to prepare the mixture in the same quantity. For example, 1 liter of gasoline will require 20 milliliters of oil. The same measure can be used for any other multiples of volume.

It is advisable to use the prepared composition as quickly as possible. This is due to the inevitable aging of gasoline: a mixture that has been stored for a long time can impair the starting of the chainsaw. The smoke of combustion may also increase; detonation is likely at high loads. At the same time, the risk of mixture stratification, due to which the storage of benzene-oil mixtures was not previously recommended, is irrelevant for modern two-stroke oils.

Chainsaw oil

Oil for chainsaws ROLF Garden 2T

The oil is produced on a synthetic base, which ensures the highest quality. Therefore, ROLF Garden 2T has a low smoke point, burns completely and with extremely low carbon deposits. At the same time, it reliably protects the engine from wear, since it has a balanced additive package. With prolonged engine operation on ROLF Garden 2T, rapid contamination of the muffler with carbon deposits and products of incomplete combustion of oil, which reduce the power of the chainsaw, is eliminated.

The oil was developed specifically for gardening equipment, where the main lubrication method is a ready-made fuel mixture. When creating ROLF Garden 2T, this was taken into account, and the product received excellent stability when mixed with gasoline. The ready-made composition during storage excludes delamination, clogging of the carburetor channels. The oil does not reduce the octane number of gasoline, eliminates the risk of detonation under load.

Due to its low freezing point, ROLF Garden 2T is excellent for winter work, which maintains the efficiency of engine lubrication with the fuel mixture. The oil burns well in the engine, reducing the risk of spark plug failure. Thus, the amount of maintenance required for the chainsaw can be kept to a minimum.

The quality of the oil is confirmed by the approvals of the largest chainsaw manufacturers. In addition, ROLF Lubricants GmbH offers a simple and effective anti-counterfeiting system: all the company’s products are packaged only in tin containers. As practice shows, counterfeit in such conditions practically does not occur on the market: packaging in plastic is more profitable for counterfeiters.

Chainsaw oil

Hello everyone! In this article, I will tell you which chainsaw oil to use. The information presented here is based both on my personal experience of using saws, and on the experience associated with the fact that I am a sales consultant for this technique. this is both communication with buyers and with service masters. Plus there will be a theory. where can we go without it?

Chainsaw Oil to Gasoline Ratio

To find out how much oil to pour into gasoline for a chainsaw (as for any other two-stroke technique: trimmer, motor-drill, etc.), you need to see the correct proportion in the instructions for the saw or on the packaging. Usually, when using the “native” version, the proportion is 1:50. If a different type is used, it is recommended to mix it in a ratio of 1:40. That is, for example, with a ratio of 1:50, we divide 1 liter by 50 and get 0.02 liters. this is the amount that needs to be added to 1 liter of gasoline. That is, for 1 liter of gasoline, pour 20 ml.

The proportions of gasoline and chainsaw oil must be observed with great accuracy, therefore, to determine the required amount, I advise you to use a conventional medical syringe of 20-25 ml. In addition, there are special packages with a dispenser, as well as containers for mixing. The latter allow you to measure as the required amount of both mixed products.

When using a syringe or a package with a dispenser, you need to have a container for which you can accurately measure the required amount of gasoline.

So, after adding the required amount of oil to gasoline, just shake the container in which they are mixed, and that’s it. the fuel mixture is ready.

You should not stock up on the mixture for future use, as it has a limited shelf life. Usually, the shelf life after mixing should not exceed one month, but some service centers recommend generally storing the finished fuel mixture for no more than 3 days.

What kind of oil to pour into gasoline for a chainsaw?

To prepare the fuel mixture, a special oil for two-stroke engines is used. There are a great many of them today. However, manufacturers themselves, especially serious ones such as Stihl or Husqvarna, always write which oil to mix with gasoline for their chainsaws. They are produced under the same brand, so, for example, Stihl oil is suitable for Stihl saw, and Husqvarna is suitable for Husqvarna.

At the same time, representatives of manufacturers declare that they do not know how the chainsaw will work with other oils, but they can definitely guarantee the correct operation of their equipment when the fuel mixture is prepared for it based on the product that they indicate in the operating instructions. By the way, if a malfunction occurs in the piston group during the warranty period, you may be refused a free repair if it turns out that you added something other than what the manufacturer indicates.

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The masters from the services with whom I had to communicate praise all the same Stihl and Husqvarna oils.

Mineral or synthetic oil. which one is better to add to gasoline

Two-stroke oils can be mineral or synthetic. As in the case of a car, synthetics are always more expensive here than mineral water. Its most important advantage is that no carbon deposits form inside the chainsaw cylinder when used. This extends its service life. Thus, if you want the saw to last as long as possible, fill in synthetics.

True, it is worth noting that if you have already used mineral water for a long time (at least 100 hours), then you cannot use synthetics. This is due to the fact that synthetic oil, possessing cleaning properties, will wash away the carbon layer accumulated on them from the cylinder walls, and its fallen off pieces can lead to damage. Therefore, if you have been using mineral water for a long time, then use it.

What oil to use to lubricate the chainsaw chain

Now let’s move on to chain lubrication. To lubricate the chain, you must use special adhesive lubricants specifically designed for this. You can, of course, fill in other types of oils, for example, transmission or engine oils, but they will not lubricate the bar and chain as effectively as a special adhesive oil for chain lubrication does.

This is due to the fact that the special lubricant contains adhesives that make it “stick” to the chain. Due to this, it does not fly out as much when the chain rotates, as other types of it do. Therefore, the bar and chain wear less and last longer.

If you drop a good adhesive on your thumb and forefinger, connect them, and then spread them apart, you can see how it stretches between them. Other types will not be able to do this.

Density is an important characteristic. Do not take too liquid grease, as it is quickly consumed. In my experience, as well as the buyers with whom I had to communicate on this topic, Stihl chain lubricant is consumed the longest.

It is also worth noting that if you care about nature, then you can use oil to lubricate the chain, which subsequently decomposes without harming the environment. It is produced on a plant basis. The price will of course be higher.

Pour chain oil into a special tank right up to the neck. It is recommended to top up when refueling the saw with a fuel mixture, since, usually, when a full tank of fuel mixture is generated, there is still a certain amount of chain lubrication. But if you do not add it, then it will be used up before the fuel runs out.

That’s all. I hope you found it interesting and learned something new for yourself. Use only special oils for gasoline and chain lubrication, and your chainsaw will last you its entire life.

Read also other articles on my site. Bye and see you soon!

Chain oil

In other cases, it is quite possible to replace the oil for lubricating the chain with any other than working off. However, there is one more nuance…. Often users have a question: “Why is the consumption of oil for chain lubrication more than the fuel mixture? After all, their consumption is interconnected? ” It should be borne in mind that manufacturers of chainsaws consider the consumption of oil for lubricating the chain, filling in their own brand. And the consumption of any other can differ both in the smaller and in the larger direction.

On many chainsaws, starting from semi-professional, it is possible to adjust the oil consumption for chain lubrication. This is done by adjusting the capacity of the oil pump.

If such an adjustment is not provided, then the settings come initially from the manufacturer. How to check if the consumption of chain oil is normal on your chainsaw? It is necessary to start the saw, apply gas and bring it to a board, log or other surface that is horizontal. When the chain is running, particles of oil to lubricate the chain should fly out and leave a thin, even oil trail.

When to use special chain oil

The use of special oils for chain lubrication will be justified in the following cases:

  • You have a new chainsaw under warranty and to maintain it, you must use oils recommended by the manufacturer of the chainsaw. Otherwise, if, for example, the oil pump fails, then the repair will be carried out not under warranty. This is especially true for expensive professional chainsaws.
  • You respect the environment and prefer not to pollute it again. In this case, oils with the prefix “bio” are suitable.
  • When working at critical temperatures.

Consider several types of oils from different manufacturers and sort them by price category, environmental friendliness and container volume.

Chainsaw chain oil. What and when to pour?

Very often, when selling a chainsaw, the question sounds: “What kind of oil should I fill to lubricate the chain?”. The most common answer is: “Anything except working off.” This is absolutely true, but there are some nuances…. For example, sellers often offer to buy chain oils from manufacturers of chainsaws or designed specifically for this purpose. This usually makes sense at low temperatures or when you place great emphasis on protecting the environment.

Chainsaw chain oil brands

  • Chain oil Nanotech Standard. Suitable for working at temperatures up to. 20 degrees.
  • Adhesive oil Nanotech Premium. For operation at 30 degrees.
  • Chain oil from a well-known manufacturer of machine tools and equipment. Enkor. Capacity 1 liter.
  • And the last in this category is Champion oil. Capacity 1 liter.

Mineral oils with the prefix “Bio”

  • Makita Biotop Oil.
  • Adhesive oil Husqvarna Bio.
  • Stihl Bio Plus Oil.

Branded oils intended for use according to the manufacturer’s recommendations.

  • Makita Oil
  • Makita Biotop Oil.
  • Adhesive oil Husqvarna Bio.
  • Oregon chain oil 1 liter.
  • Stihl Bio Plus Oil.
  • Stihl oil 1 liter

Oils packaged in containers of large volumes allow you to save money when buying. Relevant for enterprises with a large volume of work.

Often, the simplest oil of the M-8 or M-10 brand will be the best choice of oil for lubricating the chain and bar. Its characteristics are quite satisfactory for the necessary purposes.

At low temperatures, it is necessary to pour oil with a low thickening point, otherwise the pump for oil supply may fail.

Other manufacturers

Less common manufacturers of adhesive oils specifically designed for lubricating saw chains, but popular with chainsaw owners, are:

  • Carver;
  • Adhesive CHAMPION, sold in containers up to 10 liters, which is convenient for use in forestry;
  • Makita Biotop;
  • Caliber;
  • Fubag;
  • Oregon;
  • Makita.

Husqvarna oils

The company offers its customers Husqvarna Bio Advanced oil for use in normal and extreme conditions. The oil is produced from plant components and is environmentally friendly, it is supplied in one liter and five liter containers.

As an economical solution, the company has Vegoil oil, according to the manufacturer, its consumption is reduced by 40% compared to others. Supplied in a liter container.

The company also produces bearing grease, which it recommends for lubricating the bearings of the drive sprocket and the sprocket on the saw bar.

We recommend reading an interesting article about all Husqvarna oils.

You can also get acquainted with some oils for chains by watching the video below, in it a seller of a large network of tools, comments on the use of adhesive oils from various manufacturers.

Chainsaw sprocket lubricant

To increase the service life and reduce friction on the drive sprocket, the manufacturer equips this mechanism with a needle bearing, which must be lubricated periodically. Stihl multipurpose grease can be used for lubrication.

If you do not want to overpay, it is better to use an inexpensive, but no less high-quality option, Litol or Litol 24 grease. Due to its viscosity, Litol will easily replace the original.

3 Easy Ways To Check If Your Chainsaw Is Oiling The Bar & Chain

It is possible to lubricate the sprocket of the chainsaw tire with the same lubricants as the leading one, using a special filler for this. This allows the lubricant to be pressed in, through the technological holes in the tire, to the sprocket bearing.

Expert oil comparison

As a result of comparative tests, 3 winners were determined:

  • Caliber. cheap, good adhesion, biodegradability.
  • Oregon. average price, good adhesion, time-tested brand.
  • Stihl. expensive, time-tested brand, affordable price, a lot of fake.

Here everyone chooses what is closer to their liking and. the possibility of biodegradability or the price. Editor’s Choice. Oregon is a middle ground between quality and price.

Chainsaw chain oil. which one to use

You are a recent owner of a chainsaw, and you still do not know which chain oil is best to use. Lack of this knowledge can have a detrimental effect on the tool, since the type and quality of the lubricant determines how long the tire and the tool chain will maintain their performance.

After reading this article, you will fill the knowledge gap, because we will consider the use of oils, of various manufacturers and brands, to reduce friction between the parts of the saw headset. And also we will figure out what additional lubricants are used to service the chainsaw in order to maximize its service life.

  • What oil to use to lubricate the chainsaw chain
  • Chainsaw sprocket lubricant
  • Manufacturers of adhesive oils
  • Stihl adhesive oils
  • Husqvarna oils
  • Other manufacturers
  • Expert oil comparison
  • How to replace the original expensive oil and is it worth?
  • A little about the lubrication of the chainsaw chain by working off

How to replace the original expensive oil and is it worth?

In situations where it is not possible to use the original ones, they can be replaced with oil for car engines. Cheap automobile oils such as autol or diesel lubrication options, due to low adhesion properties, are unsuitable for long-term use.

Some owners, despite the recommendations, still use analogs, preferring to change the tire and chain more often, but here everyone decides for himself. Such oil cannot have any negative effects on the chainsaw lubrication system, which means the difference is only in the quality of the tire protection against chain friction.

What oil to use to lubricate the chainsaw chain

The answer to this question is quite simple, for this you need to open the instructions for any saw and it will indicate that you need to fill in oil that has a good adhesion effect.

Adhesion is a measure of the adhesion of a material, in this case oil, to the metal surface of the bar and chain.

What is it for? The fact is that the chain moves along the tire at a high speed, and if oil is used as a lubricant, which has low adhesion, then most of it, by inertia, flies off the end of the tire and lubrication of its lower part does not occur. This phenomenon can be observed with a small experiment.

Start the chainsaw, point the end of the tire towards a bright surface and add maximum gas. As a result, oil stains will appear on it, which are proof of the theory. Also, we definitely recommend reading an interesting article on how to start a chainsaw.

Manufacturers of adhesive oils

Almost all manufacturers of chainsaws are engaged in the production of consumables for them, explaining that these products are most suitable for use in conjunction with their saws. There is no information about how true this is, but based on the experience of operating and repairing chainsaws, it can be noted that there are no significant differences in the service life of parts or at least visible wear.

But the fact is the fact, the manufacturers recommend and cannot be hidden. So, back to the manufacturers, and start with the popular Stihl brand.