Trimmer, or lawn mowing. a tool that can not be done in the household. At the same time, its reliability, efficiency and long service life depend on many factors. For example, the quality of fuel. This means that you need to choose the right oil for the trimmer, observe the proportions when adding to gasoline and the rules for refueling the device.
Which oil to choose
For the effective operation of the trimmer, it is necessary to select oil for two-stroke engines. This is due to the lack of an oil sump in such a device. The following classification is distinguished depending on the chemical composition of the oil:
- mineral. based on petroleum distillate, suitable for low-power equipment and with an air type of cooling, but requires frequent replacement and can only be used in good weather in the warm season;
- semi-synthetic. suitable for garden equipment with air and liquid type of cooling;
- synthetic. based on esters, do not require frequent replacement and can be used at any time of the year.
Oil for 2-stroke engines is characterized by good solubility and feature of complete combustion. For the trimmer, it is recommended to use a lubricant that is suitable for devices with an air cooling system. Most often on the package it is indicated that the oil is intended for gardening equipment and is marked TA, TV or TS. over, the last of them is most preferable.
If the consumption of engine oil during the summer season is planned to be large due to the presence in the garden arsenal of a chainsaw, brush cutter, lawn mower, it is advisable to buy 5 liters of oil at a better price. If it is necessary only to mix with gasoline and fill a single tool, then 1 liter will be enough.
Often, manufacturers of lawn mowers produce the right oil, so you can make your choice easier if you select the appropriate brand fluid.
What kind of gasoline to fill
Gasoline for the trimmer must be selected unleaded with a stroke number of 92 or 95. As practice shows, AI-80 gasoline can lead to damage to the device, which is a dubious saving.
The fuel must be fresh, that is, after purchase it can be stored for no more than 60 days.
Other factors affect the quality of the fuel, for example, the use of a special lubricant for lawn mowing and diluting it in a separate container. It is also recommended to use special canisters designed to store gasoline.
How to dilute gasoline with trimmer oil
It is necessary to breed gasoline for the trimmer in the correct proportion. An insufficient amount of oil can lead to poor lubrication of the lawn mowing elements, which contributes to rapid wear. In the event that the oil is more than expected, soot forms on the pistons and spark plugs. Carbon deposits on moving parts of the engine interfere with normal operation and lead to a speedy engine breakdown.
What proportion is required for a particular trimmer model can be found in the attached instructions. Most often, for 2-stroke gasoline engines of lawn mowers, the fuel mixture is used in a ratio of 50: 1, where 50 is part of the gasoline, 1 is part of the oil. That is, 20 ml of oil should be added to 1 liter of gasoline. The table will help you choose the right ratio.
To measure proportions correctly, use measuring tanks with a milliliter scale. For these purposes, a special canister with a double neck is perfect, it is designed for mixing and storage of oil gasoline. For example, oil can be filled with a medical syringe without a needle. Before mixing liquids, make sure that the tank for the finished fuel mixture is free of water, dust and particles of dirt.
Diluting gasoline with lubricant directly in the fuel tank is unacceptable; moreover, the proportion of oil and gasoline must be strictly observed. If you ignore this rule, then the operation of the trimmer motor may be unstable, because of which it will quickly fail.
It is not recommended to use plastic bottles or canisters for this purpose. This is due to the fact that gasoline has the ability to dissolve plastic, which means that part of the plastic can get into the fuel tank, which can lead to damage to the carburetor. Although there are special plastic canisters marked “flame”.
This will require:
- oil suitable for two-stroke engines with an air cooling system;
- canister, better metal;
- mixing tank, also better metal;
In addition to protective equipment, do not forget about the fire safety rules, because gasoline and engine oil are highly flammable:
- it is better to carry out work on the street in order to avoid the accumulation of gasoline vapors in the room;
- Do not smoke and create situations associated with the occurrence of a spark.
A mixture of gasoline and oil should be made as follows:
- Pour 1 liter of gasoline into the container, add half the right portion of oil. Mix thoroughly, do this extremely carefully away from sources of open flame.
- Add the remaining oil to the trimmer gasoline and mix thoroughly again. Now the fuel can be poured into the trimmer’s fuel tank.
The mixture can be stored for no more than three months, so it is better to dilute gas in such quantity that it is enough for several uses.
How and how much to refuel
Refilling the trimmer fuel tank is easy. To do this, place the tank so that the lid is placed on top. The amount of fuel depends on the trimmer model. This information is indicated in the instructions, there is also a mark on the tank directly.
This can cause the fuel to spill over into the inlet pipe and fuel filter, which can cause engine damage or ignition of the fuel.
When refueling the trimmer, the following safety precautions must be observed:
- try to fill the liquid so that it does not spill, you can use a watering can for this;
- if the gasoline spills, then immediately wipe it off;
- Trimmer start should be started after the fuel tank is removed in a safe and secure place, preferably at a distance of more than 10 meters;
- with a long break between operations, drain the remaining fuel.
Video: What Oil To Pour Into The Trimmer Engine
The correct proportion and adherence to mixing and dressing technology will help extend the life of the trimmer. In this case, it is recommended to choose only a quality product of the corresponding brand.
For many experienced motorists it is no secret that the stability and ease of starting the engine with the onset of cold weather will depend on the quality of engine oil and a number of characteristics of the lubricant. If in the summer the requirements for protecting parts in conditions of high temperatures and loads are advanced, then in winter other additional parameters must be taken into account. Just note that the division into winter oil for engine or oil for summer today has almost completely lost its relevance. The modern fuel and lubricants market offers universal type products.
In other words, year-round all-season motor oil is widely available for sale. over, the line between products only for gasoline and diesel engines is gradually being erased, as more and more often an option is offered that can be equally poured into both diesel and gasoline units. At the same time, an unambiguous and complete transition to universal oil for gasoline and diesel ICEs has not yet been achieved, taking into account the specifics of the work, the types of fuel used, and other differences in diesel and gasoline units. In this article, we intend to talk about which oil is better to pour into the engine in winter, what is the conventional marking of winter oil for the engine, how to monitor the level and correctly add lubricant to the engine during winter operation of the car.
What oil to fill in for the winter engine
As mentioned above, the products in the fuel and lubricants market are overwhelmingly overwhelming. At the same time, many car owners are still in a hurry to change lubricant before the onset of cold weather. Immediately, we note that such an oil change in the engine in the winter is very recommended, especially in cases where the old lubricant has spent half or two thirds of its life before the planned replacement.
Now let’s move on to how to choose oil for the winter season, taking into account viscosity and other parameters that are extremely important for the proper operation of the internal combustion engine and its proper operation. To begin with, you need to fill in the engine with those products that are recommended by the car manufacturer. This information is contained in the instruction manual. over, the list is not limited to only one or two positions. Not only motor resources will depend on the parameters and quality of the lubricant filled in. Oil affects the elasticity and noise level during engine operation, fuel consumption, ease of starting at low temperatures, etc.
- It is well known that a more viscous lubricant creates a thick oil film, which allows the motor to run quieter. Also, such material is less consumed for waste, the risk of leakage of oil seals, gaskets and other sealing elements is reduced. For this reason, in the summer, car owners, especially those with a mileage of more than 100 thousand km., Prefer to put grease with a higher viscosity into the engine, while remaining within the tolerances and recommendations of the engine manufacturer. The argument is that with mileage in paired pairs, the gaps increase slightly. In other words, if lubricant with an index, for example, 5W30, was initially poured into the motor, then after a run of 100-150 thousand. km Switch to 5W40 or 10W40. It should be borne in mind that more viscous technical fluids under conditions of negative temperatures thicken and pump more poorly. As a result, an engine that normally started on a more viscous oil in the summer may have difficulty during starting in the winter. In this case, the answer, whether it is possible to change the engine oil in winter, will be completely yes.
- Also, let’s see how to check the engine oil in winter. To check it, it will be enough to remove the oil dipstick before the engine starts coldly and look at the state of the lubricant, at what speed the oil collects in a drop at the end of the dipstick, etc. If you see that the grease is very thick, then the need for replacement is quite obvious. By the way, given the fact that the lubricant in the engine thickens in the cold, it is useful to know how to properly add oil to the engine in winter. As you know, overfilling and underfilling of oil is undesirable for the engine, that is, the lubricant is poured strictly according to the level. The oil level in the engine itself in winter is checked no more in the usual way (after parking), and after preliminary heating of the engine to operating temperatures.
So, with the oil check decided. It becomes clear that the less viscous it is, the easier it will be for the engine to start in cold weather. If you notice that grease is not suitable for winter or just intend to choose the most optimal solution, then back to the features and nuances when choosing. Next, we will try to answer common questions, which oil to pour for the winter, which is better, 5w30 or 5w40 in winter, etc.
The choice of “winter” engine oil
The main parameters of the oil, which must be taken into account before purchase, can be determined by special marking. In the case of the selection of grease for the winter, it is necessary to choose a product that will be best suited for viscosity and temperature indicators. Conventionally, “winter” oil in the list of common universal solutions can be considered oils from 0W30 to 10W40.
- Oil 0W30 will be the least viscous, that is, even in severe frosts (about 35 or 40) it remains fluid and is well pumped through the system.
- Products with the 5W30 index are also well suited for winter, where the temperature drop in the region is quite significant. 10W30 is recommended for use in areas where the winter is milder.
- Marking 10W40 means that this oil is universal, well suited for both winter with a slight decrease in temperature (about 5), and for operation in the summer.
It is important to know that the smaller the first digit, the thinner the oil will be after warming up the engine and the unit reaches operating temperatures. Too liquid oil will mean that the lubricating fluid in some cases will be inferior in terms of protection efficiency of conjugated loaded engine parts in comparison with more viscous analogues. In other words, the thinner the oil, the thinner the oil film and the more the engine wears out. It turns out that for a reliable start and minimal wear during a cold start, it is better to use low-viscosity oils, while after warming up the engine such oil may not provide the proper degree of protection. Given these features, it is recommended that you follow the instruction manual and the golden mean rule. For example, if the manufacturer indicated that oils with the marking 5W30 or 10W40 can be used for a particular engine, then it is necessary to take into account the degree of a possible decrease in temperature in the region.
In other words, if in winter the temperature usually does not drop below 5 or 7, then 10W40 might be a good option. If the temperature drops to the level of 15 or 20 degrees, then it is more reasonable to stop at 5W30 or 5W40, etc. It is also necessary to take into account the fact that with the onset of heat, it may also be necessary to change the oil to a more viscous one for improved engine protection. It is for this reason that some experts recommend pouring a less viscous lubricant in the winter in the engine and a more viscous oil in the summer, that is, change seasonally. We add that such a change is relevant only if the increase and decrease in temperature in the region greatly exceeds the calculated “universal” oil parameters. This means that if in the climatic zone in winter, on average, it is not lower than 20, and in summer not higher than 35, then oil marked 5W30 can be used year-round.
It turns out, it is not so important, you will fill in the Liqui Moly, Castrol, Mobil or Xado engine. The main thing is that the selected product is original, suitable for this type of engine, has the desired viscosity, taking into account seasonality, and meets all the tolerances of the manufacturer of the power unit.
In this case, it will be enough to warm the engine compartment and / or engine, which will slow down the cooling rate of the internal combustion engine. Another way to reduce the risks of increased wear and facilitate cold start is to install prestarting heaters, using auto-heating of the engine using autostart, etc.
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