DIY tiller for tiller

Option # 1. lister hiller

This is the simplest type of tool and has a fixed working width. The design consists of two connected and slightly spread fixed wings. Since the wings of the tool are stationary, you cannot adjust the working width by adjusting the hiller to the row spacing. Therefore, when working with such a tool, the aisles are adapted to the capabilities of the hiller, and not vice versa. Traditionally, manufacturers produce products with a working width of 25-30 cm, which is also far from the most convenient option, because the technology of growing potatoes provides for a row spacing of 50-60 cm.

Such tools are designed to work with motor cultivators, the power of which does not exceed 3.5 HP, and the total weight of the unit is 25-30 kg

A feature of the design of lister hillers is also the presence of thin racks that prevent overloading of the cultivator when the hiller is buried in layers of dense soil.

Some models of lister hillers have a streamlined shape, which is more preferable, since when working with such a tool, the soil turns out and dries up less.

An example of self-made lister hiller

As you can see, hillers are fairly simple designs. There is nothing difficult in making a do-it-yourself hiller for a tiller.

To create a traditional unregulated hiller, it is necessary to cut the halves of the product using a 2 mm thick metal template

These halves should be bent until the radii coincide, and then welded in 2-3 passes. Weld seams should be machined with an angle grinder and, if necessary, welded and re-grinded. The result should be a perfect even layer of metal.

The tool wings are also cut from 2 mm thick metal and connected in the same way.

The result should be the following design. For clarity, the thickness of the elements and all dimensions of the tool base are indicated

How to independently design a hiller for a tiller: parsing a couple of options

Potatoes are one of the most popular agricultural crops grown not only in our country, but also in many countries of Eastern Europe. Over the course of three hundred years of potato cultivation, agronomic technologies have been created, with the help of which they tried to facilitate the cultivation of the crop and increase its yield. If on an industrial scale for growing potatoes today, tractors with replaceable cultivator nozzles are used for hilling plants, then on personal plots you can use a do-it-yourself hiller for a tiller.

Option # 2. products with variable working width

Such tools are more convenient to use, since they are equipped with an adjusting mechanism with which you can change the position of the wings. This allows the tool to adapt to different row spacing.

Such hillers are designed to work with more powerful tillers with an engine of 4.0 hp. and more, the weight of which exceeds 30 kg

A significant drawback of such structures is their high energy consumption. The reason for this is that in the process of operation, the wings of the tool move the soil to the side, part of which, after passing through it, nevertheless crumbles back into the furrow. As a result, the back and arms get tired faster, and some of the engine power is wasted on useless work. But despite this, they are one of the most popular models among most gardeners.

Different models of hillers

The hiller is the second most important tool after the plow and winch. With its help, you can first cut the furrows for planting, and then fill them with planting material.

Carrying out the hiller along the aisles of evenly planted rows of potatoes, you can observe how the wings of the tool quickly pour soil into the holes with tubers

On sale you can find several options for the models of this tool.

Option # 3. disc models

Disk hillers are an order of magnitude more expensive than their traditional counterparts, but the efficiency of working with such tools is many times higher

The main advantages of disc hillers are:

  • A successful combination of a tiller with the instrument itself. Using a disc hiller, when the speed of the cultivator decreases, its power increases. This not only increases the efficiency of cultivation, but also has a positive effect on the operation of the unit itself.
  • Ease of use. To work with such a tool, you need to make a minimum of effort: it pushes itself forward without requiring additional pushing from behind.
  • Versatility of application. With this tool, hilling can be performed both after planting the tubers and during the period of active growth of the aboveground part of the crops.

Choosing among the variety of assortments, it is advisable to give preference to models made of alloy steel, equipped with rolling bearings (and not sleeve bushings), with a large diameter and thickness of discs.

Option # 4. propeller-type hillers

The principle of operation of the tool lies in the work of special propellers, under the action of which the soil is first crushed and weeds are combed out, and after that the beds are spud with loose soil

Such hillers are intended for equipping tillers and motor-cultivators, which have two forward gears. This is necessary so that in the second gear with an increase in power up to 180 rpm, with the help of the tool, you can not only loosen, but also transfer the soil into the beds from the row spacing.

Features of making hiller discs

When a disc hiller is made for a tiller with his own hands, the master should certainly consider the drawings. In addition, it must be remembered that the working blades must be prepared from the steel of the same density. In order to make a tool, you need to choose the type of discs. They will be steel sheets with a thickness of 2 mm. These components of the hiller should have lower edges that should be bent. The main condition is that the disks should be located symmetrically in relation to each other. Otherwise, the tool will lead to the side, which will complicate the work of the summer resident. When creating a structure, you can use plowshares that were borrowed from an old seeder. These elements, when a do-it-yourself disk hiller for a tiller is made, the drawings of which you can take from our article, must be mounted at an angle. In addition, you will need to maintain a step between the lower points, which should be equal to the width of the wheel track. This parameter is equivalent to the width between rows. The elements can be connected to each other using bolts; it is permissible to use a welding machine. The discs must be mated to each other using an adjustable adapter. In addition to discs, stands, screw lanyards, and a leash act as the main elements of the tool. The last of them must be done in the form of the letter T.

The do-it-yourself disk hiller for the tiller should be made using lanyards, which are needed in order to adjust the axis of rotation of the disks. This tool should be fixed to the tiller by means of a beam that has wings. During the manufacture and installation of parts, the specified size must be carefully observed.

Propeller-type hiller

Before starting work, you need to study the drawings of the disc hiller for the tiller, but if you do not intend to do the manufacturing work yourself, then you can purchase a propeller tool. At the heart of his work. special propellers, under the influence of which the soil is first crushed, and then weeds are removed from it. And only then the loose soil is used for hilling.

Making a lister hiller

The simplest option for making a hiller is to make a model that has a fixed working width. This design is represented by wings, which are connected and somewhat spread apart, as well as fixed to each other. There should be 2 such elements in the equipment. Due to the fact that the wings remain stationary, it will be impossible to adjust the working width. Therefore, the width between the beds will need to be adjusted to the tool, and not vice versa. A do-it-yourself disk hiller for a tiller, as a rule, is made according to the principle of factory equipment, the gripping width of the tool is 30 cm, which is not very convenient, because the width between the dispersion of potatoes assumes a parameter equal to 60 centimeters. The presence of thin racks acts as a feature of lister hillers. This allows you to withstand overloads of the cultivator when carrying out the destruction of the tool into the ground.

Tool manufacturing options

A do-it-yourself disk hiller for a tiller can be made using one of two technologies. One of them involves the use of a variable, the other is a fixed wing width. In the first method, the distance between the discs can be changed by the method of rearranging the racks.

A do-it-yourself disc hiller for a tiller can be made in such a way that it is possible to facilitate work with the tool. For this, it is necessary to provide for the presence of sleeve bearings. Once the bearings are installed, you can improve the reliability of the tool. In this case, you should not use slip bushings.

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Features of the hiller with variable working width

If you are thinking about how to make disc tiller for a tiller, then you should know that such tools are most convenient if they have a variable working width. This is due to the fact that they have an adjusting mechanism, with its help you can adjust the position of the wings. This allows for a variable width between rows. Such hillers are used in tandem with tillers, the motor of which demonstrates a power of up to 4 liters. from. and more.

Among the disadvantages of such tools, one can single out significant energy intensity. The main advantage of disc hillers is the successful combination of the tool with the tiller. In the process of using such a tool, you will achieve the greatest efficiency.

How to make a do-it-yourself disc hiller for a tiller?

If you have a summer cottage, then you probably grow potatoes on it, the cultivation of which will be easier with the help of special tools. Among them is the disc hiller for the tiller. With your own hands, this tool can be made with ease. A simple model of this type of hiller can be made from improvised tools.

Features of self-made disc hiller

Before making a do-it-yourself disk hiller for a tiller, you will need to prepare the necessary materials. You will need to use a template made of steel. The thickness of the latter should be equal to 2 millimeters. From the canvas, you will need to cut out the halves of the tool. These workpieces must be bent until they coincide with the radius, only then can you start welding. Weld seams should be machined with an angle grinder. If necessary, the elements need to be welded, and then cleaned well. Ultimately, you should get an even layer of metal, the surface of which should be perfect.

During the installation of the structure, the hitch bracket must be used to attach the hiller to the tiller. To do this, the hiller’s leash is fixed to the latter, bolts and a stopper should be used. The latter should be installed in the inner space of a square pipe, after which the part is tightly pressed against the outer surface. The hitch bracket can be rotated using the bolts, while the driver can be positioned along the tiller’s longitudinal axis. After that, we can assume that the disc hiller for the tiller is made by hand and is ready for work.

Making propeller hillers

It is worth considering how to collect active hillers (propeller).

For assembly, you will need the following tools and materials:

  • metal layer 2 mm thick;
  • apparatus for welding metals (arc);
  • angle grinder with additional discs;
  • consumable material (bolts, nuts, etc.);
  • drill;
  • bearings and oil seals;
  • T-leash and stand.

Active or rotary hillers are in great demand. They can be made both single-row and double-row.

The double-row rotary hiller has its own advantages: with its help, the cultivation of potatoes is 2 times faster.

Propeller attachments have a drawback: they only fit 3-speed tillers (2 forward and 1 reverse).

The assembly method is similar to the manufacture of disc hillers. They are connected to a motor cultivator using brackets and a rack with a T-shaped leash. The distance between the blade discs is chosen by the owner himself, adjusting to the size of his cultivator and the width of the rows.

Double-row hillers are the same lister device, only instead of one “triangle” they attach two.
For manufacturing you will need:

  • 4 metal foxes with a thickness of 2 to 4 mm;
  • welding and fixing tools.

The base of the product itself is made from denser sheets of metal. It should be heavier than the tillers themselves, because it bears the main load and heaviness during work.

Hillers are made from a thin sheet of metal, bending the wings outward. In this case, a pipe of the required diameter should be used.

The rest of the fasteners are the same technology as disc tillers.

For better performance, you can mount additional wings to the tool. They are attached to the base through a system of hinges on the provided rods.

The angles of the wings can be adjusted to make even the toughest work easy.

Do-it-yourself hiller for a tiller

To make a tiller for a tiller with your own hands, you will need the following tools:

  • Welding machine for iron, preferably arc.
  • angle grinder with accessories.
  • Drill with different attachments.
  • Electric emery.
  • Gas burner for hardening and heating metal.
  • Workbench or vise.
  • Consumables (bolts, nuts) and files.

You will need parts that will make up a homemade hiller for a tiller.

In order to get started, you need to acquire drawings and diagrams of the hiller.

Manufacturing diagrams and drawings of the tiller hiller can be found in special literature or in the operating instructions for the motor cultivator.

The diagram indicates the tool sizes that will best fit the device. 1-2cm deviations are allowed.

Disk devices are good helpers for heavy work on the ground.

Do-it-yourself disk hiller for a tiller. the easiest to make.

You will need the following tools and materials:

  • metal layers 2 mm thick;
  • bearings and oil seals;
  • screw lanyards;
  • T-shaped leash;
  • rack.

The discs are installed at an angle to each other, the top of the formed triangle is directed forward. The other 2 angles must be equal. If this condition is not met, then the tiller will be constantly skidded, which is not very convenient when working and additional configuration will be required.

The sheets of the disc hiller for the tiller are connected to each other by welding or bolts. Lanyards are attached to them, which perform the function of adjustment when double turning.
Homemade disc hiller is best assembled by following the instructions in the drawings.

There is a second way to self-assemble disc products: the plow is connected to the cultivator using a bracket. The leash is attached to the hitch with a stopper, bolted together. The stopper is inserted into the square tube and then tightened.

Types of hillers for tiller

a tiller with a hiller is an indispensable thing on the land, because it helps to process various types of crops, perform heavy agricultural work.

All accessories from the factory require certain costs. Farmers are thinking about how to make a hiller for a tiller with their own hands.

Types of tiller hillers:

How to make a hiller for a tiller with your own hands: disc, double-row, hedgehog, propeller, drawings and dimensions

Many gardeners and farmers are interested in how to make a hiller for a tiller. Modern agriculture is equipped with new technologies. One of the most important types of farm equipment is the tiller. Motorized cultivators are equipped with additional functions, such as: hiller, plow, opener, mower, snowplow, trailer, etc.

Making a hedgehog hiller with your own hands

It will be more difficult to make a hedgehog hiller-weeding machine for a tiller than a disc or lister-type hiller. Therefore, before starting production, you should prepare more thoroughly by watching several video and photo instructions of various “homemade products”.

  • First, using an angle grinder, cut 2 circles with a diameter of 27 cm and 2 circles with a diameter of 6 cm from sheet steel 5-8 mm thick, align the edge and sand well.
  • Having determined the center of the large discs, cut out circles of a smaller diameter (about 15-16 cm) in them to make rings. In order to cut the inner circles, you will need a plasma cutter or drilling machine. The edges of the rings and the resulting middle discs should be leveled and cleaned. In small discs, drill a hole of about 2 cm; for this purpose, a drill and a metal crown are suitable.
  • Using a drill and a metal drill, it is necessary to drill holes for fastening the spikes. In rings about 15 pieces, in medium discs. 10, in small discs. 5. Next, an angle grinder cut the edges of the discs and rings to the holes. The workpieces should resemble gears in shape.
  • Now you need to make the hubs. For this, a steel pipe with a cross-sectional diameter of 25 mm and 4 bearing pipes suitable for the inner diameter is suitable. angle grinder cut off 2 pipe sections, grind the edge and inner surface on both sides, insert the bearings.
  • Bore the middle discs in the center on a lathe to the diameter of the hubs. The disc must fit tightly onto the hub, but can be removed without additional tools.
  • On a lathe, make thrust bushings (anthers) that cover the bearings. Two bushings should fit in diameter to the axles, and two. for a bolt of 10.
  • We start the assembly from the axis, the bushing is put on it, then the bearing, the spacer sleeve and the bearing with the hub. A bushing with a smaller hole is placed on top, and the whole structure is fixed with a bolt. The second hub is assembled in the same way.
  • You can start cutting spikes 6 cm long. For them, a steel wire with a diameter of 12 mm is taken, and cut at an angle of 45 ° from one end. There are as many such blanks as there are cutouts for them prepared on the discs and rings of the future hiller. Grind out unevenness of the cut edges of the spikes on emery. Weld them to discs and rings.
  • The stage of assembling “hedgehogs” includes the installation of rings on the hubs (using templates: a sleeve and a washer welded to it along the inner diameter of the rings), medium and small discs. It is necessary to pay attention to the fact that all the studs “look” with the cutting edge in one direction, in the direction of travel. The installed parts are fixed by welding.
  • Make spacer rods from wire with a diameter of 12 mm and weld to spiked parts, 6 for each hiller. Remove the templates, adjust the discs and weld again. Weld fastening sleeves to the free end of the axles. Paint structure to prevent corrosion.
  • For the resulting “hedgehogs”, a frame from a disc hiller will be used, for which it is necessary to make brackets from a rod with a diameter of 30 mm and homemade bushings with a 16 bolt hole.
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Knowing the principle of making homemade hillers, we can conclude which hiller is the best at work, and which is easier to assemble. The technology is the same, with the exception of small parts for each type of tiller. The setting of the fixture depends on the assembly method and type of equipment. Without buying factory plows, but making them yourself, you can save money.

What kind of tiller do you use for growing potatoes or other vegetable crops??

Features of disc hillers for a tiller and the subtleties of their creation

  • Description
  • Device
  • Varieties
  • How to do it yourself?
  • Required materials and tools
  • Manufacturing
  • Assembly
  • Recommendations for use

The disc tiller for tiller is characterized by individual characteristics. The design is easy for self-fabrication. Gardeners are showing an interest in homemade products, as they can simplify the hard agricultural work associated with the processing of certain crops.

Manufacturing

It is possible to make a hiller for the popular tillers “Ugra”, “Belarus 09N-02”, “Motor Sich” according to the same principle. The main axles on which the discs are mounted are adjusted to the parameters of the tiller. Parts are connected by welding. The main condition for the disks is a symmetrical arrangement. Both elements are mounted at an angle, and the best connection option would be an adjustable one with an adapter. The holder elements are bent with a turbo bender and then welded to the axis. The reliability of the fasteners must be checked, and the edges of the welding must be cleaned.

The elements are connected to the axis with the letter T. The assembled structure is mounted to the tiller using a bracket. The stopper can be inserted into the profile tube and pressed firmly. The hiller is revised before planting the potatoes. This will allow you to eliminate shortcomings in a timely manner and not spoil the harvest.

It is advisable to carry out trial work on an empty area. So it is more convenient to check the profile of the resulting ridge, to estimate the width of capture, the parameters of the burial mechanisms.

In the process of work, you can set the optimal speed that will match the power of your tiller. Hand-made mechanisms allow not only to save on attachments for the tiller, but also to facilitate manual labor. Even if there is no unit with a power device on the farm. A homemade manual disc hiller will be a good helper, besides, it will save money on the purchase of equipment.

How to do it yourself?

Any equipment is easier to manufacture if there is a corresponding drawing with specified dimensions. The tool making algorithm is required first:

  • draw drawings on paper;
  • make a template in full size, according to which steel parts will then be cut out;
  • bend the blanks of the disks along the level until the parallel lines of the radius are reached;
  • organize welding work, with an apparatus with the appropriate power for the metal used;
  • clean the welding edges with emery;
  • fasten the racks and turnbuckles with bolts;
  • weld structural elements;
  • adjust the position of the discs.

The required steel thickness for the discs is 2-3 mm. The distance between the elements can vary from 35 to 70 cm.Racks and brackets are made of ordinary water pipes with a diameter of up to 20 mm, steel thickness of about 2 mm.

Description

Today the means of small-scale mechanization are widespread. For agricultural work, a disc hiller for a tiller is more often used. Outwardly, it looks like a frame on two wheels with disks attached to it. The device allows you to cultivate the soil both before sowing and after harvesting.

During the period of seedling growth, this device is used to process the aisles with plants. Disc ridgers are suitable for garden equipment with two forward gears. The unit is compiled with both a tiller and a cultivator. There are also manual options for this garden tool.

The difficulty with a disc hiller is the need to set a gap of the desired size. Between the lower base of the discs, it is equal to the row spacing. In this case, the track width of the wheels of motor vehicles must correspond to the same distance. To create grooves, the discs are installed inclined in relation to the vertical. Disk hillers cope with:

  • elimination of weeds;
  • arrangement of a ridge of earth, which protects the tubers from the sun’s rays (it is known that due to the close location of the vegetable to the surface, its development is inhibited);
  • improved air exchange in soils, which excludes moisture evaporation.

Required materials and tools

As discs, it is allowed to use ordinary lids from kitchen utensils with a diameter of 40 to 60 cm. These parameters are selected experimentally and are related to the power pull of the tiller. Too heavy a device, the unit may simply not be pulled. Connector elements will be replaced by a hollow pipe with a diameter of at least an inch, with a meter size.

Life Hacks Simple Manual Tiller

The pulling force is assigned by a 3⁄4-inch hollow pipe. For the leash, you need to choose T-shaped steel products. Adjustable adapters are useful for clutching disc elements. Bolts will play the role of fasteners. The elements are fastened with welded seams, bent with a turbo bend or with a gas lamp. If the structure is made for a tiller, a bracket should be provided. Hand tools need comfortable grips.

Device

The main components of the device are:

  • T-shaped axis;
  • screw connections that regulate the angle of inclination of the discs;
  • racks in the amount of two pieces;
  • discs in the amount of two pieces.
tiller

The paired discs should be in the ground at a given depth with little or no resistance. They rotate in the ground, excluding human effort. Thanks to the adjusted angle of inclination and the angle of takeoff, the parts create a ridge. It is customary to set the discs to a value corresponding to the row spacing. Pairs of discs must be of the same diameter and weight. This is the only way to achieve the evenness of the ridge and the smoothness of the movement of the device. The desired profile is leveled by the angle adjustment system.

The mounted hiller is not standard with tillers and cultivators. Items are sold separately or manufactured in-house. The high cost of hillers pushes people to self-manufacture. When buying, you should pay attention to the compliance of the hiller with the capacities of the main unit. The cost of the hiller is associated with the variety of materials used in its manufacture.

The hiller can be installed on a tiller with a two-speed reverse motor and the obligatory presence of a power take-off shaft. It is understood that two gearbox speeds control forward travel. When asking sellers for their availability, be sure to take this factor into account.

Varieties

There are two types of disc hillers on the market. The most widespread are products with a variable width of the processed strip. The device is convenient not only for processing potatoes, but also other crops, such as strawberries or beans. Thanks to the sliding design, the distance between the discs changes to suit the required furrow width. Such equipment is more often used in conjunction with heavy tillers.

Simple machines are characterized by a constant working width, which is standardly equal to 20-30 cm. The device of the hiller consists of fasteners with disks located on them. Due to the simplification, the designs are cheaper in cost. They are also lighter, and therefore can be hung on light tillers and cultivators.

The device can be improved for processing several rows at the same time. The set of equipment will be called multi-row and is unlikely to be suitable for small areas. The devices are popular with gardeners who have planted fields of a hectare or more.

In addition to attachments, there are manual disc hillers. They are also efficient in work, and inexpensive in terms of cost. Hand tools are durable and reliable, compact in size, easy to operate. The tool can be used both in small gardens and in the fields. If the device is equipped with a weight and a steering wheel, then control will be available to one operator. Standard manual construction is operated by two people, one pushing the implement and the other pulling.

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How to make a hiller for a tiller yourself

Attachments are not included with the tiller. They are manufactured and sold separately. On the agricultural machinery market, for any type of cultivator, you can find a hiller designed for the draft power of your horse. But the problem is that a finished tool costs more than 10 thousand, and this is a significant amount for a villager in modern conditions. But at the dump or outside you can find everything you need to build a tiller for a tiller.

In order to install the propeller hiller, you need to make sure that your chiller has a two-shaft reverse engine, 2 speeds forward. There must be a selection shaft.

First, you need to decide whether we will make a disk or lister hiller. A single row or double row tool will pull the cultivator. Do I need to provide sliding wings, an adjustable distance between the two tools. That is, before you build a hiller for a tiller with your own hands, you need drawings and videos, for example, this:

Of course, it is necessary to have skills in working with metal. Not every villager in an abandoned barrel of a heater will see the nodes valuable for the economy. Therefore, they go to the craftsmen for advice, ask for help.

But not only discs, the device for attaching them must be thought out, and to help the master, do-it-yourself drawings of a disc hiller for a tiller are offered.

tiller

Here, in addition to the disks, the dimensions and section of the most important nodes of the homemade hiller are given.

The design will undergo significant changes if you manage to find discs from decommissioned cultivators or other agricultural equipment. In any case, when making a frame, you will need to consider a disc adjustment system.

The wisdom of masters with golden hands is limitless. So if there are no discs, they can be replaced by a round blade from a circular saw. The steel is of high quality, the teeth additionally loosen the soil. You still have to create a bearing assembly, otherwise the saw blade will not rotate. But the steel is instrumental and in the hands of a craftsman, a disc hiller for a tiller with his own hands will work effectively.

When creating a new device in your backyard, do not forget about safety measures. When welding, you work with a mask. But at this time, “bunnies” can catch loved ones, watching the craftsman. When working with a dangerous tool, take care of the safety of others.

Varieties of lister homemade and factory hillers

The simplest unregulated hiller is a solid structure of two diverging figured plates, located mirrored and having a common stiffener.

This is the basis, but if you add flaps in the form of adjustable plates to it, you get an adjustable hiller of your own manufacture. Without plates, it is an excellent cultivator of potato row spacings, in which the soil is compacted and air does not flow to the roots.

The fixed grip hiller can be used on level fields with the same row spacing when using the drill. Such a tool is used with low-power traction, since the adjustable plates create additional resistance to the ground layer.

Medium power tillers are equipped with an adjustable grip. Such structures are used in narrow row spacings about 35 cm wide.Rowing on corn is performed with just such a hiller.

But creating a breakdown mechanism and making it work are two different stories. To regulate the depth of lowering into the soil, a frame structure with a hitch must be made to create a smooth stroke. Only a well-centered unit will spend a minimum of effort for quality soil cultivation. The hiller is immersed in the ground due to the vertically positioned stand. If the do-it-yourself potato hiller to the tiller goes low when setting up or adjust the angle of inclination of the rack along the surface. For lister double row tools, when mounting to a frame, the distance between the booms must be accurately set.

Why do i need a hitch assembly for tiller tools

In order to fix the hiller on the tiller, in addition to the manufactured frame, there must be a hitch assembly that is adjustable and reliable. By aligning the holes on the post and on the hitch body and securing the implement will be integral with the machine.

The DIY universal hitch makes it easy to adjust the tool to the working position. It is in this node that adjustments are made to the position of the rack relative to the ground, the radial angles. After adjustment, the nuts are tightened and the device is adjusted to the type of soil, soil moisture, plant height.

The use of a hiller in soil cultivation

Design improvements include contours that reduce drag, making the ridge taller or wider. The principle of operation of such a hiller does not change. it loosens, removes the soil layer and throws it to the base of the plants planted in a row. In the same way, grooves are cut for planting potatoes.

Another type of tiller hillers is paired discs. Due to the thin rim, the structure enters the soil to a predetermined depth with low resistance. They are not stretched in a stationary state, they are spinning, and thus overcome resistance with less effort. But in order for the discs to create a stroke, they must have an adjusted angle of inclination along the vertical and an angle of takeoff. The distance between the discs on the frame is set according to the width of the row to be processed. Look at the video of how potatoes are spud with a tiller on the stony soil of Simferopol:

Conventionally, all hillers in the form and principle of work are called:

  • listerous;
  • disk.

In this case, the lister ones have various forms of bending of the planes; an arrow going deep into the ground can have a massive tip. Flaps or plowshares are bent, inclined, can have an adjustable and adjustable profile.

Pairs of disc tiller should be the same size, contour and weight. Otherwise, the comb will not work out even. The system for adjusting the angles of departure and inclination allows you to set the desired stroke profile.

For powerful heavy tillers, the hillers pair, light weeders for the MTZ tiller are mounted in three.

The device facilitated and accelerated the hilling of potatoes with a tiller. video

Propeller-type hillers

Appliances, reminiscent of a home fan, use translational and rotational motion in soil cultivation. But the tool can be installed on a unit with a two-shaft engine with reverse and 2 gears. There must be a power take-off shaft. The propeller-type hiller is more effective than other models, but due to the complexity of execution it is expensive. Craftsmen took the idea, but the instrument does not look very much like a propeller.

For manufacturing, you will need high-quality steel, a welding machine and an angle grinder. Parts of the “propeller” are welded onto the axles fitted to the frame. In one pass, the soil is deeply loosened and thrown into the ridge. The tiller for the tiller is made unadjustable, so the angles must be set empirically.

The device and application of a hiller for a tiller at a summer cottage

How to set up a hiller of any design for work

It is necessary to adapt to any attached or trailed equipment for tillage. Before starting work on the field, you need to make sure everything is set correctly, secured and adjusted. A trial section is selected and a trial run is made. At this point, you should listen to the technique, check the stroke profile, the distance between the grips. The angles of attack must be set on the disks, on the listers. deepening.

It is important to choose the processing speed that would correspond to the power of the mechanism and the quality of the field processing.