How to carve a bull out of wood

Table of Contents:

Wood species used for manufacturing

For the manufacture of spoons, it is most appropriate to use the following types of wood:

  • Linden. The wood is softer and lighter, with a uniform density. It planes well in any direction. The material is perfect for a beginner to work on basic carving skills.
  • Cherry, walnut and maple. Products made from the listed materials are strong and durable.
  • Juniper. Spoons made of it have antiseptic properties, which prevents the appearance of molds and bacteria.

Conifers, as well as exotic tropical woods, are not chosen for the manufacture of kitchen appliances. They can be toxic and have a characteristic odor.

carve, bull, wood

Material selection is the first step.

Varieties in shape and size

There are five main types of spoons:

  • Round are necessary for eating and stirring dishes when cooking.
  • Flat. they mix vegetables that are cooked in a pan, and also scrape off product residues from the bottom and walls of the dishes.
  • Standard shapes with a long, narrow cut are designed for pulling large pieces of food out of broth or for extracting bay leaves from a cooking dish.
  • Round with an extended handle, convenient for serving.
  • Skimmers are needed for mixing the sauce or for the convenience of removing the product from the broth.

In addition to the main types, there are additional ones:

  • for honey;
  • for spices;
  • souvenir.

The size range of wooden spoons is wide:

  • large (18 ml). for the use of first liquid dishes, as well as porridge from a deep plate;
  • tea room (5 ml). for mixing sugar or honey in a drink;
  • dessert (10 ml). for dessert.

Decorative carved spoons.

Tips for use and storage

Cutlery requires special storage conditions and careful care.

  • Indoor humidity above 60% is detrimental to products.
  • Eco-tableware cannot be washed in a dishwasher or washed with aggressive chemicals.
  • Drying of the appliances is required after cleaning. It is necessary to prevent the appearance of mold fungi on the surface of products.
  • Store wooden utensils in well-ventilated areas, as the material is porous and absorbs odors quickly.

In addition to the above, do not store near heating appliances and in direct sunlight.

Care of wooden spoons.

Making a wooden spoon: from the choice of materials to the final painting

Cutlery made of wood is chic and cosiness, classic and style. Self-made wooden spoons reflect the uniqueness of the Russian people, culture and centuries-old traditions. They create a wonderful atmosphere, fill the kitchen with coziness, because wood is always associated with home, warmth and hospitality.

Making spoons at home is simple and fun.

Manufacturing on a lathe

The production of spoons on a lathe is not considered classical, but it is still very popular. How to cut a wooden spoon on a lathe:

  • Prepare a block of wood and install it in the machine.
  • Turn the block and start shaping the product.
  • Having formed a spoon, grind it and cut.
  • Chip off the “excess” with a chisel and grind off the plane.
  • Form a loaf and sand the inner surface.

Spoon ready for final sanding.

Painting process

Before making a wooden spoon beautiful, starting the creative process, you need to

  • Check the quality of the grinding of the product and correct the roughness, if any.
  • Then wipe with a damp cloth.
  • Dry for at least 30 minutes.

Having prepared the blank, you can start the painting itself:

  • Cover the spoon with soil and dry thoroughly.
  • Sand with fine-grained sandpaper and remove any dust that appears.
  • Draw a sketch of the future painting with a simple pencil.
  • Paint the product and dry.

At the end of the painting, the device must be varnished. To do this, you can dip it directly into a container with varnish or apply it with a wide soft brush. After the first treatment with varnish, the product is dried for at least an hour. And repeat the procedure 3-4 times. Then the item is dried for a week.

Painted wooden spoon.

Making a wooden spoon

Making eco-dishes with your own hands is a fascinating process. The work will take time and great concentration of attention, but the result will win the heart of not only the master, but also those close to him.

Making figurines from wood with your own hands

Hardly anyone can say with certainty the period of origin of products made of wood. It is known that initially the masters created idols depicting animals or heavenly bodies. Figures made of wood mainly served as talismans. And today the craftsmen continue their craft. woodcarving.

There is little theory when creating animal figures from a tree; the work requires experience. The wizards recommend starting with simple samples. Get acquainted with the materials and tools, make a workpiece from plasticine or clay. After mastering the basic techniques of carving, start creating figures from wood.

They create comfortable conditions for work. The table should be comfortable and adequate lighting. For safety, the workpiece is fixed with a workbench. The quality of the finished product depends entirely on how correctly the material is selected. Mostly wood species are used during work.

The material is easy to cut and does not crack. Large sculptures are made from aspen, since it is characterized by chips. The birch has an unusual relief. For fine carving and creating decorative elements, walnut will be indispensable. Do not start working with the material until it is dry.

Initially determined with the size of the product. Knots are used to create small figures. Growth figures are obtained from the deck. Craftsmen carve a garden gnome from a log without much effort. Large-scale sculptures are created from massive logs. Damage and chips are not allowed on the workpieces. For those who plan to create figures from wood with their own hands, woodcarvers recommend initially working with rectangular bars, since it is easier to apply a drawing on such a shape.

The decoration of products is carried out in different ways. They are varnished, stained or different techniques are used. Stain is not bought, the solution is prepared at home. Water stain consists of water and iodine. A few drops of dye are added to the water. Brown tincture is obtained by adding a solution of potassium permanganate to the water.

For correct work with the stain, one layer of the product is applied to the bar on a trial basis. After drying, roughness will appear on the product. Having eliminated the defects, the product is covered with the next layer of stain, the figure is fixed with varnish or boiled in oil.

Experts say that products from valuable or beautiful rocks do not cover, but apply oil. When working with ebony ebony, no coating is applied so as not to spoil the material. The figurine is polished with dry horsetail.

How to carve a spoon from wood. Beginner’s guide

Everyone can and should carve a wooden spoon, according to the author.
For some time he collected spoons from all over the world (see second photo) and was always interested in strange spoons.
At some point, he eventually started making his own spoons.

Making a spoon using wood carving. it is a long-term occupation, but there is still room for creativity. This material is intended for beginner carvers.

Next, the author will share his process of cutting a spoon. Tools and materials

Tools and materials:

(The entire process can be done by hand. The author used power tools to create the blank to speed up the process.)Wood

The most important thing to consider when cutting out a spoon. this is the type of tree you are going to use. While with the right tools and techniques it is possible to carve out of almost any type of wood, some types are easier to machine than others. Since this is a spoon carving for beginners, we will try to make everything as simple as possible.

The easiest types of wood to process are soft species, for example:

Hard rocks that are more difficult to process are:

Follow these general points when choosing a tree:

Cut off a piece of wood and see what kind of wood.
Look for narrow, not wide fibers. wide fibers fall into large pieces.
For a beginner, the easiest way to try wood carving. linden, so it’s better to start with it.

Finally, it should be noted that wood, like many of the substances we live with, can be a potential allergen for certain people. Certain wood species, such as cocobolo, have skin and respiratory effects. Other varieties, such as cherries, are known to be generally safe and inert. Wood dust from almost any tree species can have a harmful effect on the respiratory tract for a sufficiently long period of time. Spoon drawing

Read more:  How to properly cut a corner on a plinth

Once you have selected a piece of wood (I am using a cherry in the example below), draw a very rough outline of the spoon you want to cut out. This does not have to be a detailed drawing, as this diagram will only be used to create a blank spoon. Drawing a profile of a spoon, desirable but not required.

Some things the author takes into account when designing his spoons:

If the spoon you want to cut is smaller than the piece of wood you have chosen, use a table saw to cut the piece into a thinner piece so that you have to remove less material by hand when cutting.

Rod Deon wood carving. Bull Moose in the Snow using DuraGRIT carbide Rotary Tools

Then use a miter saw to cut pieces of wood to length at the ends of your spoon’s outline.

This is called letterhead creation.Cutting parts

Use a jigsaw to cut the spoon along the outline. It is advisable to cut as close as possible to the sketch of your spoon.

By making the stock slightly larger and thicker than the intended finished spoon, you can always remove the material later.Coarse grinding

This step is completely optional, but the author followed it. He used a belt sander to quickly round the edges and sand to the contour of the spoon. Everything done with a power tool eliminates the need to do it manually in the upcoming threading step.Moving on to the carving

Carving along the handle of the spoon. the easiest place to practice. Start with small particles, removing a small amount of material, cutting away from you.

Begin to remove small pieces of material from the tops of the curved lines. Cutting down, harder in the groove.
Dipping the knife downward usually results in a larger piece of material being chipped off than intended.

It takes time to transform a square block into a smooth spoon. for example, a few hours. So don’t expect the spoon to instantly take shape. Just move slowly towards the goal.Add more detail

As the spoon begins to take shape and you start to round off some of the straight lines in the workpiece, decisions need to be made regarding:

The spoon pictured below has a blunt, straight head, more like a spatula, which is good for scrubbing the bottom of the pot. of course this is not a very good soup spoon.

Back of the spoon head

Once the spoon handle is chiseled, it’s time to start working on the head. It is easier to start with the convex back of the spoon rather than the concave side.

Start removing material around the edges of the workpiece and round off the head of the spoon to create a smooth transition from the back of the spoon to the rim.

Continue to round the back of the spoon and create an even, continuous slope.Front of a spoon

On the concave side of a spoon. use a rounded arrow-shaped knife or hook to begin removing material from the surface of the spoon.

Remove small pieces of wood until a small depression begins to form. Continue removing material, picking wood closer and closer to the outside wall of your spoon.

The hook knife is useful for shallow pulling of material, but does not work very well at depth. This is where the arrow-shaped knife comes in handy.Finishing by grinding

After hand carving, it’s time to smooth out the unevenness with sanding.

After mechanical sanding, it’s time for hand sanding.

Starting with 120 grit sandpaper and gradually reducing the grit to 220 grit, the author sanded the handle and head of the spoon, smoothing out any remaining traces of the electric tool and making all surfaces pleasant to the touch without leaving chips.Protective covering

As a final step, apply an orally safe, protective coating to a smoothly sanded spoon.

We process irregularities with a plane

In order for your layout to save you from such an unpleasant phenomenon as splinters, it is recommended to process the product with a plane. This must also be done in order to give the resulting weapon a softer and rounder shape.

In this case, it is better to process hard-to-reach places using a grinding machine or a metal file. You can round off and polish rough areas of the rifle using “sandpaper” or sandpaper. After such processing, you should have a part of the model that is smooth to the touch and, as a result, a beautiful do-it-yourself sniper rifle.

We make a barrel for a rifle

To make a rifle barrel, use a thin aluminum tube. Next, you should cut off the excess with a hacksaw for metal and leave the length that you need. After that, make three identical holes in the resulting trunk, two of which will serve as a support for fastening, and the third. for front sight.

If you still have not decided to make a model of a weapon and do not know how to make a sniper rifle from wood, rather join us. It will be more interesting further.

At the next stage, we attach the finished barrel to the rifle model and fix it securely. At the final stage, it is recommended to cover the weapon layout with a protective wood varnish. The rifle is ready.

How to make a sniper rifle out of wood? DIY wood sniper rifle

Most preschool, school and adolescent boys play “war games”. Either they save the world from alien invaders, or they free the hostages from malicious violators of the law. True, modern children are increasingly becoming players of games implemented in practice a la “Counter Strike”. And for greater clarity, they make the intergalactic and standard weapons of their favorite computer characters with their own hands. Therefore, in today’s article we will talk about how to make a sniper rifle out of wood.

How to make woodwork easier?

If you are just thinking about how to make a rifle yourself, and our step-by-step instructions seem difficult to you, you can always simplify it. How to do it? For example, you can take a wooden element, draw a contour on it, cut it out, grind it and varnish it without using additional metal elements. So you are on the one hand. simplify your work, and on the other hand, you will make the long-awaited layout with a minimum of time spent.

As for the rest of the rifle’s elements, they can always be completed. By the way, other types of weapons can be made according to a similar principle.

Making a handle for loading the shutter of the hard drive

Such a shutter is made from a metal pipe (copper is ideal) using a conventional hammer and vice. Then, a small hole must be drilled from the bottom of the rifle, into which the handle will then go. The very same handle, made from a pipe, must be sanded on a grinder. After that, the handle is attached to the lower surface of the rifle using nails and screws.

What safety rules need to be followed when working?

Before making a sniper rifle, take the time to study basic safety rules. So, for example, it is best to start woodwork with a special apron (it should cover the upper part of your body up to your knees) and gloves. These can be ordinary gloves that we often buy when we make repairs or paint something.

It is better to hide your hair under a cap or bandana so that it does not interfere. This will prevent hair from getting caught in the blades of the milling machine and other equipment. For the same reason, before work, it is better to take off long chains and other jewelry, neckerchiefs and scarves. It is also better not to use clothing during work that contains decorative elements, for example, ruffles or fringes.

Before making a rifle out of wood, take care of purchasing special protective glasses. You will need them when you grind and comb wooden models. And it is they who will help protect your eyes from getting into them small parts of wood, dust and shavings.

Working with an electric drill, check the health and working condition of all tees and sockets.

We make metal plates for the hard drive

At the next stage, decide how to make a sniper rifle out of wood: with or without plates on the hard drive. In this case, the metal plates will give the model a realistic look, so it’s better to make them anyway. To do this, take two small flat rectangles of a thin metal cloth, punch holes in them for nails with a drill and fasten them on both sides of the rifle with fasteners.

Home decoration before the New Year of the White Bull

The atmosphere in which the holiday will take place will depend on the decoration of the room. Therefore, decorating your home should be done thoroughly, soak every corner with the spirit of fairy tale and magic.

But before decorating. first put things in order, throw out unnecessary trash from the rooms. No need to carry garbage from the old year to the new.

Natural light colors (white, gray, brown, green, yellowish) should prevail when decorating a home.

To attract good luck and prosperity, it is ideal to hang a round Christmas wreath of green spruce branches in front of the entrance to the house / apartment. Its circle symbolizes the eternal incessant stream of life, and the green color is a symbol of growth.

You can use natural materials in the decor: stone, wood, metal.

When celebrating the New Year 2021, you cannot do without the Yolki. an evergreen beauty, which is an important attribute of the holiday. Without it, New Year is not New Year. It should be beautifully decorated, attract attention, and also serve as a talisman. On the tree, you can place figurines of the symbol of the year, balls, tinsel, garland, paper snowflakes, a star, candy and real money to improve your financial well-being in the new year.

On the windows of the house, you can stick stencils from snowflakes, the symbol of the year. the Bull. Create entire compositions from purchased stencils, or cut them out of paper yourself, and then use adhesive tape to glue them on the windows.

How to celebrate the New Year 2021 of the White Metal Bull? General characteristics of the main symbol

The cunning White Rat will be replaced by the hardworking, decisive, unhurried Ox in 2021. What to expect from him?

Read more:  Wood Circular Saw Sharpening

Nobility is in the Bull‘s blood. Therefore, one should expect from him strong-willed, wise, noble, decisive actions that match his nature.

White color symbolizes purity, peace, restraint, justice.

Metallic properties indicate the iron, solid character of the symbol.

According to the Chinese calendar, the New Year of the White Bull will begin on February 12, 2021. The celebration will take place for 2 weeks. The year will last until January 30, 2022 and the Black Water Tiger will come to replace the Ox.

In Russia and in most countries of the world, everything is the old-fashioned way. New Year is celebrated on the night of December 31 to January 1.

2021 the Ox will be friendly to people who work on themselves, on personal relationships, devote a lot of time to work. All efforts made will return double.

Honesty and responsibility will be valued most.

Although the Ox adores hardworking people, he is prone to conservatism. Dislikes fast dynamic changes. According to his rules, to come to wealth, you need to work hard and for a long time, and not look for easy ways and roads of deception.

In search of a soul mate, slight difficulties may arise, since the bull loves solitude and, with a stretch, lets new people into its life. But in family relationships, harmony, unity and pacification will reign.

The bull represents Stihl and confidence. Therefore, in the New Year 2021, one should not expect serious shocks and changes.

New 2021 Year of the White Bull: General characteristics of the symbol, where, how and what to meet

The anticipation of the New Year always goes with great trepidation. The effect is enhanced by the fact that the whole country is waiting for the holiday. At the same time, it becomes completely unimportant what the outgoing leap year 2020 was and what unpredictable events it was filled with. New 2021 will be better! White Bull promises Stihl and stability!

For adults, the New Year reminds of childhood. About carefree times. Allows you to forget about the work routine for a long weekend, relax, communicate with family and friends, congratulate them after the chiming clock on the phone and in social networks. And children are given a chance to get into a fairy tale where there are magical characters and animals, a sea of ​​sweet gifts, and all the people around are smiling.

New Year’s chores are not even chores at all, but pleasant activities: choosing and buying gifts, preparation of congratulations, home decoration and preparation of New Year’s dishes.

Often, even the anticipation of the New Year’s celebration is more interesting than the feast itself. Proper preparation will be appreciated by the White Metal Ox. And in order to appease the main symbol of 2021, you need to know simple things and observe them when meeting the holiday. We will talk about them further.

Where to celebrate the New Year 2021?

The answer to this question lies in the conservatism and domestic character of the animal. The bull loves a cozy environment and peace. Therefore, the best place is to celebrate the New Year 2021 with your family and loved ones, at home.

Ideally, everyone will be involved in decorating the venue and preparing New Year’s dishes. The symbol of the year will appreciate family cohesion.

Long trips to meet the holiday Ox does not welcome.

Also, the owner of the year does not like noisy parties and the presence of people who do not know each other at the holiday. He likes a calm spiritual atmosphere, when there is no unnecessary fuss and rush, and people just communicate and enjoy what is happening.

What to celebrate the New Year 2021?

The most important point concerns the color scheme of things. It must match the White Metal Bull. May include light colors, especially white, metallic color, natural colors (green, yellowish, brown, blue). Black is universal, and therefore also suitable.

Light tones of clothing can be diluted with metallic shiny accessories.

In order not to “incite” the bull on yourself. do not use bright red colors in your outfit. Red can be used, but it should be light, pinkish. Although ideally, of course, do without it.

The bull loves restraint and modesty in the image, and therefore do not overload the outfit with unnecessary details. A complete taboo on flashy bright costumes or dresses. Traditional clothing option is enough.

At the same time, the clothes should not be old, dirty, badly wrinkled. It’s a holiday after all, and not some ordinary day.

Natural clothes made of fur, cotton, silk would be a good choice.

You can use denim clothing. Primarily for young people. Since it was in the Year of the Ox in 1853 that jeans were first produced.

New Year’s table for the Year of the White Ox

It will be enough to cover the table with simple but hearty food in a varied number of dishes: boiled potatoes with stewed or baked meat (but not beef), winter salads, side dishes, various snacks, baked goods, vegetable food (sliced ​​vegetables and fruits), drinks (compotes. natural juices, berry fruit drinks), desserts (everyone loves to enjoy sweet foods and the owner of the year is no exception).

It is better not to decorate the New Year’s table with exotic dishes and expensive overseas delicacies. It’s all about the conservatism of the owner of the year, who prefers dishes that have already proven themselves, and not something new and unusual.

Beef. this is the name of the meat of a cow, a bull. That is why you should avoid it in your dishes so that the symbol of the year does not take offense at you. The pig is a neighbor of the Bull, and therefore it is advisable to exclude pork too. Ideally, make the menu vegetarian. After all, the Bull eats plant food. But it is not forbidden to use dishes from poultry, rabbit or fish. The most important taboo and prohibition is beef in food.

The New Year’s table should be hearty and plentiful in food, but not overly expensive in terms of money. The main symbol of 2021 does not tolerate extravagance.

It is better to use dishes on the New Year’s table in white or metallic colors.

The table can be covered with a pastel-colored tablecloth, or a traditional white one. Use napkins of the same color.

The bull will love the rustic style of table decoration with matching tableware made of wood.

On the table or somewhere on the shelves of the room where the festive meal will be held, do not forget to put the statuette of the owner of the year. But not in a very funny and funny version.

The Ox, who does not tolerate excesses. does not like to abuse strong adult drinks. Preference for something light, for cocktails. And drinks with a high degree are best left for other days.

You can add zest to the New Year 2021 if you prepare interesting games and funny contests in advance.

Everything should be done so that all people present at the meeting of the holiday get real pleasure from what is happening, smile, have fun and warmly spend time, eat, enjoying every second. With such solidarity and friendliness, the Ox will be delighted.

AND New Year 2021 should be entered with pure thoughts, an open heart and hopes for a brighter future.

Material and tools

The choice of wood for the work largely depends on the size of the carved figure. So, for making a small figurine of a bear, large branches and small logs can come in handy. The main thing is that the material is free from damage, cracks and signs of decay. For large sculptures, thick massive logs are chosen.

Experienced wood carvers recommend that beginners use rectangular bars for sculptural carving. It is easier to transfer the image to the bar and the spatial perception of the future sculpture will be better. As for wood species, the most common are:

    Linden. Such material is cut perfectly. easily and softly. An example of a carved linden bear

The structure of the linden tree is light and clean, without a pronounced pattern. The wood shrinks a little and practically does not crack.

  • Alder. No less wonderful material for carving. Resistant to cracks, well cut and processed.
  • Aspen. In terms of softness and ease of processing, they are close to linden. If the aspen is not varnished over time, the product will acquire a noble silver color. However, such wood is prone to chips, so it is better to use it for large-relief sculptures.
  • Birch tree. Medium hard wood. It is cut worse, warps up strongly and is more suitable for small souvenirs and parts. Differs in a beautiful relief of wood, it can be painted well.
  • Nut. A great option for fine art carving. The tree is well cut, is not prone to chips, does not warp and has a very decorative look.
  • Carved walnut bear figurine

  • Oak. Dense wood is difficult to cut and tends to chip. Suitable for large carvings.
  • Wood for carving must be well dried. no more than 15% moisture. Products made of material with high humidity will begin to crack and warp when dry. It is better to dry the workpieces at home, in a warm place, wrapped in plastic.

    While it is recommended for beginners to start learning with softwoods, it is much easier to cut through the structure with an imprecise motion than harder varieties. Therefore, in some cases, it is more convenient to use harder wood. A convenient, high-quality and well-sharpened tool is no less important in carving. You will need the following set of threading tools:

      A hacksaw, a hatchet, and a chainsaw can be useful for large sculptures. These tools are needed for rough initial cutting of the workpiece.

    The process of cutting a bear from a log

  • Adze. For coarse cutting of smaller parts.
  • Cutters. Knives with a short beveled blade. They have different purposes depending on the width of the cutting edge. Wide hatchets are used for rough cutting, and cutters with a sharpening width of 15 mm for shaping small elements and threads in hard-to-reach places.
  • Jamb knives. In the hands of the master, they are able to solve many different problems.
  • Chisels. Designed for rough notching, background sampling and elaboration of details of a carved figure. They can have different widths of the cutting edge. The shape is curved, flat, oblique, semicircular, spear-shaped (rivets).
  • Read more:  What are the Band Saws on Wood

    Various types of chisels for wood carving

  • Bogorodsky knife. Has a straight short blade. the knife got its name from the village of Bogorodskoye, Sergiev Posad region. Widely used for wood sculpture.
  • Sander, rasps and sandpaper of various grit sizes for finishing the carved sculpture.
  • Drill for drilling through holes, if any.
  • Carved bear from wood

    Volumetric sculpture is considered the most difficult type of artistic woodcarving. You should start making volumetric figures with your own hands only after familiarizing yourself with the rest of the techniques and techniques of carving. A particularly popular theme for creating wood sculptures is the image of a bear.

    Carved bear wooden sculpture design

    Since ancient times, this mighty master of the forest has inspired artisans. We can say that no animal appears as often in carved art as a bear.

    Carved sculpture of a bear with your own hands

    So, inspiration and a suitable image of the future sculpture have been found, and the tools are sharply sharpened. which means that you can start making a carved bear with your own hands.

    The main stages of creating a sculpture from wood

    To make a sculpture of a bear or any other three-dimensional figure, follow these steps:

    • Sketch creation. First, a sketch of the future carved sculpture needs to be drawn, preferably in several projections: side, back and front views.
    • Transferring the sketch to the workpiece. The contours of the drawing are transferred to the workpiece. It is very convenient to transfer a sketch to a rectangular bar, especially several projections of the drawing.
    • Creation of a stucco model. One of the sculptor’s rules is the preliminary creation of the conceived figure in plasticine or clay. This allows you to avoid many mistakes during carving and to visualize the figure well in space.
    • Rough felling. All excess is cut from a wooden blank with a saw or a hatchet. Small parts are cut out with an adze. A selection of various sculptures made of wood

    Output to four faces when the sculpture consists of rectangular parts.

  • Creation of relief without elaboration of details. The corners of the figure are cut off with chisels and cutters, the planned silhouette is already clearly visible, but it is too early to round off the craft.
  • Detailing. Subtle elaboration of details begins, small elements are formed, the structure of the wool and so on. Used tools such as jambs, chisels, Bogorodsky knives.
  • Grinding and processing with protective agents. At the end, the sculpture is processed with sandpaper or a grinder and covered with wax, varnish, stain.
  • How to cut a bear’s head

    Since the head and face of a bear is the most difficult part to carve, before creating a full-fledged sculpture, it is better to practice a little and cut the head of the beast separately.

    An example of a phased cut out of a bear

    • An image of a bear’s head is selected for carving. it can be a photo, a drawing, ready-made sketches.
    • A stencil is created for carving the head of a bear in three projections: front, profile, back view.
    • Prepare a lime block of the right size. The contours of the bear’s head are transferred to the sides of the rectangular bar without detailing.
    • Excess pieces of wood are chopped off, except for the lower base, so that it is convenient to hold on to the workpiece and cut out small parts. This part of the bar should be removed last.
    • On the resulting angular workpiece, auxiliary mowing lines of the image are applied: nose, forehead, ears, brow arches are indicated. The head is ground with semicircular chisels, incisors or jambs. The wood is selected with thin shavings very carefully so as not to cut off excess.
    • Small details are being worked out. Working out small details in the sculpture of a bear

    The details are rounded off with a Bogorodsky knife, thin shavings are removed with soft movements. Small elements, cutout of eyes, ears, mouth and wool are processed with small chisels.

  • The supporting part of the bar is cut off and refined with a knife and chisels
    The head is wiped off from shavings and dust and you can start decorative processing.
  • Sculpture of a bear

    The principles of creating a carved sculpture of a bear will not differ much from the basic recommendations for creating volumetric compositions. The sketch is transferred to the wood, and the bear is carved in several stages. from rough finishing to detailing small features. A rough finish on a large sculpture can be done with a chainsaw. The space between the legs should be cut with an adze. Sometimes it makes sense not to cut off the bear’s legs until the upper part of the animal has been worked out in detail. So, the emphasis will be more reliable and there is no risk of breaking the legs of the workpiece.

    Some masters polish the figurine before detailed elaboration, and only after that the wool and small parts of the sculpture are formed.

    This method is faster than long rounding of parts with cutters and chisels. The only drawback is that the tool becomes dull faster on the polished surface.

    Selection of material

    In accordance with the plan, you should also select a tree for work. The final result completely depends on its quality, so immediately exclude materials with loose structures and give preference to the following options:

    • linden is one of the best options for novice craftsmen, figurines made of wood of this species are easier to make, due to the soft structure of the material, it lends itself well to processing, is often used for small plastics and ornaments;
    • aspen. similar in basic characteristics to a linden tree, another good option for making small figurines;
    • pine. may exfoliate, but if you arrange its growth rings correctly, the product will look especially impressive;
    • maple. has a good density, it is a little more difficult to process such wood, but miniature animal figures are especially good from it, chess is often made from this tree;
    • oak is especially good, dense wood is difficult to process, but high-quality polished and varnished looks attractive, products made of this material are of high cost.

    All these types of wood are soft in processing, they will not blunt the tool and will allow you to make a product of any shape. The main thing to consider when choosing a material is its quality, it must be whole, dry, not damaged by rot and beetles.

    Required tool

    Before carving a figurine out of wood, you need to choose a quality tool. This material, if desired, can be processed using an ordinary penknife. But it is much easier and more pleasant to work with a number of specialized devices.

    • The cutter is the basic tool for all jobs, featuring a beveled, short blade (36 degrees) and is used for initial rough cutting.
    • The jamb helps to form the desired type of ornament, suitable for work on planes, the blade is usually beveled at 60 degrees.
    • Chisels. there are several options here, they can be angular, semicircular and flat, they allow high-quality processing of wooden figures, creating an in-depth relief on them.
    • Rivets are an important tool for hard-to-reach places, characterized by a sharp tip that allows you to work out even the smallest details.

    In addition to the basic set, it is worth stocking up with a grinder, rasps, gimbals, a drill with a number of attachments and a saw. All these tools will greatly facilitate the work and will allow to bring to life even the most intricate idea.

    Figures made of wood. Tips for beginners

    Skillful hands can work miracles. Those who have not yet taken the first steps in this direction, but really want to try, are invited to start with simpler options. Uncomplicated wooden figures will help you acquire initial skills in handling such an interesting and pliable type of material.

    Preparatory stage

    Before carving a figurine out of wood, you should decide on its appearance. Ideas can be different. Sometimes an image appears after reading an interesting book, going to a movie or an exhibition, and a large amount of information can lead to the creation of your own original idea. The option of full copying of the works already created by the masters is also taken into account.

    An idea requires a sketch. It can be embodied on paper in the form of simple sketches. It is recommended to take into account the dimensions and clearly outline the details. This will greatly simplify the process and allow you to make it step-by-step. Already experienced craftsmen begin to work with the direct processing of wood, a product with simple shapes requires minimal detailing and is much easier to carry out.

    The working process

    Having prepared everything you need, you can proceed to such a responsible occupation as wood carving. We begin to craft the figures by making a rough workpiece, using a pencil, outline the main parts of the future product, cut off the excess, leaving only a small supply of wood at the edges. Experienced craftsmen do not remove all the surplus at once, it is more convenient to hold the figurine in the desired position with them.

    • In the resulting simple figure, we make small cuts, this is a outline for subsequent work (body, limbs, head).
    • Using the cutter, we begin to form the necessary parts of the workpieces, smoothly cutting the corners and each time removing the chips thinner.
    • With additional cutters we form all small details, achieving full similarity with the sketch.
    • We proceed to fine carving, draw out the contours of future elements, work out all the grooves with high quality. The smaller the figures made of wood, the more difficult it will be to work out small details on them, so for the initial work it is worth choosing larger and simpler sketches.

    Pay special attention to the processing stage, the durability of the finished product will depend on it. Grind the craft thoroughly with fine sandpaper, being careful not to smear the relief, apply a stain or other wood treatment agent. From above, the figure is covered with varnish that protects it from moisture.