Features of drilling porcelain tiles and solid tiles using diamond crowns
When you need to make a hole in a soft tile, usually there is no problem: it can be drilled even by a drill on concrete or several self.tapping screws. But with porcelain tiles, it is more difficult. this is the most solid type of tile. The only effective way is to use diamond drilling technology. In this article, we will consider how to drill porcelain tiles, hard floor tiles, marble or granite.
There are 2 options than drill porcelain tiles:
drill porcelain tile. porcelain tile drilling
In fact, this is one and the same, but it is generally accepted that the crowns are for large diameters. There are also differences in drilling methods: wet or dry.
A drill with a carbide attack or a ballerinka is quickly stupid and is not suitable for this. If you need to drill natural granite, then you can do this one more way. an infant mode with a stroke mode on concrete. Its tip should be sharply sharpened in the form of a chisel.
- The crown for porcelain tile requires water supply to the work area for cooling. This can be done, gradually pouring water from rubber pear or ordinary glass.
- It is advisable to start drilling with a conductor at a right angle.
Drilling a hole for the toilet with a crown of 6 mm through a home.made conductor
On sale you can find crowns with a diameter of 5 mm, they cost from 300 and above.
If diamond crowns are used for wet cutting, then drill with diamond spraying from Bosch should be used dry. Some features of their application are associated with this, the implementation of which will extend the service life. Inside the drill is a cooling liquid. olive oil. Other manufacturers do not have it, and they need to be used as ordinary crowns “on wet”.
At the initial stage, keep the drill at an angle of about 45 degrees. At the same time, the already working drill should be brought to the surface, otherwise when turning on the drill along the porcelain tile will leave and damage the glaze.
Start drill at an angle so that the oil inside warms up and performs
An important point: if you started drilling porcelain tiles, you can not stop. Oil and spraying will cool down, and again it will be necessary to warm it up, and this reduces the resource of the service. This rule does not belong to the usual tile.
A diamond border porcelain border drill from Bosch can be found for holes diameters from 6 to 14 mm. It is suitable for drills and screwdrivers with a drill ponytail with a diameter of 13 mm. There are similar models of a corner grinder with a diameter of 14 to 70 mm, called Easy Dry Speed.
In practice, it was enough to drill 5 holes in ordinary tiles, 4 in the granite of medium density and 1.5 in solid porcelain border of grade 4 from Kerama Marazzzi.
There are cheaper analogues, for example, diamond drill from Hawra can be found for a diameter of 5-14 mm, they cost about 800 apiece.
If you are constantly drilling porcelain tiles. for convenience, you can purchase central templates. There are devices for diamond crowns and separately for the drill.
Centering device (template) and cylinder for cooling the drill
For one.time work, you can quickly build a conductor from cutting a board or plywood, drilling a hole of the corresponding diameter in it. Such a template will not let the drill go aside in the first seconds. Additionally, you can glue the painting tape to the surface.
Is it worth using the ballerinka?
This tool attracts many newcomers, because at its low price, it promises unprecedented versatility in terms of choosing a diameter of the hole.
However, this impression is deceptive. During rotation, the carrier cutter describes the circle, and since the circle is a flat figure, its plane should coincide with the plane of the tile.
This, in turn, means that you need to keep the drill perfectly perpendicular to the plane of the tiles, which in practice is simply unrealistic.
No matter how you try, the drill will always deviate from the ideal position and as a result. the cutter will not smoothly remove ceramics, but beat on it, which often leads to a split in tiles. So it is better not to use this method.
Drilling holes with a drill on ceramics
For drilling small holes, it is best to use special ceramics drill. In the common people, such a drill is called “a pen of tiles”.
The working part of the drill has two identical cutting edges on the sides, which delicately scraped ceramics, erasing it into powder.
There is no complexity when using a pen according to the tile.
The main thing is to catch on the outer layer of glaze. To do this, start drilling at low speeds.
If the tiles are already laid, and you need to drill a hole in the wall, then first drill the tile itself with a drill on ceramics, and then we change the drill to the winning (by concrete) and continue to drill.
The minimum necessary set is a drill (as an alternative, you can use a peorator with a turn off mode) and a cutting tool. It is enough to get the desired result. If there is a desire to make the process more comfortable and minimize the likelihood of unpleasant errors, it is worth additionally arming:
- laser or simple building level. will help to make accurate markings along the planes;
- centering device. well prevents the displacement of equipment;
- The conductor is a device for the most accurate drilling;
- Strutzine is a good option for working with facing, which has not yet been laid;
- a special tool for cooling the tool. sold in cylinders, is supplied under pressure, in the form of aerosol.
If necessary, it is unlikely that you can do an atypically large hole without a ballerin. The device is fixed in the drill cartridge as a regular cutting tool, but allows you to arbitrarily adjust the diameter of the drilling.
Drilling porcelain border
At the preparatory stage, it is necessary to mark and choose the tool based on the goals. After that, the typical order of action looks like this:
How to Drill a Hole in Porcelain and Ceramic Tiles. Video 2 of 3
- Installation of equipment in the cartridge. If the work is carried out by the installed tile and the drilling depth matters (and the power tool is not equipped with a limiter), it makes sense to indicate in advance by pasting the drill with a patch or isolet at the right distance from the edge (such a stop for a trimmer).
- Revolutions regulation. The dependence is inversely proportional: the more significant the diameter of the cutting element, the lower the speed of its rotation should be. Relevant for all types of equipment.
- Using auxiliary devices. At this stage, the centering device or conductor, which ensure the accuracy of the operation, is used as intended, it is easier to drill with them and safely.
- Direct drilling. Tubular equipment and another, with diamond spraying, it is recommended to cool with special liquids throughout the working phase.
In order to avoid obtaining burns, it is not recommended to change the equipment immediately after the end of the work, it would be nice to first cool it in water or simply put it on the floor.
With the help of a crown for sockets
If you have no idea how to drill a hole under the outlet, buy a special crown in the store. It facilitates the workflow and is inexpensive. Its base is a pin that is attached to the pedorator (twisted on the flange), and it itself looks like a piece of pipe in a diameter of 68-80 mm. There is a thread at its end, thanks to which the product is fixed. The other end is a cutting element of alloy. By the way, sometimes parts of such crowns are covered with diamond dust to increase the service life. The drill itself acts as a third detail. Then the structure is fixed with a screw. The drill helps to centrize the crown in the process of drilling holes under the outlet. The cost of such a nozzle is high, but justified, since the thing is a literally indispensable assistant in large and small repairs.
Since the work is heavy, dusty, with dangerous tools, all safety rules must be followed.
- You should work in a dry room, in the presence of moisture, use protective shoes and gloves.
- In the process of preparing for work, you need to make sure that at the place of drilling in the wall there are no electrical connections under voltage.
- During work, be vigilant, so as not to get on the wires in the wall, since previous owners could make wiring according to some standards.
- When the cutting power tool is operating, it is necessary to carefully ensure that the power cable does not fall under the moving parts.
Hands must be protected by building gloves. from blows, tools, vibration. Put a cap on your head or takes from dust.
The dust of building materials is harmful to breathing. Therefore, it is necessary to use a respirator.
Concrete is especially harmful. Its small particles during the drilling are crushed and have sharp uneven edges, but pieces are of different sizes. Therefore, it is necessary to protect breathing, and, in addition, beware of the mechanical effects of flying particles of concrete.
At the same time, the eyes are the most vulnerable place, and to protect them, you must definitely use protective glasses. In the event of an eye, in no case do not rub it with your hands, a fragment of concrete with sharp faces can pierce or cut the eye. It is best to rinse with water, without touching your eyes with your hands. bend slightly sideways under a slight stream of cool water and try to grimace in it. Then be sure to consult a doctor.
If you need to make repairs in one apartment, buy a cheap crown without diamond spraying with winning teeth (see the photo) for 8-15. Such a crown is enough to normally drill 20-50 holes. Of course, the crowns are intended for peorators, but they are normally inserted into the drill, the main thing is to clamp better. The tile should be placed on an even, not a hard surface, preferably on a wooden. The diameter of the standard mounting box for the outlet or switch is 65 mm, but the diameter of the crown depends on the manufacturer and can be 65, 66 and even 68 mm. However, this does not matter.
For better quality, you can use a tripod for a drill.
Drill a drill (as an infantry in a drill mode) with a special crown with diamond spraying.
When drilling holes in this way, you will take more time, but the result will be much better. The tile almost never beats and chips at the edges of the hole are small. The more new the crown, the better the result and the less time you will need. It is not necessary to press on the drill, if the crown is normal, in 2-5 minutes you will pull the hole.
Marking and drilling are made on the front side of the tile.
Drill a circular drill (cutting scissors) along the tile. “ballerinka”.
This method is suitable if you need to drill 10-20 holes. The “ballerinka” does not withstand more, and in general it can immediately bend. it depends on the model and the quality of the metal. But the price of “ballerinka” is not large-2-10. Ballerinka looks like this:
You need to gently drill strongly with a drill, and if you have a tripod for a drill, then it is generally fine.
Crown (ring saw) with carbide attacks.
The main drawback is the high price of ring saws with carbide attacks-40-60, which is not much cheaper than diamond crowns. The crowns look like this:
For better quality, you can use a tripod for a drill.
Drill a drill (a pen in the drill mode).
This method is suitable if there is no crown or you reluctance to buy it. In time, this is the longest way. Attach the box to the tile, circle with a black marker or a simple pencil if the tile is not glossy. Drill about 20 holes with a diameter of 6-8 mm, as shown in the figure (the edge of the drilled holes should go beyond the fishing line for a trimmer by 1-2 mm). Carefully knock out the middle, and remove the remaining teeth with pliers:
Marking and drilling are made on the front side of the tile.
Drink a diamond canvas.
A method that I use most often, especially when a switch or outlet falls into one, but on two tiles and the use of a crown is impossible. If the switch gets on one tile, drill 1 hole with a diameter of 10-12 mm, so that the edge of the drilled hole does not reach the line 1-2 mm. Insert the canvas into the drilled hole and then fix the canvas on the knife.cutting room for metal. The more new the canvas, the faster you cut the hole, but still you will have to tinker for 10-20 minutes. The diamond canvas looks like this:
Diamond canvases are sold in stores and markets. Estimated price 2-4. So that the glaze on the tile does not break off, you need to cut the tiles in only one direction, moving the hacksaw on the metal and, accordingly, the canvas down. By itself icing or the front side of the tile in us. You need to raise the canvas carefully, again not so as not to break a piece of glaze.
This method is also good in that it allows you to make a rectangular hole in the tile, oval or any other shape for any decorative insert, semiprecious stone, rappant shell, etc.D. In such cases, if the cut is visible after the finish, it is advisable to treat it with a grinding skin.
If the tile is already glued to the wall, then only methods will suit you, 3 and 4.
And do not forget to moisten the tile, this is not only you will speed up the process, but also extend the life of the tool and reduce the amount of dust.
Installation of sockets and switches of hidden wiring is carried out in mounting boxes. When installing such boxes, a special device is used. a crown under the outlet.
- The winning drill. the resource when working with porcelain tiles is very low;
- Diamond crown. in fact, only 15% of the manufacturers pour diamonds, the resource is even lower than in the previous case, the maximum is enough for 1-3 holes;
- Cooled drill-floods-the resource is slightly higher, low performance due to insufficient contact of the cutting edge with the surface;
- Ballerinka. expensive tiles are equipped with this device, rotation is performed manually, the cutter can be hidden and changed by new as it is wear;
- Tubular drill with diamond spraying. the main problem is the start on a smooth surface, therefore, instead of a point on a porcelain border, a marker is drawn in the size of the opening, the tool is installed at an acute angle to the surface, first is removed the glaze, then the glazing is carried out.
Внимание: Трубчатые сверла продаются в специальной упаковке, крепящейся на стену присосками, имеющими в нижней части кондуктор, предотвращающий инструмент от проскальзывания. Внутрь заливается вода, которая подается капельным способом в зону сверления. Обороты дрели не должны превышать 1 500 об/мин для максимального ресурса алмазной оснастки.
Thus, most home masters find how to drill and cut porcelain tiles during the cladding of the internal rooms and facades. The equipment for the power tool has not the same price, so from these options you can choose the optimal option for the existing budget.
Installation of sockets in the wall lined with ceramic tiles, porcelain tiles or artificial stone.
A socket (installation box) is an integral part of any electrical wiring, on the correct and accurate installation of which it depends on how safe, reliable and comfortable the installation and subsequent operation of electrical installation devices, such as sockets, switches, dimmers, warm floor regulators, etc.D.
Before starting work on installing a socket in a wall lined with ceramic tiles, porcelain tiles or artificial stone, it is necessary to mark the wall for switches, outlets to facing work, taking into account the layout and seams of the tiles, stone and perform the necessary holes of sufficient depths for the teenagers with the laying of wires of the required length For the subsequent installation of electrical installation products (sockets and switches). If you doubt that after facing you will definitely fall into the holes made in advance, then perform them a large size than 68 mm. This method is suitable when facing the standard (20×30) and larger tiles. For tiles of 15×15 or less installation of sockets is performed simultaneously with laying tiles, stone.
After the facing of the facing work, but before the grout of the seams with fugues, repeated marking of places for the installations of the sockets is performed. Then, according to the marking, the template is installed and fixed with double.sided tape. It is not desirable to drill tiles with a crown with a centering drill, since you can damage the wires laid under the tile. Tiles, and especially porcelain tiles and artificial stone must be drilled with a diamond crown, cooling it with water during operation.
To fix the socket in the recess, gypsum (alabaster) or gypsum putty is used. It is kneaded to the consistency of softened plasticine. Then it is applied to the walls of the opened opening with a slight narrowing by the end and applied to the bottom of the socket from the outside, after which the socket is pressed into the hole, aligned and fixed in level. Excessive solutions are removed. All the units are installed can be grouting the seams with jackets (grout).
What is porcelain tile
Porcelain stoneware. a very popular building material. Its main advantages are hardness and fantastic wear resistance, because of which it is very fond of using it as flooring in places with high traffic. You can face this material on numerous city stairs. This is currently the most massive version of the finishing material for steps. True, you can “collide” in the literal sense of the word.
The most popular varieties of porcelain tile in the rain or snow become slippery. Because of this, visitors to stores are forced to step on slippery material, holding on to the handrail. The problem is solved simply, it is necessary to attach special rubber strips or rugs to the edges of the steps that do not allow shoes to slide. This is a simple and effective solution, but in order to fulfill this task, porcelain tiles will have to be drilled. And here its second feature pops up. it is extremely difficult to process.
How to drill porcelain tiles
First of all, it is necessary to choose the right turnover of rotation of a diamond drill. The manufacturer of the tool usually indicates the recommended parameters for its products. In practice, recommendations have to be checked. To do this, you need to insert the drill into the cartridge, set the momentum 10-15% below the recommended and try to check how confidently the diamond crown cuts porcelain tiles. If you drill a hole with a depth of 4-5 mm, and there is no characteristic smell of burning metal, then you can work without restrictions.
This approach slightly worsens performance, but allows you to significantly extend the resource. The metal ligament, which is fixed on the drill head, practically does not burn out, although the time to drill porcelain tile is spent twice as much.
How to drill porcelain tiles on the floor
Drill porcelain tile with a diamond drill, and even on the floor, only if the conductor is used. This is a device holding the drill in one position, avoiding deviations from the vertical. You can buy a finished conductor or make it from a birch bar with a thickness of at least 3 cm. In the center of the bar, you need to make an ordinary drill a hole for a diamond tool, and an unlimited number of holes can be performed.
The situation is more complicated if you need to drill a hole in the porcelain border for a dowel without using a conductor. In this case, the place under the drilling diamond is taped manually by a punch and a non.stroke of the hammer. Further, fine sand dust is added to the tiny mark and work for several minutes to work with a conventional drill installed in the cartridge of a hand drill. After a small patch of solid glaze manages to remove the porcelain tile, you can proceed to a diamond tool.
How to drill porcelain tiles on the wall
The principle of drilling holes on the vertical surface is no different from working on the floor. True, it will not work to drill porcelain tiles with an ordinary diamond or ring crown without a conductor. It is best to buy a stand on the suction cup in advance, as in the photo below.
To perform ring holes, devices with built.in core. When working with large diameter drills, you can and you need to use cooling with water. A small stream of drops will be enough, but it is better to try to drill a porcelain tile in several sessions or use a small sponge for washing dishes.
First of all, we apply marking on the wall on the wall, put a point or marker with a pencil and a punch tap the microdistrict with two or three non-strokes of the hammer. A light microwum should appear on porcelain tiles. Next, insert the center drill into the cartridge, align the tool along the horizon and set the conductor shelf under the shank.
It remains only to fix the device with a suction cupid on porcelain tiles and cut the supporting hole with a hard crown. Next, we put on a shank ring drill with diamond spraying and try to drill a porcelain border to the required depth.
Drill through a home.made conductor
Before drilling porcelain tiles, decide on the task. If you need a neat hole with even edges, for example, for attaching a socket, you need an even cut and accurate compliance with the diameter. This is a job for diamond crowns or for a ballerina.
If the drilling place is planned to be disguised as a decorative element, for example, a picture, jewelry accuracy in drilling does not make sense. Drills, for example, a winning drill are suitable here.
If you have no experience, then experts recommend using crowns with the middle of the middle.
Try not to work as a drill on a concrete floor. Put the plywood under the tile. She will take on part of the vibrations and pressure, protect the tool from “sticking” into concrete and will help to achieve even edges of the cut.
Drilling porcelain at home by a winning is a matter that requires dexterity and accuracy. To make a hole, make sure that there are no voids under the tile, otherwise it will burst. Tap all the places of future drilling with a piece. As soon as you hear a sonorous sound, an air traffic jam formed there.
The winning is not recommended to work in the seam space so as not to spoil the appearance of porcelain tile. In extreme necessity, stick the tape exactly in the middle of the inter.sequinus and work at speeds up to 500 revolutions per minute.
The quality of almost any tool depends on the manufacturer and brand.
Working as a winning drill, first fix the work surface. High.quality and neat work is rarely on weight, especially if you are a newcomer in this matter.
Working with diamond crowns requires axial or central drill. If there is no one, use an additional conductor-blut conductor. To do this, a plywood sheet is applied to the drilling site and fixed with tape so that it does not shift. As soon as the boat overcame the template and plunged into a 1-2 mm porcelain border, the template is removed and the work continues without it.
Drilling can occur both in the presence of coolant and without it. It is only important here to precisely mark the tile.
Drilling with a diamond crown is recommended to combine with swing. That is, a little, for a couple of millimeters, change the angle of inclination in relation to the working surface. This promotes cooling in the place of contact of tiles with a drill and helps to avoid overheating.
It happens that the crown stucks in a partially made hole, its segment breaks or huts clogs in the depths. You can extract the nozzle or its part using a reverse hammer.
The balleriner is convenient when it is necessary to make many holes of various diameters. Before working with a circular nozzle, drill a hole with a winning or a steel pen. So the ballerinka does not shift and will not spoil the front part of the decorative tile.
Helps lubricate the glossy surface of the work with machine oil. The process will pass smoothly and evenly, there will be no sharp jumps and unplanned displacements of the tool.
Ballerinka is used in cases where there is a very large hole in the porcelain tiles.
Curly and corner cut
Before drilling porcelain tiles in which it is necessary to cut the angle or carry out a curly cut along a winding line, trimming is carried out before drilling. Pieces of porcelain tiles of complex configuration are made in two ways:
- Electrics. you will need a special equipment. a saw with a spraying of diamond crumbs, the tool is placed exclusively on the front surface, a painting tape is glued along the cut line on the desired piece, preventing damage to the glaze from the crumbs penetrating under the sole;
- Corner grindingamine. a diamond disk is installed in the corner grinder, the remaining half tiles are sacrificed, making parallel slots from the edge to the line 1–2 cm on it, then pieces are cut and fell off with the same tool, but already along the cutting line;
- Plafers or ticks are a very long method, small pieces are bitten off from the tiles, then the fishing line for the trimmer cut is polished by an abrasive circle or bar.
It is much easier to make the corner neckline. the short side is usually cut through the corner grinder, the long side with a tile cutter or the same corner grinder. It is much more difficult to paint the material with pliers in this case, since in the corners the material can crack in any direction. Currently, typical premature elements allowing to hide the joints of porcelain tile in the conjugation of the walls. external and internal angles, are rarely used.
Therefore, at the outer corners, the side surfaces of the cladding must be cut at 45 ° at least in order to ensure the high artistic value of the junction. In these same areas, there are usually sockets and switches for which through openings in the facing will be required. Therefore, before drilling porcelain tiles, more complex processing of the end surfaces should be performed (professionals are called a foothold):
- corner grinding. the tile must be rigidly fixed in a vice or clamps through gaskets to the surface of the table or stool, the wrong side grows at an angle of 45–60 °;
- an abrasive disk or bar. you will have to sharpen much longer, but the probability of abandoning enamel is almost zero.
Если применить пеорированный полимерный уголок, производительность отделки заметно увеличится. Под его планку можно спрятать керамогранит с дефектным краем.
How to drill tiles so as not to crack, photos, tips
The answer to the question of how to drill tiles, so as not to crack, interests many home masters who independently repair their housing. The main difficulty of such a procedure as drilling tiles is that this product is very fragile and can easily burst even from a slight mechanical effect.
We drill the tiles ourselves at the level of professionals
How to drill a hole in the tile and do not encounter its breakdown? For this, it is recommended to use the corresponding tool and strictly adhere to all technological recommendations. Any practical specialist in tile work on the question of how to properly drill tiles, will advise to perform such a process at low speeds of the drill: after all, the efficiency of drilling largely depends on the speed of rotation of the latter.
Those who do not like to read big articles and go into the subtleties and nuances, we suggest watching a substantive video that gives the answers to most of the main questions of proper drilling tiles.
Tile drilling equipment
As you asking the question of how to drill tiles in order to get a quality result, you should carefully choose the appropriate equipment for this. At the same time, special attention should be paid to the one in which the speed range it can work. Drill tiles so that it does not crack, it follows at the speed of the drill in the range of 200-1000 rpm. To set the speed of rotation of the cartridge on a regular household drill 200 rpm is problematic, although the upper limit (1000 rpm) such equipment may well achieve. In this regard, it is better to use a battery or network electric screwdriver to drill high.quality holes in ceramic and tiles, the upper limit of the rotation speed of which is 800–1000 rpm.
Drill tiles so that it does not crack, you can also with a hand drill if there is no way to use the electric. Of course, quickly drill tiles in the bathroom or toilet when using a hand drill, nevertheless, the result will be accurate and accuracy. It should be borne in mind that the manual drill will not allow you to drill a large hole in the tile, since such a device cannot work at high speeds.
How to drill tiles? To work with such hard and fragile material, which can easily crack, you need to choose the right drill. The recommendations given in the following section of the article can help in solving this issue.
The choice of drill
Having chosen the equipment, you should pay special attention to how drilling ceramic tiles. If the tool is incorrectly selected, you can use it only a few times, after which it can be thrown away, since it will come completely unusable. To drill tiles without such negative consequences, you need to choose the right drill.
You can drill a hole in ceramic tiles qualitatively using a spear.shaped drill that differs in a long service life. If you think about how to drill tiles under the dowel, choose a tool of this type. It is also important that the spear drills are affected by an affordable price.
When drilling tiles with a spear drill, use a household vacuum cleaner to remove dust
How to drill tiles to get a quality result? For this purpose, a drill with a carbide plate sharpened on one side is often used. Sharpening of the cutting part at an acute angle not only reduces the risk of overheating of the drill, but also allows it to be easier to drill tiles, characterized by high strength and fragility.
Coroned type with diamond spraying
Quite often, you need to drill a tile in order to get a large diameter hole in it, designed to install pipes and electric sockets. Such a hole in the tile can have a diameter of 10 to 70 mm. In this case, it is best to use crowned.type drill, on the working part of which diamond spraying is applied. A tool with a center drill can be used complete with a manual electric drill, and without it. only with the help of stationary drilling equipment.
Diamond crowns are often sold with one support plate for several nozzles
When drilling ceramic tiles with a diamond crown, keep in mind that this tool is quite critical of overheating, so it must be cooled with water during processing.
Apply coronet drills with diamond spraying in modes of 200-500 rpm, while they need to be cooled qualitatively with water. The resource of such a tool, if all the rules of its use are observed, is enough for 20-50 drilled holes, which is a good enough indicator.
By the way, there are also small diameter
How to drill ceramic tiles without defects? Crowned drills of this type allow you to easily solve this problem. With their help, you can also treat porcelain, marble and brick. The most significant disadvantage of such a tool is its high cost, but, given its versatility and high efficiency, this price is quite justified.
Set of tungsten crowns on tiles and tiles
Solving the question of how to drill tiles in the bathroom in order to obtain a hole of large diameter, many home masters choose the so.called ballerinka. This drill can be drilled holes, the diameter of which is in the interval of 30–90 mm.
The ballerinka includes a central drill and a bracket, along which clips with incisors are moving. With the help of the latter and the groove is cut on the surface of the processed product. The ballerinka is most often used when on the surface of the tile in the bathroom or toilet it is necessary to drill a hole of non.standard diameter. If you decide to use the ballerinka, keep in mind that the hole obtained with its help is distinguished by uneven edges, which will subsequently need to cover.
How to drill porcelain tiles
It is not necessary to think that the question of how to drill a porcelain tile is very difficult and is available only to professionals. In fact, you just need to know that any material, even very hard and strong, can be drilled. Of course there are processing secrets, but this does not mean that you can’t do the task.
Set of master to drill porcelain tiles
Porcelain stoneware has all the properties of a problematic material: very hard, is not amenable to the usual drill on the tile, chips may appear when drilling.
Drilling porcelain tiles must be carried out subject to rigid fixation of the material on the surface.
Drilling problems can be bypassed if you use a drill for super.hard materials. Most often use a diamond drill or crown. Depending on the task and choose how to drill porcelain tiles. The most budget option is diamond crowns, which with the help of galvanics are applied to spraying. At the same time, such crowns have rapid production. So with the thickness of the porcelain tile of 8-9 mm, their service life will be only five holes. You can increase the resource of such a crown if the material is drunk only on 2/3 of the thickness of the material, and then knock out the hole with a sharp blow. At the same time, it is necessary to have the skill of such manipulations and understand the basic rules, it is necessary to knock out on the front side so that all chips fall on the back of the porcelain tile.
The material is required to be fixed using a clamp or fastener for fixing
In order not to be the front part of the porcelain border, all types of drilling should not be carried out on the front side.
For any type of drilling at home, you must have the following tools:
- A powerful drill with the possibility of drilling at low speeds;
- Drill with diamond spraying;
- Crings with diamond spraying;
- Clamp (for fixation).
If the drilling of holes in porcelain tile is carried out using sped with row diamond sovers, then the work must be carried out at low speeds and spent on one hole for about 5 minutes. When this condition is met, the service life of such a crown is sufficient to drill at least 100 holes.
So that the cut is even worth using a special drilling machine or drill rack.
The shock mode of drilling is required to be excluded, or in this way you simply break the material.
With emerging chips on the back of the material, the material is not required, porcelain tile will grab with the help of an adhesive and no surprises, such as a fault or crack, will not arise.
When drilling, it is necessary to adhere to the next rule, you need to drill strictly vertically to the surface of the material.
When drilling, severe heating of the drill occurs, for cooling it is necessary to cool it by supplying liquid (water) or wet sponge. During industrial cutting, the machine is equipped with a special system that supplies a coolant. At home, this is solved using a conventional plastic bottle of water, in the cover of which holes are made in advance, through which the liquid will be supplied to the drill.
Now you have an accurate idea of how to drill a hole in porcelain tackle at home. You definitely have no problems with holes, now consider how to cut a hole in a porcelain tile.
For a visual display, a selection of “drilling porcelain border”, video examples from various masters were made.
Drilling under the screws
Quite often, the question arises of how to make a hole in the porcelain border for screws, on which you need to fix something.
You will need: to perform drilling:
- Electric drill
- Conductor (a special type of structure, like a drill, but the tip resembles a spatula)
- Kern and hammer
- Marking is applied to the front part of the porcelain tile
- So that the drill does not jump with a core at an angle of 45% pushed the material slightly. Or you can use adhesive tape, which will also provide fixation.
- At low speeds, drill (in this case, the diameter of the drill should be 2 mm less than the diameter of the dowel). Either drill a conductor with a conductor by a conductor, while tightly press it to the surface and try to hold it in one place. Do not use the peorator!
- It is necessary to periodically cool the drill with water
It is recommended to carry out all the drilling before laying, but in life everything is not to predict and you should not be afraid of difficulties. Everything is possible, even how to make a hole in the porcelain tile you now know and there will be no problems with it.