How to insert a drill into a drill and a hammer drill how to insert a drill into a drill and a hammer drill correctly. Get to know the types of chucks and drills.
How to insert a drill
For this process to run smoothly, it is important to follow some sequential steps:
- Make sure the drill is unplugged before installing the drill into the drill.
- Then insert the drill into the chuck. To do this, you must first make sure that the drill used is designed for a specific tool.
- To reduce wear on the chuck on the hammer drill, you can lubricate the drill with a special lubricant. It can be applied to the hole of the cartridge.
- Next, secure the drill.
- After installing the drill into the chuck, it is important to make sure that it does not wobble.
It all depends on the cartridge you are using. But what if after work it is impossible to remove the drill from the chuck?
What to do if the drill gets stuck
Usually, removing the drill from the chuck is not particularly problematic. For example, in a key holder, it is enough to turn the key counterclockwise. In the keyless chuck, everything is just as simple. For this, the clutch turns counterclockwise. By this principle, drills are pulled out of other types of chucks. But what if the drill is firmly seated in the chuck? This problem most often occurs with keyless chucks. It will take a lot of effort to remove the drill.
For example, the drill can be held in your left hand and casually hit the bottom of the chuck with the inside of your hand. Usually, after such actions, the drill is easily removed.
If the chuck is metal, you can also tap the chuck lightly with a hammer. It is necessary to tap until the tail appears from the cartridge. If this does not work out, then you can use the gas key.
There are other times when the drill gets stuck in the wall. In this case, the drill rotates in the chuck. To remove it, you will need to open the chuck and remove the drill from the wall.
So, as we have considered with you all the possible situations that may arise in working with a hammer drill and drill when changing a drill.
Drills are divided into used according to:
Drills can be:
- Spiral. They are versatile and can be used for drilling a wide variety of materials.
- Crowned. If depth adjustment is needed, this drill is used, which can make the hole large.
- Perovs. With these drills, holes are made in wood products.
- Stepped. They are used for drilling in ondulin, iron and metal tiles.
- Roughed and so on.
The drills also differ in their tip. They are specially made for impact and conventional drills, and are shaped like a cylinder.
As for the cartridges themselves, there are also differences. For example, some are used for a hammer drill and others for a conventional drill or hammer drill. In each case, the drill can be fixed in different ways.
Jaw chuck for drill
Cartridges, in turn, can also be of two types:
The key chuck requires a special key to install the drill. The chuck is clamped with a key that is inserted into its hole and rotates clockwise. Thus, the drill is securely fastened. As for the quick-clamping, it is divided into two types: one-sleeve and two-sleeve.
The technique of replacing the cartridge is presented in the material:
The double-sleeve chuck has two couplings, one of them is clamped, the other coupling is twisted with the other hand. If we talk about single-sleeve cartridges, then the cartridge is clamped with one hand. The replacement of drills in such a chuck is much faster than the key. But as for the fixation of the drill, it is much weaker with this option.
So how to insert a drill into a hammer drill or drill correctly?
How to insert a drill into a screwdriver?
An indispensable power tool in everyday life with a self-explanatory name, the screwdriver is actively used in construction work. The most common procedure with such a device is to replace the drill. Sometimes it seems that this process is very difficult and practically impossible. However, in fact, replacing a drill in a screwdriver will not be difficult, the main thing is to follow the instructions step by step and pay attention to the details.
Features of the screwdriver
A screwdriver means the same drill, but it has a lower rotation speed of the chuck and the ability to adjust the twisting force. Many hours of twisting and untwisting with their own hands have never given pleasure to anyone. The screwdriver will help you to quickly and efficiently tighten and unscrew the fasteners. Also, using this device, you can make holes in materials of different densities, metal, wood and stone. The power of the screwdriver comes from the mains or battery.
The construction device is divided into the following types:
- Rechargeable screwdriver;
- Drill screwdriver;
Replacing the cutting tool
The tail of the screwdriver drill is fixed in the chuck. It comes in different sizes, just like the attachments. If the cutting tool is incorrectly installed, the screwdriver can damage the work process and harm your health. For example, the wrong drill may result in holes of different sizes with a damaged surface. The sharp element will cause serious injury if it leaves the cartridge.
Most modern screwdrivers have chucks. They consist of a cylindrical body, sleeve and cams. When the sleeve rotates clockwise, the cams simultaneously press on the drill.
The process of its replacement is simple, but it has a number of individual characteristics. The whole process can be described as follows:
- It is necessary to select the necessary nozzle (bit) for the drill;
- Then you need to take the cutting tool and install it in the center of the chuck (between the open jaws);
- After that, it should be fixed by turning the sleeve clockwise (with a key type cartridge, the key is installed in the recess);
- Twist the sleeve until the attachment is fixed.
It is not difficult to change the drill, but first you need to pull out the previous one. There are the following options for the development of the situation:
- Standard removal of the drill (the chuck is not damaged);
- Pulling out the drill in the absence of a key;
- Removing a jammed cutting element.
If the screwdriver is working properly, problems should not arise when replacing its working tool the operation is elementary. To do this, you need to take the key, which is designed to loosen the cartridge, and insert it into the recess. Twist counterclockwise. The unwinding is carried out due to special teeth that are on the objects. There is also another option for removing the drill. To do this, turn on the reverse rotation mode on the screwdriver, hold the outer case of the cartridge and press the start button. This way, the drill is easily released.
If you do not have a special key, the drill can be removed using a Phillips screwdriver or a nail. It must be inserted into the recess on the chuck and half of it fixed. We twist the opposite part of the cartridge by hand. However, if such untwisting does not work, then we take a gas wrench or a vice, these tools will help to increase the turning of the cartridge. If the previous options for pulling out the drill failed, then you should resort to heavy artillery. In some cases, external damage makes it difficult to get the drill. In this situation, it is necessary to relax the cams with the help of gas keys and a vice. We completely clamp the cartridge with keys and rotate (unscrew).
A radical option in the most hopeless situation would be to twist the chuck from the screwdriver. To do this, it is necessary to squeeze it in a vise and forcefully knock out the cutting tool from the inside using a punch. Naturally, after such a procedure, the screwdriver should be taken to the repair. Summing up, it is worth noting that the procedure for inserting a drill into a screwdriver is quite simple and even someone who has never done this can handle it. The main thing in this process is to follow the recommendations.
For information on how to insert a drill into a screwdriver, see the following.
Installing the working tool on the hammer drill
As mentioned above, the hammer drill must be checked for operability before installing the drill. To perform this check, the hammer drill is set to drill without knocking. If, after pressing the start button of the device, you hear and feel that its engine is running smoothly and without jolts, then the hammer drill can be used for its intended purpose, having previously inserted a drill or drill into it.
To mount a drill with a cylindrical shank in a hammer drill, use an adapter with a jaw-type chuck
Before inserting the drill into the hammer drill, it is necessary to treat the shank of the working tool with a special grease that will protect it from corrosion. The very procedure for installing a drill into a hammer drill is as follows.
- The hammer drill is installed with its back on the floor or other hard surface.
- The movable part of the clamping device is pulled back.
- The tool is inserted into the punch until it stops. In this case, the drill or drill, which must be inserted into the hammer drill, must be held vertically. If you neglect this requirement, you may be faced with the fact that the tool will fly out or even break, and this can also lead to failure of the hammer drill itself.
Press until it clicks, then pull the drill, if everything is not removed well
Considering the fact that the chucks on modern rock drills differ in a fairly simple principle of operation, there are usually no questions about how to get the drill out of the hammer drill.
Having removed the used tool from the punch in order to replace it with another, it is advisable to immediately clean its shank from grease and construction dust. The shank of the drill that you are going to insert must also be cleaned and pre-lubricated. A tool replaced in this way will not damage the clamping mechanism of the hammer drill and will last much longer.
Lubrication extends the life of both the drill itself and the rock drill
Using a perforator, you can not only get a drilled structural element, but also perform processing using a special chisel. You can also install a mixer as a working element of such a device.
DIYers often also have questions about how to insert a drill into a screwdriver or how to change a chuck on a hammer drill. It is quite simple to solve the first question, since the design of the screwdriver uses cartridges of the same design as on drills and hammer drills. But the question of how to properly replace a cartridge on a perforator should be approached competently: it is not easy to perform such a procedure without having certain knowledge and skills.
How to correctly insert and pull the drill into a hammer drill, screwdriver and drill
The popularity of the question of how to insert a drill into a hammer drill or an electric drill is explained quite simply: such devices are actively used both in industrial and domestic conditions.
The cartridges are different, as well as the attachments fixed in them.
An incorrectly installed drill can lead to a number of problem situations:
- Inability to work with a hammer drill or drill;
- Obtaining uneven holes with a broken inner surface;
- The drill will fly out, which could result in serious injury.
Despite the fact that it is not so difficult to insert a drill into a hammer drill or drill, this issue should be approached responsibly.
Correct installation of the drill in the drill chuck
Before figuring out how to properly install the drill into the hammer drill, it is advisable to figure out how to insert the drill into the drill. The chuck is the element of its design, in which the drill shank is fixed. Most modern drill models are equipped with a cam-type chuck, consisting of:
- Cylindrical bodies;
- Rings or sleeves that rotate around the outer surface of the body;
- Cams installed in the inside of the housing.
Jaw Chuck Design
When the sleeve is rotated clockwise, the cams simultaneously approach each other, thereby reliably clamping the shank of the drill to be installed. Accordingly, the question of how to pull the drill out of the drill is not difficult to solve: it is enough to start rotating the sleeve counterclockwise. This will cause the jaws to open, making it easy to remove the drill from the drill. It should be borne in mind that before installing the drill, the cams should be released with a margin, in which case the tool can be easily inserted.
The convenience of using cam-type chucks lies not only in the promptness and high reliability of the tool installation, but also in the fact that drills of almost any diameter can be inserted into them. When using such chucks, there is usually no difficulty in changing the drill bit in the drill. Correctly inserted tools are held securely in these chucks and allow a precise hole to be drilled.
If you begin to notice slippage of the teeth while tightening the chuck, replace the worn-out wrench with a new one
Jaw chucks are used in both industrial and household drilling tools. Clamping devices for household drills are available in two drill diameters: 0.8 to 10 and 1.5 to 13 mm.
In the first case, the sleeve is activated using a special key, on the tapered working part of which there are teeth. The key to activate the clamping mechanism must be inserted into the holes on the side of the chuck body and rotated. There may even be three such holes in some models. Accordingly, in order to loosen or tighten the cams, the key must be inserted into each of them and start rotating counterclockwise or along it.
After loosening the cams with a key, it is necessary to turn counterclockwise the chuck itself, which will increase the distance between the cams to the required value. The inserted tool is fixed in the reverse order: first, the chuck itself is clamped (when it is rotated clockwise), and then the sockets are clamped with a key.
Removing and installing drills is much easier and faster when using the keyless chuck. In it, the sleeve is driven by hand rotation. To limit the retraction force of the cams, they are often equipped with locking elements.
Before inserting the drill, first make sure the drill is in working order and disconnect the power supply. Only then can you start installing the drill.
How to insert a drill into a drill?
This operation is simple and quick, however some rules must be followed. Step-by-step instructions will keep you safe while setting the drill into the drill.
- Disconnect the instrument from the mains.
- Then choose a suitable drill, taking into account the nature of the work, the material in which the hole will be made and the compatibility of the drill with the drill.
- Place the drill into the chuck with the shank inward.
- Then you should fix the cartridge, taking into account its appearance. If it is key, then fix it with a special key with teeth, if it is quick-clamping, then fix it with your hands.
- Once the drill is secured, make sure that it does not wobble in the chuck and that there is no play.
- Then you can get to work.
It should be noted that the choice of drills depends on your electric drill. There are various models with a variety of technical equipment and capabilities. Some drills cannot, for example, be used for metal work. Others allow the installation of drills in diameters from 0.8 to 10 mm or from 1.5 to 13 mm. It is not recommended to buy cheap drills made of low-quality metal, it is better to overpay, but make sure that the tool works properly and for a long time.
In situations where the drill is used only for narrowly targeted purposes and from time to time, users tend to send it for repair at the first problems that arise. However, in most cases, it is enough to be able to bypass the non-standard situations that have arisen. To troubleshoot minor problems, you need to know how to change the drill, whether it can be done without a key, and how to act in case it gets stuck.
To carry out this procedure, you first need to get the old drill according to the scheme described above, and then put a new one. Electric drills with keyless chucks often have problems due to the fact that the drill is firmly seated and it is impossible to unscrew the coupling. In this case, you can use a piece of cloth that will give more grip on the clutch, and try to unscrew. If this method did not help, then you need to firmly fix the drill with your hand and hit the chuck tangentially in the direction of unwinding with the palm of your other hand, continuing to fix the tool.