How to set up a plow on a tiller, the main steps before plowing, photos and How to set up a plow on a tiller, the main steps before plowing, a photo and Most home garden owners take care of themselves and make their work easier by purchasing a tiller.
Preparing the tiller for plowing
The most important thing, before you start plowing, is to set up and assemble the plow correctly. This business is not difficult, especially if you use the instructions, or look at the topical.
Install the lug
In order to attach the lug, you need to remove the wheels and hubs. We install other hubs on the axle, which are specially designed for the installation of lugs. These hubs differ from conventional parts in their length, which allows the distance between the wheels to increase and the tiller will be more stable when it is plowed.
These special hubs are axle mounted and connected to the shaft drive. To do this, use special spiers, which are also included in the kit. And only then the lug itself is installed.
Hitching the plow to the tiller
In order to start plowing, you need a plow, and it must have a strong coupling with the main equipment. To do this, you need to mount these two parts into one piece.
To do this, remove the adjuster screw from the hitch and install the plow. There are three holes on the stand, with their help you can adjust the depth of the cultivated soil in the area. It is best to set the plow to the middle hole first, so it will be easier for you to determine if this type of plowing is right for you.
The plow now needs to be adjusted. This requires the plow heel to be parallel to the ground. To do this, set it in parallel and fix the adjusting bolt, which is secured with locknuts.
The steering wheel of the tiller itself should be centered on the adjusting screw.
Before assembling, as well as setting up the plow, look at the presented in this article, read the instructions. This will give you an even better understanding of how to plow properly with a tiller plow.
Tiller plow adjustment
- 1. First, put the stands under the tiller, which should be specially prepared for this (photo 2).
- We put the tiller’s ground hooks on the stands, and put the same stand under the tiller’s support leg so that it does not lean towards the plow, that is, you need to balance the tiller standing on the stands with the plow.
- 2. The height of the stands for ground hooks is determined by the depth of plowing the soil you plan to plow: if plowing before winter, then the height of the stands should be up to 20-25 cm, if you are going to plow in spring, then the height of the stands is less – 10-20 cm.
- 3. After the tiller is balanced, use the adjusting bolts to tilt the plow body so that its heel is parallel to the ground (photo 3).
- Photo 4 shows a correctly adjusted plow with a heel parallel to the ground.
- 4. Next, remove the tiller from the stands, set the carrier so that the control knobs are at the level of the belt. This position of the tiller carrier during operation does not load the hands and they do not get tired for a long time during operation. When all the plow adjustment operations have been completed, you can start plowing.
Before starting the main plowing of the soil with a tiller, carry out a test plowing and evaluate whether the plow is correctly adjusted, what is the quality of the soil dumping and what is the depth of the furrow.
The ridge of the next furrow should lie close to the ridge of the previous furrow, that is, there should not be more than 10 cm between them (the ridges). Also, the subsequent furrow should not lie on the previous furrow with a bulk of soil. For this to work, the right wheel of the tiller needs to drive not along the base of the previous furrow, but in the middle of its dump (the previous furrow) (photo 6).
Instructions: how to plow with a tiller with a plow
Now that the tiller is ready to plow the soil, the soil hooks are in place, we proceed to installing the mounted plow on the tiller:
1. We fasten the plow with the hitch, while the fastening nuts are not fully tightened so that the plow can be adjusted later.
2. Attach the hitch to the plow and the tiller attachment with two pins.
That’s it, the plow is installed on the tiller and now you can proceed to adjusting it (photo).
In contrast to preparing the tiller and installing the plow, the plow adjustment is a little more complicated and must be done with high quality, since if the plow is incorrectly adjusted, plowing the land will take you a lot of time and effort, and, unfortunately, the quality of plowing will leave much to be desired.
How to plow with a plow tiller and description
Before we begin to figure out how to plow with a tiller with a plow, it is necessary to prepare the tiller itself for plowing the soil:
- 1. First, move (roll) the tiller to a level place in your area.
- 2. Prepare soil hooks and replacement axles.
- 3. Replace the wheels with tires on the trailer with wheels with soil lugs, which are installed on replaceable (extended) axles.
Mini, medium or heavy?
In order for plowing with a tiller with a plow (plow) to be effective, it is necessary to choose the right equipment. When choosing a tiller, it is necessary to take into account, firstly, the area of land that will be processed with its help, and, secondly, the tasks that it must perform.
There are three types of tillers:
- Lungs (mini);
Let’s consider the main advantages and disadvantages of each of them.
Unlike light ones, they boast a rear-wheel drive and are excellent for working on large areas (up to 0.5 hectares). Weight varies from 45 to 65 kg, the cost of such equipment, on average, is 10,000-12,000 UAH. Engine power – 4.5–12 liters. From. Many models of medium-sized trailers can be equipped with additional equipment.
- The presence of a headlight and two gears;
- The ability to attach a plow;
- Compared to heavy vehicles of this type, medium tillers are more agile and turn easier.
Among the weak points of monoblocks of this class are the processing depth of up to 11 cm, which is insufficient for many crops.
How to properly dig the ground with a tiller
A tiller or mini tractor can become an indispensable assistant for any small farmer on his land. It does not require a lot of fuel, takes up a minimum of space, is easy to operate and solves a number of important tasks, one of which is plowing the land.
- Mini, medium or heavy?
- Mini, or light tillery
- Average tillers
- Heavy Tillery
First furrow and blade angle
After the previous steps have been completed, it is time to make the final adjustment so that subsequent furrowing is easy. To do this, the tiller is placed at the edge of the plot, the plow is driven into the ground and the first furrow is passed. It is important to keep the line straight at this stage so that subsequent passes are also straight. A thread stretched on pegs or some other landmark can help here.
Then, with one wheel, the tiller is placed in the furrow and the plow is oriented so that it is perpendicular to the ground, to do this accurately, use a square. If you are uncomfortable doing this in the ground, place the tiller on a flat surface with a support under one wheel that matches the depth of the furrow. After that, the plow setting is considered complete and you can proceed to the second, third furrow.
Adjusting and setting the plow on the tiller
Any owner of his garden knows what it is like to manually plow the beds and pull the weeds. To facilitate plowing, a plow is used. But using animal power or a tractor for a small area is costly and unwise. For these purposes, Tillery is used – mainly Neva, MTZ, Oka, Farmer, Centaur. To put it simply, this is an engine with wheels, on which various attachments are attached – from carts to plows. Our step-by-step instructions will tell you about the latter, or rather how the plow is adjusted on the tiller.
Plow setting on heavy tillers
The article considered the so-called light tillers, which are mostly used in summer cottages. But there are also heavy varieties. Their main differences are that the latter are many times more powerful and more cumbersome. They are also equipped with diesel engines. This choice is due to the fact that with the same volume in the operating speed, a diesel engine has more torque than a gasoline engine.
Installing and adjusting the plow for this type of equipment is no different from what was described above. The only thing worth noting is that the adjustment is best done by two workers, because the weight of heavy tillers sometimes exceeds 200 kilograms.