Determining the type of gasoline trimmer
All trimmers and lawn mowers available on the market today, depending on their capabilities and purpose, are divided into three classes: household, semi-professional and professional. What tool do you need? It depends primarily on the tasks that will be entrusted to him.
Semi-professional, or farm
Semi-professional trimmers are often called farm trimmers, and this fully reflects their purpose. This is a reliable assistant for a rural dweller, designed for regular increased loads. A similar tool is able to work for 3-4 hours a day, mowing grass on an area of 20-30 acres. Of course, such a trimmer needs a more powerful engine. 1.5-2.5 HP.
Semi-professional models, unlike household ones, are always equipped with a straight bar and a rigid shaft, which increases their reliability. The cutting part is represented not only by the trimmer head, but also by the knives. The latter will help to mow especially high and dense grass, moreover, they can even cope with grass and bushes.
Compared to four-stroke engines, two-stroke engines are lighter and operate in a higher speed range, which provides greater performance. Of course, two-strokes “eat” more fuel and produce a lot of noise and exhaust, but at the same time they win over with their simplicity in work. Work with a trimmer equipped with a two-stroke engine will have to start every time with the preparation of a gasoline-oil mixture, but if such an engine suddenly fails, it will most likely not be difficult for you to revive it.
How to choose a petrol grass trimmer for your home garden? And for processing a “plantation” of a couple of hectares? That’s right, focusing on its power.
The trimmer-mounted petrol engine can range from 1 to 3-3.5 HP. The choice of a tool for this parameter directly depends on the expected load. It is the trimmer power that determines its operational purpose. So, for mowing the lawn next to the house, a simple tool with a capacity of no more than 1.5 liters will be enough. C. A more powerful engine is installed on farm trimmers. From 1.5 to 2.5 l. C. The whole range of trimmer capabilities can only be demonstrated by a professional tool with a power of more than 2.5 hp.
It is clear that an increase in the power of the tool inevitably entails an increase in its weight and cost. From this it follows that when choosing, it is not necessary to thoughtlessly chase high power indicators, but to focus primarily on the planned scope of the tool.
Professional, or landscape gardening
Professional trimmer. It is a powerful tool for urban improvement workers, landscaping companies and utilities. It is equipped with an engine with a power of over 2.5 HP, has an increased service life and is ready for many hours of daily work. In addition to the trimmer head, such units can be equipped with metal knives that can cope with dense shrub growth and unnecessary tree shoots with a trunk thickness of up to 3 cm in diameter.
It is not hard to guess that professional trimmers have a reinforced bar and a spacious fuel tank. Since such tools are quite massive, they are necessarily equipped with special belts, which lighten the load on the operator’s hands, and a professional vibration damping system. It is clear that purchasing a professional lawn trimmer next to a private house is simply inappropriate.
The convenience of working with a trimmer directly depends on its weight, because the entire load falls on the arms and shoulders of the person performing the operation. If the tool turns out to be too heavy for you, then no matter how powerful it is and no matter how well it mows the grass, the end result is unlikely to be satisfactory: you simply will not be able to work with it for a long time and delicately operate it, getting to hard-to-reach areas.
That is why when choosing a trimmer, be sure to pay attention to the weight of the device, especially if you yourself cannot boast of Heroic strength. DO NOT chase power. In many cases, it is more rational to purchase a less powerful, but at the same time lighter unit: you will spend a little more time on mowing your site, but I will not get tired so much that I will not finish my job.
How to store the trimmer correctly?
With a trimmer you need to be able not only to handle it correctly, but also to store it correctly. Often, the owners of garden tools, and not thinking about the properties of petrol or electric scythes, simply throw the tool into the pantry and lock it. Under these conditions, there is a chance that the trimmer will break. Let’s figure out how to store the trimmer correctly.
Preparing the trimmer for storage.
If you put the trimmer in the closet at the cottage a week. This is one thing, but the preparation of the tool for “wintering” in the garden house. This is completely different. Before long-term storage, all wires are checked into the trimmer, and all gasoline and oil are drained into the gas trimmer. However, some, on the contrary, do NOT advise doing this, in order to avoid drying out the gaskets in the mechanism. In our opinion, gasoline should still be drained. Both from the engine and from the carburetor, because after 2-3 weeks a sediment may form in the liquid, and this will damage the lawn mower mechanism.
Where to store?
The best place for storage would be a dry Aboveground storage room or a loggia glazed with plastic. But any place away from open fire, isolated from large temperature drops, with normal humidity is also suitable. If there are options, and the humidity in the room is high, it is worth OVERLOOKING the trimmer with moisture absorbers. This will save the device from freezing and icing. If you notice that the trimmer is frozen, it is worth moving it to another location, such as a closet in a heated room. However, each gas meter will fit in a wardrobe, rather, this applies to small portable and foldable electric scythes. Therefore, the trimmer can be easily moved to the garage.
What happens if you violate storage conditions?
Usually, all storage conditions for the device are indicated in its instructions. Therefore, you need to read it carefully, and not throw it straight into the trash can. If, for example, the trimmer is stored in frost, it may freeze up and short-circuit the contacts during defrosting due to accumulated moisture. Such a breakdown is difficult to fix even at a service center. The metal parts of any trimmer can rust due to moisture, they will have to be changed, or even buy a new trimmer.
If the Trimmer is stored near a stove, which is often heated, the residual gasoline vapors may explode on contact with a spark or ignition. Here, not only the trimmer, but also the entire garden house or cottage may suffer. After all the options for storage locations have been considered, and the most suitable one has been chosen, a natural question arises.
In which packaging to store the trimmer?
Better, of course, in the factory. If inside. Styrofoam, then you are very lucky, it absorbs water. It is not worth storing the trimmer in plastic wrap; it causes condensation to accumulate. In the event that the original packaging is irretrievably lost, you can store the trimmer in a box of cardboard, plywood or boards that matches the size. You can reverse the breathable instrument with a cloth. For example, from natural fibers. Transports the trimmer also needs to be packed.
How to transport the trimmer correctly?
We have already mentioned the packaging. If the trimmer is foldable, fold it down. The carburetor and engine trimmer must be drained of gasoline and oil in the trunk before transport. Check the trimmer for the presence of a static charge of electricity, if you feel a slight electric shock when touched, you should not put the electric braid on the first seat of the car.
And, finally, a good advice: If you have already purchased an expensive device and do NOT want to waste money, buying a new trimmer every year, please follow all the storage and safety rules.
What you need to know about storing your chainsaw in winter
Chainsaw. This is probably one of only a few garden tools that can be used just as effectively in winter as in summer. True, with regard to the operating temperature of the chainsaw, things are worse, because K. Gasoline and oil inside it are far from the best frost-resistant substances. But if the manufacturer says that the chainsaw can be used at temperatures (-10 ° C). This gives the right to boldly use the tool. Otherwise, it is better to prepare the chainsaw for proper conservation.
We can say that “The heart of any chain saw is a single cylinder two-stroke engine carburetor type, equal in importance with Which is the chain. It is the proper care of these mechanisms that will allow you to ensure your chainsaw durable and trouble-free operation.
- To start, it is necessary to drain the remaining gasoline (Fuel) from tank / carburetor. In order to completely make sure that it is absent inside the chainsaw, run the tool idle and wait for the gasoline to run out. The next step is to wipe the gas tank dry, so that its metal components are NOT rusted. This option is great for conservation for 3 months or more. But if you have plans to work a little in the winter. In this case, the tank must be filled with gasoline at the edge and, most importantly, that the gasoline is of the highest quality. You will need to cut down the tree. Great, you will already have a tool ready for use in your hands. But do not forget that gasoline inside can turn into “jelly” after 2-3 weeks after consistency, which can also harm even the best, from a technical point of view, the engine.
- Dismantle I follow the chain along with the tire and start bringing it back to its original form, gradually freeing it from sawdust and second debris. Then coat these components with a protective grease and wrap them for storage in a piece of paper or cloth soaked in oil.
- The last step are the little things: cleaning the spark plug from burning and gasoline residues, lubricating the worm gear, and cleaning the filter tips;
Proper storage of THESE powerful yet compact mowing devices. One of the components of their long and trouble-free operation. Before you send the trimmer to a well-deserved rest, you need to perform several fundamental steps:
Drain the entire fuel mixture (gasoline and oil) and let the device idle until it stalls;
Remove grass residues between the blades and stationary trimmer parts and from the blades;
Remove spark plug and inspect. If the electrodes are reddish, everything is in order; if covered with carbon deposits, they must be cleaned or replaced;
Remove the metal cutting knife, clean it of dirt and check it for integrity. If cracks or chips appear, the knife will need to be replaced. A dry and cleaned blade should be stored separately;
If a trimmer cord is installed on the trimmer, it must be removed and put in fresh water for the whole winter. So the line will retain its original flexibility, maintain tension and last longer.
The best place to store lawn mowers. Dry room with normal humidity, isolated from sources of bright light and open fire. To prevent the trimmer from freezing, it is worth turning it over with an old blanket. Experts advise keeping the mower hanging. If the steering wheel interferes, turn it the other way or simply Unscrew.
Basic standards for training equipment
Whether it’s a tiller or a regular potato shovel, be sure to wash your garden tool, let it dry, and check all parts and connections for signs of wear before storing it in a dark corner of your garage or shed for extended periods of cold weather.
Probably, Nothing can be worse than moisture, which randomly remains in the dynamic components of the motorcycle. It freezes, it begins to deform vulnerable parts, rendering any equipment unusable. For personal reasons, it is also worth draining the gasoline, but as for the oil, it is absolutely not worth touching it. Technique must not be allowed “dry”.
Next, we will describe the main types of garden equipment and the rules for their conservation.
This device is sent for wintering earlier than others, and is removed towards the end of spring. Due to such a long downtime, the requirements for the maintenance of the mower are very high. The main elements of a lawn mower require attention: the engine and the cutting parts. So, here’s what you need to do:
Remove grass residues from body, exhaust pipe, engine cooling radiators, etc.;
Wash, clean and dry knives and other parts within reach. During work, particles of grass could get on them, and with them dirt and moisture;
As for fuel, experts advise you to drain the gasoline and wipe the gas tank dry so that condensation does not form during the winter. However, some, on the contrary, recommend filling the edge tank and leaving it like this for the winter.
Only in this case, low-quality gasoline can precipitate, which will make it difficult to start the engine in the spring. Still, it is easier to remove the remaining liquid from the carburetor than to clean it from plaque and sediment, so the first option is preferable;
Remove and sharpen the cutting knife;
Check oil level. It must comply with the recommendations in the operating instructions.
It is necessary to store the lawn mower in a room with a humidity not more than 70% and the absence of sudden temperature changes, which increase the humidity, so that its wheels do not come into contact with the floor. Either in a suspended position or on stands.
With an electric lawnmower, there are less worries: before cleaning, you just need to check the integrity of all contacts and inspect them for oxidation and rust. Otherwise, the electric motor does not require special conservation measures. Recharge the battery for the winter, clean the body, baking sheet and knives from grass and sharpen them if necessary.
How to store a chainsaw in winter
This is perhaps one of the few tools for which there is work even in the cold season. True, the operating temperature range of a chainsaw is usually small due to the fact that it contains non-frost-resistant parts, gasoline and oil. If the manufacturer guarantees the operation of the tool at a temperature of 10 ° C. This is a very good indicator, and such dust can be used almost all year round. If you leave the summer cottage for a long time, then take care of proper conservation.
“Heart” any chainsaw is a single-cylinder two-stroke carburetor type engine. The second important element is the chain. It is the care of These two elements that most of the recommendations for conservation are devoted to:
About once a month Crank the crankshaft to re-lubricate the connecting rods and cylinders with pistons.
If you have a saw, then all you need for conservation. This is Lubricating the bar and chain with protective lubricant.
How to store the trimmer in winter
Gardening tools are in use until late autumn: trees are still being planted with might and main, fruit and berry trees and shrubs are cut off, fallen leaves and debris are removed, compost is laid, and rainstorms are cleaned. Gardening tools find peace only with the onset of the first cold weather. And if the hoes, secateurs, shovels are sufficiently cleaned of soil and plant debris with a dry, dense cloth and a grindstone and removed to the barn until spring, then with the technique there is little more trouble. We tell you how to put in order mechanical assistants.
We store gasoline correctly
|Petrol. A combustible mixture of light hydrocarbons with a boiling point of 30-200 ° C. Density is about 0.75 g / cm³. The calorific value is about 10500 kcal / kg. Freezing temperature from. 60 ° C and below.|
|Most car enthusiasts store gasoline in a canister. Metal containers designed for transportation and storage of all types of fuel. Most popular volume. 20 liters.|
|Octane number. An indicator characterizing the knock resistance of gasoline, expressed in units of the reference scale|
|Gasoline is not stored in copper containers and containers made of copper alloys.!|
During the fuel crisis, when the price of fuel rises, one of the most important issues. Fuel storage issue. How long can you store? Do properties change during storage? What to store? Under what conditions? Let’s try to give a comprehensive answer in simple and clear language.
First. Gasoline can be stored (Yes, I did not discover America), but not for long. Over time, the properties of the fuel change, so with prolonged storage of gasoline on top of another, the octane number decreases by two units, the amount of tar increases due to the oxidation of hydrocarbons. What resins? If you saw a gasoline engine disassembled, then you could not help but notice a brown deposit on the parts in contact with gasoline, gasoline vapors. Now a little “light” chemistry, gasoline oxidizes faster when it comes into contact with copper and its alloys (catalyst copper and its alloys), when air contacts (the larger the contact area, the faster oxidation occurs), when the temperature rises.
Gasoline vapors are very toxic to humans.
Inhalation of vapors may cause poisoning.
Prolonged contact with the air of leaded gasoline reduces the amount of volatile ethyl bromide, which affects the release of lead from the combustion chamber. If the amount of this substance approaches zero, then the lead will remain in the combustion chamber and the formation of carbon deposits will greatly increase. Hence, we can conclude: gasoline is not stored in copper containers and containers made of copper alloys, the use of copper grids, couplings, adapters, containers must not be tightly closed, gasoline must be stored in a cold room. In containers (canister), for an average climatic zone, gasoline can be stored for about one year, in a car tank for about 6 months.
Output: Gasoline is best stored in a cool place (ideally cold) in a tightly closed container (copper and alloys. Enemy of gasoline.).
Gasoline properties. Octane number, actual tar and acidity. Properties lost due to long-term storage can be restored by mixing with gasoline that has a certain “reserve”. Exceeding in parameters (quality).
Important: DO NOT try to increase the octane rating of gasoline in a domestic environment by adding ethyl fluid. Ethyl Poison! It is highly toxic. Dangerous to health.
Safety of storage of motor gasoline.
Automobile gasoline has a pronounced narcotic effect, irritates the upper respiratory tract when inhaled, gasoline vapors irritate the mucous membrane of the eyes. If gasoline gets on open areas of the body, it is necessary to remove it and rinse the skin abundantly with warm soapy water; in case of contact with the mucous membrane of the eyes, rinse thoroughly with warm water. Self-ignition temperature 255-370 ° C. Tanks intended for storage and transportation of gasoline, Must be protected from static electricity.
|Indicators of the quality of motor gasoline changing during storage: saturated steam pressure;. fractional composition;. detonation resistance;. actual pitches; acidity.|
|Motor gasoline grades in accordance with GOST 2084-77: A-72, A-76, AI-9, AI-93, AI-95.|
|Leaded gasoline contains an ethyl fluid that contains poison. Tetraethyl lead.|
Normative base: GOST R 51105-97. Fuels for internal combustion engines. Unleaded gasoline. Guaranteed shelf life of all brands of motor gasoline. 1 hour from the date of manufacture of gasoline.