What can be done by a punch when repairing. Types of perforators and their price

Peorator. Purpose, types, characteristics and features

The closest relative of the drill who does not drill, but actually breaks the holes with a drill. the peorator.

Combining the rotation of the working element with progressive strikes allows it to work according to materials that the classic tool is not able to cope with.

Peorators can have several operating modes, differs in the location of the engine and the type of drive as a whole.

This is one of the main tools during the repair and construction work, and in some situations it is simply indispensable.

Purpose and principle of action

The main purpose of the penetrator is to make holes in fragile, but at the same time solid materials, which include, for example, brick.

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The work itself consists in their fragmentation at the contact site of the working element, and at the same time, due to rotation, the instrument point is cleaned, the abduction of the resulting crumbs.

This process is called drilling, and is carried out, respectively, with a drill.

The peorator is characterized by effective work on solid materials, for example, concrete, where an ordinary drill becomes useless, while when working with metal, wood or plastic blanks, the situation is completely reverse.


Working as a peorater about the accuracy of the holes made, does not have to be due to shock vibrations.

In addition to drilling, the peorator is able to work in shock mode only.

In this case, the working element is a special chisel intended for chopping pieces of stone.

Strokes of walls for new wiring, namely the removal of the plaster strip between the two furrows formed by the strobes, are performed by blows.

Drilling holes in the wall for sockets is also performed by a pedorator, but instead of a drill, a special crown is used.

By the way, this tool in some situations is able to replace a jackhammer, for example, with a patching of road surface, dismantling metal structures, buildings and cement layers.

Rules for everyone

The pedulator, which is an electric construction tool, quickly and confidently entered the use of brigades and ordinary people who started repairs. Its popularity is determined by smoothness, the ability to make holes in the walls without chips and irregularities, as well as compactness. The noise that comes from the equipment during operation is an average of 90 dB, which, of course, is a fairly high indicator, taking into account concrete partitions in new buildings.

Note that the permissible noise in the apartment by law should not exceed 40 dB, and therefore the work by the penetrator in an apartment building is illegal. Nevertheless, people work, because in modern houses made of concrete and brick, it does not work differently. Agree, it is impossible to hang a shelf in a panel high.rise building if there is no good peorator at hand. About the cable, repairing the ceiling and laying tiles and there is no need to talk.

Depending on the layout of the house and manufacturing materials, the sound may be stronger or quieter. So, brick houses are considered more “quiet”, while concrete partitions double the noise in the apartments of the neighbors. You can set the noise level in neighboring apartments only by appointing a special examination with professional measurements.

Of course, even if the sound published by the as a pea does not much exceed the norm, working for them, we cause inconvenience to our neighbors, and therefore the permissible working hours are stipulated at the legislative level. Note that in certain regions it varies in one direction or another, however, there are general provisions.

The first and unquestioning rule is the provision that it is forbidden to make noise at night. Non.compliance with him threatens a tenant who has started repairs, administrative liability under the article “an encroachment on the silence and peace of citizens in the period of time established by local legislation”. The night time is set by law and involves the period from 23 hours to 7 a.m.

Work in the daytime is also stipulated by the authorities. So, the noise from the penetrator should arise no earlier than 9 a.m. and end no later than 22 pm. In addition, it is important to divide the long.term work into several parts, since the constant operation of a noisy device should not be carried out for more than 6 hours in a row. Most regions establish a break within two hours. from 13.00 to 15.00 in time.

Another general rule is the duration of the repair. Three calendar months. a period fixed at the legislative level, in which it is necessary to finish the repair using noisy devices. Otherwise, the tenant carrying out protracted repairs should be obtained from the neighbors their written consent. Getting such a resolution is not easy, and therefore it is important to take care of the timing in advance, carefully planning the plan of future affairs.

Time limit on weekdays

Weekdays are a period when most of the residents of an apartment building are at their workplaces, which means to carry out repair work at this time more reasonably. Nevertheless, one should not forget about young children who need a daytime sleep, as well as people who, for one reason or another, spending time at home on weekdays. Work on weekdays should be dosed.

You should start working as a peorator no earlier than 9 a.m. The earlier beginning can entail not only the dissatisfaction of the neighbors, but also the administrative fine, the warning of the district police officer and even the visit to the noisy apartment by a representative until 22 hours all noisy work should be completed.

However, having prepared for long.term overhaul, regional laws should be read. So, in the Primorsky Territory, the region and Kalina, the working hours on weekdays were reduced to 19.00. At the same time, a break from 13 is mandatory.00 to 15.00.

Note that such restrictions do not apply to new buildings. In a new multi.storey building, rented no more than 1.5 years ago, it is allowed to carry out noisy work at any daytime without interruptions. The permissible in this case is the period from 7.00 to 23.00. Such opportunities are explained by a small number of settling and living neighbors.

How to prepare for work?

Before you do this or that work, you will have to choose and put the necessary nozzle.

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This means the need:

  • Remove the cartridge;
  • clear it;
  • Cover the cartridge from the inside with grease;
  • put the cartridge in place;
  • block the nozzle, lowering the ring.

Actions in various modes

For drilling, the toggle switch is transferred to the appropriate position. By turning on the engine at idle, attach the nozzle to the place where the hole should be broken. To control the speed of twisting the drill and nozzle, use a special trigger. Drilling occurs if the peorator is transferred to another mode. It is usually indicated by a picture where a hammer and a drill are shown. Speed ​​adjustment during drilling is rarely carried out.

To work in the reduction mode of the material, the peorator is switched to a program indicated by the image of the hammer. But this is not all. you need a nozzle capable of acting like a chisel.

Such a nozzle is attached at the required angle in relation to the surface to be treated. To set the desired number of blows, as well as their strength, the trigger is pressed with different efforts. Such work, which is important, requires a certain dexterity, and it may not work right away.

Separate peorators can be used as an electric screwdriver. The necessary information is always indicated in the instructions for the apparatus. To tighten the screws or twist them, you need a specific nozzle. There may not be a special mode of electrical screwdriver, usually the “Drilling” program is used instead of it.

How to use a pedorator in different modes

For the convenience and correct implementation of different types of work, the peorators provide several operating modes. To switch them, a toggle switch is provided.

Most modern peorators work in three modes:

Operating modes and their standard designation: drilling, drilling with a blow, detonation. You can adjust them using a switch


The mode switch is installed opposite the designation “drill”. To carry out drilling work, equipment is used in SDS shanks: a removable cam cartridge or a rod for a penetrator. This mode is necessary for the formation of holes in a tree, metal and other materials.

Drilling with a blow

The switch is installed opposite the designation “Drill Hammer”. This mode is designed for drilling holes in concrete, brick, reinforced concrete structures and other building elements. The cutting tool makes at the same time rotational and progressive movements. When drilling reinforced concrete structures, the probability of a collision with reinforcement should be taken into account, this is dangerous for both the tool and for humans. In this mode, drilling is used. the core with special carbide attacks.


The switch is installed opposite the designation “Hammer”, in this mode the working tool does not rotate. Used to break through the stroob, destroying building structures, during chipping work. It is important to keep the peorator tightly and confidently. For detachment, use a special tool. chisel, peaks, shoulder blades.

To last a hole, special tools are needed. chisel, peaks, shoulder blades, hammers


The reverse rotation mode changes the direction of movement of the drill or drill to the opposite. In budgetary models of peorators, an electric reverse is used. the anchor of the electric motor is spinning in the opposite direction. Disadvantage: more intense wear of brushes and braking of the anchor. In professional devices, a more complex mechanism is used. a gearbox in which the direction switches mechanically, with the help of gears. This method is more reliable, however, the modirators with mechanical shift of reverse have a higher cost.

The reverse function will help if the drill jammed in a deep hole. The inclusion of the “reverse” will easily free the drill.

Other modes

In some models of peorators, there are additional operating modes. For example, a chip of a bite. designed for effective deterrence. In this mode, the chisel is turning on a certain degree after each blow.

В чём разница пеоратор Bosch GBH 2-26 DRE и Китайский Калибр 800/26 / repair of puncher

How to switch and regulate the regimen regimes

The switching of the pedorator modes must be performed only after the work mechanism of the penetrator is completely stopped. At the same time, you do not need to turn off the tool from the network. It is necessary to make sure that the mode switch was clearly fixed in the right position.

Rules for the safe use of the tool

To ensure safe working conditions and the effective use of the tool when working as a penetrator, a number of rules should be observed:

  • it is imperative to use personal protective equipment for the eyes, ears, arms and legs;
  • conduct an inspection of the tool before each start of work;
  • When drilling long holes, it is necessary to start with short drills and drilling gradually;
  • Long.term continuous work leads to overheating of the gearbox and an anchor winding. In this case, the pedorator must be given to cool. The permissible duration of work in idle and under load are indicated in the tool passport or in the operating manual;

With an experimentally, the temperature of the heating of the gearbox and the engine can be determined by the degree of heating. The case should not be clearly hot, the characteristic smell of the burning electrical insulating material should not come from it.

For prolonged drilling of particularly solid materials, in order to avoid overheating of the drill, the system of forced liquid cooling should be used. Such a system is implemented by serving a cooling emulsion or ordinary water to the drilling zone. To do this, use thin tubes or special water couplings.

In order not to complicate the work, it is enough to cool the drill in the prepared container with water through the same time intervals. These intervals are set by experimentally regarding the temperature of the heating of the drill. It is important not to overcrow a drill. Do not bring it to a state in which it changes color.

In what cases can light bulbs blink?

If the peorator is equipped with light alarm lights, then their signal may mean a breakdown or faulty operation of a node or mechanism. If a red bulb blinks on the ashorator, you should contact the device operating manual.

Techniques for proper work with the peorator

To learn how to work with the device, you need to follow certain recommendations:

  • When working, it is forbidden to press on the tool to avoid damage.
  • You can not perform the entire operation in one appointment. From time to time, the drill is required to clean.
  • When choosing equipment, it is worth considering the type of work and tool features.
  • Cannot be adapted with mechanical damage or constant overheating.
  • When working, you should definitely use rubber gloves. They help to extinguish vibration.

Rules for the safe use of the tool

In order for the use of the peorator to be safe, it is recommended to use individual protective equipment. At the same time, it is important to protect the eyes, face, hands.

During operation, there is a risk of heating the drill to elevated temperatures. This is due to his strong friction. Therefore, before extracting this element, he needs to let him cool or carry out a procedure in gloves.

Important! To understand how the peorator works, you need to study the instructions in advance. It includes many useful tips on the functioning of the device.

In what cases can light bulbs blink

If there is a light alarm lamp in the peorator design, their flashing may indicate a breakdown or violation of the functions of a certain node or mechanism. If a red light flashes the tool, it is recommended to read the instructions for its use.

Performing work with the peorator, it is important to take into account certain rules. When drilling concrete, experts recommend using a coolant or special lubricant. Before starting work with a long drill, it is advisable to work with a shorter drill. Often the concrete surface has a loose structure, so in order to prevent its scattering, processing is recommended in the “drilling” mode. At the end of the work, the tail of the drill should be cleaned of dust, for this it is wiped dry with a soft cloth and lubricated with machine oil or solidol.

To extend the life of the infantry, they need to be used according to the instructions provided by the manufacturer. In addition, regardless of the volume of work, you should take small breaks for cooling the body. If the gearbox is overheated, then the device will quickly fail. You can not lower the device for cooling into the water. The increased pressure on the processed concrete is not allowed, this will help increase the power of the device, but can lead to a quick breakdown of nozzles.

How to work properly with an tool for advice to beginners

Knowledge of how to work as a pea in different modes is not enough to prevent serious injuries. There are a number of criteria that must be taken into account in order to prevent serious injuries and damage:

  • Work to perform using personal protective equipment. Such funds can be bought in the online store cylinder. It is necessary to carry out work in gloves, glasses, Berushas. In addition, it is also necessary to use special working overalls, as well as boots with a metal toe. This is done in order to prevent injuries not only from the power tool itself, but also from the parts of the processed surface
  • No need to put pressure on the tool when working in a hollow mode or drilling with a blow. Many experienced experts initially get used to using the tool incorrectly, and then teach newcomers to this use of peorators. The master needs not only to be able to use it correctly, but also to understand the principle of the tool. The principle is that shock effects arise due to the use of a special mechanism that affects the nozzle fixed in the infantry cartridge. It is necessary to put pressure on the tool only if it is used during the drilling of the metal and wood, and when processing concrete, you only need to keep it tight and directed
  • Eliminate the wear of the tool idle. After all, in the process of idle, the details of the details occur. If this is not critical with gears, then with the shock mechanism everything is much more difficult. If the peorator works idle, then there is a wear of the mechanisms that are responsible for creating shock movements. As a result, the energy of the impact is reduced, and the details of the tool wear out
  • If there is a need to drill a hole in porous and soft materials, like foam concrete, then in this case it is recommended to enable the drilling mode without impact. Shock drilling mode will entail a breakdown of the already fragile material
  • When drilling concrete of increased strength, it is recommended to use cooling substances, which eliminate the overheating of the nozzle to maximum-high temperature indicators
  • Regularly add grease to the design of the shanks of the applied nozzles. For this, special types of lubricants are produced, but even if you have nothing, it is better to process the shank with a solidol or lithol than to use a drill without additional lubricating components
  • Periodically give the instrument and nozzles to rest and cool
  • Do not use drill and other types of nozzles that dulled and have worn out working parts. This increases the load on the tool, and also reduces its performance

Depending on the purpose, tools, household or professional, should control the time of work with the rest. If this is a professional unit, then you can work continuously for up to 1 hour, but then, you need to take a break for 10-15 minutes until it cools down. With household units, everything is much more difficult. They are not intended for prolonged operation, so every 10-15 minutes of work should be replaced by pauses, lasting at least 10 minutes. In addition, household peorators are not intended for constant use, that is, if it is planned to repair in a house or apartment, it is better to use semi.professional models. Household are designed to drill a hole in concrete if necessary to hang a shelf, picture, install furniture, etc.P.

How to care for a peorator correctly

The service life of the tool in question is affected not only by the correct operation, but also by storage features. Store the tool only and exclusively in rooms with low humidity. Moisture will lead to the fact that its service life will be reduced. This is due to the fact that internal mechanisms will begin to corrode. In addition, if you include a tool in the network, the electrical elements of which are covered with condensate, a short circuit may occur. That is why it is recommended to pay special attention to the place of storage of the tool.

You cannot also allow dust from the instrument body. For this, most manufacturers protect their tools with special devices that limit the passage of dust and moisture inside to the main nodes and parts. It is impossible to protect the tool from penetration of dust inside, therefore, periodic or regular diagnostic procedures will prevent the occurrence of unforeseen breakdowns.

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The reasons why the peorator does not work is most often not of low.quality details from which the peorators are made, but the improper operation of the power tool and its storage. If the tool has not understood for a long time, but it works properly, then it will never be superfluous to make it an extraordinary diagnosis. Often the causes of unforeseen breakdowns are irregular procedures to replace lubrication or use of low.quality lubricants.

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The result of such actions is the accelerated failure of individual parts and units of power tools.

If suddenly the peorator stopped working, then you can fix it yourself. To do this, it is not necessary to be a specialist to disassemble and repair the peorator. In order not to have to repair peorators often, it is recommended to figure out how to work correctly after buying this power tool.

The tasks with which the Peorator copes

If you make minor repairs, then you may not need a peorator. Twist the screw, hang a picture, fix a baseboard or cornice using a drill or an electric screwdriver. But if you plan a large perestroika, then you definitely can’t do without a peorator.

The main functionality that the peorator can perform:

  • Formation of holes in concrete and other materials. Basically, the peorator is used on the load.bearing walls, where the shock drill does not have enough power and breakdown ability.
  • Can perform the function of a jack of a hammer. Due to which it becomes possible not only drilling holes in the walls, but also grooves in concrete.
  • In domestic plan, the peorator also performs a huge number of functions. With it, you can hang a picture, fix the baseboard to the wall, drill the cornice.
  • Using a bulk mixture for kneading (this will require a special nozzle for kneading).

What to focus on when choosing a peorator?

Before choosing a peorator, we first need to focus on the characteristics of these devices. But the first one needs to decide ー is in what conditions and with what regularity we will use it.

The power of the motor. The higher it is, the more effort it creates a drill on concrete and, as a result, is more efficiently immersed in its thickness. The speed of rotation of the drill. This parameter is regulated by pressing the main launch button. Be sure to take into account the speed, since slow devices are not designed for hard surfaces of concrete. Working modes. In modern peorators there is support for several types of work among them: hit, classic drilling, drilling, support for reverse function (reverse drilling).

The type of engine location. There is horizontal (placed along one axis with a cartridge) and vertical (located perpendicular to the axis). Type of cartridge. Before buying a peorator, you need to pay attention to the nozzles for cartridges of different types are compatible. Most often used SDS TOP, SDS Max and SDS Quick, sometimes multifaceted nozzles may occur.

Given all of the listed parameters, you can purchase a peorator on Hello. The store offers modern professional and household models with a guarantee and quick delivery.

Types of peorators

The difference in the peniterators not only in their power, but also in the location of the electric motor. There are models with a horizontal and vertical location of the drive.

  • The vertical engine allows you to get a lot of power and impact power. The significant weight of such models limits their use by the height of the rise from the level of the legs of the worker. The purpose of heavy peorators is the production of holes of fairly large diameter (more than 20 mm), crushing monolithic blocks.
  • Light tools with a horizontal engine allow you to work even with one hand. With their help, the fastening of drywall partitions is prepared, holes are drilled up to 20 mm, strokes, and do niches for electrical installation products.

The clamping cartridges of the tail of the drill are also different.

A drill with a shank SDS is used with light tools to obtain a small diameter in brick or concrete walls and ceilings.

SDS-MAX drills are characterized by an increased area of ​​contact of the shank with a clamping device, used in powerful peorators for drilling of large diameter holes.

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Almost all peorators receive power from a power grid with a voltage of 220 V. Portable models with built.in battery are less common. Their use is justified if it is impossible to ensure a stationary or temporary presence at the workplace of a standard mains.

How to care for a tool

Any power tool needs periodic care. All details of the mechanisms during friction are worn out. It is possible to prevent premature abrasion of parts by regular lubrication of the surfaces of parts. Many users are limited to lubrication of the tail of the drill: from it the oil enters the cartridge, and partially lubricates it. This is justified, only while the tool is under warranty. In addition to the cartridge, care is required by the shock mechanism, gearbox and electric motor. these actions require disassembling the case.

During the operation of the warranty period, such maintenance can only be carried out in authorized service centers. Self.analysis of the tool entails a loss of the right to warranty repairs.

After the end of the warranty period, you can conduct service with your own hands. The main nodes of the peorater requiring careful care:

Carpet and reducer service

You need to disassemble the peorator from the cartridge. To do this, remove the rubber ring.

Access to the locking ring, which is also removed, opens.

Having removed the external casing, they gain access to the mechanism of the cartridge. Clamping ring, spring and ball must be lubricated and have a free move.

The back cover of the case is removed, and the engine collector is freed from coal brushes.

The front of the body is mounted with self.tapping screws. Twist them and remove the gearbox along with the engine rotor.

Before applying a new lubricant, the exhaust mass is removed, and the parts are washed with gasoline. First, the lubricant is applied with a thin layer on the most important details.

A thick layer of lubrication is applied to the gearbox until completely enveloped.

It is best to lubricate the details of the penetrator with the composition that comes with the tool. If it is not enough, you need to purchase the required amount of lubrication.

The served mechanism is placed back into the case. The assembly sequence is revealed to the disassembly process.

Care for the electric motor

The electric motor is lubricated only the bearing bearings. There should be no traces of oil and dust on the anchor of the rotor, the brushes should have a sufficient length for normal contact with the collector. If the wear of the brushes is great, they need to be replaced. Timely care will allow you to use tools for a long time without replacing parts.