Than and how to cut porcelain border at home
Unlike ceramic tiles, cutting porcelain tile is not so simple, especially at home. The problem is that it is much more firm and dense material. What tools can be used to solve this problem? Below we will consider how you can cut a porcelain tile using manual tools or electric devices.
Porcelain stoneware is made in industrial conditions from mineral crumbs and various additives by double pressing and high.temperature firing. The result is a heavy and dense finishing material with a low level of porosity. All these characteristics provide him with very high strength and duration of operation, but, on the other hand, create difficulties for processing porcelain tiles. In addition, the surface of the material often has a texture to achieve anti.slip properties and decorativeness. This is an additional test for a hand tool, since many manual tools for cutting ceramics and glass are able to cope with smooth materials of the middle plane.
Ceramic tiles, on the contrary, are often smooth, thinner and lighter, with an average level of porosity. It breaks easier, tolerates mechanical loads worse, but it is easier to cut it when laying. Thus, cutting porcelain tiles is much more difficult than tiles, and not all tools are suitable for this.
Tools for cutting porcelain tiles
Obviously, it is better to use specially designed tools for cutting porcelain tiles. But there is not always such an opportunity, especially if you need to perform a limited volume of work and buy electric tile cutter for especially durable materials is inappropriate.
For cutting porcelain tiles for household purposes, cutting elements with diamond spraying are suitable. The optimal solution is diamond wheels for corner grinding or electric stump.cutter. It is very difficult to achieve a neat cut line with manual tools.
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Below we will consider suitable tools. from the simplest to more complex specialized devices.
This is the easiest manual tool, but, unfortunately, not very suitable for porcelain tiles. He copes well with glass and ceramics with a thickness of not more than 10 mm, but does not cut thick and dense materials.
The tool consists of a diamond cutter, winning or a special alloy fixed on the handle. The edge when cutting porcelain tile glasses is usually uneven, so glass cutter is not recommended in cases where it is important to get a neat cut.
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The glass cutter will not be able to cut a large amount of porcelain tile, it can only be used if you need to cut one or two non.thick tiles of porcelain tiles in a straight line.
Manual tile cutter
This is a special mechanical tile cut. The design of manual tile cutter includes a carbide cutter, lever mechanism and guides. The built.in square allows you to accurately measure the tile and choose the desired angle of the cut, and a special platform helps to move the material evenly along the cut line. The tool is suitable mainly for working with ceramic tiles, as well as porcelain tiles of small thickness.
There are devices of various modifications:
When choosing a tile cutter for porcelain tile, it is extremely important to focus on the quality of its cutting surface, materials from which a lever, moving nodes, a platform is made. Models of the lower price segment from dubious manufacturers are unlikely to cope with dense and thick porcelain tiles and quickly become unusable.
Electric tile cutter
A specialized electric drive device for flat and quick cutting of tiles and porcelain tile during repair and final work. As a cutting element, a diamond disk is used. Cutting is carried out in a wet method. the water is supplied from the hose from above or poured into the tank under the statin. The liquid provides high.quality diluting and cooling of the cutting element.
Corner grinder (angular grinder)
If necessary, porcelain tile can be cut with a hand.made hand.grinder of low power. For cutting porcelain tiles, you need to choose a disk for an angle grinding machine with diamond spraying. Cacks for concrete and stone for this purpose are unsuitable. Suitable as continuous diamond discs for wet cutting, which are periodically moistened with water for cooling, and segment. The optimal disk thickness for this type of work is about 2 mm.
What disk to cut ceramic tiles with a corner grinder
There are many types of disks for corner grinders that are suitable for cutting ceramic tiles. However, you need to immediately refuse to purchase cheap equipment, since their service life is short and the use can be dangerous.
Important! It depends on the correct choice of disk how smoothly and without chips a cut will be made.
The most budget option, but in terms of reliability is inferior to all other types. When using it, the thickness of the cut will be much thicker, and during operation a lot of dust is formed.
During use, you need to monitor the state of the stone circle. And as soon as chips appear on it, to replace.
This is the most reliable and durable type of equipment for corner grinder. Steel discs have diamond spraying along the edge. And their service life depends on its intensity.
Using a steel disk according to a tile for an angular grinder, you can perform straight and curly cuts without any difficulties.
Segmented dry cutters
This type of equipment differs in that its surface is divided into the same segments. And diamond spraying is applied to the cutting edge.
Thanks to the slots, the disk has the opportunity to partially cool during use. This increases the duration of continuous operation to 1.5 minutes. After that, it is necessary to let the tool cool, taking it to the side and holding it at idle for 30 seconds.
Continuous dry cutters
This is a continuous circle with the applied diamond spraying along the edge. It is convenient to process the edge of the tile with such equipment. The edges of the material after using a continuous disk on the tile for corner grinding ground are as even as possible.
For cooling, it is recommended to periodically moisten the tile, as well as spray it from the spray.
Combined disks models
This type of equipment is suitable for dry and wet cut. But unlike the segmented, it loses in terms of cooling, and from continuous. it does not give such a high.quality section.
Important! The disadvantage of combined types of equipment is that they are quickly clogged with small particles of dust, and only concrete, silicate brick can be used to clean them.
To perform complex types of work, it is recommended to use this particular type of equipment. Its feature lies in a special spraying, which consists of small particles of technical diamonds applied over a metal base. This allows the disk to withstand increased loads.
How to choose the right disk
When choosing equipment for working with ceramic tiles, you need to take into account the complexity of the work and the thickness of the material. It is recommended to use steel circles with a laser attack of diamond spraying, as well as a geometric circuit. These types can withstand increased load and have a long service life.
To obtain an even edge during a section of ceramic tiles, you should choose disks with a thickness of not more than 2 mm, and with a width of the cutting edge more than the thickness of the material.
Performing the cut
If everything is ready, you can start work. The fishing line for the cutting of the cut should be marked with a marker, after which the tile is laid on the table or stool with the calculation so that the marking is entirely above the supporting surface. Exactly along the cut line on top, a corner is applied, the vertical regiment of which should be turned towards pruning. On both sides, the corner is pressed by clamps to the edge of the table, thus, the porcelain tile will be reliably fixed, and the outside of the regiment will play the role of the guide to carry out direct cut.
Do not forget about safety precautions: use protective glasses, gloves and berushi strictly necessarily. The corner grinder turned on so that the disk is located almost parallel to the corner shelf. deviating from its edge by 1-2 mm and adjusting close to the lower part. A thin groove is applied on the surface of porcelain tiles. It is not necessary to provide strong pressure, you should only scratch the surface a little. After that, the fishing line for the cutting of the cut should be slightly sprinkled with water and again draw a shallow cut to yourself.
So you need to repeat time after time, carefully making sure that water is constantly in the context. When the tile is sawn at 2/3 of the thickness, it is necessary to remove the clamps and remove the corner. The tile should be placed on the edge of the table, cut the edges until the lumen is formed, and then slightly hit with the palm on the cut part. If the cuts are narrow, it can be broken off by pliers.
With this technique of cutting porcelain, a clean and straight upper edge is formed, but chips can form in the lower part of the tearing end. To remove them, the tile needs to be turned upside down and lay on the table so that it hangs a little from the edge. After that, all the same diamond disk should be sharpened a little by little, to moisten the edge at the same time.
Crowning cut and a foothold
We will illuminate such a question as the implementation of a curved cut, the removal of chamfers and a foothold for information of the tiles at the corners without using the docking profile. With a foothold, everything is quite simple, a hard diamond cup with large segments will be required to perform it. The tile should be laid up and drawn parallel to the edge of the fishing line for a trimmer with an indent equal to the thickness of the tile. After that, with the help of a cup, the angle is gradually cut, ensuring that the fishing line for the trimmer of the marking is connected to the front edge with one straight line. Periodically, the grinding site should be wetted with water.
Removing the chamfer on the front side. more painstaking work. Here it is necessary to use the AGSK, in the common people. turtles. Manufacturers do not recommend using them to remove edges, but with increased caution this can be done, it is important not to provide excessive pressure on the tool. Hard cups are poorly suitable for this: they have large intervals between the segments, which is why chips and scratches are formed on the surface. But with the proper zeal, you can remove the chamfer, practically not distinguishable from the factory, you should only reduce the granularity during the final processing.
To perform a curved cut, you should first delete as many cut off as possible with an ordinary diamond disk. With convex edges, this is quite simple, for cutting concaves you have to divide the tears into sectors and then remove with fragments. After that, the edge of the porcelain tile is smoothed out using a rigid diamond cup.
Before any operations, thorough measurements are carried out and lines are applied to the material along which it is required to cut off the excess. It is recommended to use markers different from tiles, as a simple pencil does not leave traces on the surface well. It is even better to carefully reign the fishing line for the trimmer (for example, glass cutting), since a lot of dust is formed and when shaking you can simply erase the drawn fishing line for the trimmer.
This is the easiest cut. A corner grinder of any kind can be produced, regardless of the material: porcelain tile, ceramics, tiles. At the same time, making a perfectly straight cut with a manual electric tool represents a certain complexity. Therefore, they resort to small tricks.
If the cut quality does not matter much (closed with skirting boards, for example), then you can cut it with your foot on the tile or putting on a rough surface (your own weight of the tile is enough so that it does not move during the operation). In any other case, reliable fixation is required. To do this, it is most convenient to use any clamps. Clamp tiles or fragment is attached to the surface (table, a piece of plywood, wood-bruise, etc.D.). For small cuts, you can use a workbench, for cutting along the entire length of the workbench is not very convenient.
Some methods that improve the quality of the cut:
To obtain accurate cut, a steel tape or steel corner is attached along the line. You can fix it on the tiles with the same clamps. Then cuts are cut directly along the corner. The disk is carried out at a slight angle (10. 15º) to the steel mount.
To get a direct cut, the tile is cut along the fixed metal corner.
Advice! It is not necessary to completely cut off the piece. It is enough to make a deep incision (2/3 of the thickness is enough even when cut off at the very edge), and then break off in any way (put in two drills and press, grab the edge with pliers and break off, etc.D.).
If there are no features (something interferes, the line is not visible, etc.D.), then always cut from themselves. If you do not have a lot of experience with a corner grinder, then it is recommended to cut into several aisles: the first shallow incision (1. 5 mm) and the following with about the same immersion.
Figure cut (round holes)
Usually the cutting of the round holes is highlighted. But the technique of cutting corner grinding of round holes and any curly cuts is no different. The use of corner grinder is justified to cut large holes (over 50. 100 mm). Smaller holes are drilled. medium.sized corner grinder (125 mm disks) is unlikely to cut a hole of less than 100 mm.
Lines for a trimmer cut on both sides of the tile are marked. It is recommended to cut by leaving a fishing line for a trimmer (up to 2. 3 mm), unless of course you need an even cut without chips.
Cut throughout the contour on both sides of the tile. Segments are cut through and through. And excess elements are broken off.
Contacting and grinding at the final stage.
For figured cut, you need a tool with a decrease in the speed of rotation.
Most often, a model is done in 45º for the joints of tiles at the corners of 90º. But there may also be other degrees (bay design, staircases, etc.P.).
We pay attention! It is very difficult to make a canopy of a corner grinder. Without proper experience, you are unlikely to do this efficiently. The fact is that such types of compounds are used exclusively in prominent places. If the place is not in sight, then the meaning in this connection disappears. You can simply connect the end into the tile and that’s it. And in a prominent place there are harsh requirements for quality. Therefore, various recommendations to saw at once by size are not withstanding critics. There is only one method. a rough cut and manually bringing.
For the operation, an angular grinder is recommended with the possibility of reducing speed.
- Preparation of the necessary element. Normal cutting at a right angle of tiles in any way.
- Neat trimming the desired angle. Removal of an extra layer of ceramics, without touching the facial layer. At the same time, they try to leave a small layer of ceramics (up to 1 mm) to avoid damage to the surface coating. There are no preferences to consolidate the tiles. Most craftsmen hold tiles in their hands. It is more convenient to fix it in a workbench.
- Manual grinding and bringing the element to the required type.
Cutting the angle followed by polishing.
Corner grinding machine is an instrument of high injury hazard! In combination with the work on the tile, a large amount of dust and fragments flying from under the disk of the tool is added.
Mandatory use of special equipment:
It is not allowed to work with a faulty tool (backlash, violation of the body, electrical wire, etc.D.). It is strictly not recommended to use a corner grinder without a protective casing (only in very extreme cases, taking additional measures to protect against the possible destruction of the cutting circle).
Perform operations with detachable circles only after a physical shutdown of an electric cord from the network! And the opposite, connect the tool to the electric network only after they are convinced that the disk is installed, reliably fixed, the key is removed.
Do not use defective disks. Before each use, you need to make sure that there are no defects on the disk and only then start work.
Advice! If you need repair masters, there is a very convenient service for their selection. Just send in the form below a detailed description of the works that need to be completed and offers will come to you with with from construction brigades and firms. You can see reviews about each of them and photographs with work examples. It does not oblige it for free.
The better to cut the tiles: tile or corner grinding
If you are repairing bathrooms professionally, then buy a tile cutter. They are mechanical, electric, manual, machine.like type. We recommend choosing based on the volume of work and conditions: electric tile cutting is not suitable for cutting in rooms with high humidity, the machine will be inconvenient to install in a limited space.
It makes sense to use corner grinder instead of a standard tile cutter: as a rule, for one or two rooms it is not required to cut a lot of material. It is also permissible to use the corner grinder as a side version: for example, when for some reason you do not use a tile, and the tool is needed now.
How to cut tiles with a corner grinder without chips
In order for cutting tiles to be cut without chips and with a slight amount of dust use one of three types of cuts. Next, we will consider each of them in more detail.
In order to prevent the formation of chips and cut off the fragment from the tiles as well as possible, work only on the front side of the tile. Thus, you will cause less damage to the upper layer, and the defects formed on the back, after facing work, will be invisible. After the tile, treat the edges of the tile with sandpaper.
This is the easiest option that you can easily perform at home. You need to reliably fix the tile on a flat surface so that one edge remains on the weight along the cutting line. Move the circle to yourself, that is, you need to keep the tool so as to see the direction of cutting.
With this option, it is extremely important that not only the tile is reliably fixed, but also so that you hold the corner grinder tightly and evenly. If tiles or tools deviate, then the cut can turn out with very uneven edges, and the disk itself risks deteriorating
Angle of 45 degrees
At an angle of cutting porcelain tiles, it is more difficult. First saw the tile at right angles, as described in the first method. And then, while performing a scythe cut, direct the tool so as to remove excess material. Pour the edges with sandpaper as final processing.
Round hole in the tile
This method is used when there is a need to make holes in a large.diameter tile. First apply a pencil on the front side of the tile of the circle with the necessary diameter. Then indicate the central point of the circle with even lines, which intersect at right angles.
Next, proceed to the saw and hold the corner grinder at an angle so that the tool makes a small recess along the circle contour along its inner part. Now gradually shift, trying to tie the tile evenly. After you have already deepened enough, put on straight lines. As a result, it remains only to alternately extract four fragments.
Using this method, you can cut out some other tiles simple in configuration.
On sale there are all kinds of nozzles for an angular grinder, some of them provide connecting the vacuum cleaner pipe to the protective casing of the tool. At first glance, the thing is quite convenient, but it is better not to use such devices, since the hose strongly interferes in work and often only worsens the quality of the seam.
In addition, it is necessary to cut porcelain stoneware, be sure to hold the body of the corner grinder with both hands, while the left hand should rest on the stand or guide rail, and the tool is directly performed with the right hand. This method provides not only partial hand unloading, but also allows you to more accurately align the position of the cutting disk in the vertical plane.
Regardless of which disk and how to cut porcelain tiles, after completing the work, the edge is necessarily wiped with manual or tape sandpaper. In this case, it is only necessary to slightly align the lower edge of the porcelain tile and in no case touch the abrasive of the upper front edge, otherwise chips will appear, and the quality of the seam will noticeably deteriorate.
How to cut a porcelain tile angular grinder
The work begins by the fact that on the surface of the tiles they draw a fishing line for a trimmer, according to which they will perform a cut. For this purpose, use a special damn with a carbide tower or a very thin marker.
The tiles are placed on a flat surface and fixed with a clamp or tightly pressed to the surface. It is recommended to use a substrate, for example, a plywood sheet or a wood-piece plate.
The cut is performed on the front side. Thus, it turns out that most of the marriage and chips will be on the back side. The disk is carried out in the direction of themselves, each time deepening at 1?2 mm. It is recommended to deviate a little from the line because the diamond circle in the process of “eats” several millimeters of tiles. It is advisable to do it with one smooth movement, avoiding jerks and slowing down at the edge.
If there is an assistant, then he can with the help of a vacuum cleaner removes dust and garbage, in abundance formed during dry cutting.
When processing porcelain tile, corner grinder must strictly observe the safety rules. You can not remove a protective casing from a corner grinder, use circles of inappropriate diameter, as well as work without personal protective equipment: glasses, respirator, gloves.
Tips for professionals
Oddly enough, but the largest number of problems does not even arise with the drive or tool used to process porcelain tile, but directly with the diamond disc. The main claim to the diamond is a quick loss of cutting ability. As a result, with an increase in the supply and effort of the edge of the circle, it warms up and begins to lose diamond powder. If you try to cut at home in this mode for at least 10-20 seconds, then nothing will remain of the expensive disk.
In this case, before each cut, the edge is cleaned and restored, at home this can be done on ordinary red brick, performing several small cuts. This allows you to remove soft material adhering to a strip of diamond spraying.
Experienced craftsmen, before cutting tiles of porcelain tile, soak the material for 10-15 minutes in water. Artificial granite is very poorly absorbed in moisture, but a small amount of water still remains on the edge of the stove. As a result, at the first touch of the cutting edge to the surface, a beautiful input hole without chips is guaranteed to be guaranteed to be obtained.
How to saw porcelain tiles with a circular saw
Porcelain tiles can be trimmed and cut without any problems with a more powerful cutting tool, for example, a manual circular saw. Engine speed and power allow you to cut almost everything from wood to metal profile at home.
In order to cut porcelain tiles, the tool must be completed:
- Firstly, a standard disc with carbide attacks must be replaced with a diamond circle;
- Secondly, a ring-banding ring is laid under the fastening of the disk, thanks to which it is possible to extinguish vibrations and uncontrolled bending of a thin and flexible diamond circle.
The process of sawing the material is not much different from work on an electric tile, the only difference is that the engine power is noticeably higher. Therefore, it is necessary to carefully control the supply of the diamond circle with minimal effort, otherwise the porcelain tiles quickly overheat and split.
If you need to cut porcelain tiles in large quantities, then it is better than an electric machine not to find
This method of sawing porcelain tile is considered the most productive, but at home it is used for short.term pruning of a small amount of material. You can work only in the yard, in the garage, in the barn, but in no case inside the dwelling. The amount of dust, which is formed during sawing even a small amount of material, is about an order of magnitude exceeds all other methods of cutting. The only indisputable advantage of this option is that with the help of circular and diamond circle, you can cut a porcelain border under 45 degrees.
Highly specialized devices
Of course, the cutting methods that we discussed above are suitable for those who are not able to lay out a good amount for buying a machine for cutting porcelain tiles. However, for professional tiles, saving time for cutting porcelain tiles is fundamentally, so the machine will be very much by the way. Although only a straightforward cut is possible on the machine, most of the cuts are straightforward. In addition, a good machine will cut porcelain tiles at different angles.
In addition to a large allowable cut thickness, the machine has a number of advantages. Firstly, it will be possible to use wet cutting of porcelain tiles. This method reduces the likelihood of both overheating of the cutting disk and the appearance of chips on porcelain tiles. Secondly, hands are exempted from the load by the severity of the power tool. The machine has a platform on which the electric motor and cutting edge are rigidly fixed. Thirdly, the machine has devices for rectilinear progressive movement: either tiles or engine with a cutting tool. This avoids irregularities and significantly improves the quality of the cut. It remains only to control the speed of supply along the guides, while the cut is carried out. But the main advantage is the lack of dust when cutting tiles, which is especially true during the repair in the apartment.
Depending on how often and a lot of the master has to work with tiles, he might think about what type and size the machine for cutting a porcelain border will be needed. For example, if the work is carried out in a cramped room or not often, then the machine with the engine is located below the desktop more suitable. Such machines are less dimensional, light and much cheaper compared to machines with the upper location of the engine (for example, the model practice 1860 has an average). But this option has a greater restriction on the depth of cut. Not every model is equipped with guides for a straight.line supply of tiles and devices for fastening tiles, which requires some skills from the master. Also a cut at an angle of 45 degrees in many models is not provided for.
Wider opportunities and comfort when cutting porcelain tiles provide machines with the location of the engine above the desktop. For a master who specializes in working with tiles, this option will be definitely preferable. Although these machines will have large dimensions, they will provide more safe and comfortable working conditions, a much greater cut depth (up to 100. 135 millimeters), some models allow you to cut not only at an angle of 45 degrees, but also in intermediate values. Naturally, this type of machine tool will have more powerful engines and large diameters of cutting diamond circles. Some of these machines will be stationary, that is, have very large dimensions and mass.
Depending on the manufacturer, equipment, sizes and abilities, machines with the upper engine location have a wide range of prices. Here you can read a detailed overview of the tile cutters.
Gourmets of quality and delight
It’s no secret that there is a special category of customers who can be called gourmets of quality. They are ready to pay a lot of money for the work to be brought to perfection. Most likely, such a customer will be difficult to convince that you can manually make a fairly high.quality cutting of porcelain tile. Cramping of porcelain tiles may come to the rescue with water, or hydro.carbonated cutting. This is a modern technology that allows you to cut porcelain tiles with the highest quality. At home, this operation is not performed, since it requires special equipment. The main drawback is the high cost of this work, which, most likely, will not afford the usual customer.
The thickness with hydro.carbing cutting can reach several centimeters, while the product does not need additional grinding. A big plus of this method is the possibility of a high complexity of cut, which is impossible with manual methods. over, the complexity is not only in relation to the pattern of the cut line, but also the width of the cut parts. Hydroabraseic cutting of keamiconeal allows you to cut off the parts at an acute angle to the edge of the tile, cut off thin elements, cut holes and other complex cuts. Thanks to this, it becomes possible to create drawings, mosaics, panels and other images from porcelain tiles of various colors. Since the computer controls the computer, it is possible to adjust the mating parts with perfect accuracy. Indeed, gourmets will get the desired result.
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