How to cut a ceiling plinth: working with or without a tool
Any renovation requires attention to the smallest detail. How well a room is finished affects how it looks and feels. To a greater extent this applies to ceilings, which in most cases are not perfect, so to hide all the imperfections (their and the walls), many owners use ceiling skirting boards, which give the rooms a complete. If the installation of baguettes in straight areas is not particularly difficult, the joints of the elements in the corners require the utmost accuracy. Therefore, many owners, who are planning, or have already started the repair, are interested in how to cut the ceiling plinth, what tools can be used for this stage of the work.
The answer to the question of how to cut a ceiling plinth, depends on what material it is made of. Cutting is different, since the baguettes have different density. Therefore, the first thing to consider are the most popular materials, and at the same time the peculiarities of their cutting.
Such products have the lowest price, because the material is very unstable to mechanical impacts. Foam is easy to scratch, damaged by accidental impact. Pros. minimum weight, which simplifies gluing, easy processing, the ability to paint in any color.
This foam material consists of small granules, which are quite easy to separate from each other. However, they are the main disadvantage of such baguettes. They need a very sharp tool. Otherwise, the plinth can crumble, so it will be unsuitable for installation. This is true for both corner and straight cuts.
This contender is more expensive, but it does not differ from the first candidate very much, because it is a “relative” of foam: it is produced from expanded polystyrene. This material also consists of small granules-bubbles, but they are closer to each other denser. But Styrofoam will not tolerate a blade that is not too sharp, it will also crumble. Therefore, the master needs to prepare no less sharp implements.
The main advantage of foam and polystyrene foam is their softness, which allows you to avoid gaps by pressing the workpieces tightly to each other and to the corners.
Extruded polystyrene foam
EPPS is made from the same raw materials as conventional polystyrene foam, but in this case use a different, more advanced technology. Conventional EPS is made with steam, which is passed through the microgranules.
To obtain extruded polystyrene foam, the particles are mixed at high temperature and pressure, and then a foaming agent is added to the raw material. Granule size in this material is much smaller (maximum 0,2 mm), as a result it is less crumbly and more durable. Very sharp tools are not required to cut it, but bluntness of the cutting edge is also not welcomed.
Plastic skirting boards (PVC) is another type of ceiling product. They are usually purchased for finishing bathrooms. If we consider the topic “How to cut a ceiling plinth”, in this case they are exceptions, because for their docking use special, ready-made corners.
Generally speaking, these baguettes can be cut with a box cutter, a metal hacksaw, or a sharp kitchen tool. Since PVC products do not reshape due to their lack of elasticity, it is not recommended that they be pressed hard when being cut.
This is another representative of polymer products. It is characterized by high density and the absence of the disadvantages of previous competitors. It is easy to cut, so the tool must be sharp, but there are no maximum requirements for its sharpening. Polyurethane skirting boards do not crumble, do not become deformed and can handle practically any pressure with honour.
This traditional material is cut with conventional carpentry tools: for example, a jigsaw, hand or electric. Places of the cut are processed by sandpaper or file. Since such products are more expensive than other plinths, the work requires accuracy. A serious mistake can be made easily, but it can not be corrected. The consequence of negligence will be the purchase of a new baguette.
The ideal tool for cutting wooden pieces is an electric mitre saw. The biggest disadvantage of it. the high price, especially quality models. On the other hand, buyers have the opportunity to find an inexpensive tool that will do a decent job.
Tools to be used
First about how to cut a polymer or wood ceiling plinth, how to do it correctly and quickly. In this case 2 tools are required for the work. the jigsaw and the cutting tool.
What to cut the baseboards?
As for the latter, the choice depends on the material of the baseboard:
- Products made of foam plastic (all polystyrene) suggest the use of a sharp office knife;
- Polyurethane skirting boards are usually cut with a metal hacksaw;
- wood requires the “active” participation of a jigsaw or saw.
The second potential tool for polyurethane is the same office knife. The reason is the rather low density of the material. Another alternative is a sharp, well-sharpened kitchen knife. A special requirement for it is not too thick a blade.
A possible substitute for the wood jigsaw is a metal hacksaw. The blade that has the smallest serrations is optimal. Otherwise the tool will get stuck in the material, and in such conditions it is extremely difficult to make a flawless cut.
The chisel and its self-made
The chisel is the second indispensable tool for working with baseboards.
What it is?
Not everyone may know what it is. This is a device that makes it possible to cut any workpiece at different angles (45-90°). It is a trough consisting of a bottom and two sides in which slots are made for tools. At the bottom of it lay the material, and in the slots are inserted a hacksaw (knife, etc. д.). After sawing the baguettes, it is used to produce almost perfect blanks.
The chisel is a must for trimming any skirting boards, because a 45° angle is required for the joints of the elements. Otherwise, the connection of the parts will not work: either between the adjacent skirting boards will remain a gap, or they will simply need to be trimmed again, because it will be impossible to dock the adjacent products.
Yes, the remaining hole can be masked with some kind of compound. However, this option is still not the best. The filler may soon change color a little, and this discrepancy will be very noticeable. However, even here there is an exception.
How to Make a Jigsaw?
For self-made will need to find a board length of about a meter or more, or a sheet of plywood (chipboard). Still need to prepare:
- From the selected material cut 3 parts in width of 200 to 250 mm, their length. 300 mm (400, 500 mm). With the help of self-tapping screws they are connected in the shape of the letter “U”.
- Using a protractor, on the tops of the sides make marks corresponding to an angle of 45 ° (if necessary, and 90 °).
- Then take a hacksaw, which cut holes so that the grooves reach the bottom of the tool.
Finished holes are bored with a rasppil, so that the jigsaw or hacksaw can freely enter into them.
Outside corners are less common than inside corners, and they are much easier to trim. We’ll do it the other way around now, than when we cut the inside ones.
Initially we need to note where our corner will begin, and to do this we put the ceiling plinth to the wall with a marking: now the point of intersection of ceiling plinths will be the upper point of their adjacency, we mark it with a simple pencil and we can begin to prepare the plinth: to prepare the left-handed, we place the plinth in the mortar so that the baguette top was pressed to the wall, the bottom. to the bottom, and the long edge was on the right. Again we cut along the slit with a 45 degree mark. The right side corner is prepared in the same way, only the long edge of the fabric will be on the left.
In the case of rounded corners no devices will help us and we will have to do everything “by eye”.
The easiest way to make such a corner is to cut the ceiling plinth into several parts of about 5 cm each, trim all the parts on both sides and check the joints on the spot, adjust if necessary and glue them one by one. The pieces that will join with the main skirting at the beginning and end of the rounding, on one side leave flat. It is important not to mix up the pieces, so you can number them with a simple pencil.
- Do not worry that the joints in the ceiling plinth can leave gaps, because they are easy to putty and after drying and painting are invisible. The exceptions are wood skirting boards. even the putty in the shade can be noticeable.
- Try on the cuts even on the floor, as it is easier than on the stepladder. Do not glue on baseboards until you are sure everything is trimmed correctly.
- Don’t get upset if something fails and you have to adjust the cut several times, be patient and you will get it.
As the saying goes, when your eyes are afraid, your hands do the work! If you think through every movement well, there is nothing terrible about trimming the baseboard yourself, and a beautifully decorated room will delight the eye of the owner and his guests.
Quality repair involves careful and accurate attention to detail.
Completing the work with the ceiling, it is necessary to formalize it well. for this purpose, ceiling skirting boards are used. As a rule, the installation of strips does not cause much difficulty, have to tinker with the corners. Let’s take a closer look at how to cut a ceiling plinth in the corners, talk about different methods, and give useful recommendations
Ceiling plinths of any material can be cut using one of the following methods. They are suitable for all except for plastic: such decorate, using ready-made corners.
What tools are needed?
The following tools may be useful for ceiling plinth, depending on the chosen method of work:
- Wood saw. Useful for working with wooden ceiling plinths.
- Metal blade. Suitable for other types of skirting boards (foam, plastic, etc. д.).
- Chisel. The tool is a groove, which has the shape of an inverted U, where at angles of 45 ° and 90 ° are marked lines for the kerf.
- Electric mitre saw. Can be used instead of a joiner, helps achieve a high-precision cut.
- Electric jigsaw. Easy to operate, with it you can qualitatively and correctly cut the corner without burrs.
- A box cutter or a construction knife. Suitable for skirting boards made of foam plastic, it is important that it has an excellent cutting blade, and therefore must be well sharpened.
What tools can be used to cut corners
Cutting ceiling plinth (outer corner) with explanations will be a good help for the beginner.
How to cut a skirting board without a joiner
Suppose you have an urgent need to glue a ceiling skirting board.
How to make a corner without a joiner? It is possible, but will have to spend more time. It is necessary to act in this order.
- First cut both parts of the skirting board at a right angle.
- The position of the elements is marked on the wall, and a line is applied to trimmer their junction. As a result we will see two intersecting lines. The point of their intersection is projected directly on the skirting parts.
- The skirting board is applied to the ceiling and a trimmer line is drawn from one edge to the other.
- Parts are finished with a utility knife or a construction knife.
- A virtual mortar is drawn on paper, with lines drawn at the right angles. Baseboard tacks are attached to such a notch and performed the cut (while holding the blade of the knife vertically).
How to cut the corner of the ceiling plinth with Комментарии и мнения владельцев from a specialist will help to solve this problem.
Tip! Since the inner or outer corner is far from always perfectly shaped, the ceiling skirting will have noticeable gaps in the joints.
To make them less noticeable, plaster filler should be applied to the ends of the skirting boards before gluing them on. After the elements are joined, the excess putty is removed with a rubber spatula. All the gaps will be filled and the joint will be less noticeable.
It is not easy to glue and properly docked fillets with a pattern. What to do in such a case? The answer will prompt video.
How to correctly join baseboards in the corners
Correctly designed corners look attractive
As a rule, the design of corners, both internal and external, takes the bulk of time. Due to the fact that the ceiling plinths are characterized by a very complex shape, it is not so easy to just take and cut them at the right angle. You need to cut so that they docked in a corner without visible gaps. To get the corners literally perfect, there are several ways.
Using a power tool
The chisel, as a tool, is suitable if the corners of the room are joined at an angle of 90 degrees. The tool is a groove, in the form of the letter “U”, turned upside down. On the walls of the gutter made cuts at different angles. To evenly cut the decorative element, it is placed inside the trough, after which the element is cut at the desired angle with a hacksaw.
This is what the baseboard looks like. Can be plastic, wood or metal
Due to the fact that the skirting boards are complex in shape, they must be placed in the gutter so that they simultaneously pressed on two surfaces. the bottom and side. Depending on which corner is formed, the baseboard is pressed to the bottom and side, or the opposite, or the near surface.
As a rule, corners are trimmed to a 45 degree angle. First of all, you need to determine the length of the baseboard, placing certain marks on it. After that, the decor element is placed in the chair so that the mark corresponds to the maximum length of the element, and then the element is cut off. You must also remember that the left side of the baseboard is placed on the left side of the jigsaw, and the right side of the baseboard is placed on the right side of the jigsaw.
How to cut a corner on the ceiling plinth: properly install it in the jig
Ceiling baseboards are attached to the ceiling by one side and the other to the wall, so the part that is attached to the ceiling, laid on the underside of the jigsaw. It is very important to hold the baseboard firmly and securely in the process of cutting, because otherwise the cut surface is unlikely to be flat and smooth. Having cut in this way the left and right part, you get either the inner or outer corner.
How to cut a corner on a skirting board: position it correctly in the jigsaw
First both parts are attached to the mounting area without glue to check the quality of the work. If the corners do not match, they are adjusted with a suitable tool. The advantage of polystyrene ceiling plinths is that small imperfections can be hidden by covering them with putty.
After a final check, a thin layer of special glue is applied to both surfaces of the skirting board.
How to make the inner corner of the ceiling plinth using the jigsaw
The technique of fitting ceiling skirting boards in the corners is almost the same, regardless of which corner it is, internal or external. After applying the glue, the baseboard is pressed against both the wall and the ceiling. Naturally, the force needs to be controlled, especially if the decor elements are made of foam. Not only that, but you must wear gloves so as not to smear the surface of the skirting boards, which can easily get dirty.
Selection of tools for cutting ceiling baseboards
To cut ceiling plinths accurately and correctly, you must use a suitable cutting tool. It is chosen depending on the material from which the fillets are made:
Styrofoam. It has low strength and is relatively inexpensive, and therefore foam models are becoming more and more popular. Their strength does not particularly affect the performance, because usually the ceiling plinth is not subjected to mechanical stress. An ordinary office knife is suitable for cutting.
You can buy it in a construction store or make it with your own hands according to these instructions:
Three boards 5015 cm nailed a long rib in the shape of a three-sided rectangular box. Pay attention, between the side planks and the transverse plank must comply with the angle of 90 degrees.
To work with this homemade device was convenient and safe, the boards should be well sanded before binding.
Technology of cutting ceiling plinths
For quick and quality work it is necessary to choose the tool according to the material of the plinth and choose the way of cutting. If you have a planking plane, then there will be no special difficulties in the process. If you do not have it, then there are two options: to cut according to the template and measurements on the ceiling, or to make this tool yourself.
Features of cutting ceiling plinths in the joiner
Work with this device should be extremely carefully, so as not to dull the tool and not to leave a notch in unnecessary places. In the process, follow the following instructions:
Fix the baguette in the jig the way you plan to place it on the wall. The side that will be pressed to the ceiling in the mortar, should be adjacent to the sidewall.
When cutting and trimming products from polyurethane foam and remember that these materials crumble and press through, so the tools must be sufficiently sharp, and strong mechanical action on them is undesirable.
Technique of cutting ceiling plinths on the template
This method can be used if your corners are straight, and you need to trim the baguette exactly 45 degrees. To do this, before you cut the ceiling molding in the corners, you need to draw a jig on heavy paper. Draw two parallel lines and mark the corners at the desired degrees, using a protractor.
We place the fillet in this case in the same way as on a traditional chair. Note that you need to cut the skirting, keeping the tool in a strictly vertical position.
Rules of cutting ceiling plinths according to the marking
This method is used to cut the skirting boards in cases where there is no jigsaw, or parts that can be made from it.
To do this, you need to make a marking on the wall in this order:
Putting the baguette in the corner to the fixing point.
When cutting in this way, it is important to accurately draw all lines and mark points. A mistake of even a few millimeters will cause a gap. This method is suitable for cutting and docking both inside and outside corners of the ceiling plinth.
The way of cutting a ceiling plinth without a joiner
To accurately join the inner corners of the fillets, you can do without a plier.
Apply the end part of the baguette to a sheet of paper and trace the contour of the convex side. It is more convenient to use a small section of the skirting board (if available).
Selecting tools for cutting ceiling plinths
To properly and accurately cut the ceiling plinth, you need to use the right tool for cutting. It is chosen depending on the material from which the skirting boards are made:
Styrofoam. Characterized by low strength and costs relatively inexpensive, and therefore foam models are becoming increasingly popular. Their strength does not particularly affect the performance, because usually the ceiling plinth is not subjected to mechanical loads. A normal office knife is suitable for cutting.
It can be purchased in a construction store or make it with your own hands according to these instructions:
Three 5015 cm boards are nailed by the long edge into a shape of a three-sided rectangular box. Note the angle of 90 degrees between the side planks and the cross plank.
To work with this homemade device was convenient and safe, the boards should be well sanded before binding.
Cutting technology for ceiling skirting boards
For prompt and quality work it is necessary to select the tool according to the material of the skirting and choose the method of cutting. If you have a jig, then there will be no special difficulties in the process. If it does not exist, then there are two options: to cut according to the template and measurements on the ceiling, or to make this tool yourself.
Features of cutting ceiling plinths in the jigsaw
Work with this device should be extremely careful not to blunt the tool and not to leave jigsaws in unnecessary places. In the process, we adhere to the following instructions:
Fix the baguette in the jig the way you plan to place it on the wall. The side that will be pressed to the ceiling in the chair must touch the sidewall.
When cutting and trimming foam and polyurethane products, remember that these materials crumble and squeeze, so tools should be sharp enough, and strong mechanical action on them is undesirable.
Technique of cutting ceiling plinths using a template
This method can be used if you have. even corners, and you want to trim the baguette exactly 45 degrees. To do this, before you cut the ceiling plinth in the corners, you need to draw a jig on heavy paper. Draw two parallel lines and mark corners at the right degrees, using a protractor.
Place the fillet in this case in the same way as in a traditional jigsaw. Note that you must cut the skirting boards, keeping the tool in a strictly vertical position.
Rules for cutting ceiling plinths according to the markings
This method is used to cut a baseboard in cases where there is neither a chisel, nor parts from which it can be made.
To do this, you need to make a marking on the wall in this order:
We put the baguette in the corner to the place of attachment.
Performing the cutting in this way, it is important to accurately draw all lines and mark points. A mistake of even a few millimeters will cause a gap. This method is suitable for cutting and docking both the inner and outer corners of the ceiling plinth.
How to cut a ceiling plinth without a chisel
To neatly join the internal corners of the skirting boards, you can do without a wire cutter.
We enclose the end part of the baguette to a sheet of paper and trace the contour of the convex side. It is more convenient to use a small section of the baseboard (if available).
Not every interior design involves the use of ceiling plinth, but most often the overall appearance of the room seems incomplete without it. In the attachment of this element. moldings. there is nothing difficult, almost all types of baseboards are mounted on the glue. But the question of how to properly cut the ceiling plinth in the corners of the premises, can puzzle many.
After all, even in the simplest of rooms, there are interior corners where ceiling plinth strips must be accurately and beautifully joined. And in a more complex configuration of the room will also have to join the skirting, performing an external corner. In this article we will consider different options how to cut the ceiling plinth with improvised tools and without them.
To begin with, we should deal with the question of what to cut the ceiling plinth, the answer depends on the material from which the fillet is made. Currently sold PVC, Styrofoam, polyurethane and wood skirting boards.
PVC ceiling skirting boards are the cheapest.
They are easy to form dents and creases that can not be repaired, so the product must be thrown out. Also, their disadvantage is electrostatic. the ability to attract dust. They can be cut with a sharp construction knife or a hacksaw.
Styrofoam ceiling skirting boards are also among the cheapest. This material is very fragile, when processed easily crumbles, so cut the polystyrene must be a sharp knife or hacksaw for metal, not making too much pressure.
Ceiling baseboards made of extruded polystyrene foam are slightly more expensive than polystyrene foam, denser than they are and more difficult to cut. However, they are less crumbly, so they are easier and quicker to work with. Cut with a construction knife and a metal hacksaw.
Polyurethane skirting boards are the most expensive at the moment. They are strong, flexible and moisture-resistant, can easily be cut with a construction knife and do not crumble.
A disadvantage of polyurethane skirting boards is their dependence on temperature differences. For example, over a gas stove, a polyurethane skirting board will acquire residual deformations and begin to crack slightly. If you try to cut or trim such a skirting board, it might warp or deform in other ways.
Wooden ceiling plinths are dense, heavy products that can only be cut with a hacksaw, preferably with fine, frequent teeth. Metal skirting boards can also be used.
Before proceeding to the enumeration of ways, how to properly cut the ceiling plinth, I would like to note that there is a possibility not to cut the plinth with particular precision.
Special corner elements are available on the market, into which the edges of the skirting board are inserted. In this case, the baseboard plank is enough to trim at an angle of 90 °, and the corner element will hide all the flaws. But this method is not always used, because the size of the corner elements is somewhat larger than the baseboards themselves, so the corners in the room will stand out against the background.
Sometimes it can look tacky. Nevertheless, if the design of the room allows the use of corner elements for ceiling plinths, it makes sense to use them. The following instructions will be useful to those who still decided to accurately cut the baseboards to a given angle.
How to cut the corner of the ceiling plinthing with a plasterboard
The chisel is a simple carpentry tool that allows you to cut a piece of wood at the desired angle.
The most common is a tray of plastic, wood or metal with vertical slots for cutting at 90° and 45° angles. There are also more complex designs of the plinth cutter. for cutting at angles of 90, 60 and 45 degrees. For more professional work use the power plier with a pivoting mechanism, where the hacksaw can be fixed at any angle to the workpiece.
How to cut a ceiling skirting board with a power wire. inside corner:
- Hold the skirting board against the ceiling, measure the required length.
- Then put the skirting board into the jig saw, so that its position coincides with the position of the skirting board on the ceiling.
- The skirting board must be pressed to the far wall of the frame.
- Holding the skirting board with the left hand.
- We choose the position of the hacksaw so that the angle is 45 degrees, with the handle of the hacksaw as close as possible to the left hand.
- We cut the workpiece without exerting excessive pressure on the saw.
- The next step is to cut the skirting board. Place it against the far wall of the baseboard frame.
- Press it down and hold it with the right hand.
- Choose a position for the hacksaw when the angle is 45 degrees and the handle of the hacksaw is close to the right hand.
- Cut the skirting.
Next, fit the cut skirting boards and check the accuracy of the cut. For more accurate orientation it is also said that to do the inner corner you need to start cutting from the front part of the skirting board. Wooden skirting boards after trimming, most likely, will need more fit a file.
How to cut a ceiling skirting board with a wire cutter. the outer corner:
- To avoid size mistakes, it is best to start by marking the inside corner, and then cut the outside corner. Otherwise it is possible that the skirting board may not be long enough.
- It is necessary to put the plank to the ceiling and mark the measurements.
- Install the ceiling plinth trim and press it against the nearest wall.
- Hold with the left hand and choose a position for the hacksaw at a 45 degree angle, when the handle is close to the left hand.
- Cutting the workpiece.
- Place the skirting board against the nearest wall, hold it in place with your right hand.
- We set the hacksaw at a 45 degree angle with the handle close to the right hand.
- Cut off the workpiece and join the corner.
Trimming the workpiece with a jig is suitable only if the angle between the walls is even. 90 degrees. If the accuracy leaves much to be desired, we will have to use other methods.
The second method. without additional tools
For the inside corner you can use the easiest way to perfect the joint. by marking on the ceiling. Another example of how to cut a corner nice and flat.
The end result is an even angle of 45 °, if you draw a line for a trimmer from the point of intersection to the edge of the workpiece. Note that the above method of marking works only if the corners are perfectly flat.
With good eye and hand accuracy, you can use a homemade template, which resembles an imitation of a jigsaw. For this take a thin board or thick plywood and draw a layout in the form of a horizontal rectangle. Using a protractor, mark 45° on the right and left sides of the rectangle. Draw lines connecting opposite edges. Now you can cut the ceiling plinth with this layout. The steps are simple and similar to the first option above. Only the ceiling parts should not be inserted, but overlap the drawing and align the hacksaw with the layout markings.
Special docking accessories
Installing ceiling skirting boards, you can bypass the question of how to cut the corner of the side. In a situation where you do not want to cut anything, if you are a woman and like beauty, but not carpentry work, you can go the other way. We advise to pick up for their finishing skirting, to which the store you will find a matching pattern of the part that closes the junction. This saves time and effort.