How to cut a porcelain tile with a corner grinder without chips
Masters who lay porcelain tiles on the floor know that the qualitative result depends on the ability to cut the material. The cut itself is simple, but getting the perfect incision without chips is difficult. In order not to spoil the card, it is necessary to control the process at all its stages, choose the right equipment, mode and speed of work. We will tell you how to correctly and without shavings cut a porcelain tile with a corner grinder.
|Disk Dia Diamond Bosch Standard for Ceramic 2608602202, 125 mm 1 pcs.
|Disk Diamond Granite BPS 250825, 230 mm 1 pc.
|Disk Diamond Granite CPST 250827, 125 mm 1 pc.
|Disk cut diamond Metabo Promotion 624307000, 125 mm 1 pc.
|Disk Diamond detachment Hilberg HM402, 125 mm 1 pcs.
How to cut porcelain tiles so that there are no chips
To obtain a perfectly uniform cut, the following cutting conditions must be observed:
- The corner grinding machine is securely attached to the leg with a disk up.
- In this case, the equipment should not be below a few millimeters from the surface of the table.
- It is best to use a guide tire as a support for a corner grinder body.
- A sheet of metal is placed on the table, on which porcelain tiles are placed.
- It is not necessary to cut the material by weight, in such conditions the disk bends, which will lead to the appearance of chips or cracks on the processed surface.
- The procedure is carried out “independently”, at an average speed.
- Porcelain tile must be sawed from the front side so that the tool is well adjacent to the material.
- The section from the back will lead to the appearance of grooves in front.
It is not recommended to remove the protective casing, which gives the tool a weight that provides protection against sparks and dust.
The main errors that lead to the formation of chips when cutting porcelain tiles with a grinding machine include the performance of the operation with burden, the use of inappropriate equipment, excessive pressure on the tool or the inability to cool the fishing line for the cutting trimmer.
Features of the material
On the one hand, porcelain stoneware is a strong material that withstands the fall of objects and does not crack. In its strength, it is compared with the diamond. In this case, the structure is homogeneous, almost without por. But on the other hand, this is a material that is split with a strong fall or improper transportation. Therefore, when cutting, it is necessary to be as neat and attentive as possible. Otherwise you can damage many tiles.
Another moment is a wear resistance class. It also affects the strength of the material. The higher the class, the more difficult it is to spoil the porcelain stoneware. Therefore, you can’t take such a material with a simple glass cutter. It is necessary to select a special tool with a cutting element of high quality and strength.
Production technologies are constantly being improved, which allows you to get increasingly thin, but durable plates. And it becomes increasingly difficult for masters to work with the material. What to use. a tile cutter, an angular grinder to minimize the risk of chips and uneven cutting? We will deal with the nuances of work at home, learn the subtleties of work and features of the use of the tool.
How to cut porcelain tiles properly. Photo of example
How to cut porcelain tiles
Inexperienced masters often think that cutting porcelain tiles is as simple as ceramic tiles. But in practice, everything is much more complicated. Experts advise adhere to recommendations:
- Start cut from the upper edge, since most chips are formed at the place of the tool exit from the canvas.
- Select as low as possible the thickness of the cutting disk for a grinding machine to minimize chips.
- Regulate the speed of cutting in different areas of porcelain. For example, closer to the edges of the tiles. reduce, and in the middle. increase.
- Leave a small allowance for defects so that it is possible to polish the edge.
And most importantly. pay attention to the tool. It should be of high quality, sharp. Otherwise, getting an even cut will not work.
Porcelain Diamond Blade
Than cutting porcelain tiles
In the choice of equipment, it all depends on the thickness of the stove. You can use both an amateur tool and professional:
- tile cutter. mechanical or electric;
- corner grinder;
- circulation saw;
- Hydroabrase equipment.
With the help of some tools, you can get not only the smooth edge of the canvas, but also carry out artistic cutting, create elements of ornament. However, we still recommend working with a professional tool and entrust the cutting of experts.
How to cut porcelain tiles properly. Photo of example
Cutting porcelain tiles at home
Mechanical tile cutter
The optimal device for home conditions is a mechanical tile cutter. This device, consisting of a bed, guides in the form of a rail, a moving roller and special paws that hold the tiles during operation. With the help of the video, an incision is once made, along which the tile is carefully broken. It is important that the video is sharp and the runners are lubricated. In this case, it will be convenient to use the device, and the cut will turn out to be neat. It is important to understand that this tool is not suitable for cutting embossed tiles and tiles covered with a face. chips can form, because the relief and the boundar do not allow you to cut the icing in some places. Another drawback of manual tile cutters. over time, play may appear, which also leads to the formation of irregularities and chips on the cut line. But even in this case, everything is not so hopeless, the uneven edge can be hidden behind the baseboard.
Electric tile cutter
Electric tile cutter (wet cut). serious equipment for obtaining the perfect result even when cutting subtle porcelain tiles. This device consists of a camp (table), guides, a diamond circle, an electric motor and a water supply system. Water is needed in order to avoid dust when working with the material. Depending on the model of tile cutter, the water is either supplied automatically, or in manual mode a diamond disk is moistened. In the process of work, the water must be changed so as not to spoil the diamond circle, at the end of the work, the disk is thoroughly washed. With the help of spick, figured, but not rounded cutting of porcelain tile, for example, with the aim of creating an angle of 90 ° is possible.
If there is no machine for cutting porcelain tiles at hand, you can use the corner grinder. However, it is worth noting immediately that this method is unsafe and requires dexterity. Corner grinding is good to cut the material, cut it in non.standard sizes. You can work with this tool with porcelain tiles only with a diamond disk with a smooth surface and without holes. An inexpensive and practical tool is often used for curly cutting, but the risk of getting a poor.quality slice with microcracks becomes higher, which should not be forgotten. There are other features of cutting porcelain tiles with a corner grinder:
It is necessary to cut the material with a 2-3-mm displacement in Betamely (the circle “eats” a few millimeters)
The disk is installed in the direction of the mechanism
Thin porcelain tile is cut with smooth movements “Forward-Nazad”
Fat porcelain tile is cut only in one direction
Hydrobrazive, circular saw, jigsaw
Curly cutting at a professional level is performed exclusively with the help of hydrobraisive. Panels, wavy lines and patterns. all this is possible on a computerized machine.
The circular saw with a diamond disk also often helps out at home. The incision is not perfectly even, but the shortcomings can always be sanded.
Another device for curly cutting porcelain tiles is a jigsaw with a diamond wire. The device requires skills and accuracy in the process of operation: you need to constantly blow dust to see a fishing line for a trimmer of marking, and the tile itself must be moistened.
Whatever the tool is chosen, experts advise following the general rules:
cut on the front side, since chips are most often formed at the output of the cutter from the plate
When cutting, use the thinnest discs
reduce the speed of the cutter at the beginning and at the end of cutting
Mechanical tiles requires greater pressure on the lever than when cutting simple tiles
leave a small supply so that the edge can be corrected
No need to make a common markup for all tiles
What is the Cersanit experts cutting porcelain tiles
Cersanit specialist Elena Podolskaya is sure that no manual glass cutters, stone canvases and electrolobsics are suitable for neatly cutting hard porcelain stoneware. Do not forget that these are just auxiliary tools, which, most likely, will not even be needed if there are special devices at hand.
«Я рекомендую добиваться золотой середины тремя способами:
с помощью сухого пликореза и посредством доведения срезов до идеального состояния вручную абразивами. Важно: это должен выполнять опытный специалист!
с помощью электроплиткореза с алмазным диском. Страдает скорость, но качество среза становится выше.
Recommendations for choosing a corner grinder
It is preferable to use a small angular grinder with the ability to adjust the speed. Small weight will more accurately conduct operations. High power during cutting is not required. For any operations with tiles, a power of up to 1 kW is quite enough.
But the speed of rotation in some operations is desirable to reduce. Reducing the speed of rotation will reduce the likelihood of chips, cracking tiles.
When choosing a corner grinder, it is recommended to pay attention to the possibility of speed control. In the figure, an example of a control regulator close.up.
A corner grinder for 125 mm disks is optimal for a seat. In general, you can cut off a circle with any diameter. Reducing the speed of rotation is critical in certain situations, which will be described below. The smaller the cut.out circle, the more jewelry operations can be carried out, on the other hand, a small cutting circle is ineffectively use for a large amount of work. the circle will quickly grind. From a powerful, heavy tool, muscle voltage quickly appears and as a result, accuracy and accuracy decreases.
Summarizing, it is better for the purposes of working with tiles of a medium.sized tool with an adjustable speed speed.
Choice of a disk
Generally speaking, you can cut off any circle. The question is another, how to cut off with a given level of quality, minimal difficulties and expenses. The first disk that came under the arm can leave too many chips, break the tiles or quickly fail. But in case of extreme need and without complaints about quality, you can cut it so.
Advice! For cutting tiles with corner grinders, it is recommended to use only steel discs with diamond spraying with a thickness of 2 mm.
Disks with a diamond circle of smaller thickness are used in machines. When using them with a manual tool, the likelihood of shock and jerks increases, which leads to damage to the cladding, destruction of the disk.
Dias with diamond spraying release several types:
- Segmented. The surface of the disk is divided into equal segments. Diamond spraying is applied to the cutting edge. During work, thanks to the slots, partial cooling of the disk occurs. note! Such cooling only increases the term of continuous work (maximum up to 1.5 minutes). Then you need to take the tool and give the disk to cool (20. 30 seconds. at idle). Discs are intended for dry cutting;
- Solid. Full circle with diamond chips applied to the edge. Intended for working with water cooling. It is convenient to process the edge of the cut tiles, segmented for this is not suitable for this disk. The cut after such a disk is more accurate. For cooling, you can periodically moisten the tile, use a spray gun or cool more often. The speed of work will be noticeably lower;
- Combined. Universal discs for dry and wet cutting. Lose in terms of cooling with segmented, in terms of the quality of the cut continuous.
An example of diamond cutting circles: segmented, continuous, combined.
To reduce chips, it is desirable that the height of diamond spraying is greater than the thickness of the material that is cut.
When working, it is important to monitor the state of the disk. With the slightest damage, the disk changes. Otherwise, the work with a defective disk will lead to chips, the destruction of the tiles or to the traumatic destruction of the disk itself. (As a variant of minor defects. the appearance of sparking during cutting. There should not be sparks, a spark means that a metal base is touched, which means either a diamond spray or a metal osuysin, chips are either emerged. You can try to hide a defect on stone, plaster, concrete. If sparking continues, it is recommended to change the disk).
Quite a lot of different qualities and various purposes are produced. In addition to types, thickness and heights of spraying, the density of spraying, the size of the applied diamond particles is important. For cutting tiles with corner grinders, such parts may not be very much affected, but when cutting thick floor tiles, dense ceramics, especially porcelain tiles. the choice of disk can become critical. In these cases, it is recommended to try several discs on pieces of material and choose the best option.
Before any operations, thorough measurements are carried out and lines are applied to the material along which it is required to cut off the excess. It is recommended to use markers different from tiles, as a simple pencil does not leave traces on the surface well. It is even better to carefully reign the fishing line for the trimmer (for example, glass cutting), since a lot of dust is formed and when shaking you can simply erase the drawn fishing line for the trimmer.
This is the easiest cut. A corner grinder of any kind can be produced, regardless of the material: porcelain tile, ceramics, tiles. At the same time, making a perfectly straight cut with a manual electric tool represents a certain complexity. Therefore, they resort to small tricks.
If the cut quality does not matter much (closed with skirting boards, for example), then you can cut it with your foot on the tile or putting on a rough surface (your own weight of the tile is enough so that it does not move during the operation). In any other case, reliable fixation is required. To do this, it is most convenient to use any clamps. Clamp tiles or fragment is attached to the surface (table, a piece of plywood, wood-bruise, etc.D.). For small cuts, you can use a workbench, for cutting along the entire length of the workbench is not very convenient.
Some methods that improve the quality of the cut:
- To obtain accurate cut, a steel tape or steel corner is attached along the line. You can fix it on the tiles with the same clamps. Then cuts are cut directly along the corner. The disk is carried out at a slight angle (10. 15º) to the steel mount.
To get a direct cut, the tile is cut along the fixed metal corner.
Advice! It is not necessary to completely cut off the piece. It is enough to make a deep incision (2/3 of the thickness is enough even when cut off at the very edge), and then break off in any way (put in two drills and press, grab the edge with pliers and break off, etc.D.).
If there are no features (something interferes, the line is not visible, etc.D.), then always cut from themselves. If you do not have a lot of experience with a corner grinder, then it is recommended to cut into several aisles: the first shallow incision (1. 5 mm) and the following with about the same immersion.
Usually the cutting of the round holes is highlighted. But the technique of cutting corner grinding of round holes and any curly cuts is no different. The use of corner grinder is justified to cut large holes (over 50. 100 mm). Smaller holes are drilled. medium.sized corner grinder (125 mm disks) is unlikely to cut a hole of less than 100 mm.
Lines for a trimmer cut on both sides of the tile are marked. It is recommended to cut by leaving a fishing line for a trimmer (up to 2. 3 mm), unless of course you need an even cut without chips.
Cutting with a jigsaw
This method will also require considerable effort and is rather suitable for modest volumes of tiles designed for cutting. Unlike alternative methods, this option involves sawing ceramic granite. By the way, knowledge of how to cut porcelain tiles with a jigsaw will allow you to perform similar operations with a hacksaw for metal. In addition to patience, you should stock up on interchangeable cutting canvases, which will surely require work with dense material.
First of all, it is necessary to fix the file. According to the intended line on the tile, it should be drawn in a jigsaw so that the maximum smooth cut is formed. To exclude the likelihood of overheating of the tool, it is also necessary to moisten the material. This is how the electric model works, but there are also manual jigsaws, which, with appropriate dexterity and efforts, allow you to create accurate and even curly cuts. Again, the main thing is to use the files suitable for specific purposes or diamond wires. Of course, the cutting procedure will take a lot of time, but this is one of the best examples that demonstrate how to cut porcelain tiles at home with maximum accuracy. This method is especially useful if you need to create curved cuts in wall tiles for the further implementation of electrical devices.
Complex curly cutting of porcelain tile
Very often in the tile of porcelain tiles you need to cut curly sections. For example, for curved steps, holes in tiles for columns or pipes. How to do this?
Using a corner grinder, you can make a complex curly cutting of porcelain tile
What is the way to choose to figure out the tiles of porcelain tile:
What are the advice of a specialist in these cases? Ring Saw. perfectly copes with the task when it is necessary to make round holes in porcelain tiles. But alas, she works slowly, but neatly. Ballerina. also copes with the task of cutting round holes in the tile, but does it very inaccurate, the edges remain uneven and often have to be modified manually, and pruning is inevitable. Corner grinder is the best option for curved sections.
When cutting tiles, the cutter should pass a little further the cut line 2-3 mm towards chips.
Thus, it is possible to correct the uneven cut of the grinding machine. A grinding machine needs to work “from yourself”. All the ends of the tiles must be polished with a grinding machine or sandpaper. Next is the final processing of the cuts of the tile-it is necessary to bring the grinding machine, using flexible grinding circles of 0-100 grain.
How to cut tiles with a corner grinder without chips and dust?
The processing is preceded by thorough measurements. the marking is applied with a marker on the outside. Since it is impossible to perform a perfectly even cut in most cases, they make small allowances to trim with a sharpener or a supra.
The easiest processing option, which even newcomers cope with. cutting tiles with corner grinding in a straight line. First, the tool is fixed on a flat surface. It is necessary to place it so that the cutting edge hangs from the site. The direction of cutting should remain in the zone of visibility of the tile, while the tile is placed with the front side up.
Keep a grinding machine with the direction of cut from themselves, moving along the planned line. Ideally, the cut should be performed in one pass, only then it will turn out even.
It is more difficult than the first option, requires a certain dexterity. They process the tile with short cuts along the tangent line to the outer contour of the drawn figure (oval, circle). This will cut off small extra fragments, and then achieve the desired configuration.
They also plan small allowances for trimming, and at the end they finish the circuit with grinding, achieving smooth lines and removing chips.
Performing rectangular holes in the tile
After outlining the boundaries of the rectangle to its outer surface, the plates of steel are applied. The longitudinal plate will play the role of the line, and the transverse. the limiter of the movement of the cutting tool.
To fix the plates use adhesive tape or clamps. Next, cut through small grooves, bypassing the created contour, and then gradually deepen inside.
It is possible to facilitate the work using a drill. Several holes with a diameter of about 5 mm with a diameter of about 5 mm are drilled inside the circuit, and then through the angules, through.
only holes of a large diameter are cut with corner grinder. small ones are performed by a drill or a pedorator.
- Through the center of the circle, two straight lines are planned, located perpendicular to each other.
- By directing a grinding machine at an angle, a small recess along the length of the circle is made, trying to adhere to its inner diameter.
- Gradually move in a circle, evenly tiles of tile thickness.
- As soon as the recess is sufficient, straight perpendicular lines that go through the center of the circle are tied.
- Gently remove the first segment to avoid chips, then remove or knock out the remaining three.
A file wrapped around the bar is used to trim the spille line.
Cutting at a 45-degree angle
Cut the tiles of the corner grinding when installing plastic or metal corners. This will help to form a beautiful edge in the form of a bevel during a diagonal layout of a tile.
A flat and fast tied up to really perform only a nozzle with diamond spraying. The tile is placed under the edge glazed side down. Passing the corner grinder at an angle of 45 °, grind the back. As soon as the angle is formed, the actions are repeated, moving around the edge of the cut.
Some masters begin work with rectangular cutting tiles. Then the nozzle is directed so as to remove excess ceramics at a given angle. Completes the work of the edge.
The corner cutting of ceramic tiles with a corner grinder at home is recommended to be performed by those models of the Bulgarians, where there is a adjustment of the disk rotation speeds.
Cutting tiles with corner grinders is a painstaking and complex process. Therefore, it is recommended to initially practice in handling the device. try to process several elements, and then start finishing work.
Making holes in porcelain tiles and ceramic tiles
Holes with a diameter of up to 12 mm in porcelain border are drilled by drill with winning tips. The electric drill should be a power of more than 800 watts, its cartridge must be visible, that is, not “beat” during rotation. If the surface is too smooth and there is a risk that the drill can start sliding, then 3-4 strips of paper adhesive tape are glued to the site where drill will be drilled.
Holes with a diameter of 30, 40, 50, 60 mm on porcelain tiles are made with crowns made of hard.wooped metal with teeth, on which a winning spraying is applied. Initial drilling with such crowns is always carried out at small speeds, and only when the teeth of the crowns go deep into porcelain tiles by at least 3 mm, they proceed to faster drilling. Minus of winning crowns. the ability to perform only standard holes.
A hole with a non.standard diameter, for example, 55 or 68 mm in porcelain tiles or tiles are made by a ballerinka. The ballerinka is a drill with a winning tip, in the middle of which a horizontal holder is fixed in a tripod method. At the remote end of the holder vertically, parallel to the drill, there is a round or hexagonal metal rod, with a cutter installed at the end. For example, it is necessary to perform a hole with a diameter of 58 mm (a hole for the sewer pipe from the sink), which means that 58 is divided by 2 and receive a radius of 29 mm. Next, using the ruler, the position of the cutter holder is set on the ballerinaster so that there is a gap of 29 mm between the cutter and the center of the drill.
Drill holes with a ballerinkle with maximum caution. The tile should lie horizontally evenly, and the angle of the central drill in the ballerinka with respect to the tile should be 90 °. The slightest skew and cutter of the ballerina can break the tile.
Holes of more than 100 mm in diameter (for a sewer riser or ventilation duct) in porcelain tackle perform a small angular grinder with a diamond disk. Initially, a couple of pieces of paper tape are glued to porcelain tiles. After that, stuck in the tape of the compass, draw the right circle. Next, a protective casing is removed from a small corner grinder. Cutting holes of more than 100 mm is carried out by holding the corner grinder absolutely in an upright position in relation to the tile, gently producing a cut in a circle.
Given that a protective casing will be temporarily removed from an angular grinder, be sure to use protective glasses, long sleeves and gloves during operation, since there will be a lot of chips to fly a lot.
What to do when it is necessary to make a hole in the glass?
The fact that glass or mirror can be trimmed using glass cutter, probably many. But often during finishing work in the bathroom, it becomes necessary to drill glass or mirror. If there is no way to take the mirror to the “glass cutter”, then the hole can be drilled in the following sequence:
Paper tape is glued to the back and front side of the mirror;
From children’s plasticine, a ring with a breeze height of 2 cm is made and tightened to the front surface of the mirror;
A turpentine is poured into the plasticine ring until the middle;
Drilling in turpentine is produced with winning drills with a diameter of up to 6 mm or cast round copper or brass residential. You can also use the old even sting from the soldering iron.
Features of the material
Raw materials consisting of clay, kaolin, quartz sand, field spar and mineral additives are pressed under high pressure and then sinter at high temperatures. The resulting material has practically no pores and has a firmness of equal hardness of corundum (7. 8 on the Moos scale). Inferior in firmness to only a few materials, such as diamond, sapphire, ruby and so on. At the same time, thin tiles (3 mm and thinner) are quite fragile.
note! Cutting the material of such hardness will not turn out with hand glass cutters, stone canvases and electrician. They can only be used as an auxiliary tool.
Consider two methods of cutting tiles at home. The methods have restrictions that will be discussed below, as well as ways to circumvent these restrictions. Acceptable results can be achieved, but it is better to cut porcelain tiles on professional equipment. Only he will give a guaranteed result for an acceptable time with a relatively large amount of work.
Cutting corner grinding
Corner grinding machine (angular grinder). a universal tool for cutting and processing many materials. Due to its universality, it does not apply to specifications. In the household, with the help of a corner grinder, you can solve many issues.
In order to cut off porcelain tiles, almost any corner grinder is suitable. There is no need for high power. A small, light tool is even preferable to use. The turns are more important, not the power. A powerful tool will cut the tile faster, but just the speed here can affect negatively. it will turn out less carefully.
The main issue is the selection of a cutting circle. It is the choice of a circle that should be paid special attention. And this is not about the landing size (it is granted).
Choosing a cutting disk
The material is cut only with diamond discs. Diamond discs produce two types: solid and segment. To obtain the best results, it is recommended to try to make cuts with different cuts. For cutting porcelain tiles, there are features when using both continuous and segmented discs:
Continuous are positioned by manufacturers mainly for “wet” cutting. T.e. for cutting with water cooling or special liquids. And are not used for cutting without cooling, as they can quickly fail. However, when is the task of obtaining a cut with as few chips as possible, it is a continuous disk that can be better suited. This is situational and largely dependent on the specific material (quality, thickness, relief, etc.) that is processed;
In addition to the type, the discs are characterized by a whole set of parameters: the density of diamond spraying, the height of the cutting edge, the thickness of the disk, etc. It is better to follow the recommendations of disk manufacturers. The discs themselves usually indicate for what purposes they are used.
For cut with manual corner grinding, disks less than 2.0 mm thick are not acceptable. The height of the cutting edge should be greater than the thickness of the tile (affects the cleanliness of the cut).
Advice! Check the condition of the disk in front of each cut. With any deviations, the disk changes, otherwise the risk of chips increases.
- Put the marking to the tile. For this, it is best to use a construction marker.
- Tile on a flat surface. In some cases, it will be more convenient to fix the tile to the surface with clamps or fix it in the workbench.
- To obtain an even cut, you can additionally strengthen with clamps along the cut line the metal strip. Then it will be necessary to cut along it.
- Cutting is carried out on the front side, since the output is the largest number of chips. You can do a double cut. First draw a small furrow on the front side, and make the main cut on the back. This method will minimize damage to the front surface.
- If there are no strict requirements for the cut, then you can not saw it to the end. Having made cuts, break the stove with your hands.
- It is recommended to lead the tool, starting from yourself.
- Additionally polish the slice if necessary.
Do not forget about safety precautions, in the video below, the author remarkably described how to work safely with a corner grinder:
Applying a corner grinder, it is imperative to use protective equipment:
- a suit that covers the legs and arms;
- protective glasses (preferably a mask);
- protective gloves or mittens;
- respirator (with a significant amount of work is required).
- The ability to cut an element of almost any shape. For figure cut, good skills in working with tools are needed;
- The possibility of cutting the tiles already laid in place;
- The accessibility of the tool.
- traumatic hazard;
- It is very difficult to get geometrically accurate cuts;
- a large complexity of obtaining a clean cut without chips;
- low speed of work;
- A large amount of dust and noise.
With the help of corner grinder, it will not be possible to get the perfect slice the first time. To obtain accurate cuts without chips, they cut with an indent from the line of 2-5 mm. Then bring to the desired sizes with grinding. This is a rather time.consuming operation and takes a lot of time, therefore it is recommended to be carried out only with elements that will be in a prominent place.
Or use the trick, as in the video below:
There is only an electric tile for porcelain tile. There is no specialized manual tile cutter for porcelain tile. But for these purposes, you can use hand.made tiles of good quality. The cheap suitable tool is most likely to be found, and when using one at the output there will be simply broken tiles.
A good bed with a powerful stiffness rib. Otherwise, during the fault of the stanch tile, the tile will break down on the line;
- Lack of backlash in a carriage (usually depends on the thickness of the guides). As you use over time, it begins to play any manual tile cutter. Therefore, it is not recommended to use old, unverified;
- The thicker the tile, the thicker the diameter of the cutting roller should be;
- The carriage should have a smooth move. This is achieved by special bearings. The smoothness of the course can also have a honeymoon, but from the experience of use it is not for long and unstable, t.e. Once it swept smoothly, but the next guarantees are not there.
10 Amazing & Useful Angle Grinder Disc !!!
- Mark the tile, it is recommended to use a construction marker.
- Put the tiles on the tile cut through the line.
- Gently draw a fishing line for a trimmer from yourself with a light pressure. At the same time, it is important to maintain the same pressure effort throughout the line. Important! According to the porcelain border, the feature is carried out once. Conducting several features is unacceptable. Otherwise, a fault may go through the line.
- Install the paw on the tile and break the line by pressing.
- Polish the slice if necessary.
Professional hydroamber equipment
Such machines cut materials with a very thin stream of water supplied at high speed and under high pressure. They are able to cut and natural stone, and even metal. This equipment is quite complex and very expensive, it has high energy consumption and requires a lot of space to install.
But the possibilities of such a machine are truly unique- with its help it is possible to carry out not only cutting out arbitrary figures, but even do the work of the cutter on the stone. The quality of the cut is exceptional, accuracy and smoothness do not differ from the factory faces obtained in pressing.
Together with the flow of water, the smallest abrasive particles are also supplied to the cut material. A machine that cope with metal will easily cope with porcelain tiles.
Since buying such a machine means opening a small factory, it will be wiser to find a production that already owns such equipment and order a cut from them.
How to make holes in porcelain
During construction and repair, it is often necessary to make a hole in the tile to supply communications or installation of equipment. In this case, specialized tools come to the rescue
Most of all, the device is like a compass. One leg rests against the center of the future hole, it is clamped in the drill cartridge. The other can change its flight, moving about the horizontal bar. At its end, a hard alloy cutter is fixed.
When the drill is turned on, the central leg is held in the center of the future hole, and the leg with the cutter, rotating, scratches the tile to a sufficient depth.
Further, with the blow of the kiyanka, the cut circle should be knocked out and the edges of the resulting opening.
The crown with spraying from technical diamonds cuts out exceptionally even holes and does not require much effort to apply.
There is only one minus. the hole of the arbitrary diameter cannot be made. Crings can only be certain sizes. The instrument shank is also attached to the drill cartridge, the central drill is put to the marking point. Should work at the largest speeds.
Both a ballerinop and a diamond crown should work only on the front side of the tile. Otherwise, inevitable chips.