How to replace the original expensive oil and whether it is worth it
In situations where there is no possibility to use the original, it can be replaced by the car engine oil. Cheap automobile oils such as motor oil or diesel variants of grease, due to the reduced adhesive properties, are unsuitable for long-term use.
Some owners, despite the recommendations still use analogues, preferring more often to change the tire and chain, but here everyone decides for himself. This oil cannot have any adverse effects on the lubricating system and therefore only serves to protect the tire from the chain’s friction.
Choice of engine oil
Oil intended for the 2-stroke engine must meet the following requirements.
- The grease must form a minimum of ash when burned. Ideally, it should burn completely.
- The lubricant should have good solubility in petrol and high levels of purity from impurities that could block the very narrow carburettor ports.
- The oil must have high anti-corrosion, anti-wear, and lubricating properties.
There are certain standards of oils, designed for 2-stroke engines: TC-W3 and 2T. TC-W3 grease is used for water-cooled engines (boat engines, jet skis). 2T oil is used as an additive in gasoline for two-stroke engines with air cooling (lawnmowers, mopeds, chainsaws, etc.) and for fuel injection.д.).
Oils may be green, red or blue. This is done so that their presence in gasoline can be easily detected.
If you use low-quality lubricant the entire engine piston group can fail due to the formation of carbon deposits under the piston rings. As a result, they will not be able to compress, and scoring will form on the cylinder walls. Also improper lubrication of crank bearings leads to their overheating and eventually to jamming. Important: Never use diesel oil for the fuel mix, because it does not meet any of the above requirements.
Running in the STIHL MC 180 chain saw. tips for beginners
If you have purchased a STIHL STIHL chain saw MS 180, it is absolutely necessary to have it serviced. This will allow the parts of the tool to rub in for further smooth operation of the main mechanisms of the saw.
Before you run the STIHL 180 chain saw in it, fill it up with a new fuel mix. You’ll also need to add fresh chain oil to lubricate the STIHL 180. The further procedure is as follows:
- First turn off the chain brake to prevent the housing from melting where the clutch is mounted. The brake will also protect the operator from possible damage;
- Then fire up the machine and let it run idle for about 15 minutes. The gas lever must be pressed every 30 seconds;
- After that you must set the saw to normal operation. At this point you should start cutting thin branches and gradually work your way up to larger branches.
STIHL lubricant for two-stroke engines
STIHL engineers develop oils which are optimally suited to all two-stroke engines in STIHL chain saws and brush trimmers. The range of lubricants for STIHL two-stroke engines includes several variants:
STIHL MS 180, 180c основные ошибки и советы новичкам.Отличие этих бензопил.
STIHL HP range overview
STIHL HP is a chain saw lubricant designed for high performance and designed to lubricate the inner workings of the engine while it is in operation. Mineral-based and with good combustion properties (low emissions).
Original STIHL HP is red and comes in original STIHL packaging.
Comes in several packaging variants, the most popular of which is the one-liter bottle with an integrated dispenser. You can also find STIHL HP in five-, ten- and fifty-five-liter canisters.
The smallest STIHL HP bottle, which is ideal if you only need 1 liter of fuel mixture, is a 20 gram plastic bottle.
There are also hundred-gram bottles of STIHL HP that can be used to make five liters of fuel mixture.
According to the manufacturer’s recommendations, STIHL HP can be used to prepare blends for all two-stroke engines.
Shelf life, if stored in a sealed container, is 4 years.
STIHL HP Ultra overview
Unlike the STIHL HP oil, HP Ultra is specially formulated for high-performance engines and is recommended for professional chainsaws. This oil is synthetic. In order to make sure that consumers are not confused with fuel that has been diluted, it is green in color, and the finished STIHL HP Ultra gasoline mix is also green in color.
Only two sizes of HP Ultra are available. This is STIHL HP Ultra 100 ml and 1 liter with dispenser.
STIHL HP Ultra has a shelf life of four years.
Suitable for high-performance engines and four-stroke engines with 2-MIX technology. Performance is slightly worse than HP Ultra, which is why HP Super is not currently available from STIHL dealers.
Choosing the right oil
When you first bought the machine you might have a question: What oil to fill your STIHL chain saw?? If you take good care of your construction and gardening equipment, you can greatly increase the level of activity of the device itself without facing any malfunctions.
It is worth noting that the most important factors in the direct operability of the device are the use of the correct lubricant and fuel. Although the main problems owners of this technique take place with the choice of oil for their “favorite”. In this section you will learn how to choose the right lubricant for your STIHL chain saw.
First of all, I would like to draw your attention to the fact that almost all the chainsaws of this manufacturer have a carbureted two-stroke engine. Also in their “arsenal” there are two tanks, namely, gasoline and oil. In order to select the oil for a STIHL chain saw, you need to know certain criteria for this kind of choice.
First, do not forget that, for example, the models of chainsaws domestic production requires the use of only simple oils, which are used directly for motorcycles, and their proportion should not exceed 1:25. And tools that are made abroad need proprietary oils, as their requirements are greatly overestimated. And remember that such oils for imported tools should contain oil to gasoline ratio of 1:40.
In fact, if you put it this way, only you, as the owner of the equipment, can determine what kind of oil to use. Naturally, you can pour into the imported chainsaw oil of domestic manufacturer. But then you should be prepared for the fact that the power and efficiency of your tool will be considerably reduced.
Besides it is worth mentioning that there is no definite answer as to what kind of oil goes to STIHL chain saw chain. Basically, the owners of this kind of device use motor oil, and if it is absent, they use gear oil.
If you believe the experts, in fact, any oil can be used, even the one that you pour directly into the car brand Zhiguli, but there are certain features, namely: for a device brand Hurstven can use motor oil, and for STIHL only gear oil.
over, in order to choose the right oil, you need to know what color it should be. For chain saws with a two-stroke engine, for example, the oil needs to be red, blue or green. over, when you buy oil you should always take into account the oil composition recommended by the manufacturer of your machine.
You can also considerably simplify the task of buying a special STIHL chainsaw oil which is not too expensive and is produced by “your” manufacturer. And that way you can be sure your chain saw won’t keep malfunctioning at all. Sure, you can buy cheap oil, but then complain that your chain saw has been in use for too short a time.
Every chain needs sharpening. Read more about chain sharpening machines in our article.
Among the necessary manipulations with the chainsaw and carburetor adjustment.
Another useful instruction for chainsaw owners: How to Start a Chainsaw.
Gasoline for chainsaw
For Russian-made gasoline-powered saws (Ural, Druzhba, etc.) it is recommended to use AI-95.) use gasoline of mark АI-80. Oils can be used domestic, such as M8-B (or early marking AC-8.10), M-12 TP, M-12TPU, MGD-14M. It is also possible to use imported oils. In any case, the proportions when mixing oil and gasoline must be 1/25, that is, one hundred grams per two and a half liters of gasoline. For modern chainsaws from foreign manufacturers, the proportions are usually 1/40 (100 grams per 4 liters of AI-92), 1/50 (100 grams per 5 liters of AI-92). Gasoline of АI-92 brand should be used. Often you can see that the manual will specify the brand AI-95. but in our quality of gasoline, the octane number of which is caught up with the additives, I would not recommend using 95-th if you are not sure of its quality.
Read more about the proportions of the mixture:
To measure the oil level you can use a syringe, measuring cup, syringe or STIHL oil dispenser, for example. Different manufacturers’ oils in different colors. As you can see in the picture above, Stihl oil HP (mineral) is red, more expensive synthetic oil is green. Husqvarna oil can be green or blue.
REMEMBER! IF THE CHAINSAW FAILS DUE TO POURING THE WRONG MIXTURE, REPAIRS WILL BE OUT OF WARRANTY!
Selection criteria for lubricant
Choosing the right oil for your STIHL chain saw is a question of course. Proper care of your machine will keep it in good working order and prevent damage. How well you get your chainsaw going depends on good fuel and lubricant.
Read also: Metal Garage Table
STIHL chain saws have a carburettor-based two-stroke engine and two tanks (petrol and oil). To be able to choose the right STIHL chainsaw oil, you need to know what you need:
- You need to know what it is made by, t. к. in domestic models use simple oils (for motorcycles) in the ratio of 1 to 25, and foreign. branded products of lubrication, the proportion of 1 to 40 (oil to gasoline ratio). In fact, the owners themselves determine what kind of oil to use. It’s worth being prepared that improper use will result in reduced power and productivity. Most chain saws use engine oil, but if it is absent, it should be gear oil. Specialists advise to use the latter for this manufacturer.
- Know the color. Red, green, blue colors are good for chainsaws with a two-stroke engine.
In modern chainsaws there is a reliable chain lubrication, in case of its malfunction you should not operate the chainsaw in order to avoid further damage. To eliminate faults of the lubrication system it is better to apply to a service center or to a specialist experienced in repair, it guarantees the quality of the final result.
I decided to buy chain oil for my STIHL MS180 saw at a gas station. Oil I-40, it is written that for the lubrication of slideways. Very thin in consistency. By price
Chain saw chain sprocket lubricant
To increase service life and reduce friction on the drive sprocket, the manufacturer has equipped this mechanism with a needle bearing, which should be periodically lubricated. STIHL multipurpose grease can be used for lubrication.
If you don’t want to overpay, it is better to use an inexpensive but equally good quality version: Lithol or Lithol 24. Because of its viscosity, Lithol has no problem replacing the original.
It is possible to lubricate chainsaw sprocket with the same greases as the guide bar, using a special grease gun. This allows you to press grease, through the technological holes in the bar, into the sprocket bearing.