DIY tiller adapter, dimensions and drawings
Almost all owners of personal plots need specialized equipment to carry out their work. It is necessary to constantly care for the land plot: loosen, plow, huddle the beds. If you do all this manually, you will have to spend a lot of time and effort. Not everyone can handle this, especially the elderly. That is why tillers were created, with the help of which it is quite easy to cultivate the land. But one caveat arises. the adapter, which is a special attachment and helps to cultivate the land. Such equipment will be very expensive, so many people make the adapter to the tiller with their own hands.
What is a tiller adapter
The appearance of the adapter resembles a two-wheeled trailer, which is additionally equipped with a seat. When installed on a tiller, all gardening work is greatly simplified, because it is automated. A homemade adapter increases productivity several times and reduces the labor intensity of agricultural work. This device can turn the tiller into a mini-tractor and make it functional and irreplaceable.
Some models have a special lifting lever, which makes the operation of mechanisms more comfortable. If necessary, the tiller is used to transport small loads.
Depending on the purpose of using the drawbar technique, there are:
- elongated (for large machines);
- shortened (for light structures).
To connect the adapter to the tiller, a single enlarged hitch is used, which consists of two parts. The first acts as a link, and the second is a regulator. If it becomes necessary to equip the equipment with several implements at the same time, then a double universal hitch is used.
Assembling a simple version of the adapter for the tiller with your own hands
To make it you will need:
- rectangular pipes;
- channel 0 40 cm long;
- coupling knot;
- welding machine;
- mounting bolts;
Before starting work, you need to create a drawing. You can use ready-made schemes or make them yourself.
After that, work begins. First, the pipe is cut into lengths of 1.7 and 0.5 m. The end of the short pipe is welded to the long one, and strictly perpendicularly. It will be the basis for attaching the wheel struts. Immediately make marks of 30 cm, indicating the height of the racks from the axis.
Then wheels are attached to the hubs, which can be used from an old garden cart. Bearings are first attached to the bushings, after which the braces are welded to the central tube of the bushing by welding.
Frames are made with dimensions 40×40 cm, but if necessary, these dimensions are reduced or increased. A channel is attached to the rear end of the frame by welding, and the side pipes are bolted to each other. Also, a lever is installed on the frame. To increase the adjustment force, install an additional lever 75 cm long.
The seat is attached to a metal support, which is welded in advance to the base of the frame, i.e., the central tube.
How to assemble an adapter for a tiller with your own hands
A simpler and more complicated design can be made. Both of these options will be given below.
Assembling a complicated version of the adapter for the tiller with your own hands
To make such an adapter for a tiller, you will need:
- steel pipes;
- Sheet steel;
- a pair of wheels;
- welding machine.
Such a tiller adapter will be more functional. The assembled equipment can not only cultivate the land, but also be used for the transportation of goods. Additionally, a harrow, plows, tillers, etc. are used. And in winter, the tiller can be equipped with a snow scraper.
This design consists of the following elements:
- coupling devices.
Before starting work, a kinematic diagram is created. This is necessary in order to correctly calculate all loads. You can also use ready-made drawings.
When making a frame, do not forget about installing a fork with a bushing, which are necessary for the trailer to turn freely. A steel sheet is required for the bodywork. The hitch assembly looks like this: an iron pin 15 cm in size is inserted into the aperture of the drawbar, which has the shape of the letter “P”. However, it should be noted that this option wears out quickly, since the coupling holes become unusable very quickly due to the regular rotation of the trailer. In this case, it is necessary to lengthen the U-like chain.
The seat is fastened at a distance of 80 cm from the front end of the frame. This process is carried out using bolts.
How to make an adapter for a tiller with your own hands
Tiller adapter design diagram
The adapter for the tiller is a kind of towing device made on the frame and having two wheels. Structurally, adapters are divided into several types, by simple, they can be simple and more complex. The main types are considered universal, these are those that are capable of transporting goods and perform soil cultivation, and simple ones, capable of performing only soil cultivation.
The purpose of the adapter
Here, I think everything is clear, there is a fairly large number of works on the ground, which is easier, faster and more convenient to do with an adapter. And working with such attachments as a rotary tiller, in general, it is safer.
Additional Drawings of Simple Adapter
Below is a drawing of one of the most structurally simple adapters.
Welded to the frame, made of a square profiled pipe 5050 mm in size and 2 mm thick:
Drawings of key adapter assemblies
Coupling mechanism. It looks like a welded structure inserted into the main frame and bolted to it. Consists of two pieces of square pipe welded onto each other and a piece of regular “water” pipe with a gauge of 1.1.5 inches.
In the pipe, not fully inserted, clamped by a bolt, a stem with a welded on homemade tee. The stem is lubricated with grease and allows the tee to rotate along the axis, to provide a rolling effect when moving on uneven ground.
Wheel attachment assembly. The structure consists of two perpendicularly welded pipe sections. The horizontal section is inserted into the fixing pipe and bolted together. On the vertical part, an axle with a wheel is fixed (on bearings).
Other nodes of the adapter are not so important, and we will not consider them.
We make an adapter for the tiller with our own hands
At the moment, there are several types of adapter, as a rule, their designs are similar, and are, attached to the rear of the tiller, adapt with a comfortable seat.
The adapter is made of a square metal profile, with a length of 160 to 180 cm. Across this profile, one more is welded, 50-60 cm in size, depending on which track you need, (wheel stands are attached to it). The height of the struts to the wheel axle from the top to the adapter wheel axle can be from 25 to 40 cm, depending on the design.
Further, braces are welded to the main metal profile and wheel hubs, they also serve as stiffeners. Their length depends on the angle of inclination relative to the entire structure and other parameters. Then, the frame structure is calculated and welded in the same way, to which the attachment will be attached. Side rails of this design are bolted to the wheel struts.
After that, a control lever is welded to the main frame, which has three knees, sizes 35, 55, 20 cm.To increase the applied force, another lever is attached to the lever, but already with dimensions of 80 cm.
Adapter seat, mounted on a support welded to the central metal profile. As you can see, making an adapter to the tiller with your own hands is not so difficult.
DIY tiller adapter drawings and dimensions
Below are the drawings and dimensions, as well as the materials required for the manufacture of an adapter for a tiller of complex design.
What you need when making an adapter
Below is a kinetic diagram to help balance the structure and avoid additional stress. The drawing below shows a diagram of a mini tractor made from Tiller Neva.
The engine of the power unit (2), driving the front wheels (1), transmits the torque through the chain (3) to the reverse gear (4), and from it through the cardan transmission (5) to the rear axle (6), driving rotating rear drive wheels (7).
How to make an adapter for a tiller with your own hands
Today it is difficult to find a person who would not use a tiller when processing his site. Further improvement of technology led to the invention of a special device with which the tiller can easily be converted into a comfortable mini tractor. At the same time, it became possible to carry out field work while sitting, which greatly facilitated the work of the villager. This mechanism is called a tiller adapter.
Structurally, it is similar to the previous type of adapter, but at the same time it has a hitch mechanism at the back. This means that we get a full-weight front adapter for the Neva brand tiller. The presented design is completely disassembled, which greatly simplifies its subsequent transportation. Naturally, the cost of any additions to the unit is formed separately.
Front adapter specifications:
- length. 190 cm;
- width. 81 cm;
- height. 140 cm;
- ground clearance. 30 cm;
- wheel track. 75 cm;
- speed indicators. approx. 10 km / h;
- total weight. 65 kg.
Adapter for motor blocks
Most often, there are two couplings in the adapter. attachments are attached to one of the attachments, and the second makes it possible to attach it to the tiller. For example, you can connect the following additional elements to the adapter:
- harrow and other devices.
The wheelset and the axle in the adapter are quite robust structures that allow the tiller to operate even on the most difficult terrain, as well as to transport rather heavy loads. At the same time, it is important to understand that the transportation of goods on public roads on such a unit is prohibited, for this reason they are used only in rural areas. However, despite a certain structural similarity between all adapters, they are endowed with some significant differences.
For example, there are rear steering adapters, all-wheel drive adapters and front units available for sale.
Products of this type are characterized by a rather rigid articulation with the tiller. In this case, the control is implemented at the expense of a separate node. The adapter itself is in fairly close contact with the tiller here. Steering wheels in this type of device can be located in front or behind.
How to make a DIY front adapter for a tiller
The cultivation of agricultural areas involves a rather laborious work. Owners of private farms and vegetable gardens, as a rule, resort to manual labor or means of little available mechanization to make this process easier and faster. Such a technical device as the front adapter for the Tiller Neva makes it possible to significantly facilitate absolutely any agricultural work, and this favorably distinguishes it from other similar devices.
The main parts of such a unit are:
- Operator’s station.
- Suspension, which can be pavement, axial, portal, and also rotary.
- Rigid hitch steering.
Due to the front location of the device, a place is equipped on it for attaching the blade (if the rear version is used, then a portal is created on it for using attachments).
The most important element of such a design is the hitch, which is necessary in order to ensure a high-quality attachment of the adapter to the tiller itself. It also provides the required level of stability for future four-wheeled vehicles. The possibility of transferring the steering mechanism forward is provided by a rigid hitch. In the event of a change in the section angle for the rotary device, it is required to ensure the horizontal fastening of the hinge.
What it is?
An adapter for a tiller is called a trolley, the main elements of which are a seat, a brake, a brake lever, foot rests, a hitch mechanism and a frame with structural parts attached to it. The device brake is located near the footrest. Usually such a device is equipped with two wheels, and the seat often has a lift lever. The design of the adapter can be both universal and special: some of these varieties provide for additional fastening of various awnings. Equipping the tiller with an adapter practically turns the implement into a mini tractor with a seat for increased operator comfort.
The use of an adapter allows you to make a universal and at the same time multifunctional device out of an ordinary tiller. This unit can be used while sitting, which greatly facilitates the operator’s work. In addition, the accuracy of the work and the stability of the tiller are increased. It is very convenient to have a front steering mechanism. Complete with various attachments, it is possible to use the unit to perform the following types of work:
Tiller mount Homemade row maker / Bed shaper!
- Removing snow or leaves.
- Harrowing (leveling) the soil.
- Cargo transportation.
- Hilling the earth.