How to cut porcelain stoneware at 45 degrees

4 ways to cut porcelain stoneware: tile cutter, angle grinder, waterjet

Many people dislike trimming tiles. This lesson is quite difficult for a beginner. If you have never encountered it, practice first on a clay tile. It is much softer and more pliable than porcelain stoneware. The tools are the same, and by stuffing your hand on ordinary ceramics, you can more confidently handle the artificial stone. Cutting porcelain stoneware involves the use of mechanical and electrical “helpers”.

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Angle Grinder

An angle grinder is the tool that will help out in the absence of any other cutting tool. Further about the advantages and disadvantages of the angle grinder.

porcelain, stoneware, degrees

The angle grinder can be trimmed to any shape and size, and the angle can be sanded at 45 degrees. For work, you need a special diamond disc for tiles: smooth and without holes.

  • Availability. there is an angle grinder in almost every home, it is enough to purchase a diamond wheel.
  • Possibility of curly cutting. The tool’s portability allows you to cut almost any shape – skill would be enough.
  • Many people have a certain skill of working with an angle grinder, this provides a quick mastery of the trimming process.
  • Noise and dust. Working with an angle grinder is accompanied by “audio” and a lot of dust.
  • An angle grinder is a dangerous tool. Careless movement and negligence in safety can easily lead to injury.
  • Poor quality cut. Depending on the quality of the angle grinder, the degree of chips and microcracks in the tile is different, but there are always flaws. Finishing the cut by grinding partly solves the problem, but it is better to use an angle grinder for working with tiles, which, from an aesthetic point of view, are not of great importance – the cut points should be hidden.

Safe working techniques with an angle grinder:
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fvqotukmgEo
Having outlined the cutting line, cut a couple of millimeters from it – the diamond wheel “eats” part of the ceramics. Set the circle in accordance with the direction of movement of the mechanism; there is an arrow on the cutting element. In the process, try to drive the car back and forth less, this will reduce the number of chips. This advice does not work when cutting thin pieces of porcelain stoneware, here the desire to cut in one pass will turn into a scrap of a slab.

Approach responsibly when choosing a diamond wheel, buy high-quality consumables. Otherwise, it is fraught with the destruction of the element, which at high speed leads to injury. Give preference to circles without ventilation (gaps), ceramics do not like them.
Video about choosing a diamond wheel for trimming porcelain stoneware:
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5Bn8ab9DkRI
A blunt “diamond” can be brought into working condition with a brick. Walk over it 2-3 times with a cutting element, this will rid the circle of accumulated dirt..
How to make a narrow crop:
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uCTfHEy2j7g

Electric cutter

The electrical apparatus is devoid of mechanical drawbacks. Thanks to him, they achieve a very high-quality cut. It allows you to work with dense and thick porcelain stoneware without compromising on quality. In addition, he is able to cut thin pieces of ceramics; in the case of a mechanical tool, even with a new roller and lubricated skids, there is no guarantee of a positive result.

An electric tile cutter is not as fast as a manual tile cutter, but that hardly matters where impeccable quality is needed. The only drawback is the relative high cost. However, the price is comparable to a quality imported mechanical tool.

What is an electric cutter?

  • Table or mill.
  • Guide.
  • Cutting element (diamond wheel).
  • Electrical engine.
  • Water system.

Cutting with a diamond wheel is accompanied by a large amount of dust, therefore, the device has a hydraulic system that cools the cutting element and prevents active spraying of the ceramic. The models differ in the water supply scheme. In one case, it is a reservoir with a liquid in which part of the circle is constantly immersed, in the other, wetting is carried out by running water. The fluid must be changed periodically to avoid the accumulation of waste contaminating the diamond element. The latter should also be washed regularly, otherwise cutting particles become clogged..

Electric water cooled tile cutter.

Undercutting at an angle of 45 degrees on an electric machine.

Mechanical tile cutter

It is the most popular exclusively tiled tool. There are many variations, but a porcelain tile cutter should be relatively powerful and durable. It consists of a bed, rail guides, a cutting roller and tabs for breaking tiles. The machine (bearing or cylinder) with two guides has become widespread.

Manual tile cutter device.

To cut porcelain stoneware:

  • Mark the boundaries of the cut.
  • Place the plate on the tool bed so that one mark corresponds to the center of the bed and the other to the cutting roller..
  • Swipe the roller evenly from one mark to another.
  • Press your paws gently into the cut.

Cheap tile cutters chipped due to roller play and poor pressure.

We are talking about “standard”, popular, tile cutters with a relatively low cost. An expensive tool, especially a monorail, is free from this drawback. But for homework, for obvious reasons, it is not suitable.

Hand tools are good for quickly cutting a large number of slabs, the cutting point of which will later be hidden. In this he is much better than an electric apparatus. Considering that it comes with a template that helps you not to be distracted by marking the ceramic when trimming the same pieces, this is the best solution for volumetric and clean work..
The video shows how easy it is to cut porcelain stoneware with a hand-held tile cutter:
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GTC9H3T_bLs

Waterjet cutting

How does a waterjet machine work?.

  • Choosing a water-cooled electric tile cutter
  • 3 ways to cut tiles at home
  • Manual tile cutter: choosing a quality model and using

How to cut tiles at 45 degrees

A tiled corner is required when facing corner sections. If you do not cut it, the appearance of the surface will be worse. Cutting tiles at 45 degrees is done in two ways:

  • electric tile cutter;
  • Angle Grinder.

To implement the second of the named options, it is necessary to prepare a diamond disc. The work is not difficult, but it requires precision. The product must be installed on an edge that is perpendicular to the surface to be treated. It is necessary to fix the tiles, and you can start removing the excess. The base of the product is removed. Tiles at 45 degrees are trimmed and then sanded. It is best to use an emery wheel for this purpose, the equipment is set to low speed.

Special electric tile cutters work in two modes: smooth edge and tile cutting at an angle of 45 degrees. The equipment is adjusted and the excess is quickly cut off. The movable part with the cutting edge is then set in position at the desired angle and runs along the entire product.

How and how to cut ceramic tiles

This finishing material can be easily adjusted to the size you want if you choose the right tile cutting tool. To make straight mowing lines, different methods and equipment are used: a mechanical or electric tile cutter, a jigsaw, a glass cutter, wire cutters, an electric drill, a diamond wheel. There are also more technologically advanced methods (laser, hydroabrasive action), they allow you to cut out any pattern, but at home these methods are rarely used, since it is impractical to purchase expensive equipment for a one-time job..

Figured cutting of ceramic tiles is a more complicated process, since it is important to get bends on the product without spoiling it. The curved edge is made with the help of improvised tools (tongs and sandpaper). Holes in the material are obtained by means of special equipment, for example, using a circular drill-ballerina.

The diameter can be determined independently. Nippers and a sander can help make a small part of the tile smoother. It should be taken into account that the quality of the edge depends on the accuracy of the application of the contour mowing line of the cut. If you omit this part when working with a ceramic finishing material, at best, chips will appear. The worst outcome of this situation is a curved edge.

How to cut ceramic tiles with a glass cutter

This method can be chosen to fit the finishing material to the desired size if the amount of work is small. In this case, it is impractical to use not only an electric machine, but also a mechanical tile cutter. For example, cutting tiles with a glass cutter is performed if only a few items need to be resized. This method can be called the cheapest and most affordable, since the tool is inexpensive, and the work does not require special skills..

The glass cutter must be equipped with a fine diamond cutter. Before work, ceramic products must be soaked in water for several hours. The material is laid on a horizontal surface, the facing of the tile should be on top. First, markup is done with a marker. Then, a metal ruler is placed near the applied mowing line and carried out with a glass cutter. If the tool has recently been purchased, a single use is enough when working with tiles. In order to further cut off excess areas with a manual glass cutter, you will need to draw one mowing line 2 times or more.

At the last stage, it remains to break the product into two parts. To do this, you need to act with moderate force, having previously placed a wooden block from below under the marked line. This cut requires some work. Areas with very sharp edges are recommended to be sanded with sandpaper.

How tile cutting is done?

When laying flooring, it is always necessary to adjust the material around the perimeter of the room, in the area of ​​the pipes. Cutting tiles must be done with care, because there is a risk of breaking the integrity of the edge, the appearance of chips, which will lead to a deterioration in the appearance of the product. There are different ways to cut ceramic and porcelain tiles. If there is no experience in such work, difficulties may arise, for example, at the first stage, the material often deteriorates, so you need to act after having studied the intricacies of the cutting process.

Read more:  How To Cut Porcelain Stoneware Angle Grinder

Waterjet cutting

This is another technological method that is used to adjust the material to the required dimensions and obtain patterns of varying degrees of complexity. Waterjet cutting is performed using high pressure water supply. The diameter of the outlet is minimal, which makes it possible to create a thin jet of significant force. However, water alone will not be able to achieve the desired result, so abrasive sand is added to it..

This combination allows you to cut any material. Waterjet cutting makes it possible to adjust the product of different thickness – up to 15 cm. The work excludes exposure of the material to high temperatures. Despite the pressurized water supply, the shock load on the product is low.

Diamond cutting

This method allows you to cut hard materials, so it can easily handle ceramics. Diamond cutting of tiles is carried out using a special disc. The tool is used to obtain a straight and curved, curved edge.

Diamond cutting can be done simultaneously with water cooling, and less dust is generated. This method significantly reduces the risk of chipping, which is important when working with glazed tiles. It is recommended to make a cut next to the marked line (at a distance of 2-3 mm), then it becomes possible to additionally grind the defects.

Electric tile cutter

This is more sophisticated equipment. With its help, it is recommended to cut thick finishing material. However, without special skills, it is difficult to work on such a tile cutter, in addition, it is more expensive equipment. It is advisable to purchase an electric machine for cutting ceramic tiles if you plan to do construction work professionally. In this case, with the help of this type of equipment, it will be possible to adjust the finishing material in large volumes..

If you plan to cut ceramic tiles at home, it is better to use a rented machine. Externally, the equipment resembles a circular saw equipped with a diamond blade and a water bath. Unlike a mechanical tile cutter, an electric machine cuts a product through its entire thickness. In this case, the surface of the tile is not deformed. The probability of chipping is minimal. Before performing work, water is poured into the bath. In this case, the disc must be lowered into the liquid to a level of 2-3 cm from the bottom point.

Do not put excessive pressure on the product during operation. This increases the likelihood of its deformation. Dust is not generated during the cutting process thanks to the water bath, but the fluid must be changed frequently. The electric tile cutter does not allow for shape cutting of tiles. But it can be used to cut 45 °. This makes it possible to veneer outside corners..

Laser cutting

More often used to work with more durable materials. It is advisable to perform serial adjustment of products by this method. Laser cutting of tiles is the most accurate and fastest way. It is also used for the purpose of making a pattern. In the process, the material is exposed to high temperatures. The result is a smooth cut. In addition, there is no mechanical effect on the material, which significantly reduces the risk of chipping..

Laser cutting of ceramics allows you to make a pattern of any complexity. At the same time, there is no restriction on the thickness of the product. Narrow strips can be cut with laser technology. The main disadvantage of this method is the high cost of equipment and a long payback process, therefore, the laser is not used in domestic conditions..

How and what to cut porcelain stoneware at home: 4 proven methods

Cut off the plate without chips

Porcelain stoneware belongs to the materials of increased strength. There are practically no pores in it, it does not absorb water and does not crumble. It is very difficult to even scratch it. Therefore, home craftsmen have the question of how to cut off porcelain stoneware without chips and is it possible at all. It must be admitted that theoretically it is possible, but in practice it turns out very rarely. More often, small chips remain on the cut, which have to be sanded.

To keep them as small as possible, experienced craftsmen advise following these recommendations:

  • Cut the part from the top side. Most material chips appear where the cutter exits the plate.
  • The smaller the thickness of the selected cutting disc for the grinder, the lower the likelihood of chipping..
  • Reduce torch speed at the beginning and end of the cut line..
  • When working with a mechanical tile cutter, apply more pressure to the lever than when cutting a regular tile..
  • Make a cut slightly to the right of the intended mowing line so that it remains on the cut piece. Then it will be possible to remove unwanted chips with a sander..

It is very important that the tool is of high quality and suitable for the selected material. Otherwise, it is almost impossible to get a beautiful cut without chips. If, nevertheless, they appear, which happens most often, the defects should be sanded down. You can use sandpaper or a diamond sponge.

The best option is a grinder with a special attachment. This is the so-called turtle or flexible diamond circle. They are distinguished by the diameter of the particles deposited on the surface of the diamond coating. The turtle can only work with a grinder, the model of which provides for the ability to regulate the number of revolutions. If it is higher than three thousand per minute, the nozzle may fly off the axis..

How to cut a porcelain stoneware angle grinder without chips

Almost every home craftsman has an angle grinder, or an angle grinder. Therefore, it is she who is most often cut porcelain stoneware. Unfortunately, it is almost impossible to make such a cut without chips, but it is quite possible to minimize their number. For this, it is very important to choose the right disc. He must have:

  • high-quality diamond dusting;
  • marking confirming that the device is intended for cutting porcelain stoneware;
  • the minimum possible thickness;
  • continuous cutting edge.

An angle grinder is a potentially dangerous tool, so safety rules should not be neglected. You should take care of the means of protection. The kit includes:

  • Respirator, as a lot of dust is generated when cutting.
  • Safety goggles to prevent possible exposure of disc fragments to the eyes.
  • Special clothing.
  • Earplugs or ear muffs to protect your hearing from loud noise.

It is not recommended to neglect protective equipment, even if it is planned to cut several plates.

Cutting porcelain stoneware tiles correctly with an angle grinder is quite simple if you follow the instructions:

  • Preparing a place to work. Lay a substrate on the leveled surface, which will protect the base. You can choose penoplex, polystyrene, etc..
  • We put the part on the base with the front side up, mark the section of the cut on it. So that there are fewer chips, we glue a strip of masking tape on it, draw a cutting line along it.
  • We put a metal corner on top of the tile along the cut path, fix it with clamps. This will allow you to make an accurate cut. This must be done when cutting products with a large thickness..
  • We start the angle grinder. We cut the part at a time, direct it “away from ourselves.” To get an even edge, cut off the fragment so that the line of the marking remains on the product. It will be removed during the sanding process, and the tile will retain the specified size..
  • We remove the masking tape, if necessary, we grind the end of the part.

If the plate is thin or you don’t need a perfectly straight cut, you can make your job easier. The angle grinder does not make a cut, but only a cut. Then the fragment is broken off with a sharp strong movement..

It is very convenient to use a grinder to cut porcelain stoneware tiles. First of all, because it is the most affordable of all the devices that can be used. They can make cuts of various shapes, including any curved. However, the angle grinder is traumatic, you need to work very carefully. It is very dusty and noisy.

How to cut porcelain stoneware with a tile cutter

The principle of operation of the tool is somewhat similar to the glass cutter. There, too, there is a cutting roller that moves along the guides. In addition to it, there is a bed on which the part is laid, a lever and guides. It is very important that the diameter of the cutting element matches the height of the tile..

In addition, when choosing a device, pay attention to:

  • The base of the device. The metal from which it is made must be thick enough so that the base does not vibrate or bend during the cutting process..
  • Strength of guides and supports.
  • Smooth movement of the carriage. It is desirable that this is ensured by special bearings..
  • No backlash when advancing the carriage. If it is available, it is impossible to make a straight cut.

Tile cutters vary in length and it is best to choose a long model. This will make it possible to cut porcelain stoneware of different sizes, not only along the side, but also diagonally.

To cut a piece of porcelain stoneware tiles with your own hands along a straight mowing line, you need to follow these steps:

  • We put the tile cutter on a solid, even base.
  • On the product we outline the line of the cut.
  • We lay the part on the bed so that the trajectory of the roller goes exactly along the basting.
  • We make an incision by pressing on the carriage and moving it away from us.
  • We release the handle and break the part with strong pressure.
  • We grind the cut to remove possible chips.

Working with a mechanical tile cutter is very simple, even a novice master can handle it. There are, however, some disadvantages to be aware of:

  • A fragment already 6 mm wide cannot be cut in this way.
  • It is also impossible to chamfer or make a curved cut with a mechanical tile cutter..
  • If the cut falls on the edge under the glue or the surface of the material is ribbed, there is a very high probability of chipping..
Read more:  How to Cut Skirting Under 45 Degrees

How to cut porcelain stoneware with a glass cutter

This is the easiest tool to use. It also gives a minimal effect. Using a glass cutter, you can cut off porcelain stoneware, but provided that its thickness is small. This is how the wall cladding is most often cut. Glass cutter will not cope with floor tiles.

There are two types of tools: with a hard metal roller and with a diamond cutter. The latter option cuts better, but breaks down faster. Its cost is higher than that of a roller analogue.

With a glass cutter, you can make a straight or figured cut. In the latter case, you will also need special nippers. To cut the tiles in a straight line with the mowing line, proceed as follows:

  • We lay the cladding on a flat base. Determine where the cut line will go.
  • We take a ruler, lay it along the future cutting line of the cut and press it with our fingers.
  • Gently, but with strong pressure, draw the line along the ruler with the tool. We try to scratch a deep enough groove at a time. Otherwise, chips cannot be avoided..
  • We put the part on the edge of the table or workbench and press firmly on its edge. So that the liner splits along the intended mowing line.
  • Grind the edge if necessary.

If you want to make a curved cut, a line is drawn with a glass cutter. Then you need to take pliers and use them to remove sections of the tile. The closer the cut is to the mowing line, the smaller the pieces should be cut off. The edge with such processing will turn out to be sharp and not entirely even, so it must be sanded.

How to cut porcelain stoneware with an electric tile cutter

In the recommendations on how to cut porcelain stoneware tiles at home, you can read that it is convenient to do it with a wet cutter. This is the name of an electric type tile cutter, for which a diamond cutting disc is used. To cool it down, water is supplied to the part during the cutting process (hence the name of the device).

There are two types of equipment: with the upper and with the lower supply of tiles. The first ones make the cut as accurately as possible and are more expensive. For household work, budget devices are more often purchased that feed parts from the bottom..

Devices of any type make it possible to make cuts not only straight, but also curved. To cut a piece of porcelain stoneware tiles, do the following:

  • We outline the cutting line.
  • We fix the part on the bed using special clamps. If you have to make a curved incision, you will have to hold it with your hands..
  • We start the device. First, we select the minimum speed of the disk, so the part does not deform.
  • Increase the cutting speed gradually. Make sure that the element does not move from vibration.

An important point. The product should be stacked so that the cutter starts to cut its front side. That is, on equipment with an upper cutter, the part is laid face up. On a bottom disc appliance, place the tiles face down..

Cuts made with such equipment are more accurate and better than with a mechanical device. It is especially appreciated by beginners, as it is able to completely neutralize the so-called shaking hand factor. In addition, the device allows you to cut fragments less than 6 mm wide, does not generate dust or noise. The main disadvantage of the device is the high price of quality models..

Tools for cutting porcelain stoneware

Before determining how and how to cut porcelain stoneware at home, it is worth understanding its features. It is a composite material that successfully combines the properties of natural stone and ceramics. It is made by pressing a mixture pre-fired at high temperatures. The result is a highly durable and wear-resistant material. In the production process, it can be given a wide variety of colors and textures..

The surface of ceramics can be matte, glossy, structured, etc. Consider this when choosing a cutting method..

You can cut a fragment of a tile using various tools:

  • glass cutter;
  • electric tile cutter (aka wet cutter);
  • mechanical tile cutter;
  • Angle Grinder;
  • waterjet cutting attachment.

The latter method is not used in a home workshop, since it is assumed that special expensive equipment is available..

The best way to cut porcelain stoneware: with waterjet or saw

The best way to cut porcelain stoneware, with a saw blade or waterjet, depends on the personal wishes and capabilities of the client. The first is more common, because waterjet cutting requires the organization of access to running water and its drain. Modern CNC machines work according to the set program, and all manipulations are carried out by the operator from the console. Sawing machines are cheaper, both in organization of work and in cost, they can be manual, semi-automatic and automatic. You need to understand that there is no point in buying such a machine for a one-time repair. Typically, such machines are located in large commercial enterprises involved in the processing and sale of ceramic and porcelain stoneware tiles..

How to make a simple Jig to cut 45 degree tile edges. Резка плитки под 45

When choosing how to cut porcelain stoneware tiles, any expert will recommend a machine. It gives the most accurate cut, the most straight cut edges and the lowest possible product rejection. Repair, finishing of medium and large volumes of areas, construction – these are the areas where the machine is the uncontested and most effective option for material processing..

Today, the services of cutting on the machine can be used by both a developer and a private client. The commercial use of such equipment implies its constant use, therefore, a client who wants to cut tiles for a house, for example, in a bathroom or put tiles on the floor, can bring the material to the workshop and pick it up on the same day, already finished. Saving time and money. It is only necessary to take into account the transportation costs for delivery “to” and “from” the workshop. Various operations can be performed on professional equipment:

  • Cutting ceramics, porcelain stoneware
  • Cutting at 45 degrees
  • Milling (chamfering, radius and shape milling)
  • Drilling round holes
  • Drilling rectangular holes
  • Curly cutting

Angle grinder (angle grinder)

How to cut off porcelain stoneware and ceramic tile angle grinder? Firstly, you will need the tool itself, namely an angle grinder (angle grinder), secondly, use a special nozzle for cutting tiles (it will greatly simplify the cutting process and protect the work), and thirdly, buy some good cutting discs for an angle grinder because porcelain stoneware and ceramics are durable materials. During operation, the discs heat up to high temperatures, therefore they quickly fail and can burst, which is fraught with injuries. Additionally, take care to protect your hands, eyes and respiratory tract. After all, the tile can chip, and during the cutting process, a large amount of dust is released, which is best leveled by regularly pouring running water on the material to be processed. This process is used on professional tile machines..

Glass cutter and tile cutter

The properties of porcelain stoneware differ from those of ceramic tiles, it is more durable and the glass cutter is not very suitable for cutting such material. Therefore, this hand tool should be used on simple tiles for home use. The tile cutter, using the cutter roller and downforce, does a good job of this. When working with a glass cutter, use a flat surface, a guide (this can be a metal ruler or an angle) and a thin blade, because a thicker diamond blade can leave an uneven cut. With a progressive and slow motion, press the surface of the cutting disc onto the face of the tile (you can do it several times for better effect), and then place a large nail or wooden block under the bottom of the tile, exactly along the mowing line of the cut and lightly press it into two parts with your palms..

It must be understood that the glass cutter does not carry out an even and precise cut, since it is required to apply equal pressure over the entire surface of the tile, which is problematic to do manually. You should also take into account the inhomogeneity of the internal structure, which complicates the process of processing the material, which leads to chips at the cut. In any case, all the disadvantages of cutting ceramic tiles with a glass cutter can be leveled by grinding along the edges, using sandpaper by hand or using grinding attachments for power tools..

A tile cutter is a great method if you need to cut a small volume of ceramic tiles. Tile cutter, slightly simplifies the work, but operates on the same principle as the glass cutter. The undoubted advantage of the first is its automation, because there is no need to manually align the blade travel, and the process itself is accelerated and becomes more automated. It is an economical, but slow and dexterous, way of processing ceramic tiles. Suitable for small budget repairs.

Electric Tile Cutting Machine

  • Cutting with saw blades and attachments.
  • High pressure water jet cutting (waterjet cutting).

When choosing how to cut porcelain stoneware and ceramics, you need to take into account that the machine is still the fastest, most productive and accurate method of processing this material. They also make it possible to carry out highly specialized operations for cutting tiles, such as curly, cutting holes, at 45 degrees, etc..

How to cut porcelain stoneware and ceramic tiles (tiles)

Ceramic and porcelain stoneware tiles, like most finishing materials, require a neat fit during installation. After all, firstly, it is aesthetically attractive, and secondly, it increases the service life of such a finish. It is very difficult to select and lay tiles or porcelain stoneware with an accuracy of a millimeter on a flat surface without trimming it, and given the complexity of the geometric shapes of buildings and interiors, it becomes impossible. Therefore, in construction and repair projects, a certain stock of material is laid for its precise adjustment, which is carried out by: cutting tiles along the length and width, cuts, cutting decorative and functional, including technological holes.

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Hacksaw (blade) for ceramics

Hand and electric hacksaw with a ceramic saw. Like any manual work, it requires special care when working. Draw a straight cut line on the surface of the tile, and then cut it evenly along. Cutting ceramics by hand is not much different from cutting wood, differing only in the cutting speed, because when metal and ceramics rub, a high temperature occurs and the saw blade can burst, so there is no need to rush with such an operation, you need to cut carefully and very accurately. Consumables with this method wear out quickly, therefore, this method is best used for single items..

How to cut porcelain stoneware and ceramics

Let’s take a look at the basic and most effective ways to cut porcelain stoneware and ceramic tiles..

How best to cut porcelain stoneware and tiles

As a result, the answer to the question, the better to cut porcelain stoneware and ceramics, is up to you. If you need to cut a small volume and you have confidence in your own abilities or the skill of your workers, use a manual tile cutter. For medium to large volumes, use an angle grinder or machine. If you use expensive porcelain stoneware, the cost of which is hundreds or even thousands of hryvnias per square meter, it is better not to save money and give the work to professionals who will cut the tiles as soon as possible according to your recommendations..

Whatever the above method you choose, remember that no one is immune from mistakes, and you should work with such expensive material as porcelain stoneware and ceramics especially carefully, if you do not have sufficient skills, entrust this work to professionals in your field.

How and what to make washed down at 45 degrees at the end of the tile?

The most optimal option is to get a cut on a tile using a cutting machine, where it is possible to turn the cutting wheel at an angle to the tile being cut. The machine can be with or without water supply to the cutting zone. This does not affect the quality of the cut. A wet cut provides a more comfortable working environment – less dust. In any case, the bevel quality is acceptable and you can quickly cut a large volume of tiles.

Washed down tiles at 45 degrees on the machine.

The only difficulty arises when cutting concave tiles. This is not a marriage – the tile has this shape. The machine cannot repeat the deflection when filing:

Therefore, the cut-off part should not reach the front edge of the tile – where the enamel begins. Chips appear. Especially on porcelain stoneware. It is better to finish this area by hand. This can be done with a grinding wheel on the impeller. It’s faster and easier. But not always better. The grinding wheel can choose stronger or weaker in certain places.

Grinding washed down angle grinder.

A smoother plane is obtained by hand, from longitudinal movements along the tile with a bar covered with sandpaper. Longitudinal movements comb off the protrusions, making a bevel in one plane.
Another trick. The bevel on the tiles must be done at a sharper angle (less than 45 degrees). Visually, nothing changes, and the convenience of facing is significant. This method is not suitable for ceramic skirting boards, where the joining of the ends of two tiles is visible from above..

Docking ceramic skirting boards at 45 degrees.

It is better to make a cut on the painted end of the tile (many tiles have one end out of 4, half or completely covered with enamel). In this case, you can not bring the bevel at 45 degrees to the very edge, but leave a strip of one millimeter at the end. The edge of the tile on the corner is chip-free and less vulnerable to impacts. This is especially important for dark colored tiles with a dark grout. When sharpening their end, light stripes appear and it will not work to hide them with grout. This often arises from that. that the tile has a slightly convex surface in the middle, and when trimmed at an angle, the circle clings to the front enamel at the ends of the tile.

White stripes appeared when trimming the end of the tile at 45 degrees.

In the case of light-colored grout, the unpainted tile tip is less visible.

Disadvantages of a 45 degree tile angle:

The corner becomes more vulnerable to impacts. Especially if you are on the aisle. It is enough to hook the slope with an empty metal bucket so that a piece of the grinded corner on the tile will fly off.
The complexity of the work increases, and hence the price.

You can hook such an angle with anything, even with a harmless trouser belt buckle:

The opinion of the masters about cutting the tiles at an angle of 45 degrees.

You can also prepare an angle of 45 on the tile using an angle grinder. A lot of dust. Not that quality. But really. The main thing is cheap and always possible.

It is especially important to indicate the correct angle when laying decorative stone. Often, corner elements for such products are not provided or are not available. Cutting a stone at an angle of 45 degrees is the only way to get out of this situation..

Angle on decorative stone at 45 degrees.

Cutting tiles at a corner, at 45 degrees.

Decorating a corner tiled with tiles without using a plastic corner has been gaining popularity lately.
There are several probable reasons for this phenomenon:
Because it is new and still rare. “Like not everyone else” – often serves as the main argument.
The absence of unnecessary elements in the design has always been and will be the best solution. This is the law of harmony.
There is no need to match the color of the corner to match the color of the tile.

Sawing tiles at 45 degrees at a corner.

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The best way to cut tiles: 4 proven ways

Let’s buy an expensive tile – rejoice! We start to work with a tile cutter – we get problems: it cuts poorly and gives chips. One of two things: either the video is dull, or you are doing something wrong.

How to cut tiles with a manual tile cutter or glass cutter

The hand cutter for thin to medium hard ceramics and tiles is very easy to use:

  • mark the tile surface and cut forcefully towards you. Keep the glass or tile cutter strictly at right angles. There should be a visible continuous strip on the front side;
  • take your time, click and break along that mowing line like chocolate.

Soak a hot (hard) tile in water for half an hour or an hour. It will cut exactly along the intended cut and adhere well to the wall when laying.

There are two ways to break tiles..

  • Align the notch with the edge of the table and press down on the overhang. Will break along the cut line.
  • Place the already cut tiles on a glazing bead or a nail. Press down on both sides of the cut edge. Will break where it’s supposed to.

Life hack. How to cut a tile that “does not fit” into the machine
Cut non-standard tiles (more than 60 cm) with a hand cutter or glass cutter. The ruler will be the same tile cut.
– Line up and mark the edges of the cut.
– Cut off this section (you get a barely noticeable track).
– Place the tile vertically on your knee, grab the top edges and break. There will be perfectly smooth edges of the halves.

How to cut tiles to get a perfect cut without chips

How to cut tiles with a mechanical (machine) tile cutter

The machine tile cutter easily “takes” even floor products of medium thickness (6 mm). Due to the large diameter of the cutting wheel, the groove is deeper and the cut breaks more easily. You can quickly cut pieces of the desired size with a minimum of scrap.

Advantage of a machine cut: the harder the tile structure, the easier it is to cut a narrow strip.

How to work with the machine tool:

  • mark a segment on the front surface and place it on the plane of the tool so that the cutting wheel coincides with the marking;
  • walk along the mowing line by operating the lever;
  • fix the tiles on both sides of the cut border;
  • lift the opposite edge of the tile (ceramics) and press the cutter handle;
  • she will split.

Life hack. How to cut porcelain stoneware or tiles that are constantly chipping
– Insert into the machine, make a cut;
– Mark the boundaries of the cut and line the back side (a level or ruler is for help);
– Cut the angle grinder along the marked border, making a depression. From the inside, it will become thinner, and from the outside it is marked with a tile cutter;
– Cut on a lathe. There will be no chipping or chipping on the cut. You don’t even have to grind.

Watch a video review of the advantages of the Makita GA9010 and Makita GA9020 angle grinder

The Mitre Wiz is making cutting simple!

How to cut a tile without chipping with an electric tile cutter

The feature of the water-cooled electric cutter is a powerful diamond blade and water supply to the cutting site. With no dust and no special effort on your part, the tool makes cuts with smooth edges, even for porcelain stoneware with a thickness of up to 60 mm. In a matter of minutes, you can cut a lot and the desired size without spoiling a single one. Just remember to wear safety glasses to protect your eyes from flying debris..