Which eccentric sander to choose for wood

AEG FS 280

The AEG FS 280 sander falls roughly between the amateur and professional segment: by itself, it is reliable enough for constant use, only the platform and the clamps on it require attention, and at the same time, its price is already quite elevated for a home craftsman who needs to work with extensive planes. And this model, equipped with a 440-watt motor and a 114×226 mm platform, is really well suited for such use.

In terms of dimensions and weight, it is close to the Makita, but due to its lower power and operating characteristics, it is more modest: the platform travel is exactly two times less, although the vibration frequency is as much higher. Hence the increased level of vibration in comparison, therefore, unlike the Makita, a soft pad was installed on the rear handle.

The platform does not have Velcro. we will not call this a serious drawback, because Velcro sandpaper, although fastened more conveniently and fits better, is more expensive. The only problem is the inevitable wear of the clamps.

  • Good performance
  • Anti-vibration pads
  • Fastening only to clips that wear out over time.

9.4 / 10 Rating

Reviews: A good sander for the home, as I bought it, and I still use it.

Features, specificity of use

The main feature of hand sanders for wood is the dependence on the type of abrasive. It is impossible to obtain a high quality surface using coarse-grained sandpaper. The tool itself only creates the necessary conditions for the movement of the sandpaper, but it is she who does the work. This property allows you to obtain high quality processing, consistently using material of different grain size. from coarse to the finest. The result is a smooth surface that, if desired, can be brought to the ideal.

Expert opinion Kulikov Vladimir Sergeevich Working with the instrument requires some skill, attention and accuracy. It does not pose a serious danger, but a large amount of grinding dust requires an effective removal. In addition, ventilation is needed (at least aeration) of the premises where the work is being carried out. The master himself must use a respirator and goggles.

Wood sanders have their own characteristics, as well as pros and cons.

Eccentric sander (orbital)

Eccentric sanders are considered the most efficient and versatile tool for polishing and sanding surfaces. In industrial production and in private use, they show the best result in the quality of surface treatment.

Polishing and sanding is possible thanks to a combination of rotational and eccentric movements of the sole. The sole rotates in an orbit and simultaneously rolls around its axis. Such complex movement of the abrasive allows for efficient grinding with a minimum of imperfections.

The machine weighing from 1 to 3 kg is equipped with a round sole with Velcro, to which an abrasive wheel on a felt basis is attached. The soles are available in two sizes. 125 and 150 mm in diameter. Machines with a 125 mm sole are lighter, designed for a smaller area and for more delicate work than sanders with a 150 mm sole. Electric motors consume from 200 to 900 W. more power provides more performance. When installing the equipment, it is important that the holes on the sole of the grinder coincide with the holes of the abrasive wheel, otherwise the process of dust removal will be difficult.

They are used for coarse or delicate sanding on large surfaces, for interlayer processing of materials and coatings, for polishing, processing large surfaces along and across the fibers. Often this type of machine is used in carpentry and car painters. With the help of ESM, volumetric, profile and curved surfaces are processed. Working with an eccentric sander is unlikely to spoil the workpiece: grout, burn the material or overdo it with the grinding depth. The level of noise and vibration is less than other types of grinders.

The disadvantages are obvious: eccentric machines are not suitable for processing interior corners and recesses. Low performance compared to belt sanders.

Equipment is classified:

  • P40. P120. intended for rough work, for example, primary cleaning of the surface before sanding wood, metal, etc.
  • P140. P180. removal of minor flaws.
  • P400. P1000. polishes products.

Maximum disk rotation speed (revolutions per minute). this parameter depends on the maximum disk size for a particular model, the larger it is, the lower the number of revolutions becomes.

It is displayed mainly for a specific material and attachment. The smaller the grain size of the skin, the higher the processing speed (from 5000 to 13000 rpm).

Additional functions
Speed ​​control Allows you to do the job better.
Inrush current limitation Gently accelerates the engine, reduces tool wear and makes work safer.
RPM stabilization system Fixes the desired value by gaining the speed and keeping them.
Overload protection Shuts off the motor during overload or seizure, thus preventing tool breakage.
Anti-vibration system Works as a dynamic counterweight to reduce high vibration.
Rubberized body The grip becomes more comfortable and there is less vibration.
Button lock ON Prevents the grinder from being pressed accidentally, also holds the ON button for long periods of time.
Case Convenient for tool carrying and tool storage.
Weight Less weight does not make the hand too tired, which improves performance.

What are the grinders

Eccentric (orbital) They are considered one of the most effective for grinding and polishing various surfaces. They are also called orbital, because the sole of the instrument rotates in an orbit while simultaneously scrolling along its axis.
Surface grinding (vibration) This type has a rectangular sole and a clamping mechanism at the edges. The advantages include low cost and availability of consumables.
Tape Bands are used for grinding metal, wood, plastic. Mainly for rough use, removing old paint, varnish. Of the minuses, a strong noise can be noted.
Delta Orbital Sanders This instrument has a delta-shaped sole that resembles the shape of an iron. Suitable for sanding and polishing edges, corners and hard-to-reach areas.

You can, of course, use an angle grinder (angle grinder) for grinding work, but it is better suited for rough surfaces using roughing brushes, special eccentric nozzles are suitable for finishing.

Also on some angle grinders the speed is not regulated. It is very difficult for her to work in hard-to-reach places and at a long distance.

which, eccentric, sander, choose, wood

For walls and ceilings, you can choose ESHM ASPRO-S8 (GIRAF). technical characteristics:

Designed for sanding dry walls and ceilings. Due to the smooth adjustment of the electric motor and the rigid sole, the surface quality is suitable for applying a finishing layer, with further painting and wallpapering.

  • Voltage 220V;
  • The frequency of the electric network is 50 Hz;
  • Engine power 710 W;
  • Grinding wheel diameter 225 mm;
  • Grinding wheel speed 600-1500 rpm;
  • Weight 4.2 kg;
  • Includes a hose for connecting to a construction vacuum cleaner
  • Average price. 30,000 rubles.

How to choose an eccentric sander

Eccentric sander (ESHM). designed for grinding and polishing wood, metal, concrete, plaster. Unlike other types, it does the job better, polishing the surface to perfect smoothness.

Eccentric sander device

  • ON / OFF key;
  • Engine ventilation grill;
  • Handle;
  • Speed ​​control;
  • Filter. dust collector (sometimes of rag and plastic type);
  • Sole (grinding wheel);

ESHM Wert EES 125DE, 350 W

This tool is intended for grinding metal, wood plastic products. There is a special container with a dust removal system. also electronic speed control. Small footprint helps you work in tight spaces.

How to choose an eccentric sander

Some people think that choosing ESM is quite simple. However, this is not the case. To get a good and inexpensive tool, it is not enough just to study the rating of eccentric grinders. You also need to get acquainted with the parameters that you need to pay attention to when choosing.

Cordless eccentric sanders

If you have to work outdoors, away from the outlet, it is better to purchase cordless grinders. The most popular models include:

  • Bosch Advancedorbit 18 10. This is the ideal model for domestic use. It is used for polishing metal coatings and wood. The range of motion reaches 3.3 mm.
  • Ryobi R18ros-0. High performance model with a rotational speed of about 20,000 rpm. The vibration amplitude is 2.5 mm.
  • Greenworks G24ROS. It is a versatile tool suitable for intermediate, coarse and fine sanding. Power is 350 W.

Additional Information! When choosing a new grinder, you need to pay attention to the complete set. The kit must include a set with working disks.

Operating conditions

When choosing a grinder, it is necessary to take into account the conditions of its operation. For example, if it will rarely be used at home for wood processing, you do not need to buy too expensive ESM. Any budget model is suitable for this.

If this device is bought for everyday use and processing of hard surfaces, you will have to familiarize yourself with the rating of the most powerful eccentric grinders. Budget models are not suitable for such tasks.


When buying an ESM for a home, you need to take into account the power of the device. To choose the best option, you need to decide on the scope of the tool. For example, for home use, you should not buy too powerful models. The most suitable choice would be a device with a power of about 300-400 watts.

If you need to frequently sand hard and rough surfaces, you will have to find a more powerful model. ESHM are ideal, which will produce from 700-800 watts.

How to choose an eccentric sander for wood

Orbital sander is a popular power tool. They have become widespread due to their ease of use and high quality grinding. People who want to purchase such a device should find out in advance what an eccentric sander is, a budget rating and their main differences.

ESHM. tools used for grinding different surfaces

What is eccentric sander

EShM is a tool that appeared in the second half of the last century. For the first time, the German company Festool began to produce such devices. They are used for grinding metal, wood and even plastics.

The processing quality of these power tools is in no way inferior to models that are equipped with a conventional grinding disc. ESM also evenly process materials without damaging their surface.

Additional Information! Today, a huge number of such devices are produced and therefore people often do not know how to choose an eccentric sander for wood and metal.

Frequency and amplitude of vibration

This is one of the most important indicators that must be taken into account when choosing a new grinder. The fact is that the productivity of the device and the quality of surface treatment depend on the frequency and amplitude of oscillations.

For fine grinding, models with a minimum amplitude of about 2-3 mm are suitable. If you need to do rough grinding, then you will have to look for a power tool with higher performance.

Belt sander

Most often, it is a belt sander that is used for processing wooden surfaces. The working part of this tool looks like an abrasive belt stretched over rotating rollers (2 or more). Wood belt sanders are convenient to use for surfaces without corners and hard-to-reach places. LSHM has a low center of gravity, so with this device you can easily handle large areas of wood flooring.

LSHM differ in power, belt rotation speed, and belt size. The standard width is 76 mm, although there are machines with wider belts, but they are rarely used in everyday life. When choosing LSHM, you should pay attention to the presence of the function of automatic centering of the belt and adjusting the speed of rotation of the belt.

Belt sanders are usually used for rough but precise material processing. for example, to fit boards together, to remove a thick top layer, etc. Most often, after LSHM, wood requires additional grinding and polishing, which can be done using a vibration or brush sander.

Brush sander for wood

The brush grinder stands out among other grinders, since it is difficult to attribute it to any of the types. The working surface of this tool is a rotating brush that processes metals or wood (different types of brushes are used for different materials). If, in the case of metal, a brush is used to remove a layer of rust or paint, then a brush sander for wood is usually used to structure and give an aging effect.

Angle Grinder

angle grinder or angle grinder is one of the most versatile power tools, indispensable for repair work. It is said that the scope of application of the angle grinder is limited only by the imagination of its operator. Among other materials, the angle grinder is also used for wood: cuts, sanding, polishing, restoration, structuring, etc. It is enough to use a suitable wheel, for example a saw wheel for wood for an angle grinder to cut material.

angle grinders differ in power, number of revolutions, wheel diameter and type of power supply.

which, eccentric, sander, choose, wood

Vibrating sander

The orbital sander (GSHM) is another type of tool for grinding and polishing various surfaces. Processing is carried out by vibration of the working surface. It is not the most efficient way of grinding and polishing, but one of the most accurate and delicate. There are three types of orbital sanders: straight, deltoid and eccentric. The name of each of them is associated with the shape of the working sole, which determines the features of the operation of these grinders:

What kind of sander is best for finishing

  • 1) straight vibrating grinders have a rectangular or square sole, on which an abrasive surface is attached using Velcro or clamps;
  • 2) deltoid orbital sanders have a triangular working surface, which is convenient for processing corners and other hard-to-reach places;
  • 3) eccentric (or obrital) vibratory grinders, in addition to vibration, also use the orbital rotation of the working surface in their work.
which, eccentric, sander, choose, wood

Straight and deltoid vibration sanders for wood differ in power and the number of vibrations per minute, and eccentric ones can also produce a different number of revolutions. The most commonly used vibratory sanders are used for finishing and polishing wood.

Wood grinders: which one to choose?

The sander is a tool that is widely used in everyday life and industrial purposes for processing a variety of surfaces, from granite to plastic. In everyday life, a sander is most often needed when working with wood. In order to choose the right model, you need to study as much information as possible about the types and features of grinders.

It is easy to guess that the price of a wood grinder directly depends on which company the tool is produced by. The most popular today are the following brands of grinders: Metabo, Makita, Bosch, Interskol, Sturm, DeWALT and others. Which wood sander is better? The one that meets your requirements and meets the tasks.

Still have questions? Call 7 (495) 191-10-84, we will try to give comprehensive answers to your questions!

Which Electric Sander to Use?

Small sander for wood

For work at home, small and medium power hand tools are quite enough. Small devices will be especially convenient to use.

Sanding small parts and machining in awkward places will be easier with a vibrating machine. There are two types of such devices with compact dimensions: in a case with a “mushroom” handle and in an elongated case resembling an angle grinder. Both variants have a deltoid (triangular) sole. People call such an “iron”.

Some models of eccentric and surface grinders are relatively compact. However, they do an excellent job of sanding and polishing wood.

You can pick up a tape type device. It will have a body with a longitudinal motor, like an “angle grinder”. The tensioning mechanism with abrasive cloth is located on the gearbox. This tool is suitable for machining ends and edges.

It should be borne in mind that small-sized grinders have a power of 50 to 300 watts. This figure excludes heavy loads. The performance will be within the limits of the capacity.

Wood floor sanders

This is a separate niche for highly specialized power tools, exclusively designed for working with wooden floors and natural wood flooring. The devices have a specific design that simplifies the processing of large areas. High power ensures sufficient performance.

The principle of operation of such machines is similar to manual options for grinding tools. The following types of equipment are most commonly used:

  • Drum type: the principle of operation is the same as that of the brushing machines. Instead of a cylinder with bristles, a drum with an abrasive belt is used. The device is used mainly for stripping old coatings (scraping) or for preliminary rough grinding and eliminating differences at the joints.
  • Belt: differ from the manual version in power and use of a wider blade. Handle both scraping and finishing.
  • Disc: grind the surface with an abrasive material attached to one or more rotating discs.
  • Eccentric (orbital): the round sole rotates and simultaneously performs back-and-forth movements in the horizontal plane. An emery cloth is used as a consumable.
  • Vibrating: devices with a flat working sole of a rectangular shape. The mechanics are driven by a vibration drive or a motor with an eccentric attached to the shaft. At the same time, the sole does not rotate, but makes short horizontal movements with a high frequency.

Most of these machines are rather bulky, so all parts and assemblies are located on a movable frame. Power and performance don’t come out of thin air either. These “units” are powered mainly from the 380 V network.

Which sander is best for wood

There are several types of wood sanders. The design and principle of operation determine their purpose and the ability to perform certain types of work.

  • Belt sanders are designed for rough cleaning and fitting of parts. Surface treatment is carried out using an abrasive belt stretched on rotating shafts.
  • Vibration (surface grinders) machines. They have a flat sole, often of a rectangular shape, to which a sheet of abrasive material is attached. Suitable for large flat surfaces.
  • Vibrating with a deltoid sole. Vibration type angle grinders. They are used for working in hard-to-reach places and processing parts with complex configuration.
  • Eccentric (orbital) grinders. They have a round sole with replaceable abrasive pads. Designed for finishing and fine sanding.
  • Brush grinders. They differ from the rest in that a brush with metal or synthetic bristles acts as a working consumable. Such a tool is not intended for fine grinding. Its main function is to remove paint and varnish coatings and rough surface preparation.

Depending on the type of the proposed work, one or another type of tool is used. Professional craftsmen usually have at least two grinding devices in their arsenal. for coarse and fine processing.

Brush sander for wood

This type of tool is used mainly for cleaning surfaces from old varnish or paint and structuring wood. Often, a brushing machine is used when working with wooden furniture. With its help, the surface is “aged”, creating pieces of furniture “antique”.

Cleaning takes place using a rotating cylindrical drum (brush) with metal or nylon bristles. Instead of a brush, it is possible to install an abrasive nozzle for grinding or a nozzle with a soft polishing material.

There are two design options for brushing machines. The first is a tool in a wide body that hides a shaft with a nozzle. The device is equipped with two handles with a trigger trigger in one of them. Such models have the ability to adjust the depth of processing.

The second option is almost identical to the “angle grinder”. The difference lies in the equipment on which the cylindrical brush is installed. The handle is positioned differently. It is installed parallel to the working shaft. The possibility of adjusting the working depth in such models is not provided.

Wood grinders: which one to choose

Sanding is a process that most people associate with painstaking, monotonous and often dusty work. But is everything being simplified? thanks to the use of a special power tool. Grinding machine not only simplifies work. it increases productivity and quality of processing.

Belt sander for wood

It is the most powerful and productive species. Machining takes place with an abrasive belt attached to a pair of rotating shafts on both sides of the flat sole. The web width can be up to 110 mm. Such a tool easily handles flat surfaces of a large area.

Some models provide for attachment to a workbench and the ability to install additional equipment. This turns the tool into a mini-machine, which is convenient for processing individual small parts.

Professional wood sander

Any professional tool differs from a domestic one in that it is able to withstand heavy loads and is designed for long-term operation in large volumes. Endurance and reliability depend on quality and specifications.

Models of hand grinders for professional use, depending on the type and purpose, can have a power of over 1000 watts. For example, the average power of orbital-type devices is about 350-450 watts. Belt-type machines consume from 500 to 1200 watts. There are also more powerful models.

An important indicator for the professional segment is functionality. Some models provide the possibility of using special equipment: interchangeable soles, guides, attachment devices, etc. This expands the capabilities of the instrument and increases its accuracy.

Typically equipped with options: smooth speed control, various operating modes, automatic centering of the belt, the presence of a dust collector or the ability to connect to external devices for collecting dust.

All special grinders are professional. A special place is occupied by multifunctional devices. Usually these are small portable machines for grinding and polishing wooden parts.

How much does a wood sander cost

It all depends on the class of the tool and the manufacturer. Bosch, DeWALT, Makita, Metabo, Hitachi are the most famous and reliable brands. for the household segment start from one and a half thousand rubles and reach 5-6 thousand. Professional models have a price tag of 6 thousand rubles and above. The average price is in the range of 10-12 thousand.

A professional tool costs 3-4 thousand and more.

When choosing a grinder, you should not be guided solely by price or brand awareness. The choice should be based on the need to purchase a specific type of power tool based on the intended type of work. But in no case should quality be relegated to the background, because the tool is needed for more than one day.