How to make a shovel on a single-axle tractor for snow removal: instructions
In Russia there are such winters that very often owners of private households faced with the problem of removing a lot of snow. Traditionally, this problem was solved with ordinary shovels and various devices. Now that many farms have at least motor blocks, which can be equipped with various types of attachments, cleaning snow, garbage and other work has become much easier.
You can, of course, buy such equipment in specialized stores, but often owners of small agricultural machinery prefer to make it with their own hands. over, there is a lot of different information and drawings on this topic on the Internet. This allows not only to make equipment with the necessary parameters, but also to save money significantly.
Snowplows, which can be installed on almost any type of machinery (tractors, quad bikes, cars or motor blocks) greatly simplify life and the very process of cleaning snow drifts. Any snowplow consists directly of the working body, the angle adjustment mechanism and the attachment unit that fixes the shovel to the power unit chassis.
A snowplow blade for a power tiller with your own hands
Despite the fact that there are different modifications of factory devices for cleaning snow fallen masses, however, according to the drawings provided, you can easily and independently make a snowplow. Thanks to this attachment for the “Neva” power tiller, you can clear your plot from snow drifts in winter, and at other times use it to remove debris, level ground areas and much more. Despite the different modifications, all shovels are characterized by a common design and operating principle. The snow shovel has three basic positions:
Before snow clearing works, the self-made shovel, made from a gas cylinder or steel barrel, should be turned 30˚ to the left or right. Having set the necessary angle, the shovel of the power tiller is fixed in the required position by means of metal cotter pins.
Working width of the blade is usually made 1000 mm with the condition of using for the manufacture of shovels, metal 2-3 mm. True, some models may be larger or smaller than this value. Industry produces snow shovels made of stainless steel.
Snow shovels that can be installed on almost any kind of machinery (tractors, ATVs, machinery or motorcycles) make life much easier and directly the process of removing snow drifts. Any snowplow blade consists directly of the working body, the mechanism for adjusting the angle of rotation and the attachment unit that fixes the shovel to the chassis of the power unit.
Snowplow blade for power tiller with his own hands
Despite the fact that there are various modifications of the factory devices for the removal of snow fallen masses, however, according to the submitted drawings, you can easily and independently make a snow shovel. Thanks to such attachments for the motor-block “Neva”, you can clear your plot from snow drifts in winter, and in the rest of the time use it to clean debris, level ground areas and much more. Despite the different modifications, all shovels are characterized by a common design and operating principle. The snow shovel has three basic positions:
Before snow plowing, the homemade shovel made from a gas cylinder or steel barrel should be turned 30˚ to the left or right. Having set the desired angle, the shovel of the power tiller is fixed in the desired position by means of metal cotter pins.
Working width of the grab is usually made 1000 mm provided the use, for the manufacture of shovels, metal 2-3 mm. True, some models may be more or less than this value. The industry makes snow shovels from high-quality steel.
What is this design?
Snow clearing equipment can be mounted on any agricultural machinery, including motorcycles. The use of these devices will greatly facilitate the life of the owner of a private home, because with their help it is much easier to get rid of skids than manually.
The blade on a single-axle tractor consists of several parts: a blade, a mechanism for adjusting the angle of rotation, fasteners and a lock on the chassis. There are a lot of options for the factory moldboards, but their cost is quite high. For this reason, owners use drawings, which will help them to assemble the attachments themselves.
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There are several design options that allow you to perform work on different areas. The shovel must be strong enough to not only remove a thick mass of snow, but also to level areas, rake debris, and perform other work at different times of the year. The advantage of using the mouldboards is that all the work will be done as quickly and efficiently as possible.
Dump for the tiller with your own hands
Homemade mouldboard for the motoblock: step-by-step photos of making.
I made a homemade shovel for my power tiller with my own hands to clear snow in the yard. The whole process of works is shown on these photos.
I had in the presence of a receiver for 78 liters from the electric locomotive, and it sawed under the shovel-shaft.
Making a swivel mechanism for the mouldboard.
Strengthened the shovel with a bent square tube.
The adapter for the motor-block “Neva” is ready, it has been tested in action, now the only thing left is to clean the welding seams and to paint.
Installing the snow blower on a tractor. about the installation in detail
Mounting the dozer blade to the power tiller should be carried out by means of a system of brackets, which should be welded to the supporting structure of the power tiller. As additional locking devices use two pull rods, which will be in the idle position. Pull rods will serve to reduce the load on the brackets used.
Using bolts without brackets for mounting is not recommended for a number of reasons. First, they can freeze to the structure, which will make it impossible for you to remove the blade from the power tiller. Second, bolts, even anchored ones, will succumb to strong vibration when operating a power tiller with a blade, which will cause them to deform or lose right during harvesting. Thirdly, the bolts will not be able to hold a bucket full of snow. As a result, fasteners will break sooner or later.
Rules of operation of a power tiller with a homemade mouldboard
In order to clean the snow without any unexpected mishaps, you should follow certain rules for the use of a self-made blade. These include:
- to save engine life, use the snow shovel, at least 5 cm in height. in other cases, you can use only a sweeping brush, raising the bucket;
- When using a power tiller with a blade, put special anti-skid chains on the machine’s wheels in advance. they will prevent the machine from skidding in icy conditions;
- if you regularly shovel a lot of snow, check the engine of your power tiller from time to time. it gets hotter and more worn out while working with the attachment, which can lead to boiling of the engine oil;
- check regularly that the fasteners are secure. immediately replace any brackets that are cracked;
- so that the snowplow attachment does not crack or deform, carefully adjust the height of its position above the pavement of the lawn;
- on no account try to scrape snow residue from the covering with the lower part of the bucket. you have a sweeping brush for that;
- Always make sure that snow and ice chunks do not get inside the power harvester through the grid and holes in the body. this can lead to engine failure, damage to the piston group and carburetor, as well as short circuit inside the wiring of the power harvester. To protect the machine, cover all the holes in its body with steel shields. The latter should be mounted so that the rear parts are slightly bent away from the body. This will allow air to get to the engine for cooling;
- Before installing and using the blade, install a protective plate in front of the front wheels of the power tiller. it will prevent ice and snow masses from getting on the parts of the machine suspension, melting which will lead to the formation of rust on the parts;
- If when you raise or lower the bucket you find strange squeaks produced by the blade linkages, be sure to lubricate the bolts and brackets with solidol;
- at the end of the winter season, before taking the blade to the garage for storage, thoroughly clean it from snow residue and dry it. After that, treat the surface of the bucket, pull rods, mounting brackets and bolts with an anti-rust agent;
All of the above tips for making, installing and operating a homemade moldboard will be suitable for power tillers Salyut, Agro, OKA, Patriot, MTZ, Agat, Cascade, as well as the Neva MB-1 and MB-2.
How to make a moldboard on a single axle tractor with your own hands
When making the attachment yourself, you must first carefully study its structure. The presented photos, drawings of the blade on a single-axle tractor with their own hands give only a visual idea of the design. It is optimal to first consider the snowplow device in reality. To do this, you can visit a retail outlet or ask a familiar equipment owner to take measurements from the moldboard. When there is no such a possibility, you need to be prepared for the fact that during the work there may be errors that will have to be corrected.
Blueprints for a power tiller with your own hands
On the Internet or in thematic literature you can find a lot of schemes, but they are almost all alike. This is due to the simple design of the shovel. It is not necessary to make up anything unnecessary. For example, the drawings for the mouldboard for the “Neva” power tiller with their own hands will be similar, as well as for “Zubr”, “Zirka”. Minor changes can be only in the design of the hitch.
The blueprint will help to make a shovel with a hydraulic elevator In the absence of hydraulics, the elevator is made lever-operated, for example from a spring
Any firm that is engaged in the manufacture of power tillers, can also offer a number of snowplows. On sale there are popular models from manufacturers such as Kentavr, Neva, Zirka, etc. п. The only big advantage of factory design over homemade is that they are made of high quality steel and are more difficult to damage. over, such models serve longer than homemade ones. But, on the other hand, they cost a lot.
There are many variants of factory mouldboards, so you should check before buying, whether this model is suitable for the existing power tiller. Factory snow plows are not equipped with spring mechanisms in connection with the low speed. If the speed of the power tiller is low, the protective mechanisms for contact with the ground lose their meaning. over, the factory models have no mechanisms for lifting and rotating the machine. In this regard, the price of the factory design is reduced.
For higher performance, it is recommended to replace the regular rubber wheels with factory or homemade grousers. This speeds up the work process.
The for snow blowers can be different. Mostly
Any firm that manufactures power tillers, can also offer a range of snowplows. On sale are popular models of such manufacturers as Kentavr, Neva, Zirka, etc. п. The only big advantage of a factory-made design over a homemade one is that they are made of high-quality steel and are more difficult to damage. over, such models last longer than homemade ones. But, on the other hand, they cost a lot.
There are many variants of factory mouldboards, so you should check before buying if this model is suitable for your existing power tiller. Factory snow plows are not equipped with spring mechanisms due to low speed. If the speed of the power tiller is low, the protective mechanisms for contact with the ground lose their meaning. over, the factory models do not have mechanisms for lifting and turning the unit. Because of this, the price of the factory design is reduced.
For better performance, it is recommended to replace the ordinary rubber wheels with factory-made or homemade grousers. This will speed up the work process.
The of snow blowers can vary. Basically
How to make a mouldboard for a power tiller out of a barrel
An old metal barrel is a good material for a shovel. However, the thickness of the metal should be at least 2 mm, and better. 3 mm. The thin sheet metal will simply bend from the load. To obtain the desired oval blank, the barrel is cut lengthwise into three equal segments with an angle grinder.
The next step is to measure the length of the workpiece, which will determine the width of the shovel’s grip. If the barrel is about 1 m high, that is enough. When a low container is available, the length of a single workpiece is not enough. The cut segments are welded together. Overlap the segments and weld the seams on both sides. To strengthen along the seam, you can drill holes, and put rivets.
If the segments cut out of the barrel are small, they are welded together to obtain the needed width of the shovel
To assemble their own hands a moldboard for power tiller from the barrel cleaned the snow well and did not scratch the sidewalk, shovel equipped with a knife. In its lower part on the edge of the rivets or bolts fastened metal bar thickness of at least 5 mm. Additionally drill holes at a pitch of 100 mm for bolts to attach the strip of conveyor belt. A rubber pad will prevent the metal tire from leaving scratches on the paving slabs or asphalt.
The next step is to make the frame of the trailed device and the blade pivot assembly. First, by the height of the shovel, find its middle. At this point, a piece of 40×40 mm section profile pipe is welded over its entire length. In the center of the crosspiece welded semicircle cut with an angle grinder of metal 8 mm thick. In the plate is drilled three holes: one in the center and two indented, so you get a turn the bucket to the side by 30 °.
From a profile tube of a similar cross section weld the frame of the trailed device. The bracket turns out in the form of a letter “G”. One side is connected to the power tiller and the other is attached to the swivel adjusting device. So that the homemade shovel on a single-axle tractor for snow removal can be adjusted in height, an adjusting screw lever is adapted. one side is fixed to the L-shaped bracket and the other side is threaded into the hole in the profile tube of the towing bracket.
How to make the dozer blade for your power tiller with your own hands
Make a moldboard for your own hands is not difficult, if you have in your household an angle grinder, a drill and a welder. Here is one of the simple variants of such a product for owners of power tillers. Long search for a suitable metal you do not have to, because for this you can use an ordinary two-hundred liter steel barrel.
Carefully cut it into three pieces, and you will get three curved segments for the shovel. Welding on the contour of two of them, we will get a product with a metal thickness of three millimeters, which is quite enough to ensure the stiffness of the moldboard.
The lower part of the blade is reinforced with a knife. For this you will need a steel strip 5 mm thick and with a length equal to the catch of the blade. In the blade is drilled holes with a diameter of 5-6 mm spaced 10-12 cm for fixing the protective strip of rubber.
The design of the attachment of the moldboard to the tiller is fairly simple and can be implemented in the home workshop. To the moldboard, welded from two segments of the barrel, about half of its height welded square tube 40×40 mm for reinforcement. Then half-circle of thick steel is welded to the tube in its center, in which three holes are made necessary to fix the rotation angles shovel blade.
After that the L-shaped holder is welded from the same pipe, one end of which is inserted into the hole on the semicircle, and the other end is bolted to the frame of the power tiller. To adjust the height of the shovel, bolts A and B are used. They are screwed into the holes in a piece of square tube, which is welded to the hitch and put on the L-shaped holder.
Snowplow from a gas cylinder. assembling tools
The first thing to understand is that the homemade machine must have a good protection. In the motor should not get the snow, otherwise it will lead to an imminent engine failure.
To be able to remove the fallen snow on a regular basis, the snowblower engine should have a capacity of at least 5.5 liters. с. At the same time, it is not necessary to chase very high power, because such motors consume a significant amount of fuel.
Before you make a snowplow, you should stock up on these materials:
- angle grinder;
- Welding machine;
- Metal pipes and angles;
- Steel sheets;
- Hammer, pliers and other locksmith tools;
- Various fasteners.
After buying everything you need for the work, you need to go to another stage. preparatory activities.
Shovel blade for power tiller with your own hands
The size of our shovel blade for power tiller will be 850x220x450mm. The shovel blade itself is made of a steel sheet with a thickness of 2-3 mm. Stanchions, located inside, are made of 3-4 mm thick sheet and serve as stiffeners.
Holes are drilled in them on the spot for attaching the blade to the boom, taking into account the strict vertical position of the blade in relation to the front of the power tiller.
- 1. moldboard sheet (tin);
- 2. prop 4pc (stiffeners);
- 3. the lower part of the dozer blade (tin plate);
- 4. blade
- 5. eye bolt.
a bracket for fixing the blade is mounted on the skids of the power tiller, to which the base of the front folding support of the power tiller is also attached; the same M10 bolts are used. with shearbolts M8 with wing nuts bolts fasten the bars with length 520 mm, which are connected to the moldboard ribs.
In the internal ribs (bars xthickness of 3-4 mm) drilled holes for bonding the blade with the rods so that the blade is positioned vertically in relation to the tiller. The blade is additionally fixed on the power tiller with two adjusting rods: when not in working position they allow to unload the arms. To the bottom part of the dozer blade is bolted the blade with dimensions 3х100х850 mm.
The bottom of the moldboard is lined with tin to prevent burying it in the ground. The width (depth) of the bottom, you can do less than shown in the drawing. With a blade height of 450mm and depth of 220mm it looks more like a bucket.
Taking these recommendations as a basis and experimenting with the dimensions will help to make a shovel blade for different power tillers: Neva, Salyut, etc. Then snowplowing with a snowblower will be easy and enjoyable for you.
How to serve homemade snow thrower?
For the snowblower to serve a long time, and as rarely as possible broke, its owner should adhere to a number of important rules:
- The unit should be stored only in a damp-proof utility room;
- You need to change the engine oil regularly, drain it before storing it in the summer;
- For lubrication, it is best to choose seasonal oils that have good characteristics;
- It is necessary to regularly check the metal elements of the snowblower’s design for the presence of rust. In order to protect the machine, it is better to treat its metal surfaces with an anti-corrosion substance, which you can buy at any auto parts store;
- After each use of the machine from the auger it is necessary to knock off the remains of stuck snow;
- Regularly check the integrity of the snowblower’s main assemblies. the motor, transmission and control the pressure in the tires;
- After each use of the machine, check the integrity of the steel plates of the auger. If necessary, bend them in the right direction.
By adhering to all these rules, you will minimize the possibility of breakdowns of the homemade snowplow.