How to set up a tiller plow for plowing

Single-body plow mounted SCOUT PL-130 HYD with scoring disc

The SCOUT PL-130 HYD single-body share plow is equipped with a scoring disc for more efficient work on sod soil. The unit is connected to mini tractors and tillers with a single point attachment mechanism. The working part is made of durable steel.

The angle of attack of the ploughshare is regulated with lanyards. The limiter wheel adjusts the plowing depth. The scoring disc is designed to cut the roots of plants during plowing, which increases productivity and quality of plowing.

For plowing heavy soils and virgin lands, you need to install weighting agents on the equipment: 80 kg in front and 60 kg in the back.

tiller, plow, plowing

Installing the plow on the tiller through the hitch

Before installing the unit, place a bar under the left wheel of the tiller to recreate the plowing process. Structurally, plows differ from each other, so you need to know the depth of plowing in advance. Usually, the recommended depth is indicated in the instructions for the device. On summer cottages and backyards, the plowing depth is set from 10 to 20 cm.

The unit is hung on a single point mount and fixed with two bolts. If the tiller is not equipped with a one-point system, then a hitch is attached to it, on which the plow is hung. When installing the device through a hitch, the main thing is that there is a slight backlash in the horizontal plane, no more than 5 degrees, because if you tighten the bolts as much as possible, you will have to make efforts to work the soil.

After preparing the machine for plowing and connecting the plow, you can start setting up the device..

How to setup a moldboard plow

Adjustment on heavy tillers

The plow setting on heavy diesel tillers is the same as on the light class machines. The only thing is that lugs are not installed on heavy machines, because the mass of such equipment exceeds 200 kg. Most importantly, observe safety precautions when connecting the unit and plowing. After all, the more powerful the technique, the more careful you need to be when working..

Attack angle

The angle of attack is adjustable on the frame of the device. Adjust the horizontal position of the frame with a lanyard and lower the machine until the share touches the ground. Then you need to slightly raise the body so that the back of the share is raised above the ground by a few centimeters.

If the angle of attack is too large, the tiller will burrow into the ground. If the angle of attack is small, then the unit will not sink to the required depth, but will plow only the top layer of the soil.

Preparing the tiller for plowing

Land cultivation is a technological process that requires special preparation of motor vehicles and a plow. First, you need to move the car to the field to be processed. If you are using a lightweight tiller, then it can be transported in the back of a car. Before starting plowing, you need to carry out daily maintenance of the machine and check its functionality..

For the period of plowing, lugs are installed on the light and middle class tillers instead of wheels. They improve traction and increase the overall weight of the vehicle. Before installing the lugs, you need to transport the car to a level area, substitute a stop under the rear hitch and remove the wheels. If you can replace the hubs on the tiller with longer ones to increase the track, then replace them. After that, the lugs are installed. Note that the tread pattern on the lugs is pointing to one side. Narrowing of the pattern indicates the direction of travel.

After carrying out maintenance and replacing the wheels with lugs, you can start connecting and adjusting the plow.

Types of plows

Over the thousand-year history of using the plow, it has often been modified. Modern units are usually divided according to working bodies, their number and purpose..

  • According to the working elements, plows are divided into plowshares and disc.
  • By the number of working bodies for one-, two-, three-body, etc..
  • By appointment for special and general.

A share plow is a unit, the body of which is equipped with a share (knife). The ploughshare cuts the soil, lifts it, and turns the blade over. The share unit is used for plowing the land for sowing grain crops. Maximum plowing depth – 30 cm.

Disc plow – instead of a ploughshare, the device has discs that plow the land. This unit is used on heavy rocky soils and fields that are located in the place of uprooted forests. The advantage of the disc is that if the share is found on a stone, it will break and the disc will roll over the obstacle. Disc devices are used only by powerful tractors in large fields.

A multi-body plow is a unit on which several bodies with shares are installed. The more powerful the tractor, the more bodies on one frame it can pull. Multi-body units speed up field processing and increase productivity. The heavy diesel tiller is equipped with two-body devices..

Special and general purpose plows. A general purpose machine is a share device that is designed for plowing a field. Special purpose machines are devices for difficult soil types, such as swampy, rocky, etc..

Plowing depth adjustment

The plowing depth is set according to two parameters:

  • type of cultivated land;
  • design features.

Before starting the setup, you need to find the most level area. If it is possible to make adjustments on the asphalt, then move the machine to it. When the machine is plowing the soil, it moves with the right wheel in a rut, and the left wheel is on uncultivated ground. To recreate this position of the machine, you need to install stands under the left wheel of the tiller, the height of which should be the depth of plowing.

The plowing depth is adjusted using the adjusting wheel. The deeper the support wheel is lowered, the shallower the plowing depth will be and vice versa. The height of the support wheel must be equal to the height of the raised side.

How to plow with a tiller with a plow

Before starting to plow the area, it is necessary to carry out a trial plowing, in which the adjustment of the device is checked. Check the depth to which your machine is designed. Check the plow while driving on the furrow. If the device does not work correctly, then adjust it directly in the ground. Evaluate the load on the tiller when plowing and the correctness of the stroke.

If on trial plowing you are convinced that the equipment is working correctly, then you can start plowing:

  • We expose the unit at the border of the desired area, turn on the first speed and clamp the clutch. Make sure that your steering wheel is parallel to the ground so that the car goes straight ahead and does not bury itself in the ground..
  • The plowing process must take place without effort on the part of the operator. With a good setting, the technique itself moves and plows the area, and you only control it.
  • After cutting the first furrow, measure the depth with a ruler or tape measure. If the depth coincides with the one to which you set the unit, then you can continue to work.
Read more:  What is better tiller or mini tractor

Tips & Tricks

The first and most important thing to note is that you follow safety precautions..

In general, the tiller’s device is clear and simple. But in any case, like any other technique, it needs care and timely maintenance and replacement of consumables. Use only quality spare parts recommended by manufacturers.

To prevent mixing of the fertile layer and what is under it, change the direction of plowing every season. In this case, you will reduce the likelihood of crop failure..

If your plow does not have height adjustment, you can drill an extra hole in the tine yourself. But make sure that the structure does not lose its rigidity..

Plowing depth and how to adjust it

The plowing depth is the distance that the plow goes deep into the ground while working. You need to set the depth at the distance that the shovel bayonet takes. Otherwise, the following effects may result:

  • If the depth is insufficient, most of the weed roots will remain underground, which will require additional efforts to remove them.
  • If the depth is deeper than necessary, the fertile soil layer will mix with what is under it, and the plants will not receive proper nutrition..

Therefore, it is necessary to adhere to the golden mean..

The depth is adjusted using bolts that hold the plow shackle and the lock together. Accordingly, moving the plow up and down, this setting is carried out.

Pay attention to the design of your plow – if it has only one bolted connection and, accordingly, one hole, adjustment is not possible on this model.

How to plow with a tiller with a plow

If you have at your disposal a standard plot of 6 acres of land, then it is better to walk it with a tiller from an easy series. It weighs a little and is easy to manage. Such a cultivator will cope with the site very quickly. It is customary to use cultivators and cutters as attachments for small areas. The processing technology is as follows: the mini-car is installed at the edge of the site, starts up and moves forward at maximum speed, turning at the corners of the site. So, gradually the tiller moves to the center.

For large areas, it is advisable to use medium and heavy cultivators. In this case, you simply cannot do without a plow:

  • Control plowing in two directions is carried out.
  • During plowing, the position of the plow in relation to the ground and the quality of the furrow are assessed.
  • If there are no questions, proceed to the full scope of work.
  • The tiller speed is increased, the furrows and soil dump are smooth and neat.

This method is suitable for all types of soil. If the work is carried out on hard and stony soil, it is better to process it in two passes at different depths. At the second stage, in order to exclude soil creeping, waves can be made across the previous ones. With longitudinal passage, it is recommended to lay the wave between the two old ones so that there is not a large distance between them..

Advice. When working in hot weather, the engine needs time to rest and cool down. At the end of plowing, the plow should be disconnected, cleaned and washed from dirt, left until next time.

When carrying out work related to plowing the land, it is necessary to adhere to certain instructions and rules:

  • To begin with, control plowing is performed and the resulting furrow is analyzed..
  • Carries out plow adjustments, blade quality and strip depth.
  • The crests of the furrows should be at an equal distance from each other..
  • The possibility of imposing a new soil dump on an old one is excluded.

Knowledge of setting up a plow on a tiller allows not only to correctly set up the equipment, but also to perform plowing with high quality in the shortest possible time. Impeccable adjustment is a guarantee of preparatory work on the personal plot.

How to work as a cultivator correctly using the example of Husqvarna

Useful Tips

It is also important to choose the right size for the lug wheels. Chasing the diameter is not worth it, otherwise the linear speed will be too high. Optimum diameter – 460-500 mm.

The size of the plow depends on the weight of the tiller, this parameter must also be taken into account. On tillers weighing about 100 kg, they put the largest plows with a grip of 23 cm.For tillers weighing up to 75 kg, plows with a grip of 18 cm are recommended.Lighter cultivators are suitable for a plow with a grip of 13 cm.Here, too, sometimes they make a mistake – they buy a relatively light tiller and put a big plow on it. If you try to use this “tandem” on the “oak” soil, the result will be absolutely predictable – “does not plow”. And the point is not in the quality of the plow, but in its wrong choice and / or settings.

Adjustment and adjustment of the plow on the tiller

Any owner of his garden knows what it is like to manually plow the beds and pull the weeds. A plow is used to facilitate plowing. But using animal power or a tractor for a small area is costly and unreasonable. For these purposes, Tillery is used – mainly Neva, MTZ, Oka, Farmer, Centaur. To put it simply, this is an engine with wheels, on which various attachments are attached – from carts to plows. Our step-by-step instructions will tell you about the latter, or rather, about how the plow is adjusted on the tiller..

Step-by-step instruction. Tiller plow adjustment

Land plowing is one of the most important jobs in the fall and spring seasons. This work must be done to prepare the soil for planting or sowing a variety of crops. Plows a tiller plow, which is very important to adjust.

How to properly adjust the plow so that the plowing of the land plot is correct, even, accurate and fast. You will find the answer to this question in our article..

Preparing the tiller for installing the plow

Plowing the soil begins with the preparation of the tiller. Let’s take a closer look at how to do this..

Step one. Removing the transport wheels

So, you have delivered your tiller to the area you are going to plow. The first step is to remove the transport wheels in order to replace them with special lugs. To simplify this part of the work, you can install a stand under the hitch located at the rear of the tiller. Lugs are needed for a more thorough grip on the ground. They are just the necessary equipment for plowing, planting potatoes, carrots, beets..

Step two. Replacing hubs.

At the second stage of preparing the tiller before plowing, it is necessary to replace the hubs on which the transport wheels were installed with elongated ones. This is necessary so that the distance between the lugs increases slightly. This solution will significantly increase the stability of the tiller during operation..

Step three. Installation of lugs

Have you already installed the extended hubs? It’s time to move on to installing the lugs. It is very important that these elements are correctly installed. This factor is checked by the direction of the tread pattern. Tread reduction means forward movement.

Installing the plow on the tiller

Now you can remove the stand and start adjusting the plow. The assembly of the plow consists in installing a coupling device (the so-called hitch) on it. This hitch and plow must be assembled in order to be installed on the tiller in the future..

Step one. Training

At this stage, you must prepare all the equipment necessary for work, namely: plow, hitch and wrenches.

Step two. Setting the plowing depth

To adjust the required plowing depth, match the hole in the coupling hub with the middle hole in the plow shank. After that, these elements are connected using a fastening bolt..

Step three. Installing the hitch on the plow

The fastening bolt is installed in the upper hole of the plow post and is securely fixed with a nut. In this case, it is extremely important not to tighten all the nuts in the plow and hitch attachment points too much, since then they will still have to be loosened at the plow adjustment stage. Now, after installing the hitch on the plow, you can proceed to the next stage..

Read more:  DIY potato digger for a tiller

Step four. Installing the plow on the tiller

After completing all the previous steps, you can attach the plow to the tiller. This is done this way: a plow is aggregated onto one or two pins (it depends on the tiller model), after which the pins are securely fixed with cotter pins.

In order to make it much more convenient for you to adjust the plow, it is recommended to install the tiller on stands. It can be two bars of 150 x 150 millimeters in cross-section. It is this size that will help to set the optimal plowing depth, which should be in the range from 15 to 18 centimeters..

For greater ease of adjustment, the plow should also be placed on a slight elevation, for example, on plywood or a plank. This solution will allow for a much more accurate tilt from the heel of the plow to its nose. The angle of this tilt is adjusted using a special bolt on the hitch, which is very convenient. And it happens in this way:

1) By turning the adjusting bolt clockwise, you need to raise the heel of the plow, thereby increasing the plowing depth.

2) Turn the adjustment bolt counterclockwise, slightly lower the heel of the plow and thereby reduce the plowing depth.

The distance between the soil and the plow must be between three and five centimeters. Otherwise, the plow will simply dig into the soil. If the angle of inclination of the plow is incorrectly set, then the quality of plowing will leave much to be desired. This will significantly increase the load on the motor and on the operator’s hands. After adjustment, tighten the plow and hitch attachment.

To measure the distance between the gearbox and the reference surface (i.e. plywood or board), you need to use a tape measure (or other measuring device). Normally, the gap is 15 to 20 centimeters. It is important to comply with this condition..

Preparing for tiller plowing

Before plowing, it is necessary to carry out a test plowing and check the quality of the plow adjustment. For this you need:

Check furrow depth and blade quality.

Follow the progress of the plow in the furrow.

Check the smoothness of the tiller and the load on the operator’s hands.

Determine the load on the tiller.

If all of the above points satisfy you, you can start plowing the area. If something is wrong, you need to readjust the plow..

Control plowing of the area is as follows.

We install the tiller on the edge of the cultivated land.

Engage first gear and gently push the clutch lever. It is extremely important that the tiller’s rudder is parallel to the surface of the plot so that the tiller does not burrow into the soil, but does not rise above the cultivated plot. When plowing, the operator does not need to put pressure on the steering wheel and push the tiller too hard, because this agricultural machine will do its job perfectly without additional efforts..

After the first furrow it is imperative to check the plowing depth. For this purpose, it is worth using a tape measure or a regular ruler. If the indicators coincide with the initially set, then this means that you can start full-fledged work.

Correct plow adjustment is the key to quality plowing. After work, it is imperative to clean the plow of dust and dirt, remove it from the tiller and put it aside until next use..

Important! If you are working in a hot part of the day, be sure to pause in work so that the motor cools down..

Now you know how to set up and adjust the plow on the tiller.

Customization

The motor-cultivator is brought to the place of commencement of work in a disassembled state: the lugs and attachments must be removed:

  • Dismantle the wheels in order to install special lugs instead. It will be problematic to plow the land without these devices..
  • Improves tiller stability. For this, the hubs of the wheel pair are removed and others, more elongated, are installed in their place. Thus, the distance between the lugs and the mini-tractor increases better control while driving..
  • Direct installation of lug devices.

What attachments does the tiller work with?

Any experienced farmer knows that with the help of a tiller, cultivator or other motorized equipment, it is possible to mechanize almost all agricultural work, from cultivating the land to prepare it for sowing and ending with the transportation of the harvested crop. The motor units have become universal due to the possibility of using a variety of attachments. So, for example, for the cultivation of arable land and the cultivation of virgin lands, not only moldboard and other plows were created, but also:

  • harrows;
  • hillers;
  • rotary tillers;
  • weeding cutters.

Harrows are used to plow virgin soil, as well as for pre-sowing or post-harvest loosening of arable soil to a depth of 7-14 cm. By harrowing with a tiller, a cultivator, they level the surface, cover moisture, and destroy weeds. The working bodies of such agricultural implements are metal teeth or spherical discs. In this video, you can clearly see how to plow correctly with a tiller and a homemade harrow..

With the help of a hiller, potatoes are hilled, cut furrows for sowing seeds, backfilled planting material, as well as weeds directly in the row zone. Hilling devices are single-row and double-row, with a fixed and adjustable working width, distinguishable both by design and by their efficiency. Here is a video about how the Neva MB2 tiller is processing with a mounted two-row hiller-weeding machine.

A rotary tiller can plow virgin soil, carry out pre-sowing and main cultivation of plowed land. This agricultural tool allows you to mill, cultivate the land and prepare it for sowing with high quality. It is capable not only of plowing the soil, but also crumbling large layers, mixing with fertilizer, crushing stubble particles, leveling the sown area. Rotary tillers for plowing are of different types, depending on the number of cutting elements. This video shows how to actually plow with a tiller with a cutter installed on it..

The weeding cutter helps to cut weeds, split and cut grooves without turning the layer, plow and crush the soil. Flat cutters come with all kinds of working widths and working depths, which allows you to choose them for specific conditions for processing agricultural plots and crops. How to carry out processing with a hinged flat cutter in practice is well demonstrated by this video using the example of the Tiller Dnepr.

In addition to the listed removable tools, created in order to plow virgin soil and cultivate arable land, rakes, wood splitters, seeders, shredders, cultivators, rotary and segment mowers, shovels, dumps, sprayers, sweeping brushes, snow blowers, etc. are used with the motor unit. Having in stock the main set of mounted agricultural implements, you can use a tiller or a powerful cultivator to perform all sorts of economic tasks, in particular, pre-sowing plowing of the land, sowing and planting crops, fertilizing, inter-row cultivation, harvesting root crops, seasonal harvesting of green fodder.

Heavy

With this equipment, you can plow huge areas, significantly exceeding an area of ​​half a hectare. Engine power – 12-30 horsepower,. A plow, trailer, hiller, potato digger and other equipment can be attached to a heavy tiller. It is easier to work with such a technique and many times faster than with light and medium ones. It adjusts the steering wheel, wheels.

The disadvantages include the heavy weight of the model, lack of access to non-standard surface areas. In addition, such a technique has to be turned with effort. As for the types of plows to the tiller, they are reversible with two bodies that plow the soil using a blade, or rotary, plowing the soil thanks to rotating discs.

How to setup?

Installation of wheels

Before the start of the summer season, you will need to adjust the tiller for plowing. Before plowing, rubber wheels must be replaced with metal lug wheels. This must be done so that the unit does not slip during excavation work. The choice of wheels should be taken seriously, otherwise it will not work to plow the soil compacted after winter.

Firstly, their diameter must be at least 55 cm, and secondly, the width of the wheel is selected within 20 cm, otherwise, if the wheels are too narrow, the tiller will lose stability and will swing in different directions. If the diameter is too small, the gearbox will catch on the ground and may become unusable, and it is known to be the “heart” of the tiller.

Read more:  Do-it-yourself cutters for the tiller

For wheels, a monolithic rim is suitable so that the earth does not clog in the lugs. Work with wheels is done by placing the tiller on special stands. The height of the hill directly depends on the depth of future plowing: for working with ordinary soil – 20 cm, with frozen soil – 25 cm.

How to properly plow with a plow on a tiller?

  • Views
  • Lungs
  • Average
  • Heavy
  • How to setup?
  • Installation of wheels
  • Installing the plow
  • Tiller launch
  • Plowing a plot

PLOUGH FOR POLEXIM WALKING TILLER TEST OF PROTOTYPE PŁUG DO GLEBOGRYZARKI

tiller is a universal unit for agricultural work on a personal or summer cottage. It can be used to plow the land, plant and harvest. The purchase of such equipment will greatly facilitate agricultural work..

With the help of tillers, you can perform various types of agricultural work. Depending on the size of the area to be treated and the demand for equipment in different fields of activity, the equipment is acquired in light, medium and heavy classes..

Tiller launch

Every time before starting the engine, the oil level and the amount of fuel are checked – a lack of both can damage the engine. The diesel engine is fueled with seasonal diesel fuel (for warm or cold seasons). Before starting, check the operation of the clutch, steering wheel. Movements in systems occur with a certain effort..

To start the engine, you need to free the tubes from air with an electric starter, which will subsequently be filled with diesel fuel. During manual start, it is necessary to give access to fuel, to produce gas and a certain amount of rocking by the starter. The decompressor returns to its original state and the engine starts.

For two-stroke engines, gasoline is used (the proportions of dilution with oil are indicated in the instructions). To start the tiller, open the gas tank, direct the handle to “start”, move the starter several times without turning on the ignition. And only then turn on the ignition to start the engine. Further, the handle should be at the “Work” mark.

With an electric starter, just turn on the ignition and start the engine..

Average

This technique is rear-wheel drive. Motor power – 5-12 horsepower. The device is capable of treating a plot of half a hectare. tiller weighs 50 to 70 kilograms, his. Most tillers in this category can mount a plow and other equipment.

This technique has 2 gears, is equipped with a headlight. Compared to a heavy tiller, the average one is more maneuverable, but the depth of plowing by it does not exceed 12 cm.And this is unacceptable for planting some plants

Installing the plow

Thanks to the couplings (fasteners), the plow is mounted to the tiller. This work is best done with an assistant, as it will require some effort and skill. First, the hitch is mounted on the tiller, then connected to the plow mount with steel pins. The connection should not be installed tightly, a slight horizontal movement is necessary, otherwise, when processing the soil, the tiller will “skid” to the sides due to the unevenness of the soil.

After basic installation, the plow needs to be adjusted. You will have to tinker with the adjustment – the quality of plowing depends on it. The plow is tilted using the mountings so that its heel is horizontal to the ground. The adjusted tiller is placed on the ground and the steering wheel is checked – it should be in the area of ​​the plowman’s belt.

It remains to check whether the unit is ready for earthwork. It is necessary to make several test furrows with depth measurement, to check the quality of the soil dump. Pay attention to the strip between furrows – it should not be too wide (no more than 10 cm) or crossed by a plow.

How to install a plow on a tiller

  • Prepare all the necessary equipment. To install the plow on the tiller you will need: plow, bolts, nuts, hitch, wrenches.
  • Match the holes of the plow shank and hitch. If both holes match, secure them with the mounting bolt.
  • Place the hitch on the plow and secure it with the nuts. The fastening bolts should not be tightened too much; they will have to be readjusted during plow adjustment.
  • Place the plow on the tiller. On different models of the tiller, the plow can be attached to one or two pins, which are connected with cotter pins.

How to prepare a tiller for installing a plow on it

The tiller is usually transported to the plowing site by car. The equipment is transported without attachments, all the necessary devices are installed directly on the spot. If the treatment area is near the house, the tiller is set up on a nearby flat surface. Stages of preparing a tiller:

  • For plowing the land, transport wheels are removed from the tiller to install special lugs. For the convenience of removing the wheels, stands are installed behind the tiller. Lugs are needed to improve traction and traction..
  • Replacement of hubs for transport wheels with extended ones. The distance between the lugs should be greater than between the wheels of the tiller. Replacing the hubs allows for greater stability of agricultural machinery.
  • The final stage is the installation of the lugs. You must use the correct lugs for your tiller model.

Setting up the tiller plow

How to set up a tiller plow correctly and quickly

A plow is an attachment used to plow the land. For a small plot of land, using a tractor or animal power is expensive and impractical. It is easier and more profitable to use a tiller for cultivating the land. The quality of plowing and the convenience of further processing of the land plot depends on the correct installation and adjustment of the plow on the tiller. We offer step-by-step instructions on how to prepare agricultural equipment and set up a plow.

Adjustment of the plow width and plowing depth

For high-quality plowing of the land, the plow is adjusted to a width of 55-60 centimeters and a depth of penetration into the soil by 12-18 centimeters. To adjust the angle of inclination of the plow, it is placed on a slight elevation.

Then the following actions are performed:

  • The adjusting bolt turns clockwise. This raises the heel of the plow and increases the plowing depth..
  • To reduce the plowing depth, the adjusting bolt turns in the opposite direction.
  • The distance between the ground and the plow is set at 3-5 centimeters.
  • After the end of the tilt adjustment, the hitch and plow fastenings are tightened.

If the angle of inclination of the plow is incorrectly set, it will be quite difficult to plow the land. If the plow is deeply buried in the ground, the tiller will start to slip, and the load on the operator’s hands will increase significantly. With a shallow plowing depth, the roots of the weeds will remain in the ground and will have to be removed again.

Control plowing of the land

Install the tiller on the edge of the lot. Engage first gear and start driving the tiller. The technique needs to move smoothly. Do not put too much pressure on the tiller handle, with the correct setting, the plow will move calmly and evenly. Check the furrow plowing depth with a tape measure. If it meets the required parameters, you can continue tillage..

After finishing work, disconnect the plow from the tiller and clear it of weeds and clods. Take breaks when working in hot weather. This will protect the vehicle from overheating of the motor. With the correct execution of all the steps to set up the tiller plow, plowing will turn into an easy and enjoyable activity, and the soil will be well prepared for further work..