DIY all-wheel drive adapter for tiller

Manufacturing process

Such a hitch of any kind is not just a seat, but a whole device consisting of several parts. Depending on the type of adapter, these parts are attached to each other in different quantities and in a different order. So, the rear and front unit are made almost the same, but differ in the method of final fastening and the method of the coupling itself.

The purpose of the adapter

Here, I think everything is clear, there is a fairly large amount of work on the ground, which is easier, faster and more convenient to do with an adapter. And working with such attachments as a rotary tiller, in general, it is safer.

Required tools and materials

With your own hands and even without assistance, you can make a manual adapter or a dump adapter. Therefore, first of all, it is necessary to decide on the type of additional equipment. The next stage is the drawings. You can use ready-made ones, based on the instructions for the tillers of the same brand, but already implemented with adapters, or you can create it yourself. When making drawings with your own hands, careful attention should be paid to the main elements:

  • steering wheel control:
  • frame;
  • seat;
  • frame;
  • adapter portal;
  • suspension;
  • coupling mechanism.

When the diagram is ready, you need to take care of having the following tools at hand:

  • welding machine;
  • drill;
  • Grinder;
  • two wheels with an axle;
  • lathe;
  • a ready-made chair of a suitable size;
  • metal profile for the frame;
  • steel corner and beams;
  • fasteners;
  • bolts, screws;
  • screwdriver;
  • control levers;
  • circle made of steel with special holes – the basis for adhesion;
  • bearings;
  • lubricants and primers for finished structures.

Additional Drawings of Simple Adapter

Below is a drawing of one of the most structurally simple adapters.

all-wheel, drive, adapter, tiller

The following are welded to the frame made of a square profiled tube 5050 mm in size and 2 mm thick:

– Footrest in the form of a perpendicularly installed pipe;

– A rack with a seat installed on it;

– Square tube of the same section for wheel mounting;

Adapter for Tiller Neva

Drawings and dimensions for different tillers may vary depending on the design. So for the popular models of Neva, MTZ, OKA tillers, homemade adapters can differ significantly.

By making a homemade adapter to the tiller, using various types of attachments with it, you can not only facilitate the work, but also significantly increase productivity.

How to make an adapter for a tiller with your own hands?

Small agricultural equipment such as tillers, cultivators and mini-tractors greatly facilitate the work of people. But in the pursuit of perfection, even such units are being modernized. In particular, manufacturers or the owners themselves equip them with adapters – special seats that make the use of such equipment more comfortable and less energy-intensive. There are tillers already equipped with such a device, but there are also models without it. But you can do it yourself with a steering or movable joint adapter. How to do this work correctly will be described in detail below..

We make an adapter for the tiller with our own hands

At the moment, there are several types of adapter, as a rule, their designs are similar, and are, attached to the rear of the tiller, adapt with a comfortable seat.

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The adapter is made of a square metal profile, from 160 to 180 cm long. Across this profile, another one is welded, 50-60 cm in size, depending on which track you need, (wheel stands are attached to it). The height of the struts to the wheel axle from the top to the adapter wheel axle can be from 25 to 40 cm, depending on the design.

Further, braces are welded to the main metal profile and wheel hubs, they also serve as stiffeners. Their length depends on the angle of inclination relative to the entire structure and other parameters. Then, the frame structure is calculated and welded in the same way, to which the attachment will be attached. Side rails of this design are bolted to the wheel struts.

After that, a control lever is welded to the main frame, which has three knees, sizes 35, 55, 20 cm.To increase the applied force, another lever is attached to the lever, but already with dimensions of 80 cm.

Adapter seat, mounted on a support welded to the central metal profile. As you can see, making an adapter to the tiller with your own hands is not so difficult.

Appointment of the device

tiller is a type of agricultural machinery and is used for plowing, harrowing and cultivating the soil.

The main advantages of the unit are its mobility and versatility. Different attachment options allow you to use the tiller for a wide range of suburban work, regardless of the season – for example, in winter it will come in handy for clearing snow on the site.

The most significant drawback of tillers in the basic configuration is that they need to be guided through the garden like a horse. That is why many craftsmen improve the two-wheeled assistant by making an adapter for him. This upgrade allows the tiller to transform into a mini-version of the tractor..

Steering

This homemade adapter is even faster to manufacture than its predecessor. But it is worth knowing that this option involves the use of more different corners and pipes. And yet – such attachments are made on the basis of a frame with a ready-made fork and bushing. It is its presence that will allow the tiller to rotate freely from the steering action in the future. The sequence of actions will be as follows.

  • The frame is made of steel of a selected length and thickness. Using an angle grinder, cut out workpieces of the required size from the sheet, and then fasten them together with bolts or self-tapping screws.
  • The design of the undercarriage should be based on where the motor of the unit itself is located. If it is in front, then the main criterion is the size of the main wheels. That is, the track size should be based on it. The wheels are only attached to the rear. They are welded to the axis. If the motor is at the rear, then the distance between the wheels should be wider. Here, the standard ones are removed from the tiller, and in their place they are installed the same as on the adapter.
  • The axis itself is created from a pipe, and bearings with bushings are pressed into its ends.
  • The steering wheel is either like a car or like a motorcycle. There is no fundamental difference. Experienced craftsmen recommend removing the already finished steering wheel from the vehicle and fixing it on the basis of the adapter. It is quite difficult to make a steering wheel yourself, especially for a beginner. It is worth noting that the motorcycle handlebar creates great inconvenience when reversing the tiller. And this factor must be taken into account..
  • If an all-metal frame is used, the steering will be mated to the front of the unit itself. If you make a special additional support – articulated-articulated, then the control will rotate the additional frame completely. In this case, two gears are used: one is installed on the steering column, and the second on the upper half-frame..
  • The next step is to install the seat. As in the case of the manufacture of the previous type of adapter, it can be either ready-made or made with your own hands. It must be fastened with a welding machine to the rear frame of this attachment..
  • In the event that in the future the upgraded tiller is planned to be used to install a replaceable attachment, it is necessary to attach another bracket with a welding machine. An additional hydraulic system should also be created. The easiest way is to remove it from any type of small agricultural equipment and weld it onto your own tiller..
  • The towbar must be welded to the rear of the main frame. It is necessary in cases when it is planned to use the tiller for the transportation of some small cargo. If the use of a trailer or semitrailer is not planned, then this stage can be skipped.
  • The final stage is coupling. To do this, small holes are drilled in the steering column into which screws and brackets are inserted. It is with their help that the hitch itself is attached under the steering column.
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Perhaps a step-by-step description of making such a device with your own hands may seem complicated. However, with detailed diagrams and drawings, this problem completely disappears. For the created adapter to be functional and durable in use, it is necessary to properly weld all the main elements and pay special attention to the normal operation of the brakes..

If ready-made drawings were used to create an improved tiller seat, before translating them into reality, it is necessary to correlate the sizes of all parts with the dimensions of the main parts of your tiller and, if necessary, be sure to correct them..

How to make an adapter for a tiller with your own hands?

  • Required tools and materials
  • Manufacturing process
  • With movable joint
  • Commissioning

Small agricultural equipment such as tillers, cultivators and mini-tractors greatly facilitate the work of people. But in the pursuit of perfection, even such units are being modernized. In particular, manufacturers or the owners themselves equip them with adapters – special seats that make the use of such equipment more comfortable and less energy-consuming. There are tillers already equipped with such a device, but there are also models without it. But you can do it yourself with a steering or movable joint adapter. How to do this work correctly will be described in detail below..

Manufacturing process

Such a hitch of any kind is not just a seat, but a whole device consisting of several parts. Depending on the type of adapter, these parts are attached to each other in different quantities and in a different order. So, the rear and front unit are made almost the same, but differ in the method of final fastening and the method of the coupling itself.

With movable joint

This type of adapter is easiest and fastest to make at home with your own hands..

  • On a square profile 180 cm long, a piece of the same steel sheet should be welded across, but 60 cm in size.
  • Braces are installed on the frame and wheels and fastened with bushings. To strengthen the main frame, an additional steel beam is welded onto it..
  • Channel # 10 is used to create an additional beam. It is made in accordance with the drawings and using a welding machine..
  • The frame created in the previous step is welded to the wheel axle. A small piece of a square metal beam or steel angle is used as a connecting element..
  • The first control lever is installed on the frame, on which there are 3 knees. An additional one is installed on this lever, but smaller in size. All work is carried out using a welding machine.
  • Both levers are securely fixed to each other with bolts.

When the main lifting mechanism of the adapter is ready, you can proceed to its direct assembly and connection of the equipment to the tiller itself..

  • A stand for the future seat is welded onto the central frame, which is made from a piece of steel pipe.
  • On top of it, using a welding machine, two more of the same pipe sections are attached perpendicularly. This design will allow the seat to be securely attached to the tiller and minimize vibration and shaking during its operation..
  • Further, the pieces of pipes are attached by welding to the frame, and the seat itself is fixed to them with self-tapping screws or bolts. For added security, the bolts can also be screwed into the seat stand, not just into the frame.
  • The finished hitch is welded to the front of the resulting adapter.
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After completing these works, the adapter is completely ready for further use. If everything was done correctly, you should get an all-wheel drive mini-tractor, simple and easy to use..

Required tools and materials

With your own hands and even without assistance, you can make a manual adapter or a dump adapter. Therefore, first of all, it is necessary to decide on the type of additional equipment. The next stage is the drawings. You can use ready-made ones, based on the instructions for the tillers of the same brand, but already implemented with adapters, or you can create it yourself. When making drawings with your own hands, careful attention should be paid to the main elements:

  • steering wheel control:
  • frame;
  • seat;
  • frame;
  • adapter portal;
  • suspension;
  • coupling mechanism.

When the diagram is ready, you need to take care of having the following tools at hand:

  • welding machine;
  • drill;
  • Grinder;
  • two wheels with an axle;
  • lathe;
  • a ready-made chair of a suitable size;
  • metal profile for the frame;
  • steel corner and beams;
  • fasteners;
  • bolts, screws;
  • screwdriver;
  • control levers;
  • circle made of steel with special holes – the basis for adhesion;
  • bearings;
  • lubricants and primers for finished structures.

Commissioning

Before immediately performing any agricultural work with the help of a self-improved tiller, it is necessary to perform several final verification work:

  • make sure the seat is securely installed;
  • check the quality of all welds and the reliable fastening of bolts and screws;
  • start the tiller and make sure that the engine is working normally and smoothly;
  • install, if necessary, hinged gardening tools and try them in action;
  • be sure to check the operation of the brakes and make sure they are working properly.

If, when performing all these simple works, no problems were found in the work of the tiller, it is necessary to bring it into a proper appearance. To do this, a do-it-yourself adapter is primed and painted in any color you wish. This stage allows not only to give the tiller a beautiful appearance, but also to protect the metal from corrosion.

Making an adapter yourself is a responsible business that takes time, experience and utmost care. Therefore, it is worth undertaking this work only for those masters who already have similar experience. In other cases, it is better to either purchase a ready-made adapter, or seek help from a specialist.

To learn how to make an adapter for a tiller with your own hands, see the next video.

Front adapter

Such options for additional equipment allow the tiller to be used as a mini tractor by installing a steering mechanism in front of the tiller, a second wheel pair, and a driver’s seat. In such a situation, the factory engine power of the unit itself is retained. Fastening takes place by means of a hitch located on the back of the adapter. At the same time, the structure can be completely disassembled, which greatly simplifies the process of transporting such agricultural equipment. On average, the parameters of the front adapter are as follows:

  • Height / width / height is 1.9 / 0.81 / 1.4m.
  • Clearance – 0.75 m.
  • Distance between wheels on one axle – 0.75 m.
  • Total weight of the structure 65 kg.

Manufacturing process

The very procedure for constructing a homemade adapter is as follows:

  • It is created independently or a ready-made kinematic diagram is used, adapted for a specific option. The most important condition here is to ensure the correct balance in the future structure.
  • The main frame is then assembled. It is made on the principle of a fork with a sleeve to provide the possibility of turning.
  • Wheels with a steering mechanism are connected to the front part, and a mount is also created to which the blade will be connected in the future.
  • A seat is mounted on the frame, next to which a mechanism with remote control of the tiller is installed.
  • At the end, the whole structure is checked and tested to identify faults or various shortcomings..

Before starting to use it is recommended to paint all metal parts to protect them from rust..

The use of adapters for tillers allows you to make a full-fledged mini tractor out of them, thereby significantly expanding the range of their application. In addition, the productivity and usability of the device are improved. Such units can be purchased ready-made for specific tillers or assembled independently, having previously prepared a schematic drawing.

Adapter for Tiller Neva

Drawings and dimensions for different tillers may vary depending on the design. So for the popular models of Neva, MTZ, OKA tillers, homemade adapters can differ significantly.

By making a homemade adapter to the tiller, using various types of attachments with it, you can not only facilitate the work, but also significantly increase productivity.

Tiller adapter sizes and existing designs

Tiller applications can be greatly simplified by making the attachment as an adapter. In fact, this is a transitional link, with the help of which the unit is connected with other elements. Automation of work will be great with this equipment. So, if the speed of work was 5 kilometers per hour, with the adapter it will already be 10 km / h.

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Some models have a lever for lifting. This, of course, greatly simplifies the control of the mechanism, as well as the movement of the tiller on the country land. The steering wheel adapter for the tiller can be used to transport loads, for which they are equipped with a body. And their drawbars can be long or short, it all depends on the main purpose of the device. So, if we talk about models in which the drawbars are short, then they are designed to work with tillers that are light enough and, conversely, if the drawbar length is large enough, they are suitable for tillers with a heavy weight. To create an adapter for a tiller, drawings and dimensions are not necessary, but highly desirable. Their presence will significantly make the work carried out easier.!

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The adapter is fixed to the tiller with an enlarged hitch of two parts:

1) To attach the adapter

2) Adjustable adapter between equipment and mechanism

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Application area

The use of an adapter allows you to make a universal and at the same time multifunctional device out of an ordinary tiller. This unit can be used while sitting, which greatly facilitates the operator’s work. In addition, the accuracy of the work and the stability of the tiller are increased. It is very convenient to have an external steering mechanism in front. Complete with various attachments, it is possible to use the unit to perform the following types of work:

  • Removing snow or leaves.
  • Harrowing (leveling) the soil.
  • Cargo transportation.
  • Hilling the earth.

Assembling the adapter for the tiller with your own hands

  • Frame with seat

Thanks to the adapter with the seat, the motorized unit turns into a mini-tractor. The seat can be chosen to your liking (for example, from an old scooter, bus or car). It is best to attach the one in which the shock absorber is built. This will eliminate the need for springs..

  • The frame is made of a 57 mm tube with a welded-in (for the swivel bracket) shank. The bracket is secured with a pin.
  • A cross-member is welded to the frame perpendicularly 50X50 mm.
  • A flooring of 3 mm iron sheet is applied, which is welded to the frame and to the corner.
  • The side edges of the flooring (5-10 mm) are folded down for safety (so as not to cut yourself easily).
  • The wings are bent and welded, on which special wing covers are attached, equipped with reflectors. For some work, the wing covers are retracted.

A 51 mm tube of the additional frame (retractable) is inserted into the main frame, which is fixed with a bolt.

Tip: Take wheels of a suitable diameter with an axle from any motorcycle, car, or even a simple cart for the garden. If the axle of the wheelbarrow is long, then it is shortened.

  • Trunk

It is fixed on blocks that do not have devices on top, the overlap of which will make it difficult to access them (tank lid, devices). The trunk is indispensable for cargo work and work on uneven ground (the center of gravity of the block is transferred). If necessary (for example, when plowing) it can be removed.

  • The trunk frame is assembled from water pipes (½ or ¾ “), and the central one has a diameter of 1”.
  • After attaching the support pipes to it, the central pipe is welded into the trunk.
  • Supports are reinforced on the gearbox and the block rod.

The height of the supports is selected taking into account that the trunk hangs over the block, and does not lie on it.

  • Swivel bracket

It is bent or welded from a pipe of 50-60 mm caliber. Two bushings (pipe sections) are welded onto it, which provide the effect of rolling the frame along the longitudinal and transverse axes.

The bracket is put on and fixed with one side on the shank inserted into the frame, and the other on the tiller.

Tip: For the convenience of quick detachment from the unit, it is recommended to weld a handle onto the bracket.

DIY four wheel drive system – can it work?

  • Rearview mirror

Necessary when handling a trolley. Mounts on the rear of the trunk or on the handle of the block. You can apply automotive.

  • Locking wheels

On some brands of tillers, this unit is rather inconveniently reinforced, and it is very difficult to control the locking lever. Some craftsmen carry it to the free handle of the block. To reinstall the lever you will need:

  • Remove the rod of the locking device and extend the thread on it with a corresponding die.
  • Make a steel stop.
  • Drill rods in the required places (different for each block) holes of 10 mm and 3 mm.
  • Install a powerful return spring.

DIY tiller adapter selection

Homemade adapter to Tiller Neva

All-wheel drive adapter AMPK 500