Assembling and making furniture products is a creative and fascinating process. But, in order for it to bring only positive emotions, it is necessary to prepare in advance the necessary inventory.
If you do not have your own tools, you can borrow them from friends or rent them. The kit for a beginner can be minimal, but correctly chosen. Among the great variety of useful devices, it is necessary to take devices for screwing, drilling and trimming. Measuring tools should also be prepared.
To assemble cabinet furniture with your own hands will be required:
It is allowed to take both electric and hand tools. In the first case, it can operate from the mains or from an autonomous battery power source.
If you need to create complex projects, the range of devices can be expanded.
A key tool for the furniture assembler is an electric screwdriver. It is designed for screwing in fasteners and fixing fittings. Often masters replace it with an electric drill, but this is accompanied by some discomfort, because you will be limited in movement by the length of the wire. Also, when using a drill, you need to constantly change tips and bits. A good electric screwdriver will be an essential element for making furniture.
If you are going to assemble a single chair or closet compartment, it is enough to find a budget device. But when performing complex work or developing a private business, it is better to buy professional equipment from leading brands. Its cost can be high, but it is justified by the extended functionality and operational advantages.
There are a number of indicators on which to choose an electric screwdriver for furniture assembly:
- A good charging block. Low-quality chargers, which guarantee a quick charge, negatively affect the condition of the device and can lead to damage. The normal cycle lasts 6-8 hours.
- Supports 8 power modes and drilling option.
- Heavy enough, but ergonomic body.
- Smooth running and fast fixation of the working element.
Hex key for a screwdriver
The beginner needs to prepare a hexagonal wrench for the screwdriver. It can then be replaced with a special electric screwdriver bit.
It is recommended to choose reversible screwdrivers with removable tips. They will be effective both in assembling furniture and in performing other household tasks. It is better not to save on this tool, and immediately buy a quality model.
When selecting a screwdriver, you should consider that the most important thing in it is the quality of the bits.
Drills for furniture production should have the following diameter:
An indispensable part of furniture making equipment is a grinder. It is used to deburr and line up surfaces or cut lines. The device also removes paint, old paint residue or other substances before spraying.
Confermat drill bit
Such a drill has a specific shape and extension of the diameter from 5 to 8 mm. This allows it to simultaneously create two Euro screw holes with countersinking for the flathead. With this drill bit you can:
- Make holes for a 5-mm diameter fermat.
- Create enlarged holes with additional notches to prevent bursting Particleboard.
- countersink the holes for the flat bar so that it merges with the chipboard.
Forstner drill bit
For private furniture making, you need to find a Forstner drill, which has a diameter of 15 cm. The element allows you to create holes for mounting rasteks and minifixes, observing mathematical accuracy.
A key advantage of the tool is the presence of teeth, which prevent deviation from the specified cutting scheme. As a result, the hole becomes clean, and the hinge cup is fixed tightly and evenly.
The disadvantage of the drill when processing wooden surfaces is considered to be its low quality. However, products from leading manufacturers are devoid of such problems and are sold with a warranty.
Select the milling element should be in a special store. In such outlets are available standard and non-typical drills with certification and quality assurance. Cheap devices are ineffective, so it is better to give preference to models with a medium market price. They will last longer and work better.
Drill bit for furniture hinges
Drills with a diameter of 26 mm are needed for mortising furniture hinges. They can be used to create a suitable recess for the hinge.
The nozzle under the screws will be useful for assembling cabinet furniture. It resembles a “hand-hex” and is an indispensable item in the joinery equipment.
The awl is used for piercing holes before drilling. It ensures the evenness of the drill and prevents the drill bit from slipping.
An instrument is required for marking and other tasks. It is advisable to use a pencil of medium hardness.
When choosing a tape measure, we give preference to models with a narrower blade. The optimum length should not exceed 3 m, because more is not required.
The product is used for marking Fibreboard and Particleboard and for 90 degree angles at the fixation of perpendicular fasteners.
Sandpaper should be fine. Its task is to grind sharp edges in the end part of the board Woodchip board or remove corners in facade structures Wood-fiber board.
Tools for assembling furniture with their own hands
In order to save money, many homeowners and apartment owners decide to do the assembly of purchased or ordered furniture with their own hands. Indeed, everything can be done by yourself, but you need helpers, special tools. Website RMNT will tell you what exactly is needed to assemble furniture with their own hands.
Rmnt portal. than once, ru wrote, what tools will need a home handyman to perform a variety of tasks. We wrote about a set of tools for an electrician, woodcarver, blacksmith, mason, gardener. Now it’s time to talk about the minimum set of tools for the furniture maker, or rather, someone who decided to become him temporarily, to assemble a hallway, closet or kitchen set with their own hands.
Flat pack furniture assembly tips
The first thing you will need to measure in order for everything to be flat, smooth, beautiful. The tools needed for this are:
- A level.
- A pencil for marking out your drawers.
- Angle piece to hold right angles, it is often needed to install shelves.
- Measuring tape for setting the diagonal of any furniture, as well as to accurately fix the bottoms of drawers and the back wall.
Undoubtedly the most important tool, the screwdriver. With it you will quickly and reliably screw self-tapping screws, dowels, screws and other fasteners. Drill also helps to drill holes for handles, sometimes used for milling for hinges, mini-fixes and rafixes.
Important! You will need special nozzles for screws and self-tapping screws, take care of their availability in advance.
Jigsaw. Better, of course, an electric one. It will be needed when you need to saw a hole for the sink in the countertop of Laminated chipboard, cut a place for a socket, to trim individual parts of furniture.
Peorator. Necessary when you need to drill holes to attach bookshelves, the top row of kitchen cabinets and so on to the wall.
Furniture, construction stapler. Needed not only for upholstery. The back walls and bottoms of drawers are attached with 15-millimeter steel staples.
Screwdrivers. Plain and Phillips screwdrivers needed most often. Although you screw in fasteners with a screwdriver, a screwdriver comes in handy to gently bring everything to the desired firmness, adjust the door opening, tightening the minifix and raffix.
Set of hexes. They are most often used to adjust closet doors, as well as to tighten many special furniture fixtures.
A box cutter or a jig-saw. You’ll need it for the first phase, when you need to free the parts of your future cabinets or kitchen set from the packaging. It can then be used to trim door sealing brushes and trim PVC edges.
In addition, you may need in the course of your work:
- A silicone sealant gun, if you’re installing a sink in a kitchen countertop or sealing something else.
- Clamps to hold some parts for trimming or to fix them temporarily before mounting.
- Hammer to adjust tight-fitting parts.
- A sliding wrench if you are assembling upholstered furniture.
- Confirmation drill bit.
Most of the tools we have listed are just necessary to quickly and effortlessly assemble cabinet or upholstered furniture. We’re sure you’ll be able to cope by following the manufacturer’s instructions, as well as manual and electric helpers.
Furniture drill bits 5 mm
The most “popular” after the screwdrivers. Used for through and pilot drilling when installing knobs, shelf supports, self-tapping eccentric rods, dampers and other fittings. Some craftsmen prefer to use a drill bit with a diameter of 5 mm for zasplovki ends of the front parts of the chipboard for the connection with screws.
Measuring tools for furniture making
At all stages of furniture making with their own hands will need measuring tools. Even if you just want to assemble finished IKEA furniture, you can’t do without measuring.
- Markers and pencils. Markers are taken in different thicknesses, mainly alcohol, which can easily be erased when there is no longer a need for the marker.
- Measuring tape and square. It is necessary to treat responsibly to a choice of this measuring tool and to give preference to those variants where there will be no doubts in accuracy of calibration.
- Sewing needle. Using an awl and a pencil is convenient to mark places for screwing screws and holes for mortars, shelf supports and other fasteners.
- Level. Strictly speaking, this tool for making furniture with their own hands will be needed only at the very initial stage. measurements. To properly design a built-in closet, it is important to consider the curvature of the walls and the difference in the horizontal and vertical planes. Also the level is needed when installing already assembled modules.
- Furniture templates and templates. Prefabricated furniture templates for marking holes for runners, hinges, handles and other fasteners make the process much easier. After all, in fact, all the connecting holes in the furniture are applied in the same way, according to the well-known “system 32”.
Furniture templates for marking furniture parts can be purchased in ready-made form.
Or to make with their own hands from thick cardboard, remnants and scraps of thin plastic, wood-fiber board, HDF.
In what cases do you need furniture made by your own hands?
Let’s look at a few situations where making furniture yourself may be justified.
The first case described above, when the room is not of standard size or configuration. Pick up factory furniture in such a room is not possible. And ordering from a furniture company would be too expensive.
Creating your own version of furniture will not only help you save money, but also bring emotional satisfaction from the work done.
Furniture templates and conductors: everything you need to know about System 32 when ordering furniture components for assembly
There are a lot of handy devices that facilitate the preliminary marking of holes for assembling furniture and installing fixtures, functional and front fittings. They are called furniture templates and conductors and are offered for sale in quite a large assortment. But some masters prefer to make them with their own hands, using improvised materials. The main thing is to understand the very essence of the system 32.
Feature of the furniture conductor
Furniture conductor, in fact, is a template. For use, it is fixed on the desired part by setting the sleeve at the required distance. A cutter of the appropriate diameter is placed in it to drill the hole.
The furniture template is a device that speeds up and facilitates the production process of wooden constructions.
- Makes the process much easier;
- The result is more accurate;
- It is easier to make accurate measurements and follow them when drilling;
- less time is spent on work.
A separate feature of such a device. the scope of its application is not limited to furniture assembly.
You can buy a factory-made device or make one yourself.
After you finish the interior, you can use such a template in construction and even mechanical engineering. The drilling jig can be used for drilling not only on plywood and wood, but also on cylindrical parts.
An electric drill
An electric drill is one of the main tools in the independent manufacture of any furniture products. When choosing a tool, preference should be given to products with variable speed and reverse gear.
When selecting a specific model, you can use the following recommendations:
- the power of an electric drill should lie in the range of 0.50.75 kilowatts;
- It is desirable to buy a drill, equipped with two chucks quick-action and cam, in which the drill is clamped by means of a toothed wrench;
- to install furniture will need a drill with an impact mechanism, which will greatly facilitate the drilling of holes in concrete walls when hanging cabinets. cabinets, shelves, racks.
- It is advisable to buy a drill in a “suitcase”. this set is usually supplemented by sets of drills, bits and other devices for drilling;
- it is not necessary to buy expensive “Makita” or “Bosch” devices. for independent production of the majority of furniture items Russian, inexpensive, but no less functional power tools, produced under the brands of “Interskol” or “Fiolent”, will be quite suitable.
Professional furniture assembler’s tools
In the life of every person there are situations when it is necessary to use a tool, in this situation it is assembling furniture. A good tool is a quality and speed of work, and the level of a professional can be determined by the tools with which he works Set of tools in capable hands becomes a means by which any installation of furniture is facilitated on so much that it turns almost into a pleasure when working.
It is hard to believe, but today a single furniture assembler, armed with a high-tech set of tools, does what previously a team of craftsmen could hardly do. Especially popular cordless screwdriver, which saved the collector from hard and tedious manual work, and with modern measuring tools assembling furniture became more accurate and of higher quality.
In complex modular systems, quality furniture assembly is not possible without the use of specialized tools. The following tools are used for installation, hanging, fitting of furniture: cordless tools, power tools, measuring tools, hand tools. Let’s look at the characteristics of the tool, and in the assembly of which modular furniture systems is needed:
Cordless Electric Screwdriver Drill
Basic tool. It is desirable to have two batteries and a fast charger. Batteries power in volt (6, 9, 12, 14, 18), battery capacity in Ah (1).4, 2.0, 2.4, 3.0 ). There are usually two torque speeds on an electric screwdriver. For the chuck use magnetic holder with bit set, drill bits. furniture assembly screwdriver
The tool is auxiliary, for hanging furniture elements, accessories. Often used when assembling kitchen furniture and built-in cabinets, when drilling in concrete. There is a hammer mechanism inside the rotary table which makes the hammering itself. So all you have to do is put it up against the wall, press the trigger and the drill will do the rest. Specialized drills, bits, core bits are used.
The drill is inherently multifunctional. It is used for drilling holes in furniture panels, tabletops, drilling the walls. The drill has a chuck speed regulator and an impact mechanism. Use it for wood and metal at high speed. We use it as a screwdriver on low rpm. Impact drill when drilling walls. It comes in handy for cabinet and built-in furniture assembly.
Electric jigsaw found itself in the case of kitchen furniture installation, sawing worktops, makes cutouts for the sink and cooktop, with it possible to change the parameters of cabinets, etc.д. Can be used for built-in furniture, for panel trimming. Equipped with speed regulator and blade tilt. Large selection of jigsaw blades (saws); for cutting furniture panels, the blades with the smallest bevel (finish blades) are used. Metal saws.
The circular saw cuts kitchen countertops, recessed furniture, and large furniture panels. Indispensable tool for installing furniture made of “bare” panels Particle board according to the size of the customer. Use specialized discs when cutting particleboard or fiberboard, to reduce chipping.
In furniture assembly, the tool is used for surface finishing after sawing the furniture component. Smooths trimmer line, removes chips. Comes in most cases as an accessory to the jigsaw and circular saw. Use the machine for furniture restoration. Also for stripping paint or smoothing wooden surfaces before painting.
Finds application for upholstery upholstery. Can be used when installing fiberboard, such as when installing the back wall of a cabinet.
The tool has proven itself in sawing furniture elements for corner mouldings, trimmers, skirting boards. Large saw blade speed results in almost no splintering. Installing fixed office partitions mitre saw cuts aluminum profile.
The handheld equivalent of a mitre saw. Used for sawing furniture with decorative corner pieces, such as furniture with moldings (walls, uprights, kitchens).
Hand tool set
Furniture assembly and installation with hand tools: Set of screwdrivers Hammer and mallet Set of chisels Set of Allen keys Knife
Measuring tools are indispensable for installing furniture. Measuring tape, rulers, angle bars for aligning furniture components. Leveller for leveling furniture. Laser measurers are used to measure rooms for furniture installation more accurately.
Wiring detector, metal detector
Auxiliary wall inspection tool for drilling. Detects live electrical wiring, metal, wood. Irreplaceable when hanging shelves on plasterboard walls. Finds metal channel bars, and some models even wooden bars.
Mounting furniture observing safety precautions when using the tool.
When using a modern professional power tool, if it is used incorrectly, there is a danger to the health of the person using it. The tool is capable of causing considerable injury to the operator and the observer. This means that the tool should be used by adults who understand the safety rules. Think about your work in advance, prepare the area. Always wear close-fitting clothing and eye protection. Keep children, bystanders and animals a certain distance away from your work area. Study and follow the tool manufacturer’s instructions. Use the tool when you are in good physical and mental condition, and still ready to work. It is forbidden to work with non-functional tools, as well as damaged accessories for them.