Compared to the Lister version, this model is more successful. It is believed that it is suitable only for processing potato beds, but it can be useful for hilling any plantings. Using a disc tiller is much easier. The discs reduce the load on the mechanism itself, which prolongs the life of the device.
When creating a manual tiller with your own hands, it is possible to adjust the structure so that during processing the working elements move apart to the required width. Equal angles of inclination of the discs provide sufficient balance. In appearance, it resembles a frame fixed on wheels with suspended discs. While moving around the site, the discs grab the soil and pour it onto the place where the beds of potatoes or other crops are located. The hiller perfectly crushes and loosens the soil, so it can be used all year round.
According to the principle of work of the hiller, the models are divided into:
- single-row. unregulated structures that perform one operation, consist of 1 plate;
- double-row. processing of a row can be carried out simultaneously from both sides, the device allows you to choose the optimal angle and width of the furrows by adjusting the movable plates.
Materials and tools
To make a hiller, you need a metella leaf
Starting to make a hiller, you need to prepare the necessary materials.
- A metal sheet. The thicker the steel, the longer the device will last. Profile pipes of different widths for constructing racks and frames.
- Plain bearings to increase the reliability of the device, bolts, washers for connecting moving parts.
- Disks. If not, you can use old metal saw blades. Such devices always use high-quality steel, and the notches on the edges will provide additional loosening of the soil.
- Retaining parts.
- Lanyards. devices for exercising control over the turning mechanism.
In addition to materials, you need a tool. Please note that in order to make a hiller, you need to master the skills of working with welding. The following inventory is useful in work: a hammer, a welding machine, keys, electrodes and an angle grinder. Do not forget protective glass or goggles, and gloves when working with the welding machine and angle grinder.
Making a disc hiller with your own hands
tiller OKA is an irreplaceable thing when performing agricultural work. With its help, you can cut furrows for planting potatoes and huddle plants. The efficiency of the work will depend entirely on the attachments. An excellent analogue of purchased inventory will be a do-it-yourself disk hiller.
Making a disc hiller with your own hands
Tiller vs Disc for Food Plots
Features of making discs
Steel discs are constructed from steel with a width of 3 mm or more. Do not forget that the working blades must be made of the same metal. The lower edges of the discs must be bent. The main condition is the symmetrical arrangement of the working elements, otherwise the unit will lose stability, which will complicate the work.
Instead of steel, you can use plowshares from an old seeder. Discs are mounted at an angle. The distance between the lower points of the working elements of the disc hiller is equal to the width of the wheel track. It is recommended to connect the disks to each other using an adjustable adapter.
The advantages of a self-made design
The advantages of a self-assembled model:
- The ability to pick up a durable material.
- The simplest factory-assembled model has a fixed working width, the sliding one is more versatile in this regard, but it also cannot always satisfy the user’s needs. Making the device with his own hands, the owner has the opportunity to choose the optimal working width on his own.
- Repairing a self-assembled hiller is always feasible and cheaper, at a time when factory models often need hard-to-reach parts. Repairing a purchased hiller is not advisable, so you have to buy a new unit.
DIY disk hillers
For the manufacture of any design, a drawing is required. You can also build it yourself, based on your preferences and purposes of using the unit. The design of the model can have various forms of disc bend. For planting and harvesting, it is advisable to apply a powerful tip to the surface that will sink into the ground.
When creating a closed drawing, you need to take into account the bend or slope, as well as the presence of an adjustable / non-adjustable profile, dimensions. Extendable fenders and adjustable working elements will greatly simplify soil cultivation and make the device multifunctional. A competently drawn up drawing will help to correctly calculate the materials that will be required for the manufacture of the structure. The dimensions of the disc device are adjusted in accordance with the dimensions of the OKA tiller.
Making a tiller with your own hands is not quite easy. Use the advice of experienced wizards and follow the execution algorithm. There is no need for haste in this matter.
Draw a drawing of a disc hiller, taking into account all the above tips. After that, make a test model out of a thick sheet of paper. Then, using the drawing, beginners are advised to make a small model out of a thin sheet of steel and only then proceed with the construction of real equipment.
First cut out all the pieces of equipment. Bend the disc holders at an angle parallel to the radius. Then you can start welding the elements together. All seams must be processed with an angle grinder to get rid of roughness that can cause malfunction later.
Check the tightness. Start test welding. Then place the sanding disc on the angle grinder and sand the edges. Next, proceed to fastening the stand, leash and lanyards. The elements are connected in the shape of the letter T. Fasten the seams with welding.
Connect the disks with adapters. Adjust their position. Attach the assembled structure to the OKA tiller brackets through a leash using bolts and locking parts for fastening. The stopper is inserted into the profile pipe and pressed tightly against the outer surface. The discs must be perfectly flat so that the device can be used for its intended purpose.
Hiller for tiller: disk, do it yourself, drawings, dimensions, double row, homemade
Types of hillers and their characteristics
There are 4 types of hillers:
- Lister type;
- Disk type;
- Propeller type;
- Variable working width.
How to choose and make a potato hiller with your own hands?
Plus, you can play along with hilling due to manual control. The handle is made of water pipes, I bent them in the garage, heating the folds to red with a blowtorch (gas torch), while sand was poured into the pipe. The result is a bend of excellent quality, without fractures.
Two handles are welded with a plate that has holes for attaching the hiller (the plow also has similar holes, because earlier the same handles were used for the plow), at the moment they are not used to control the plow, the plow plows itself without the participation of the plowman.
The first impression was excellent, after hilling my plot, a neighbor dragged my hiller and a motor winch to his garden.
How the disc hiller works
For a manual hiller, one bend is used. This means that the work can be done by one person. The hiller includes 4 components:
- disc. 2 pcs.;
- screw lanyard. 2 pcs.;
- rack. 2 pcs.;
- T-shaped leash.
To correctly assemble the hiller with your own hands, you should use the drawings. First of all, you should prepare the material. This will be a steel metal template not exceeding 2 mm in thickness. A screw lanyard is needed to rotate the discs along the axis vertically and along.
The forward tilt angle remains unadjustable. To make the work as convenient as possible, the discs are installed at a distance equal to the wheel track width, and they must be the same with the width between the rows. This can be done provided that the length between the shares is adjustable.
Such a device, during operation, can be pulled to the side, in order to avoid this, the disks are arranged symmetrically, otherwise it will be difficult to work. To attach the hiller to the Neva tiller, use a hitch bracket. And with bolts and a stopper, the assembled hiller is fixed to the bracket.
tiller and hillers to it with their own hands. Drawing and diagrams
Hard work on a plot of his own land accompanies the villager from the cradle. Especially troublesome and laborious in spring, when it’s time to prepare the land for sowing.
Potatoes in Russia are the second most important product after a loaf. It is planted in all villages and villages a lot. It will not be easy to dig up and dig up such a piece of land without special devices, such as, for example, a tiller. With its help, many days of work will turn into work that takes several hours of precious time for any villager.
And with the help of all kinds of mounted or trailed structures, you can create tools that are vital in difficult rural work. And it is when working with planting potatoes that all kinds of devices that facilitate work will be very useful.
For example, such a necessary thing as a hiller can easily make furrows for planting, spud the plants for their further effective growth. In this article we will tell you how to make a tiller for a tiller with your own hands. Drawings will also be provided.
Lister and disc hillers, due to their simple design, can be made independently. On the Internet or specialized literature, you can find many drawings for homemade tool making.
To make a lister hiller from metal, it is necessary to cut out the halves of the product with a thickness of 2 mm according to the drawing. Next, you need to bend these halves so that their radii coincide, weld them and process the seams to obtain a perfectly even cut of the metal. If you make two such structures, you get a device for two-row processing of potatoes.
Consider a model for making a disc model for a tiller. The first step is to choose the type of wings. Discs. steel sheets 1.5-2 mm thick with bent edges. It is important that the disks are symmetrical. If this condition is not taken into account, then the structure will go to the side, which will significantly complicate the work. Discs are welded together or bolted together.
The set for the discs includes a T-shaped leader, screw lanyards that adjust the vertical axis of rotation of the discs and stands. A beam with wings serves as an attachment to the tiller. It is very important to adhere to the ratio of the sizes of the parts. Depending on your capabilities and needs, it is possible to manufacture the device with either fixed or variable working width.
After assembling the structure, testing can be carried out. If the wheels of the tiller start to be towed, they need to be paired.
Thus, we have considered the main types of potato ridgers. The choice of a reliable assistant for the cultivation of the garden is yours.
Do not forget that the use of specialized equipment will not only make your work easier, but also contribute to an increase in yield. You can also use devices for planting other crops.
Homemade hillers are not so difficult to make, the main thing is to draw up a drawing correctly and adhere to all parameters.
How to make a potato ridger yourself
First of all, let’s decide which tool is right for you. Hilling devices are of several types:
The advantage of this type of attachment is in synchronization with the capabilities of the tiller. You can adjust the speed and power, which are mutually exclusive. Since soil resistance is low, there is no need to use a more powerful tiller.
Another advantage is that by choosing the right size of the discs, you can spud potatoes at different stages of growth.
The design principle is clear in the diagram:
You can make such a canopy yourself. The only difficulty is in molding the discs. Most often, used cutters from a collective farm seeder are used. Having traveled through the villages, it is fashionable to find inexpensive good copies. It is better to mount on bearings with installed oil seals. Slide bushings will wedge.
If one disk gets stuck, the tiller can turn to the side. Setting up the disc hiller consists in selecting the angles of inclination and depth of immersion. For this, the bracket is equipped with bolt-retained movable elements.
An interesting donor option for disc hillers. worn out circular saws.
With their help, the soil from the row spacing is not so efficiently lifted, but the tines additionally loosen the soil, and you can set a not so sharp angle between the discs.
This compensates for the lack of a bowl-shaped profile. Of course, the axles must be on bearings. Otherwise, there will be no rotation. you will simply row the ground along the rows. If you could not get the disc bowls, this is your option.
Lister, fixed and adjustable angle
Fixed is the easiest fixture to use and make. It is easy to make it using the attached drawings:
The base is welded from steel sheet with a thickness of at least 3 mm. This knot is the first to meet soil resistance.
For the bracket, we use a 4 mm steel strip, it is advisable to harden the part after molding. The field board can be bent from 5 mm steel, for example from a leaf spring. Only the metal must first be “released” and then hardened again.
Advice! A crucible is not required for tempering and quenching. With such dimensions of workpieces, a gas burner is sufficient.
The rack is a structural element that bears the entire load. Therefore, pick up a strip of at least 8 mm thick for it.
General view of the base in the illustration:
Welding must be done in two passes, on each side of the joint.
Wings can be made thinner from the sheet. 2 mm is enough. It is important to observe the dimension, otherwise it will not be possible to correctly dock the wings with the base.
Wings bend on any template. a steel pipe of a suitable diameter will do.
Due to the concave geometry and the presence of welded seams, the structure is rigid.
The adjustable lister hiller is just as easy to make yourself. The difference is that the wings are pivotally attached to the base, and there are rods in the tail section for adjusting the angle.
The technology and the thickness of the workpieces are the same as in the previous model. The versatility of the nozzle increases significantly.
Processing speed can be doubled by making a double row tiller.
To the already finished design, it is only necessary to modify the traction device. It makes sense to make the mounts movable so that it is possible to adjust the width of the rows.
Two forces are used. translational motion and rotation. An active hiller for a tiller requires the unit to have two gears and a power take-off shaft. The processing efficiency increases significantly, and the cost of the equipment rises accordingly. Therefore, just like the previous models, propeller-type hillers can and should be made independently.
Again, nothing but high quality iron, an angle grinder and a welding machine is required. The axles are adjusted to the tiller, the rest of the parts are simply arc-welded.
The advantage of this device is that it performs two tasks in one tiller pass.
The row-spacing is loosened, part of the land is simultaneously thrown onto the rows. That is, hilling occurs with loosened soil.
Adjustment of the propeller-type hiller is not required, only the distance between the nozzles is set. Different degree of loosening and hilling height is set by the shape of the lugs and installation angles relative to the axis of rotation.
You can make a pair of bushings with brackets, and a set of blades for different types of hilling. It will be enough to quickly change the hooks, and you will have a new tool every time, with practically no additional costs.
DIY potato hillers for tiller. the implementation of your locksmith talents and cost savings!
- How to make a potato ridger yourself
- Lister, fixed and adjustable angle
- Disc hillers
- Propeller hillers
- Practical setting of the hiller on the tiller
Correct processing of the personal plot significantly increases the yield of the planted crops. In modern conditions of lack of time, summer residents often resort to small-scale mechanization of garden work. tiller has not been a shortage for a long time, and you can find it in almost every household.
Having spent a certain amount on the purchase of this useful device, I want to save as much as possible during operation. One of the ways to save money is to make attachments with your own hands.
Of course, no one offers to forge a plow in a forge, as was done many decades ago. However, you cannot do without basic locksmith equipment.
- Welding machine, preferably for arc welding;
- Gas-burner. Not to replace electric welding, but to warm up the product during hardening;
- Angle grinder (angle grinder) of medium power, with a set of cutting and roughing discs;
- Drilling machine or powerful drill. Of course. quality drills;
- Electric emery (grindstone);
- Quality locksmith workbench, vice, files and fastening tools.
The most popular are the mechanized tiller hillers. We will talk about the culture for the sake of which summer residents are ready to stand for hours in the field, bending over in three deaths. And an indispensable assistant in the struggle for the harvest is attachments.
Practical setting of the hiller on the tiller
The theory of the operation of the hilling device is described in textbooks for summer residents in such detail. that even a person far from agriculture can figure out the settings. However, in practice, the saying “it was smooth on paper, but they forgot about the ravines!”.
The peculiarities of the soil, the current weather, the quality of sharpening of the hillers. this is not the whole list of factors that affect the quality of plowing. Not to mention the characteristics of the tiller.
Therefore, before entering the garden, you need to walk the technique on the “virgin soil”.
It is desirable that the characteristics of the soil be the same as on the cultivated soil. During the “work” you, firstly, will feel how the attachment behaves, and secondly, set the correct angles and working depth.
It is equally important to choose the correct plowing (hilling) speed. The relationship between speed and power when using disc nozzles was described above. The same applies to other devices. Sometimes an inferior homemade hiller, at the right speed, works wonders. And an expensive active baking powder simply scatters the earth on the sides.
For a detailed story about the settings of the potato tiller and its installation on the KADVI tiller, see this video material.