The choice for a rotary power tiller
When selecting a power tiller, it is important to know how the blades attached to the shaft are assembled. For example, models can be curved in one, different sides. The one-way versions are advantageous because this prevents damage to the plants when ripping. However, these models have a smaller working width.
For working fallow land covered with dense vegetation, you need reliable cutters. Operating elements of such milling machines are wing knives fixed on rotating shafts.
Reaper cutting maize
Here it is necessary to buy products that can effectively crumble the soil with a small depth in the ground.
Vertical tillers with four rotors, a side-shift and a hydraulic drive are good for bedding strip cultivation in conditions with a small row spacing. In addition to the fact that they are relevant for removing weeds with a shallow working depth, they are good for inter-row cultivation without creating furrows at a lateral displacement.
In order to choose the right one, you need to consider the type of cultivator itself. over, they should be selected according to the work to be done and their technical features. But in any case the unit must plunge smoothly into the ground. It is also important to do it slowly, because hurrying can lead to blade breakage.
Goose legs for power tiller how to make it yourself
“Goose feet”. one of the most popular varieties of cutters, which is designed to provide high-quality plowing of the land on the plot. This element is a small axle, on which the knives are mounted. They create the effect of cutting the earth, thus performing its plowing. It should be noted that when using a power tiller with such cutters on the dacha territory, not only the soil, but also the plants on them can be processed. Therefore, a lot of dacha owners use this unit to control weeds.
The peculiarity of “goose-feet” is that they don’t come apart, but are of a cast construction. Only carbon steel is used in the production process, which ensures the reliability and durability of the unit.
Another advantage of the element is its triangular shape, which guarantees excellent soil mixing. Such a configuration is extremely relevant, given the strength of hard ground.
“Goose feet” are simply indispensable for processing areas where the soil lies large clods.
Most gardeners use tillers with goosefoot tillers to cultivate the area where potatoes will be planted. Some believe that such trim can even protect future crops from the Colorado potato beetle.
If you plan to use the nozzle not only for tillage, but also for killing weeds, the edges of the blades will need to be pre-sharpened, as initially they are quite blunt.
Goosefoot cutters are considered one of the most popular on the market because of their high quality and reliability. The main disadvantage of such cutters is their non-disassembled construction, which makes it impossible to carry out repairs in case of failure. However, if you choose a quality option, it will be able to serve for many years, fully performing the obligations entrusted to it. Among the main advantages of using these routers are.
- An opportunity to decide for oneself how many sections of the plate one can have on a single-axle tractor. However, it is important to consider the technical features of the device and the required milling width.
- Robust construction that makes it possible to use a single-axle tractor for hard soil work.
- Much better at dealing with plant residues.
- Unique sleeve, which can be of several shapes. Hexagonal and round versions are ideal. It makes it possible to choose the right option for any power tiller, regardless of its variety and other characteristics.
- Reduces the load on the gearbox, which prevents overheating of the device and has a positive effect on the longevity of the equipment.
- Makes it much easier to control your power tiller.
Most experts argue that it is this type of cutter that is best suited for power tillers, which are distinguished by the air cooling system.
How to make cutters for a power tiller and cultivator with your own hands
Cutters for power tillers. mounted equipment designed for plowing, loosening the soil, mixing it with mineral and organic fertilizers, fighting weeds and pests.
Due to the high agronomic characteristics and a high degree of crumbling, tillers create an optimal density of soil, increase its biological and biochemical activity, while significantly increasing yields. Land treatment is performed in the spring period before planting crops and after autumn harvesting of coarse-stemmed plants.
The devices are installed on power tillers and cultivators as a working tool. They can be supplied in a basic set when purchasing motorized equipment, sold separately in domestic markets, and some craftsmen make them themselves.
Which cutters are better?
The sabre nozzles are suitable for all soils. For areas with stones and large roots, it is recommended to use attachments with high performance. In active cutters the blades do not break because of the quality material. Cutting elements are characterized by maximum reliability, strength and durability. Mills are installed on cultivators.
Goosefoot is characterized by high passability of milling machines on virgin, untouched by agricultural machinery, as a result of which the soil is processed quickly and easily, the ground lump is thoroughly crushed, mixed at a depth of 30-40 cm. They are suitable for stony and hard-ground cultivation, weed control, and can be installed on both power tillers and power tillers.
The drawback of the tool is its lower durability. During operation the blades should be constantly inspected for damage and repaired. Goosefoot material does not have such high strength characteristics as alloyed or high-carbon steel, nevertheless it lends itself well to welding processes. If cutting elements break or crack, the product can be repaired at home with minimal effort. This quality is a major advantage when choosing a cutter.
Sharpening a self-made cutter
Home-made grinders need to be sharpened. For this you will need an angle grinder with a diamond wheel, diameter 125 millimeters. It is difficult to use the sharpening machine because of the size and bending direction of the blades. Small blades can be sharpened with fine sandpaper.
Rules for sharpening knives on homemade equipment:
- Knives can only be sharpened at a 45° angle. The side of the hole in the ground is determined in advance;
- No need to remove a lot of metal, 1-2 sharpenings per season is enough. The frequency of sharpening may vary depending on the intensity of use and the type of ground being worked.
If the cultivator is often used on wet ground, you need to check the condition of the cutters. Corrosion can be prevented by using a special anti-corrosion agent. It is necessary to avoid hitting the burrs on stones and other hard objects. This prolongs the life of the equipment, reduces the need for frequent sharpening of blades. When the work is done, the burrs should be cleaned of soil, plants, and other contaminants. Use a rag or brush, various cleaners are not suitable. If milling cutters will be stored for a long time, grease the knives with solidol, and use graphite grease for the shaft ends.
Self-made tillers can be installed on cultivators Krot, Kentavr and many others.
How to properly sharpen a homemade mill?
Manufacturers of power tillers sell their machines with already sharpened standard tillers. But what can a person, who has made milling cutters for an existing cultivator, do?? In this case, it will be necessary to perform an independent sharpening of the cutting blades of the device.
To sharpen the equipment you will need an angle grinder, equipped with a diamond wheel with a diameter of 12.5 cm. Otherwise, you can use a sharpening machine, but it will be difficult to use due to the size and direction of the bend of the blades. If the manufactured cutters are equipped with small-sized blades, it is possible to use fine-grained emery paper for their quick sharpening.
To sharpen the blades of the self-made cutter for the cultivator should be strictly at an angle of 45 °. In this case, you need to independently determine the side, which deepens into the soil. it is not necessary to remove too much metal from the knife, 1-2 sharpenings per season is enough. in some cases the sharpening frequency of the cutter blades can vary. it all depends on the intensity of application and the type of ground being worked.
When working intensively in wet weather, it is necessary to keep an eye on the condition of the tines. To prevent corrosion, they should be treated with a special anti-corrosion compound, which can be found at almost any auto parts store. It is also very important to try to avoid contact of the cutter with stones and other hard objects. this will help to extend the life of the device and reduce the need to sharpen the cutting blades of the device.
If your unique model of the device requires the presence of shaped parts, it is better to order them from a master and do not spend extra time on it. All other parts are available in stores or can be made by hand.
Important: to prolong the life of a homemade tiller, it is necessary to keep it on the ground when starting the power tiller, and only after starting work slowly lower it.
So, answering the question of what cutters are better to assemble, it is necessary to take into account the peculiarities of a particular site and working conditions. In terms of ease of manufacture, active tillers are considered more attractive, but soil tillers cope better with problematic soils. A self-made device will definitely work better than a factory one, because no engineer knows exactly what kind of area you will work. The procedure of making a power tiller with your own hands requires a certain amount of time and effort, but trust me, it is worth it, and the result will not keep you waiting for long!
Which tillers are best?
The sabre nozzles are suitable for all soils. For areas with stones and large roots, it is recommended to use attachments with high performance. In active tillers blades do not break because of the quality of the material. Cutting elements are characterized by maximum reliability, strength and durability. The power tillers are mounted on the cultivators.
Goosefoot is characterized by high passability of the cutter on the virgin, untouched by agricultural machinery, as a result of which the soil is easily and quickly processed, the ground lump is thoroughly crushed, mixed at a depth of 30-40 cm. They are convenient for working stony and hard types of land, weed control, and are installed on both power tillers and power tillers.
The disadvantage of the tool is less strength. During use, the blades should be constantly inspected for damage and repaired. Goosefoot material does not have such high strength characteristics as alloyed or high carbon steel, nevertheless lends itself well to welding processes. In case of breakage or cracking of cutting elements the product can be repaired at home with minimal expenses. This quality is the main advantage when choosing a tiller.