When it is decided what parameters correspond to the planned cart, it is worth to make drawings, and then calculate the amount of material required, including the channel. Skilled craftsmen recommend that you base yourself on the parts that are already on hand, and if necessary, add some more. A rectangular or square profile tube can easily be replaced with an existing round one. All detected details must be cleaned of corrosion stains and coated with a rust converter and primer. Agreeing with the drawings, some of them will have to be corrected by removing unnecessary elements. Then they only need to be fitted and joined together.
Of the tools that may come in handy at work, experts call a welding machine, a drill or full drilling machine, an angle grinder with deburring and cutting discs, as well as a special device, complete with rivets.
Many professionals recommend to stock up on oil paint on metal or a special agent with a polymer filler. In the second case, the paint will be more stable and the body will not have to repaint at the end of the season. Painting is done before assembling large parts of the trailer.
Preparation of materials and tools
For any modification and purpose of the trailer equipment will need undercarriage, which is almost impossible to make at home. It’s better to take it from an old car, like a Moskvich or Zaporozhets.
For the home handyman, who has the usual stock of tools for the mechanic, it will not be a problem to rebuild and lubricate the parts of the suspension independently.
To assemble the structure will need a variety of rolled metal products, among them:
The necessary set of parts should be adjusted on an improvised drawing, immediately selecting their length and cross-sectional area.
You’ll need locksmith and welder skills, and a standard tool kit that includes a vise, files, electric screwdriver, drill, hacksaw for metal, wrench, screwdrivers, and angle grinder.
Single axle cart trailed to APM adapter
A simple single axle bogie with a body on top. It’s simple in its design, but at the same time there’s nothing superfluous. It’s sturdy, reliable and practical.
The dolly is designed for use in conjunction with the Neva power tiller adapter.
Cart is used for transportation of any loads up to 250 kg. Plus this trailer is equipped with pneumatic tires. They significantly reduce vibration and jolting when traveling over bumps and irregularities.
- Ground clearance of the single axle trailer is 180 mm, wheel track 870 mm.
- Overall dimensions of this cart model: length. 150 cm, width. 72 cm, height. 96 cm.
- The weight of this model is 56 kg.
This cart is delivered unassembled, with detailed instructions for assembly and use.
Assembly is simple and intuitive. Usually takes about 10 minutes.
When the cart needs to be moved, it can be disassembled and compactly folded for transport.
Cart with two axles attached to the APM adapter
This cart is constructed with a frame and two attached axles.
The difference to the previous model is that it is not designed for carrying loose goods.
Leveling the Soil by Using Power Tiller in Paddy Field First Time/ Power Tiller Video 2021/Land
It has no bottom, but this can be corrected with an appropriately sized piece of metal or plywood. The sheet length can be adjusted as required.
However, the maximum payload is twice that of the single-axle version at 500 kg.
- The ground clearance of the two-axle cart is 18 cm and the track is 99 cm.
- The two-axle bogie is distinguished by great maneuverability, as well as the presence of pneumatic tires.
- Maximum travel speed 12 km/h.
- Dimensions: Length adjustable from 190 cm to 250 cm, width 41.5 cm and height 110 cm
Europallet dolly with boards Europallet dolly with boards
APM models work only with optional adapter.
It is an axle to which the seat and the rear towbar are mounted for further attachment of the trailer. This equipment is used not only with the trailer, but also with many other attachments.
TPM trailed cart
This bogie is an improved model of the single-axle version. It can be used without an adapter because there is a seat at the front.
Its height when aggregated perfectly matches the Neva power tiller.
The trailer dolly is designed for use in construction, agriculture or cottage industries, where there is a need to transport all types of loads.
- Maximum loading capacity of the TBM is 150 kg. And the weight of the construction is 100 kg.
- Recommended travel speed is 10 km/h.
- Overall dimensions are 270 cm in length, 125 cm in width and 120 cm in height.
- Ground clearance is 30 cm, and the track is 1 meter.
Cart has a folding side on the back that makes loading and unloading easier.
The letter M in the name says that it is a TPM-M towed cart, but upgraded.
Engineers have reduced the size of the cart, but the performance properties remain the same.
Dimensions of this model are 222 cm long, 112.5 cm wide, 120 cm high. The weight of the improved model is also less. Now it weighs 85 kg.
Trailed cart (VRMZ)
This is the only model, which is not made by “Krasny Oktyabr”. Based on the name, it is clear that it is made at the Volga factory “VRMZ”.
By design, it is an improved model of TPM.
The main characteristic of the cart must be the load capacity. In this case it is 400 kg! That’s almost three times the weight of the TPM. Therefore, it is very popular with construction companies or owners of large barns and warehouses, where you need to transport large loads and it is unprofitable to drive twice.
And there is no need to buy an adapter to use the trailer made by VRMZ. It is connected directly to the gear shaft. And it is operated by sitting on the side of the cart.
The distance from the road to the bottom of the trailer is 30 cm.
The track size is 117 cm. Despite the extra payload it weighs only 95kg.
For convenient and safe operation, the frame is equipped with a handbrake, thanks to which you can quickly stop the movement.
Like all other trailers, this model comes unassembled with instructions for assembly and operation.
Preparation of blueprints for a trailer with a capacity of up to 350 kg
The cart on a single-axle tractor, capable of carrying inventory and luggage weighing up to 350-400 kg, is considered universal for use with a domestic power tiller. Planning to build a more cumbersome structure is in principle not worthwhile, because it would entail additional costs as well as wasted time and effort.
In order to make a cart for a power tiller as reliable and balanced as possible, it is extremely important to study the schemes. Depending on the material and parts available, the dimensions of the main and auxiliary components can be varied. Below we suggest reviewing the drawings of the optimal medium-class cart for use in the economy.
The first diagram describes in detail the overall appearance of the trailer with its main parts and components.
The second diagram describes the frame in detail. The basic material for its assembly are round or rectangular pipes joined together by welding. The body of such a cart is made of planks, at least 2 cm thick. All of the available sides are fully welded to the frame and do not fold away.
The third diagram shows the design of the driver. The drawbar and turntable housing are subjected to a high degree of strain during operation. In this connection, to prevent breakage, this part of the structure is reinforced with four additional stiffeners, shown in the drawing in section B-B.
This diagram shows the design of the bogie’s turning point. This is the most complicated part of the bogie to produce, so great care and patience are needed for its assembly.
Having detailed drawings is as essential as using sturdy materials when assembling the cart. Only with the proper diagrams at hand will a farmer be able to build a quality trailer capable of carrying the right amount of cargo over long distances.
The preparatory stage
It will be easier to mount the trailer to a motorized machine if you prepare everything you need for the work. At this stage, drawings are already made, we have on hand the design development with a description of the technical data. With this information you need to calculate the amount of materials and make their procurement. But before that, it is worth doing a revision in your garage. Surely among the accumulated spare parts you will find suitable parts and hardware.
Reference! To connect the main parts a welding machine is used. Do not change this type of attachment with metal hardware, such a design will not last long.
For the work we will need such a set of parts:
- steel angles (50×25 mm, 40×40 mm);
- Cuttings of pipes of various shapes;
- timber (50×50 mm)
- edged board (20 mm);
- pond for the axle;
- Sheet metal (sheet for the bottom, metal scraps for making coupler parts, etc.);. Sheet metal for the chassis.).
Prepared material is cut to drawing dimensions. It should be done separately for each component, so as not to forget about the details. When trimming is complete, you can begin to clean the metal and treat it with protective equipment. It is recommended to clean the surfaces with a fine abrasive and apply rust preventive compound.
Similar actions are performed with wooden workpieces. After dimensioning, the surfaces are ground with a fine emery and treated with an antiseptic solution. It is not necessary to paint the wood, but it should be taken into account that the presence of a protective coating prolongs the operational period.
Self-made dolly for power tiller
No suspension, no problem!You could at least put springs.Hubs for what??
hubs on the lathe made, and not hard to drive at all
Intelligently! Think about hydraulics for the dump truck.
Make a U-shaped rack and a winch with a rope on pulleys, there are a lot of troubles with hydraulics.
Again, you can also move someone in the body standing up, hold on to the crossbar, throw on the awning. That’s how I go fishing, 5-7 km away. On off-road terrain, you can’t carry everything on your back.
There are no blueprints? I have a similar single-axle tractor in the garage, I think it is a Cascade.
I can write the main ones here, and the rest is improvisation
The body flip axle, if you do not carry sawdust and hay, should be placed almost near the center, but otherwise you will tear her belly button to lift for unloading.Brakes are absent again, you can make such a mess on a loaded one, injure yourself and others, you can not brake with a half-ton cargo.The stiffening ribs inside will leave all debris on themselves.The rubber buffer is needed at the connection with the tiller, so the frame with the track would not bend on the unevenness.The place of attachment of wheels axles must be strengthened with a profile or an angle in the form of a triangle.Flaws still a lot and for the hands out of the shoulders of respect.
Brakes will still be, not a fool, and flip handle that would place the center of the whole design should redo and I do not want to, so reliable and lightweight design, at the expense of the damper is nothing all is reliable and will not lead, the axis and so strengthened, the plate thick as necessary
I didn’t call you a fool. Want to listen, want not. There’s a lot of people reading this forum. If you put your creation on review, there will be not only applause and praise, but also criticism. Why take it so stormy ? I did not write anything bad, and shared their experience.When you will be backing in a forest with a loaded truck and you will be bumping your reinforced wheel axle plate into a stump, then you will remember me, after you bend or break it. I see you have a new single-axle tractor, I think you do not know his character, but it has a great burdens, I’ve been operating it for 15 years with a trailer. a single axle tractor is a high-risk vehicle and if you run away without brakes into a ditch, you will easily injure yourself on a pin that in your photo holds the trailer and rises up while moving.
Your hands are used to fasten it
A very important and quite complex part of the whole construction is to make the cart to the tiller with your own hands.
A turning knot on the driver’s arm is needed so that the trailer would move in all planes independently from the crawler.
This is an important and necessary detail, because most of the time this structure will not move on a level highway, but on rough terrain, where there are no roads, but only directions.
Console must be attached to the attachment bracket, so the part of it that will be used to hook the trailer must completely repeat the form of attachment of the oscillator.
The process of how to make a trailer hitch to a motoblock cart is not very complicated, but requires a certain amount of craftsman attention to installation. the drawbar in the tubular body of the longitudinal joint is secured with a locking ring.
After all these parts are installed and fastened, it will be very comfortable and pleasant for the driver to drive the tractor with a trailer. It only remains to fix the seat and footrest. and here, the product is ready for use.
Your power tiller can carry 400-450 kg on it, plus the weight of the driver. It easily carries six or seven bags of potatoes without overloading.
Drawing of a cart for power tiller
- 1. The bracket for the power block attachments;
- 2. console;
- 3. the wheel;
- 4. footstep from board s20;
- 5. driver’s seat from a board s20;
- 6. frame;
- 7. body made of s20 board;
- 8. support beam made of 50×50 bar, 3 pcs.;
- 9. bolt M8;
- 10. Thrust ring made of steel tube.58×4;
- 11. Wheel from sidecar, 2 pcs.
The dolly has only a few components that are welded together. The junction between the drawbar and swingarm will be the most strenuous part. Therefore additional stiffeners should be installed in this place.
Made of round and rectangular steel angle and pipe scraps. The whole structure looks somewhat convoluted and has an excessive margin of safety. It’s intended for use on rough terrain, hence the tough conditions for the cart.
Bogie frame for power tiller
- 1. strut from st.L21×3;
- 2. Seat frame from angle tube st.L21×3;
- 3. riser from st.50×25×4;
- 4. seat supports from angle piece st.L40×4;
- 5,14. front struts of a pipe st.50×25;
- 6, 15. longitudinal side members from angle steel.L40×4;
- 7, 8. wheel axle stands from steels steels.L32×4;
- 9,16. rear struts from st.50×25;
- 10. reinforcing cross-bar from steels st. L40×4;
- 11. frame of longitudinal joint made of steel pipe st.58×4;
- 12. wheel axle of st.30 mm;
- 13,17. transverse side members from angle tube st.L40×4;
- 18. braces (s4).
Who does not expect such high loads could take a simpler variant.
- 1. body of the swivel joint
- 2. drawbar from st. 49×3, L1820;
- 3. frame of step of 2-beam wall angle st.L25×4;
- 4. stop made of steel pipe st.58×4;
- 5. stiffener of sheet steel st.s4;
- 6. strip cover plate st.25×4.
The blank for the wheel axle is a steel circle with a diameter of 30mm. About a meter long axle, the wheels are under the body. A wheel axle with angle supports and a brace is welded to the longitudinal spar and joint body.
It is made of 20mm boards, the corners of which are mounted steel corners. The body is attached to the frame with three 50×50 bars for supporting the body.
It is taken from the sidecar together with the hub assembly. Both ends of the axle are machined to match the diameter of the hub bearings.
Coupling with power tiller
The drawbar is connected to the power tiller by a cantilever. The upper part of it follows the contour of the tool carrier because it is fixed in the standard linkage bracket of the power tiller. Around the lower part of the axle in the form of two RUP bearings is mounted rotary steering assembly. The space between the knuckles is filled with grease and sealed on the outside with dust caps. For heavy-duty applications, the connection between the bogie and the driver should be a swivel joint.
The drawbar is inserted inside the tubular body of the longitudinal joint, it is locked with a stop ring. This design leads to independence of the cart wheels from the wheels of the tiller, which significantly simplifies driving the tiller when riding over rough terrain.
A. mounting bracket, 2. dust covers, 3,6. bearings 36206, 4. body, 5. expansion sleeve, 7. spacer sleeve, 8. washer, 9. nut M20×2,5, 10. oiler, 11. drawbar. Driver sits on a semi-rigid wooden seat cushion in front of the body. The driver’s hands are on the power tiller arms and his feet are resting on the wooden step in the frame of the frame on the driver’s drawbar.
How to choose?
The first thing you should pay attention to is the working part of the trailer. body. It can be made of steel or galvanized metal. The first option is considered more reliable, and the second is more durable. But when choosing a galvanized body it is necessary to estimate the thickness of the metal. If it is small, it will not be able to withstand heavy loads. Permissible tonnage can be found out by paying attention to the numbers in the name of the trailer.
When buying this equipment on the market there may be plastic models, but it is better not to pay attention to the low price. Such a trailer will not last long because of the material’s low strength properties. You have to constantly think about how to protect the sides during loading, or how not to overload the weight of the cargo.
It is also necessary to think about the frequency of use of this design. On this depends on the necessary design of the sides. If you intend to use the trailer permanently, folding sides with a tipping system can save a lot of working time.
you should also inquire about the quality of the wheel hubs, because they affect the proper functioning of the braking system. Most often they are made of two types of material. This is cast iron and steel. The first option is much faster to fail, which is not the case with the second. Strong steel alloys are hardy enough, durable and reliable.
And the last thing you should pay some attention to is the ground clearance. When driving in fields and plowing, this criterion is especially important. The distance from the ground to the cart should not be too small, otherwise in the loaded state the structure may hit the ground surface. But a higher height is also unacceptable, as it would be much harder to load.
Considering all the parameters, we can say that the best option for a full-size cart can be a budget version called TM-360 of domestic production. The load capacity of this trailer is 360 kg. One of its main advantages, in addition to its general satisfactory characteristics, is its temperature tolerance. This device can be easily operated in almost any part of Russia. The design withstands temperature fluctuations from.30 to 40 degrees.